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Redweiler Redweiler

Olimp Redweiler is a powerful pre-workout stack guaranteeing maximal stimulation and muscle pump. It contains the strongest active substances selected in optimal proportions, which ensure intensive effect allowing to go through the toughest trainings.

This supplement is distinguished by a complex composition, thanks to which it universally supports effort abilities. It allows to achieve maximal possible effect, increasing effort abilities during training. The ingredients of the preparation were divided into three groups, according to the area they promote:

Armageddon Pump Formula

L-Arginine alpha-ketoglutarate (AAKG) – highly bioavailable form of arginine, an amino acid, which increases the synthesis of nitric oxide in the organism. It exhibits the ability to increase the lumen of blood vessels, which is related to increasing the volume of cardiovascular bed and intensified transport of blood. Along with it, peripheral tissues are provided with more nutritious substances, which enables their more intensive work. During physical effort, skeletal muscles mainly benefit from this. Having at their disposal more energy substrates, they are able to work more intensively and longer. This phenomenon is felt as the so-called “muscle pump”. Being based on the same mechanism of increasing venous-arterial flow, arginine also helps to achieve and maintain erection.

Citrulline malate – works synergistically with arginine, increasing its ability to cause the phenomenon of muscle pump. Apart from increasing training possibilities in response to increased supply of energetic substances, it is also conducive to regeneration. Increased transport of nutrients enables more effective regeneration processes.

Acidic radical of citrulline malate is also not without a meaning. Ionized form of malic acid is one of the intermediate products in Krebs cycle, which is a basic aerobic process in the system of energy extraction. Providing malate facilitates this process, which is related to more effective work in aerobic scope.

Trisodium citrate – a substance commonly used as an additive to food as preservative, used in the preparation due to its properties buffering pH. During physical effort, the synthesis of lactic acid is intensified and consequently, the environment around skeletal muscles is acidified. It causes pain and limits effort abilities. Providing the substances with alkalizing properties, such as trisodium citrate allows to neutralize the secretion of lactate and maintain neutral environment in muscle tissue for a longer period of time, which increases its efficiency.

Vitamin B6 – takes part in the processes conditioning energy extraction from the provided nutritious substances, in relation to which, it is a key element, essential for the proper functioning of energy balance in the organism. It also exhibits the influence on the cardiovascular system, increasing its efficiency by regulating the rhythm and strength of heart contraction. Vitamin B6 is also essential for the proper functioning of the nervous system.

Berseker’s Performance Blend

Beta-alanine – is a carnosine precursor, which works like an intracellular acid-base buffer. Similarly to trisodium citrate, it decreases acidification of working muscles, increasing the efficiency of their work. By neutralizing pH in muscle tissue, it also enables faster and more efficient regeneration processes. Beta-alanine is responsible for the feeling of skin tingling among some people after the application of the preparation.

Creatine – in the preparation is available in two forms characterized by high bioavailability and stability in the digestive system. It is the most common and the best-researched supplement increasing effort abilities. It directly provides a substrate for the phosphagen pathway of energy extraction, especially important in sports requiring large supplies of work in a short period of time, such as sprints or strength trainings. By facilitating the production of ATP, it enables more efficient work of skeletal muscles, which is related not only to the direct promotion of the achieved effects, but also generation of larger training stimuli, which facilitates the way to achieve determined goals. Combining it with the ability of creatine to modulate the activity of myostatins and increasing the volume of sarcoplasm, enabling better nourishment of muscle tissue, creatine becomes not only a supplement improving physical abilities, but also a powerful anabolic product. Importantly, numerous scientific studies confirm the safety of use of creatine, even for a longer period of time.

Calcium phosphate – highly bioavailable form of a basic building macronutrient of the human organism. Due to the character of this supplement, the role of calcium in muscle contraction is especially important. In cell membranes of movement neuron axons, calcium channels are present, which are activated under the influence of nerve impulse, thanks to which their concentration inside cells rises. It causes the secretion of acetylcholine, which after reaching a muscle cell causes the secretion of calcium ions, this time from endoplasmic reticulum of myocytes. Their combination with troponin initiates the contraction of skeletal muscle. Therefore, calcium is essential in order to maintain the activity of muscle fibers and the proper activity of motor entities (complexes of muscle fiber with neurons that innervate them). Its supplementation is conducive to increasing the amount of muscle fibers activated during the contraction, which allows to generate more strength.

