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|Servings: 100 ml|
TREC M13 AMMO is the latest-generation pre-workout formula, designed by Michał Karmowski. It consists of carefully selected substances that have a positive effect on exercise capacity; they promote strength and endurance, increase the level of energy and concentration. The preparation is available in the form of a liquid shot.
Beta-alanine is a non-protein amino acid used extensively in sports supplementation. It can bring real benefits to both strength and endurance sportsmen. It allows for longer and more intense training sessions, delays the appearance of muscle fatigue and accelerates post-workout recovery. It works through the ability to increase the concentration of carnosine, which is a specific buffer that protects against adverse changes within the pH level. In addition, beta-alanine has strong antioxidant properties – it efficiently reduces free radicals, which are mass-produced during an exercise load.
Taurine belongs to non-protein amino acids. It is involved in the work of the nervous system and regulation of the activity of the HPA axis. It positively affects the mood and may prevent excessive production of catabolic cortisol. It is also credited with the ability to improve endurance and accelerate recovery after intense physical exercise. The research has proven that this amino acid supports muscles during long-lasting and strenuous workouts – it increases the contractility of both skeletal muscles and myocardium. It is also a powerful antioxidant and has anti-inflammatory properties, and, as is well known, excessive physical exercise generates strong oxidative stress and induces inflammation.
Glycerin is a polyol with strong hygroscopic properties. In sports supplements, it is valued for the ability to retain water and is used to improve the hydration of muscle cells. It may intensify the phenomenon of "muscle pump", but it also seems to have a positive effect on exercise capacity and promotes prolongation of exercise time.
L-arginine alpha-ketoglutarate (AAKG) is a highly bioavailable and perfectly digestible form of the amino acid called arginine. This amino acid plays a key role in the synthesis of nitric oxide – the compound responsible for the process of relaxation of the smooth muscle of blood vessels. Increasing the level of nitric oxide causes the vasodilation of the blood vessels, which involves a more efficient blood flow and faster supply of oxygen and essential nutrients to the muscles. This translates into increased strength and efficiency of the body. It also has a beneficial effect on regenerative processes. Finally, it produces the desired – by athletes – effect of a strong "muscle pump".
Citrulline is a non-protein amino acid that is involved in one of the most important processes taking place in the body, i.e. Krebs cycle. It enables the conversion of harmful ammonia into urea, which is safer and easier to remove from the body. In addition, citrulline, like the aforementioned arginine, has the ability to enhance the synthesis of nitric oxide. Some studies suggest that this amino acid may also stimulate the signaling pathway involved in muscle synthesis, and thus indirectly contributes to the faster development of muscle mass.
The presented supplement contains citrulline in combination with malic acid. In animal studies, it has been proven that this form of citrulline significantly increases endurance and muscle performance. A significant role is played by malic acid conjugated with citrulline whose ionized form (malate) is an intermediate product formed in the Krebs cycle and important for energy production.
Caffeine is an alkaloid with a strong psychostimulant effect. As a selective antagonist of the A1 and A2A adenosine receptors, it eliminates fatigue and downiness and reduces the sensation of pain. It significantly raises the level of energy, motivation and willingness to act. In addition, it may stimulate the production of dopamine and naturally reduce the activity of the acetylcholinesterase enzyme, which promotes an increase in acetylcholine concentration. As a result, it positively affects memory and cognitive functions, facilitates concentration, promotes clarity of mind, ensures sharpening of the senses and faster reflex.
L-theanine is an amino acid that works great in combination with caffeine. It relieves the adverse symptoms that often accompany the consumption of excessive amounts of caffeine, that is, anxiety, irritability, distraction and nervousness. In addition, theanine has a positive effect on well-being, promotes the achievement of emotional balance and improves the focus.
Glucuronolactone is a natural metabolite of glucose, involved in the removal of toxins and unnecessary metabolic products. It has been carefully examined for its impact on exertion capacity and endurance. It has been proven that glucuronolactone combined with caffeine and taurine significantly increases the body’s efficiency and allows the performance of longer and more intense training sessions. It was also observed that such a combination of ingredients favors shortening the reaction time, promotes divisibility of attention and increases the ability to concentrate. Glucuronolactone also has antioxidant properties and shows a beneficial effect on maintaining normal endothelial function of the blood vessels.
