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Carlson Labs Super Omega-3 Gems is a dietary supplement that provides omega-3 fatty acids derived from high-quality concentrated oil of fish that live in the cold, deep and uncontaminated waters in Norway. The preparation was created to ensure the health and proper functioning of the cardiovascular system, nervous system, and eyesight.
Omega-3 fatty acids belong to the group of essential unsaturated fatty acids (EFA). They have a double bond in the 3rd position, counting from the farthest atom from the carboxyl group. There are 11 essential unsaturated fatty acids, of which the most important are eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and alpha-linolenic acid (ALA). The latter before being used by a human body must be transformed into the two previous ones, which only proves their great significance for the body.
Interestingly, the ratio of DHA to EPA in fish oil depends not only on the fish species but also on their physiological status, the place of fishing or the season of the year.
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is very common in the plasma membranes of the entire body. It is particularly important for the brain, in which it accounts for up to 50% of the membrane phospholipid fraction. DHA stimulates the growth of nerve cells, making them more multi-polar, branched and have longer protrusions. It is also the basic component in retina cells, which are responsible for both color and night vision.
Docosahexaenoic acid is also a substrate for the compounds with anti-inflammatory and protective influence on tissues exposed to damage. Importantly, the body of an elderly has a lower activity of the enzyme affecting the synthesis of DHA, hence the omega-3 supplementation in the elderly is also very important. Recent studies show that this may slow down the development of symptoms of dementia and Alzheimer's disease.
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) has a very strong effect on the cardiovascular system, helping to maintain a good condition of the heart and normal blood pressure. It affects the lipid profile, lowering triglyceride levels. Due to the fact that it reduces blood clotting, EPA may help in the fight against thrombosis. EPA is also used in therapies against mood disorders, depression as well as aggression and ADHD, because similarly to DHA, it is of great importance for the central nervous system building cells and the transmission of information between nerve cells. It also has a strong anti-inflammatory effect.
Unsaturated fatty acids for women and children
In children and adolescents, providing the right amount of long-chain fatty acids is very important because of their effect on the development of the central nervous system, as well as on the overall growth of the whole organism. Omega-3 are added to infant foods as to make them more similar to breast milk – since the enzyme system of infants is inefficient, the fatty acids supplied with the female food are essential. Children who are nourished with omega-3-enriched foods are distinguished by better cognitive abilities, have greater visual acuity and are less likely to experience atopic skin changes and allergic reactions.
Supplementation with omega-3 acids in pregnant women may reduce the risk of early delivery and increase the body weight of a newborn; it also affects its proper development. What's more, since pregnant women must be very careful about what fish they consume (they are more exposed to poisoning with heavy metals), it is advisable to administer a tested and safe preparation.
The effect of Omega-3 activity within the cardiovascular system
Omega-3 fatty acids improve heart function, which is why they can be one of the elements of prevention of cardiovascular disorders. They are credited with the ability to inhibit the ventricular fibrillation caused by ischemia. In addition, they can prevent blood clots (they have a thinning effect on blood and prevent blood cells from sticking to damaged vessel walls).
Omega-3 fatty acids also affect cholesterol levels. They may increase the level of HDL (the so-called "good cholesterol") and lower the level of LDL ("bad cholesterol") and triglycerides, thus slowing down the rate of atherosclerosis. Omega-3 may also lower blood pressure in people with hypertension.
EPA and DHA fatty acids help to reduce the synthesis of cytokines that initiate inflammatory reactions (which can stimulate the growth of tumors), proinflammatory prostaglandins (hormones responsible for such symptoms as swelling, redness and pain) and inhibit the synthesis of endothelin-1 (the ET-1, an amino acid present in pathogenesis of many kidney diseases). According to studies, supplementation of appropriate doses of EPA and DHA may also reduce the number of inflammatory precursors in rheumatoid arthritis. They do not replace the therapy, but they can have a significant impact on its results. These acids also suppress the excessive immune response in bacterial and viral diseases.