Niacin – also known as vitamin B3, takes part in the metabolism of nutrients, thanks to which it stimulates energy metabolism in the organism. It also exhibits the ability to regulate the level of sugar in blood, facilitating nourishment of working skeletal muscles. Moreover, niacin is able to influence emotional state, improving it.

Vitamin B1 – also called thiamin. It conditions proper metabolism of nutritious substances, thanks to which it allows to effectively derive energy from food. It is the component of carboxylase, enabling oxygen decarboxylase of carboxyl alpha-keto acids. It also a promotor of acetylcholine’s activity, a neurotransmitter responsible for the stimulation of muscle fiber in response to nerve impulses, therefore it is essential for proper neuromotor control.

Red FURY Matrix

L-tyrosine – is a precursor of dopamine, thanks to which it positively influence emotional state of a human being, increasing motivation and improving well-being. It is also present on the pathway of the synthesis of adrenaline and noradrenaline, the hormones mobilizing the organism and stimulating physical ability. It improves both effort and mental abilities, facilitating concentration and memorizing. Moreover, it stimulates the synthesis of thyroid hormones, thanks to which it positively influences metabolism, increasing its pace.

Caffeine – the most popular stimulant, both common and effective. Thanks to two mechanisms of operation, it is incredibly effective when it comes to stimulation and decreasing the feeling of fatigue. Firstly, as an antagonist of adenosine receptors, it binds with them, but does not activate them. In this way, it blocks the ability of binding the factor signaling the organism’s fatigue, adenosine, with its receptors. It allows to decrease the feeling of fatigue and the related drop in efficiency. Secondly, caffeine is a competitive inhibitor of cAMP-phosphodiesterase, which is responsible for transforming cyclic adenosine monophosphate to its inactive, noncyclic form. cAMP accelerates metabolism on cellular level, enabling more effective work of whole tissues and intensifies the effectiveness of stimulating adrenaline. Apart from this, one of caffeine metabolites, paraxanthine, stimulates lipolysis, which increases the availability of fatty tissue, as a source on energy, facilitating its reduction.

Capsaicin – in the supplement it comes from the extract of Cayenne pepper. It positively influences cardiovascular system, increasing its efficiency. It increases body temperature, is a thermogenic, thanks to which it facilitates burning fat. It also demonstrates the ability to reduce muscle pain, which enables their more intensive utilization during training.

Piperine – its main source in the supplement is the extract from black pepper fruit. It exhibits the ability to increase the absorption of active substances, along with which it is administered. It is also an inhibitor of lipogenesis, thanks to which it limits the storage of fatty tissue. It also positively influences metabolism of nutrients.

To sum up, Olimp Redweiler  is an advanced pre-workout supplement composed in such a way as to stimulate training abilities at each possible level. It strongly stimulates, but also maximizes physiological processes conducive to achieving the heights of physical abilities and provides elements, which enable more effective work of skeletal muscles. 

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4 2
4

Ta z tych 'lajtowych' :) ćwiczy się spoko nawet fajna pompa i trochę energii. Mocne 4
4

tak jak nizej - moze byc na poczatek. polecam smak coli :)
Since 2005
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Redweiler Redweiler 210g
Olimp
£ 9.83

Redweiler

4 based on 2 reviews

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210g
£ 9.83
480g
£ 21.15

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Description
  • Advanced pre-workout stack with exceptionally complex composition
  • Ensures maximal stimulation and concentration during training
  • Increases the transport of active substances to muscles
  • Causes strong muscle pump
  • Optimizes energy balance in the organism
  • Increases efficiency of the cardiovascular system
  • Stimulates neuromotor coordination
  • Delays the feeling of fatigue
  • Reduces muscle pain
  • Accelerates metabolism
  • Intensifies regeneration processes

Olimp Redweiler is a powerful pre-workout stack guaranteeing maximal stimulation and muscle pump. It contains the strongest active substances selected in optimal proportions, which ensure intensive effect allowing to go through the toughest trainings.