In conclusion, TREC M13 AMMO is an innovative pre-workout preparation, which has a positive effect on sports performance, favors performing long and hard training sessions and improves post-workout regeneration. Administered before physical effort, it significantly raises the level of energy, motivation and facilitates concentration. The liquid form is convenient to use and provides quick effects.
The liquid form makes the supplement work quickly – just drink it about half an hour before training to experience a significant increase in energy, motivation and concentration.
Due to the high caffeine content and strong stimulating effect, the preparation should not be taken in the evening, as it may hinder falling asleep and disturb the circadian rhythm. When supplementing the product, do not use caffeine from other sources.
Trec Nutrition is a company offering a wide choice of products for athletes. Products of this brand include carbohydrate-protein supplements, protein and energizers. The offer also includes amino acid supplements, creatine, HMB, fat burners, thermogenics, products supporting metabolism and speeding up the regeneration of joints.
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|per portion (100 ml)||amount||%DV|
|Arginine alpha-ketoglutarate (AAKG)||2000,00 mg||*|
|including L-Arginine||1300,00 mg||*|
|Citrulline malate||2000,00 mg||*|
|including L-Citrulline||1120,00 mg||*|
|Caffeine anhydrous||300,00 mg||*|
Water, acidity regulator - sodium citrate, aromas; sweeteners - acesulfame K, sucralose; preservatives - potassium sorbate, sodium benzoate.
Beta-alanine (β-alanine) is a β-amino acid (the same group to which the I-alanine belongs, but with different chemistries). In combination with histidine, it forms β-alanyl-L-histidine (carnosine) - a antioxidant, chelating and buffering compound. Carnosine reduces the level of hydrogen ions in the cell and allows to extend the physical performance and endurance, it affects biological recovery after exercise. Beta-alanine is available in the form of single component and advanced amino-acid supplements, creatine stacks and nitrogen boosters.
Taurine – non-protein amino acid containing sulphur, which is synthesized in the body from methionine and cysteine, present in sufficient amount in human or animal body (in the brain, heart and skeletal), although in some cases must be supplemented. Significantly affects the calcium content in the cells and stabilizes the water and electrolyte balance and maintains acid-base balance. Takes part in the synthesis of bile acids. In the body acts as a neurotransmitter and neuromodulator. It is an insulin-mimetic improving insulin metabolism, responsible for transport of nutrients (such as amino acids, glucose, creatine) to the cells and muscle tissue. These properties determine that it is a valued mono-preparation supplement and valuable addition to creatine and amino acid supplements, recommended for psycho-pchysically active people and athletes and other competitive sportsmen in pre- and post-workout periods.
Dosage: 3 grams per day.
Arginine alpha-ketoglutarate (AAKG) is a salt glutaric acid and arginine. The presence of these compounds results in intensification of the operation of each of them. Arginine alpha-ketoglutarate improves the bioavailability by stimulating the decomposition to CO2 and H2O, which means that it becomes a precursor in the synthesis of nitric oxide. It has anti-catabolic properties enhancing anabolism. Enhances the functioning of the insulin hormone, insulin-mimetics IGF-1) and somatotropin growth hormone.
AAKG is part of the pre-workout supplements (improving muscle blood flow and increasing the exercise capacity (strength and endurance)), as well as improves the recovery process after training. Most often used to increase the synthesis of nitric oxide (supplements pre- and post-workout), increasing muscle blood flow and regeneration. Particularly valued by the representatives of power sports, power and strength sports and strength athletics. Used very often in the rehabilitation of sports injuries.
Arginine is an exogenous amino acid, it is a component of dietary proteins, not always synthesized in the human body in necessary quantity, so it is necessary to deliver it in the form of synthetics. It takes part in the biosynthesis agmatine, creatine and nitrogen oxides. The use of supplements containing arginine before workout increases the exercise capacity (strength, endurance). Used after considerable effort intensifies the transfer of energy and building compounds and intensifies the process of recovery. Used at bedtime in combination with lysine and ornithine enhances the synthesis of growth hormone. takes part in the intrasystemic synthesis of creatine. Arginine (as a precursor of ornithine) is involved in the urea cycle, increases the flow of blood in the circulatory system, increases sexual potency (in a short time after application). It affects the body's immunity preventing infections, and lowers blood pressure. In supplements – usually as alpha-ketoglutarate.