Omega-3 for strong bones and joints
Omega-3 fatty acids can relieve joint pain and stiffness that accompany rheumatic diseases. Since they facilitate the absorption of calcium, the acids are used both in the prophylaxis and treatment of osteoporosis.
DHA and EPA against cancer
According to numerous studies, women who consumed large amounts of omega-3 (whether in the form of fish or supplements) had a reduced risk of uterine and breast cancer, men had reduced risk of prostate cancer and both sexes had reduced risk of pancreatic cancer.
Support in the treatment of depression and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Omega-3s play a big role in the transmission of information between brain cells, which is why they are used as support in the treatment of ADHD and other developmental disorders. They can also be used in the treatment of depression associated with bipolar disorders. A special role is attributed to EPA. What's more, many products of omega-3 fatty acid synthesis affect the regulation of inflammation associated with depression (including prostaglandin E3).
Omega-3 fatty acids and body composition
There are indications that DHA and EPA have a positive effect on body shaping. They reduce the expression of lipogenic genes that make the body store fat tissue. They also increase the activity of carnitine acyltransferase, which is responsible for the transport of fatty acids to the mitochondria, where they are transformed into energy. According to research, omega-3 acids also reduce the amount of cortisol – a stress hormone, the excess of which facilitates the deposition of adipose tissue and hinders the building of muscle mass (through the increase of catabolism). Not without significance is also the impact on the aforementioned pro-inflammatory cytokines, which degrade the protein in the body. Limiting their activity, therefore, has an anabolic effect on the muscles.
In summary, Carlson Labs Super Omega-3 Gems is a dietary supplement with great health-promoting significance. Administration of the preparation will help to keep the cardiovascular system in good condition, reduce inflammation and protect against cancer.
It is also recommended for pregnant and breastfeeding women and the elderly. It can also be used as an aid in the fight against depression. In addition, it positively affects the composition of the body, helping to obtain the desired increases in muscle mass and reduction of body fat.
Due to distinctly better absorption, the supplement is recommended to be taken with a meal. It will also help to prevent unpleasant feelings that may occur if the preparation is consumed separately.
Dosage is very often dependent on the purpose of supplementation. For proper functioning and prophylactic prevention, depending on the source, 250 mg to 1 g of omega-3 acids are recommended per day. In case of medicinal use, the doses are much higher and determined individually by the doctor (from 3 to even 8g per day).
Carlson Labs is a company manufacturing dietary supplements, founded in 1965 in Chicago. It specialises in producing high-quality mineral and vitamin preparations and fish oils. The range of fish oils offered by the company is derived from wild species of fish, caught in Norway with respect to the environment.
Products by Carlson Labs have won a number of awards, including a Best of Supplements Award for 2016, given by the magazine Better Nutrition.
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Soft Gel Shell (Beef Gelatin, Glycerin, Water), Mixed Tocopherols. Contains Fish (Anchovy, Sardine, and Mackerel).
Calories are the conventional name of the unit expressing the energy value of food, the demand and energy expenditure in human body, which in fact is 1 kilocalorie (1 kcal). 1 kilocalorie is the amount of thermal energy required to heat 1 g of water and 1 degree Celsius. The SI unit of thermal energy is 1 joule (1J), equal to approximately 4,185 kcal.
The energy value is determined by the chemical composition of the food product, by means of the so-called. physiological equivalents. Most often Atwater equivalent is used: ratio for protein 4 kcal / g, for carbohydrates 4kcal / g, and for fat - 9kcal / g.
The energy value carried out with the so-called. "Caloric bomb" is equivalent to the physical energy, amounting to 4.1 kcal per 1 g carbohydrate to 5.65 kcal per 1 g protein, 9.45 kcal per 1 g of fat.
Nutritional value, determines the suitability of a food product for realizing life functions of human, the higher it is - the higher bioavailability and lower quantity for consumption for obtaining the effects.