This supplement is distinguished by a complex composition, thanks to which it universally supports effort abilities. It allows to achieve maximal possible effect, increasing effort abilities during training. The ingredients of the preparation were divided into three groups, according to the area they promote:

Armageddon Pump Formula

L-Arginine alpha-ketoglutarate (AAKG) – highly bioavailable form of arginine, an amino acid, which increases the synthesis of nitric oxide in the organism. It exhibits the ability to increase the lumen of blood vessels, which is related to increasing the volume of cardiovascular bed and intensified transport of blood. Along with it, peripheral tissues are provided with more nutritious substances, which enables their more intensive work. During physical effort, skeletal muscles mainly benefit from this. Having at their disposal more energy substrates, they are able to work more intensively and longer. This phenomenon is felt as the so-called “muscle pump”. Being based on the same mechanism of increasing venous-arterial flow, arginine also helps to achieve and maintain erection.

Citrulline malate – works synergistically with arginine, increasing its ability to cause the phenomenon of muscle pump. Apart from increasing training possibilities in response to increased supply of energetic substances, it is also conducive to regeneration. Increased transport of nutrients enables more effective regeneration processes.

Acidic radical of citrulline malate is also not without a meaning. Ionized form of malic acid is one of the intermediate products in Krebs cycle, which is a basic aerobic process in the system of energy extraction. Providing malate facilitates this process, which is related to more effective work in aerobic scope.

Trisodium citrate – a substance commonly used as an additive to food as preservative, used in the preparation due to its properties buffering pH. During physical effort, the synthesis of lactic acid is intensified and consequently, the environment around skeletal muscles is acidified. It causes pain and limits effort abilities. Providing the substances with alkalizing properties, such as trisodium citrate allows to neutralize the secretion of lactate and maintain neutral environment in muscle tissue for a longer period of time, which increases its efficiency.

Vitamin B6 – takes part in the processes conditioning energy extraction from the provided nutritious substances, in relation to which, it is a key element, essential for the proper functioning of energy balance in the organism. It also exhibits the influence on the cardiovascular system, increasing its efficiency by regulating the rhythm and strength of heart contraction. Vitamin B6 is also essential for the proper functioning of the nervous system.

Berseker’s Performance Blend

Beta-alanine – is a carnosine precursor, which works like an intracellular acid-base buffer. Similarly to trisodium citrate, it decreases acidification of working muscles, increasing the efficiency of their work. By neutralizing pH in muscle tissue, it also enables faster and more efficient regeneration processes. Beta-alanine is responsible for the feeling of skin tingling among some people after the application of the preparation.

Creatine – in the preparation is available in two forms characterized by high bioavailability and stability in the digestive system. It is the most common and the best-researched supplement increasing effort abilities. It directly provides a substrate for the phosphagen pathway of energy extraction, especially important in sports requiring large supplies of work in a short period of time, such as sprints or strength trainings. By facilitating the production of ATP, it enables more efficient work of skeletal muscles, which is related not only to the direct promotion of the achieved effects, but also generation of larger training stimuli, which facilitates the way to achieve determined goals. Combining it with the ability of creatine to modulate the activity of myostatins and increasing the volume of sarcoplasm, enabling better nourishment of muscle tissue, creatine becomes not only a supplement improving physical abilities, but also a powerful anabolic product. Importantly, numerous scientific studies confirm the safety of use of creatine, even for a longer period of time.

Calcium phosphate – highly bioavailable form of a basic building macronutrient of the human organism. Due to the character of this supplement, the role of calcium in muscle contraction is especially important. In cell membranes of movement neuron axons, calcium channels are present, which are activated under the influence of nerve impulse, thanks to which their concentration inside cells rises. It causes the secretion of acetylcholine, which after reaching a muscle cell causes the secretion of calcium ions, this time from endoplasmic reticulum of myocytes. Their combination with troponin initiates the contraction of skeletal muscle. Therefore, calcium is essential in order to maintain the activity of muscle fibers and the proper activity of motor entities (complexes of muscle fiber with neurons that innervate them). Its supplementation is conducive to increasing the amount of muscle fibers activated during the contraction, which allows to generate more strength.