Citrulline Malate is formed by combining molecules of the citrulline amino acid and molecules of malic acid in one molecule, which has the chemical stability and is well soluble in liquids. Ionized malic acid has the ergogenic potential, providing a complementation to the citrulline potential of with new properties. It improves the exercise capacity and reduces the feeling of fatigue, and its supplementation is beneficial at any level of fitness. It affects the acid-base balance. It should be used by people who practice sports: strength, endurance and mixed strength-endurance. To achieve the best results, a dose of Citrulline Malate 6 g / 24h is recommended.
It is available as single-ingredient supplements and multi-component supplements (creatine stacks, no-boosters, amino acid supplements). It is used in the periodic, cyclic and constant supplementation.
Dosage: 3-8 g daily (in divided doses). The optimal dose to achieve beneficial results, proven experimentally, is 6 g / 24h.
What is L-Citrulline?
L-Citrulline is an α-amino acid, ornithine derivative. It was isolated for the first time from watermelon and this is how it gained its name, as citrullus in Latin means watermelon. Citrulline takes part in oxygen processes of energy production during effort, thanks to which it is especially attractive for sportsmen of endurance disciplines. It also takes part in urea cycle, also known as the Ornithine cycle, thanks to which it helps to get rid of excessive amounts of ammonia from the organism.
It converts to l-arginine in kidneys and scientific studies suggest that is increases its level even more effectively than in case of sole arginine. Moreover, the increase of arginine level resulting from citrulline supply is longer and more stable. Thanks to this, it contributes to the increase of nitric oxide and widening of blood vessel lumen. This property makes citrulline useful in preventing cardiological incidents. The positive influence on the circulatory system is also used in case of erection disorders, as increased nitric oxide may initiate more effective blood flow to sex organs.
L-Citrulline is contained in the composition of many pre-workout supplements and NO-boosters directed at the improvement of sports abilities of the organism, which may be found in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.
Caffeine (1,3,7-trimethylxanthine, 1-methylotheobromine) is a purine alkaloid occurring in the natural state in plants (Coffea arabica, Camelia sinensis, Paulinia cupana, Ilex paraguariensis), which acts as a natural pesticide, acting toxic to insects. Peculiar smell and taste also deters herbivores. Caffeine in the body inhibits the adenosine receptors in the brain, fighting fatigue and allowing for action activation. It has a beneficial effect on the metabolism of oxygen, which increases the exercise capacity (strength and endurance) and rapid post-workout recovery. In the sports supplementation, caffeine is used as a stimulant nervous system. It has the thermogenic potential and in combination with other substances (e.g. Polyphenols, both occurring in coffee beans, such as cocoa beans, tea leaves and mate) can effectively participate in the reduction of body fat. It is included in many dietary stimulants (creatine stacks, no-boosters, beverages). It is a component of fat burners. It is also in the form of mono-preparation supplements.
Dosage: 100-600 mg per day. Due to the long release of activity should not be used in the evening, before sleep.
L-theanine is an amino acid, not building proteins, occurring naturally in the dried green tea leaves, absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, overcomes easily blood-brain barrier, affecting the nervous system and the relation between neurotransmitters (e.g.dDopamine, serotonin, gamma-aminobutyric acid), with a relaxing effect and increases the psycho-physical capacity, (concentration, memory, alertness). Recommended for use for people burdened with considerable physical effort, athletes of sport disciplines that require concentration and memory, also for students in the period before exams. Available in the form of mono-preparations and multi-component relaxing and post-workout anti-stress supplements..
Dosage: customarily used in supplementation 50-200mg per day
Glucuronolactone (D-glucuronolactone-3, 6-lactone; DGL) - a metabolite of glucose occuring in foods, with the thermogenic and detoxification potential, protecting the liver, affecting the proper functioning of the locomotor system. With the datoxification potential neutralizes toxins and helps to remove waste products of the body. Supports the exercise capacity. In the sports supplementation it is an ingredient of energy drinks, a component of pre- and post-workout preparations and creatine stacks. Information about the negative health effects of the use of glucuronolactone, in the light of the security certificate issued by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), seem to be greatly exaggerated. Preparations and energy drinks.
Dosage: Usually in sports supplementation of 1-3 g per day.