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Hyde Power Potion Hyde Power Potion

ProSupps Hyde Power Potion is a high-quality energy drink that effectively boosts energy and allows you to keep it high for an extended period of time. The drink is devoid of sugar and carbohydrates, so it does not contain any calories, but instead, it contains BCAA amino acids that prevent muscle catabolism. Moreover, the advanced ingredients of the drink influence the regulation of the neurotransmitter balance, increasing arousal and the ability to maintain focus and motivation.

The product includes:
Caffeine anhydrous – the most popular ergogenic substance, which is the basic ingredient of all energy drinks. By stimulating the body to release catecholamines, which include dopamine, adrenaline, and noradrenaline, it effectively raises the perceived energy level, resting energy expenditure or metabolic rate. Caffeine, due to its structural similarity to adenosine, can bind to adenosine receptors, which in turn reduces the feeling of fatigue and drowsiness.

TeaCrine® is a patented formula of theacrine, which, similarly to caffeine, is a purine alkaloid with comparable stimulating properties. Theacrine effectively increases the level of motivation and concentration, as well as extends the working time until exhaustion and reduces the subjective assessment of the difficulty of physical exertion. Theacrine works perfectly alone, as well as in synergy with caffeine, while an important feature that distinguishes it from caffeine is the significantly increased half-life and the lack of influence on the level of arterial pressure.

N-Acetyl-L-Tyrosine (NALT) – it is an acetylated form of tyrosine, which, thanks to the ability to easily penetrate the blood-brain barrier, is a substrate for the production of dopamine and other catecholamines. It allows the maintenance of willingness to act, clarity of mind and psychomotor efficiency, which positively affect productivity. Providing a building block for the production of catecholamines, it prevents premature exhaustion and depletion of neurotransmitters, which is manifested by a lack of energy and willingness to act.

Taurine – a non-protein amino acid involved in the regulation of calcium and sodium ions in skeletal muscles, which are necessary for their proper contractility. Acting within the GABA-ergic receptors, it prevents excessive neuronal excitability, which facilitates the effect of clarity of mind. Taurine shows strong antioxidant potential and also helps to stabilize and protect cells from damage and programmed death (apoptosis).

Choline bitartratecholine is an essential ingredient for the functioning of the nervous system because it builds and stabilizes cellular structures and is an acetylcholine component. Acetylcholine is a neurotransmitter responsible for mental processes, memory, and cognitive function as well as for receiving stimuli from the external and internal environment. Choline also supports liver function and is involved in the transport of lipids and their metabolism.

L-carnitine tartrateL-carnitine is a vitamin-like substance responsible for the transport of long- and medium-chain fatty acids into the interior of the mitochondria. It effectively supports the process of energy generation and consequently also the exercise capacity. It facilitates the loss of unnecessary fat tissue because it allows oxidation of fatty acids inside the mitochondria.

Coenzyme Q10 is a compound necessary for the functioning of almost every cell in the body. It is involved in the transport of electrons to produce a high-energy compound such as ATP. Coenzyme Q10 allows the maintenance of mitochondrial efficiency, thus supporting the removal of free oxygen radicals. It positively affects cardiovascular health and glucose levels and promotes the maintenance of muscle mass.

L-citrulline – a non-protein amino acid whose metabolism leads to an increase in the level of arginine in the bloodstream. Arginine, in turn, intensifies nitric oxide synthase, which through widening the lumen of blood vessels improves the transport of blood in the body. This allows for more efficient transport of oxygen and nutrients to the cells, which significantly increases energy levels and reduces symptoms of fatigue.

BCAAs, i.e. branched-chain amino acids, which include: leucine, isoleucine, and valine. They abundantly occur in skeletal muscles, where they help to reduce muscle damage and limit the breakdown of proteins into individual amino acids (catabolism).

Vitamin B6 and vitamin B12 – they determine the proper functioning of the nervous system, where they are responsible for the synthesis of neurotransmitters and maintaining the efficiency of impulse transmission. These vitamins are also involved in energy metabolism because they enable the production of energy from food.

To sum up, ProSupps Hyde Power Potion is an advanced energy drink, created for physically active people. The drink effectively stimulates and relieves the symptoms of fatigue. The synergistic components of the drink, affecting the level of individual neurotransmitters, facilitate the maintenance of concentration and willingness to act and support the course of energy processes. The addition of BCAAs prevents muscle catabolism and limits muscle damage during physical activity.