Niacin – also known as vitamin B3, takes part in the metabolism of nutrients, thanks to which it stimulates energy metabolism in the organism. It also exhibits the ability to regulate the level of sugar in blood, facilitating nourishment of working skeletal muscles. Moreover, niacin is able to influence emotional state, improving it.

Vitamin B1 – also called thiamin. It conditions proper metabolism of nutritious substances, thanks to which it allows to effectively derive energy from food. It is the component of carboxylase, enabling oxygen decarboxylase of carboxyl alpha-keto acids. It also a promotor of acetylcholine’s activity, a neurotransmitter responsible for the stimulation of muscle fiber in response to nerve impulses, therefore it is essential for proper neuromotor control.

Red FURY Matrix

L-tyrosine – is a precursor of dopamine, thanks to which it positively influence emotional state of a human being, increasing motivation and improving well-being. It is also present on the pathway of the synthesis of adrenaline and noradrenaline, the hormones mobilizing the organism and stimulating physical ability. It improves both effort and mental abilities, facilitating concentration and memorizing. Moreover, it stimulates the synthesis of thyroid hormones, thanks to which it positively influences metabolism, increasing its pace.

Caffeine – the most popular stimulant, both common and effective. Thanks to two mechanisms of operation, it is incredibly effective when it comes to stimulation and decreasing the feeling of fatigue. Firstly, as an antagonist of adenosine receptors, it binds with them, but does not activate them. In this way, it blocks the ability of binding the factor signaling the organism’s fatigue, adenosine, with its receptors. It allows to decrease the feeling of fatigue and the related drop in efficiency. Secondly, caffeine is a competitive inhibitor of cAMP-phosphodiesterase, which is responsible for transforming cyclic adenosine monophosphate to its inactive, noncyclic form. cAMP accelerates metabolism on cellular level, enabling more effective work of whole tissues and intensifies the effectiveness of stimulating adrenaline. Apart from this, one of caffeine metabolites, paraxanthine, stimulates lipolysis, which increases the availability of fatty tissue, as a source on energy, facilitating its reduction.

Capsaicin – in the supplement it comes from the extract of Cayenne pepper. It positively influences cardiovascular system, increasing its efficiency. It increases body temperature, is a thermogenic, thanks to which it facilitates burning fat. It also demonstrates the ability to reduce muscle pain, which enables their more intensive utilization during training.

Piperine – its main source in the supplement is the extract from black pepper fruit. It exhibits the ability to increase the absorption of active substances, along with which it is administered. It is also an inhibitor of lipogenesis, thanks to which it limits the storage of fatty tissue. It also positively influences metabolism of nutrients.

To sum up, Olimp Redweiler  is an advanced pre-workout supplement composed in such a way as to stimulate training abilities at each possible level. It strongly stimulates, but also maximizes physiological processes conducive to achieving the heights of physical abilities and provides elements, which enable more effective work of skeletal muscles. 

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Reviews (2)

Composition

Composition

Container size: 210 gServing size: 12 gServings per container: 17
per portion (12 g)amount%DV
Armageddon Pump Formula:4702 mg*
L-Arginine Alpha-Ketoglutarate2200 mg*
Citruline Malate1500 mg*
Sodium Citrate1000 mg*
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine hydrochloride)1.86 mg133%
Berserker’s Performance Blend:5080 mg*
Beta-alanine2200 mg*
Creatine Monohydrate1500 mg*
Creatine Malate (TCM tricreatine malate)700 mg*
Calcium Phosphate646 mg*
Niacin (nicotinic acid amide)32 mg200%
Vitamin B1 (thiamine hydrochloride)1.84 mg167%
Red FURY Matrix:520 mg*
L-Tyrosine300 mg*
Caffeine200 mg*
Cayenne Pepper Extract (8% capsaicin)14 mg*
Black Pepper Extract (95% piperine)6 mg*

Other ingrednients

Aromas, sodium citrate, calcium phosphate, creatine malate, anti-caking agent (silicon dioxide), acidity regulators (citric acid, malic acid, caffeine, sweeteners (acesulfame K, sucralose, cyclamates), thickeners (gum arabic, xanthan gum, salt sodium carboxymethylcellulose, colors: cochineal (red punch flavor), beta carotene, cochineal, riboflavin (oragne juice), riboflavin (citron power and lime crime mint flavors), brilliant blue FCF (taste and blueberry madness and refreshing berry), riboflavin, brilliant blue FCF (green apple blast), E150d (raging cola flavor).