Fat is an essential nutrient plant and animal organisms. Because of the nutritional value and composition of fats are divided into: saturated (mono-saturated and multi-saturated fatty acids) and unsaturated fatty acids (including essential fatty acids - EFA). The group of lipids include lipids (triacylglycerols, waxes), complex fats (glycolipids, phospholipids), sterols and isoprenoids. Saturated fatty acids is a group of fatty acids having different carbon chain lengths, in which except for the carboxyl group, each of the carbon atoms is bound by a single bond. May adversely affect the lipid profile, so they can be used in limited quantities. Fats are a concentrated source of energy, with different flavours, facilitating the consumption and swallowing of food. They have building functions (part of cell membranes and co-create the white matter of the brain). EFAs are precursors of tissue hormones and biologically active compounds. The unsaturated fatty acids include fatty acids from the group Omega-3, Omega-6 and Omega-9 (the last digit indicates, on which, counting of the end of the chain, there is a double bond in the appropriate carbon chain. The essential fatty acids include: acids, medium-Omega-3 [n-3 ] included in EFAs [essential fatty acids], and long chain (eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] and docosahexaenoic acid [DHA]) Omega-6 and Omega-9. the number indicates that the last double bond in the carbon chain is on the third from the end carbon atom. The acids from the omega 3 group are essential components of cell membranes, they are precursors of eicosanoids and biological activators. They must be combined with ingestion in suitable proportions of Omega-6 acids.
Dosage: Depending on demand and applied diet. It is generally accepted that fats should constitute 20-30% of the energy (calorie) of meals daily.
Proteins (proteins, polypeptides) is a polymer, of which the basic units (monomers) are amino acids. Protein is composed of carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen and sulfur, and is an elementary nutrient necessary for the proper functioning of the body, an ingredient and a component of tissues, part of the hormones and enzymes and other bioactive substances. Protein determines the proper metabolism and energy processes, as well as all other life processes. The sources of natural proteins are foods of animal origin (including meat, fish, eggs, dairy products) and plant origin (legumes, soy). Deficiency of protein leads to protein malnutrition and a significant weakening of the body. It can lead to anaemia, reduced immunity, muscle relaxation, disorders of the digestive system. Also, overdose protein is undesirable because it can lead to acidification of the body, and interfere with the digestive system and an increase in the concentration of homocysteine in the blood. It is a component of many supplements and nutrients necessary for the proper functioning of the body, both showing a low physical activity, or training the strength and endurance competitions.
Dosage: strength athletes: approx. 1.7 - 2.5 g / 1 kg of body weight; endurance athletes and strength -endurance athletes approx. 1.3 - 2 g / 1 kg of body weight, people with low activity approx. 0.8 - 1.1 g / 1 kg of body weight / 24h. In estimating the amount of protein, you should take into account the intake of other nutrients (carbohydrates and fats)
Vitamin E (tocopherol) is a fat soluble. Due to its antioxidant action, it is a protection of other vitamins (e.g. Vitamins A). Protects the body against free radicals, strengthens the walls of blood vessels and its capacity, causing their dilation and dissolution of blood clots. With the reduction of coagulation, it is used as an antiatherogenic medicine, it allows for the proper course of pregnancy. In cooperation with selenium it slows the ageing process of cells, strengthening connective tissue. In the food it is present in whole-grain bread, sprout and grains, vegetable oils (soybean, sunflower), soya beans and sunflower seeds, vegetable fat and hen egg yolks. Also it is used in sports medicine in the form of nutrients and supplements.
Vitamin E deficiency reduces building of red blood cells, results in changes in muscle and disorders of pregnancies.
Dosage: for children, 0.5 mg / 1 kg of weight; for adults 10-30 mg per day.
D-alpha-tocopherol – a natural form of vitamin E which is indicated as the most optimum for supplementation. It helps correct effectively deficiencies of this compound which is extremely crucial for the human body.
Vitamin E is a very important bioactive substance found in many tissues and required for normal functioning of the body. Its deficiencies may be manifested by impaired cognitive abilities and vision, muscle weakness and infertility. It is involved in erythropoiesis and that is why its low intake may lead to anaemia.