Last review

Szymon

Ta z tych 'lajtowych' :) ćwiczy się spoko nawet fajna pompa i trochę energii. Mocne 4

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Arginine

Information


Arginine is an exogenous amino acid, it is a component of dietary proteins, not always synthesized in the human body in necessary quantity, so it is necessary to deliver it in the form of synthetics. It takes part in the biosynthesis agmatine, creatine and nitrogen oxides. The use of supplements containing arginine before workout increases the exercise capacity (strength, endurance). Used after considerable effort intensifies the transfer of energy and building compounds and intensifies the process of recovery. Used at bedtime in combination with lysine and ornithine enhances the synthesis of growth hormone. takes part in the intrasystemic synthesis of creatine. Arginine (as a precursor of ornithine) is involved in the urea cycle, increases the flow of blood in the circulatory system, increases sexual potency (in a short time after application). It affects the body's immunity preventing infections, and lowers blood pressure. In supplements – usually as alpha-ketoglutarate.

 

Alpha-ketoglutarate

Information

Alpha-ketoglutarate (ionized Alpha-ketoglutarate acid, ketone derivative of glutaric acid). Involved in the metabolism of amino acids, oxidation, and transport of the nitrogen in the body. It accelerates the synthesis of components of food (anti-catabolism). In sports supplementation it is used in combination with arginine, glutamine and BCAA. As it is of excreting a toxic ammonia from the body - it is antitoxin. It is a part of sports pre- and post-training supplements, and anti-catabolic supplements and amino acid complexes.


 

Sodium

Information

Sodium is an important component of the intracellular fluids, and is a regulator of acid-base balance. Along with potassium affects the proper of growth and provides the proper functioning of muscles and nerves. The source of acquisition is table salt (NaCl) and bladderwrack, shellfish, bacon, beef, and of plant beets and carrots. People on salt-free diet should avoid, among others, spicy sauces and smoked meats and sausages.
Sodium deficiency is very rare, at heaving sweating after a long effort (e.g. in the marathon).
Excess sodium increases blood pressure (especially for the elderly), edema and increased thirst. Exceeding the daily dose of 14g a day can cause poisoning.


 

Vitamin B6

Information

Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine) is soluble in the liquid. It participates in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. By reducing the amount of fat in the blood do not enable deposition of the body. It helps the absorption of magnesium and vitamin B12 (cobalamin). It works on the muscle antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory pain in the joints. It acts anti. It provides efficient operation of the brain. It increases energy increasing vigor of a man. The demand for vitamin B6 increases during pregnancy and breast-feeding infants. The natural product is: yeast, eggs, wheat germ, meat (liver), wheat bran, nuts, peanuts peanuts, soybeans. There is a hypothesis that can be synthesized by intestinal bacteria.
Deficiency of vitamin B6 causes abnormal metabolism of proteins, decrease in lymphocytes in the blood, causes a feeling of lethargy and fatigue intensifies.
Dosage: 1.5-2.5 mg daily (increased demand during pregnancy and lactation).


 

Pyridoxine hydrochloride

Information

What is pyridoxine hydrochloride?

Pyridoxine hydrochloride is a basic, the most commonly used form of vitamin B6 in supplements and fortified foods. It is a vitamin soluble in water. It converts to the active form of the vitamin - pyridoxal phosphate.

Vitamin B6 is a cofactor in many enzymatic reactions. It takes part in the production of many neurotransmitters, such as GABA, serotonin and catecholamines and it takes part in the metabolism of amino acids, carbohydrates and lipids. It is an important factor for the process of the creation of red cells and hemoglobin and its deficit may be one of the factors causing anemia. This vitamin contributes to maintaining proper energy metabolism and is important for maintaining well-being and good psychological condition. Its presence supports the breakdown of pro-inflammatory homocysteine to cysteine and further metabolites, thanks to which it may decrease the risk of atherosclerosis and cardiological incidents.

Pyridoxine hydrochloride may be found in many vitamin B complexes and vitamin-mineral preparations available in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.

Beta-alanine

Information

 

Beta-alanine (β-alanine) is a β-amino acid (the same group to which the I-alanine belongs, but with different chemistries). In combination with histidine, it forms β-alanyl-L-histidine (carnosine) - a antioxidant, chelating and buffering compound. Carnosine reduces the level of hydrogen ions in the cell and allows to extend the physical performance and endurance, it affects biological recovery after exercise. Beta-alanine is available in the form of single component and advanced amino-acid supplements, creatine stacks and nitrogen boosters.


 

Creatine

Information

Creatine (β-methylguanidoacetic acid) is an endogenous substance, synthesized from the acids present in liver and kidney (L-arginine, L-glycine and L-methionine) and consumption of meat. Its action ensures an adenosine triphosphate (ATP) level, which is an energy carrier, increases the hydration of cells and muscle glycogen stores. In the sports supplementation creatine is stored in the muscles, which improves energy management, exercise capacity and quick recovery and muscle growth. It has the ergogenic, anabolic and anti-catabolic potential.
Creatine is one of the high-performance
substances used in competitive sports, with a reputation confirmed by scientific research. In the form of mono-preparation supplements such as creatine ester, creatine malate, creatine monohydrate, and the multi-component supplements (both various forms of creatine, as well as other substances, precursors of nitric oxide, the BCAA type amino acids). Supplements containing creatine available for purchase at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: depending on the form of preparation, the type of exercise and weight, normally one of the following models
of creatine dosage is used:
- cyclic
supplementation: 5 - 10g per day in 1 - 3 portions a day, 2 - 5 g per dose. Cycle time approx. 4 - 12 weeks
- cyclic
supplementation with saturated phase: first 5 - 7 days 20 - 30g per day on Day 4 - 6 doses 4 - 6g per serving, then the maintenance phase 2 - 10g per day in divided doses. Cycle time approx. 4 - 8 weeks
- constant
supplementation: 0.03 - 0.05 g per kg body weight for an extended period of time.


 

Creatine malate

Information

Creatine malate (tri-creatine malate, TCM, di-creatine malate) is a combination of one molecule of creatine and three (or two) of molecules of malic acid in the ionized form (malate) in one molecule. It has better solubility in liquids of creatine monohydrate. Malate is involved in energy conversion enhancing effect of creatine in this regard. With proper use of creatine malate, there is an increase in exercise capacity of the body (strength and endurance), acceleration - although slower than provide other compounds creatine for better quality - of increase in lean body mass, provides faster and better biological regeneration after exercise. To have a fast saturation of the muscles with creatine, products containing insulin should be used (carbohydrates and proteins) or insulin-mimetic (and the substances of similar ALA, D-pinitol, taurine). Creatine malate is available in the form of powders and capsules (mono-preparation supplements and creatine stacks), for purchase at muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: Usual recommendation in sports, depends on the form of supplement, the type of exercises and weight, uses one of the following creatine dosage models:
- cyclic supplementation: 5-10g per day in 1-3 portions during the day, 2-5g per dose. Cycle length approx. 4-12 weeks
- Constant supplementation: 0,03-0,05g per kg of body weight for an extended period of time.