In addition, vitamin E has an important role as an antioxidant in the human body. It has the ability to reduce the amount of free radicals, thereby decreasing negative oxidative stress.
During supplementation with d-alpha-tocopherol, we should remember that it belongs to fat-soluble compounds, along with vitamin A, D and K. Because of that, supplements with vitamin E should be taken with a fat-containing meal.
Fish oil is a source of long chain saturated fatty acids of the Omega-3 (EPA - eicosapentaenoic acid; DHA - docosahexaenoic acid), which are part of cell membranes and the precursor of eicosanoids, and an activator. When consuming acids Omega 3, it must be balanced with the Omega 6 (using in the range of from 1: 6 to 1: 1). Fats contained in fish oil help to reduce body fat, affect the oxygenation of the body, and the operation of systems: circulatory, respiratory, nervous system and the musculoskeletal system. Available in the form of mono-preparation supplement or as an ingredient of supplements in the category of "health and beauty".
Omega-3 (n-3) group of unsaturated fatty acids: short-chain (linolenic acid, belongs to the EFAs [essential fatty acids]) and long-chain (eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] and docosahexaenoic acid [DHA]). The number 3 indicates That the last double bond in the carbon chain is the third from the end of carbon. Acids from the group of Omega-3 are essential components of cell membranes, they are biological precursors and activators of eicosanoids. EFAs quite abundantly supplied in food, and it can be supplied with food. EPA and DHA (oils, fats marine fish) are Supplied by foods of sea origin (sea fish and seafood). They are developed also in the human body as a result of processes of denaturation and elongation of alpha-linolenic acid , but in an amount insufficient for the full needs of the organism. Therefore,they should be supplied from the outside. With the use of so-called. western diet, supplementation of fatty acids Omega 3 is more desirable (than Omega 6).
Supplementation of fatty acids of Omega 3 is recommended for people who are physically active in order to supplement and to prevent deficiencies in body as well as due to their impact on the body composition and aerobic capacity, and tissue regeneration. In addition, it regulates the systems: circulatory (including heart), nervous, respiratory and locomotor. Formulations containing EPA and DHA are a complement to an effort diet, regardless of the degree of training and exercising.
Dietary fatty acids Omega 3, in principle, are produced in the form of capsules in combination with vitamin E as an antioxidant, available for purchase at: www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage usually we recommended supplements in sports: depending on the supply of diet and intake of Omega 6 it is 1 - 5 g of EPA and DHA / 24 h.
EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) – what is it?
EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) is a long-chain, polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acid. The chain of the fatty acid consists of 20 carbon molecules, and the first bound out of five double bounds is located at the third carbon from the omega end, which is characteristic for omega-3 acids. It is present in large quantities in fish oils, where it is accompanied by docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).
EPA is a precursor to prostaglandins and other eicosanoids, which contributes to the reduction in inflammations. It is involved in inhibition of platelets aggregation. It contributes also to the reduction in triglycerides level in blood. EPA block the activity of an enzyme, phospholipase A2, present on cell membranes, which under the influence of stressors can release polyunsaturated fatty acid (from the group of eicosanoids) into the glycerol skeleton. To some extent, EPA can be also converted into 22-carbon DHA. The both acids have positive impact on the condition of the nervous system and cardiovascular health.
Eicosapentaenoic acid contained in dietary supplements with omega-3, which are available in the offer of muscle-zone.pl
DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) - acid of omega-3 family, unsaturated fatty acids with the last double bond in the chain located on the third carbon atom from the end. Synthesized in the human body to eicosapentaenoic acid, or retrieved from foods of marine origin (fish, particularly salmon). In the medicine it is indicated for the treatment of depression, Alzheimer's ADHD. There has been its positive impact on the insulin metabolism noted as well as on endocrine and cardiovascular systems. When used in appropriate doses, it has a beneficial effect on the composition and appearance of the body. In the the supplementation it is part of formulas containing fish oil, which fill in the gaps of unsaturated fatty acids Omega 3, recommended for people with different physical activity.
Dosage: 200-2000 mg per day
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