 

Calcium

Information

Calcium (element chem. symbol Ca, atomic no. 20, the group of alkaline earth metals) is the basic building substance of bones and teeth, in which stored is 99% of the element, in the form of hydroxylapatite. When building bones and teeth, phosphorus is very important in the right proportion. It is a base-forming element and activator of many enzymes (ATPase) necessary to release the energy of ATP. It has a significant effect on blood clotting and regulates blood pressure and neuromuscular conductivity. Thanks to the reduced permeability of cell membranes, it soothes the symptoms of food allergies. Calcium is actively involved in the metabolism of iron interacts with vitamins A, C and D and phosphorus, magnesium. Natural source of calcium are animal products (dairy products, sardines, salmon, sprats eaten with bones) and plant products (nuts, soybeans, sunflower seeds). Absorption takes place in the small intestine (less in the colon), it has an effect on the level of lactose, insoluble fibre, organic acids, alkalinity (low pH). The best absorption have organic compounds (lactates, amino acid chelates etc.). Obstructing the absorption of calcium is caused by: phytic acid and oxalic acid as well as excess fat. Scientific studies have confirmed that the combination of calcium, magnesium, boron and vitamin D in dose 3 mg / 24h effectively prevent osteoporosis. Supplements on the market are both mono-preparation supplements (enriched with vitamin D3) and multi-component supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Calcium deficiency disorders manifested in the construction of the bones (osteoporosis) and iron metabolism. The symptoms are: rickets, cramps and muscle tremor, osteoporosis.
Excess result
ing from an overdose of calcium supplements containing vitamin D3 for children and adults overdose of calcium (hypercalcemia). Symptoms of hypercalcemia are: lack of appetite, vomiting and constipation.
The dosage administered in various publications
are inconsistent: 800 - 1000 mg / 24 h (100 - 500 mg / 24h)

Vitamin B3

Information

Vitamin B3 (vitamin PP, niacin, nicotinic acid, nicotinamide) is niacinamide niacin. It is used in interaction with vitamins B1, B2 and B6 in the synthesis of hormones during lactation. It provides proper functioning of the brain and nervous system. It is helpful in inflammatory conditions of the skin. Required for synthesis of sex hormone, estrogen, testosterone, cortisone, and insulin. It does not lose its properties in the manufacturing and storage. The source of acquiring vitamins PP are both products of animal origin (the lean meat, eggs, fish) and vegetable origin (dates, figs, hazelnuts, plums).
Dosage: 2-12 mg / day for children, 14 mg / day for women, 16 mg / day for men and 17-18 mg / day for pregnant or nursing women.


 

Nicotinic acid amide (Nicotinamide)

Information

Nicotinic acid amide – also known as nicotinamide, belongs to a group of compounds referred to as vitamin B3, along with nicotinic acid and inositol hexanicotinate. It exerts its main biological activity as a precursor to two key coenzymes for efficient energy metabolism of the body: nicotinamide adenine dinucletodide and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate. They are responsible for carrying hydrogen and electrons in the respiratory chain and thus facilitate efficient energy production by the human body.

Nicotinamide supplementation is recommended for active persons not only because of its ability to promote the body’s energy efficiency. It has also a beneficial impact on mind, increases tolerance to stressors and may reduce symptoms of depression. It is pointed out that niacin supplementation correlates positively with sleep quality.

Unlike nicotinic acid, nicotinamide does not show the ability to produce a “flush effect”, namely redness in the face caused by taking large doses of niacin. It has been also shown to influence partly cardiovascular function.

Nicotinamide is also indicated to influence beneficially the absorption of other B vitamins and vitamin D. This compound should be taken with caution by diabetics because it can increase the body’s demand for insulin.

Vitamin B1 (thiamine)

Information

Vitamin B1 (thiamin, vitamin B) improves mental alertness and strengthens the nervous system ensuring the proper functioning of the brain. It improves cardiac and muscular system. It is suportive in the treatment of shingles. Involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats. Natural source of vitamin B1 are brown bread, yeast, eggs, raw vegetables, meat, milk, legumes, cheese.
Vitamin B1 deficiency hinders the processes of decomposition of sugars (catabolism), causes a loss of appetite and disorders in the functioning of the digestive tract, can cause polyneuritis and disease beriberi.
Dosage: Recommended daily intake is 1-2 mg.


 

Thiamine hydrochloride

Information

Thiamine hydrochloride - a highly bioavailable form of thiamine, also called vitamin B1. Due to an important role that it plays in carbohydrate metabolism, its increased supply is recommended to people with excessively high concentration of sugar in blood. It facilitates their processing in the organism and supports the activities that aim at restoring optimal glycemia. An important role in the metabolism of nutrients is also played by an integral component of carboxylase coenzyme - thiamine pyrophosphate.

Some source suggest the effectiveness of thiamine in relation to the health of the cardiovascular system, apart from decreasing glucose level in blood, it is also reflected in optimization of blood pressure. Although this aspect of effectiveness of vitamin B1 requires further research, it is another argument demonstrating special needs of taking care of proper thiamine supply by people from the risk group of the circulatory system diseases.

Among people who are especially prone to vitamin B1 deficiencies there are also people fighting with excess weight and frequently drinking alcohol.

 

Tyrosine

Information

Tyrosine - endogenous amino acid (synthesized within the body), one of the 22 protein amino acids building. It occurs naturally in animal food products (eggs, dairy, meat). If the deficiency, it can be synthesized by hydroxylation of phenylalanine, capable of being converted to tyrosine in the liver. It is a precursor of neurotransmitters: dopamine (the group of catecholamines, participating in the processes occurring in the nervous system, causing muscle coordination and participates in the synthesis of many hormones) and noradrenaline (counteracting stress, stimulating the heart and circulatory system, and increasing glycogenolysis and lipolysis participating in the processes of energy transformations). Tyrosine is a precursor of thyroid hormones responsible for the rate of change in metabolic processes and pigment (melanin). In the supplementation, preparations containing tyrosine are used in programs reducing body fat (weight loss), improve mood and are stimulants.
Dosage: Customarily 500-2000 mg per day.


 

Caffeine

Information

Caffeine (1,3,7-trimethylxanthine, 1-methylotheobromine) is a purine alkaloid occurring in the natural state in plants (Coffea arabica, Camelia sinensis, Paulinia cupana, Ilex paraguariensis), which acts as a natural pesticide, acting toxic to insects. Peculiar smell and taste also deters herbivores. Caffeine in the body inhibits the adenosine receptors in the brain, fighting fatigue and allowing for action activation. It has a beneficial effect on the metabolism of oxygen, which increases the exercise capacity (strength and endurance) and rapid post-workout recovery. In the sports supplementation, caffeine is used as a stimulant nervous system. It has the thermogenic potential and in combination with other substances (e.g. Polyphenols, both occurring in coffee beans, such as cocoa beans, tea leaves and mate) can effectively participate in the reduction of body fat. It is included in many dietary stimulants (creatine stacks, no-boosters, beverages). It is a component of fat burners. It is also in the form of mono-preparation supplements.
Dosage: 100-600 mg per day. Due to the long release of activity should not be used in the evening, before
sleep.


 

Cayenne pepper

Information

Cayenne pepper - derived from hot peppers chilli, is not only the kitchen spice, but also a component of supplements. It contains capsaicin (an alkaloid which affects the vanilloid receptor, causing the feeling of warming). The increase in temperature causes the release of adrenaline and noradrenaline (catecholamines) from the adrenal medulla, and the consequent increase of metabolism and intensity of the lipolysis (resulting in reduction of adipose tissue) and is applicable in slimming diets (especially for people with low physical activity). It should not be combined with preparations containing capsaicin and casein (dairy) in one meal, as casein will cause the degradation, as it is an inhibitor of capsaicin. In the supplementation it is used as mono-preparation supplement or ingredient of supplements reducing body fat, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Dosage: usually 25 - 100 mg / 24h

Capsaicin

Information

Capsaicin organic compound found in chilli pepper fruits, soothing feeling pain and having thermogenic properties, revealing under the influence of temperature increase (above 42° C) as a result of the release of adrenaline and noradrenaline from the adrenal medulla, while the increase of metabolic processes and intensity of burning fat. It is inadvisable to use capsaicin products containing casein, which causes a delay in the rate of change and can cause discomfort in the upper abdomen. In the sports supplementation capsaicin is used in conjunction with caffeine, polyphenols in green tea in the programs fat reduction and weight control. Also used by people on weight loss diet with the average of physical activity. Preparations available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: the lack of defined standards of daily consumption

 

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