 

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Hyde Power Potion Hyde Power Potion 473 ml
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Hyde Power Potion 473 ml

Servings: 473 ml

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Description
  • An advanced energy drink with the addition of BCAAs and vitamins
  • Improves the ability to maintain focus and concentration
  • Increases the level of energy, motivation, and willingness to act
  • Effectively reduces the symptoms of fatigue and drowsiness
  • Created for physically active people
  • Synergistic effect of the active ingredients
  • Favors the oxidation of fatty acids
  • Improves energy metabolism
  • Free from sugar, gluten, and dairy
  • Stimulates the synthesis of nitric oxide
  • 0 kcal!

ProSupps Hyde Power Potion is a high-quality energy drink that effectively boosts energy and allows you to keep it high for an extended period of time. The drink is devoid of sugar and carbohydrates, so it does not contain any calories, but instead, it contains BCAA amino acids that prevent muscle catabolism. Moreover, the advanced ingredients of the drink influence the regulation of the neurotransmitter balance, increasing arousal and the ability to maintain focus and motivation.

The product includes:
Caffeine anhydrous – the most popular ergogenic substance, which is the basic ingredient of all energy drinks. By stimulating the body to release catecholamines, which include dopamine, adrenaline, and noradrenaline, it effectively raises the perceived energy level, resting energy expenditure or metabolic rate. Caffeine, due to its structural similarity to adenosine, can bind to adenosine receptors, which in turn reduces the feeling of fatigue and drowsiness.

TeaCrine® is a patented formula of theacrine, which, similarly to caffeine, is a purine alkaloid with comparable stimulating properties. Theacrine effectively increases the level of motivation and concentration, as well as extends the working time until exhaustion and reduces the subjective assessment of the difficulty of physical exertion. Theacrine works perfectly alone, as well as in synergy with caffeine, while an important feature that distinguishes it from caffeine is the significantly increased half-life and the lack of influence on the level of arterial pressure.

N-Acetyl-L-Tyrosine (NALT) – it is an acetylated form of tyrosine, which, thanks to the ability to easily penetrate the blood-brain barrier, is a substrate for the production of dopamine and other catecholamines. It allows the maintenance of willingness to act, clarity of mind and psychomotor efficiency, which positively affect productivity. Providing a building block for the production of catecholamines, it prevents premature exhaustion and depletion of neurotransmitters, which is manifested by a lack of energy and willingness to act.

Taurine – a non-protein amino acid involved in the regulation of calcium and sodium ions in skeletal muscles, which are necessary for their proper contractility. Acting within the GABA-ergic receptors, it prevents excessive neuronal excitability, which facilitates the effect of clarity of mind. Taurine shows strong antioxidant potential and also helps to stabilize and protect cells from damage and programmed death (apoptosis).

Choline bitartratecholine is an essential ingredient for the functioning of the nervous system because it builds and stabilizes cellular structures and is an acetylcholine component. Acetylcholine is a neurotransmitter responsible for mental processes, memory, and cognitive function as well as for receiving stimuli from the external and internal environment. Choline also supports liver function and is involved in the transport of lipids and their metabolism.

L-carnitine tartrateL-carnitine is a vitamin-like substance responsible for the transport of long- and medium-chain fatty acids into the interior of the mitochondria. It effectively supports the process of energy generation and consequently also the exercise capacity. It facilitates the loss of unnecessary fat tissue because it allows oxidation of fatty acids inside the mitochondria.

Coenzyme Q10 is a compound necessary for the functioning of almost every cell in the body. It is involved in the transport of electrons to produce a high-energy compound such as ATP. Coenzyme Q10 allows the maintenance of mitochondrial efficiency, thus supporting the removal of free oxygen radicals. It positively affects cardiovascular health and glucose levels and promotes the maintenance of muscle mass.

L-citrulline – a non-protein amino acid whose metabolism leads to an increase in the level of arginine in the bloodstream. Arginine, in turn, intensifies nitric oxide synthase, which through widening the lumen of blood vessels improves the transport of blood in the body. This allows for more efficient transport of oxygen and nutrients to the cells, which significantly increases energy levels and reduces symptoms of fatigue.

BCAAs, i.e. branched-chain amino acids, which include: leucine, isoleucine, and valine. They abundantly occur in skeletal muscles, where they help to reduce muscle damage and limit the breakdown of proteins into individual amino acids (catabolism).

Vitamin B6 and vitamin B12 – they determine the proper functioning of the nervous system, where they are responsible for the synthesis of neurotransmitters and maintaining the efficiency of impulse transmission. These vitamins are also involved in energy metabolism because they enable the production of energy from food.

To sum up, ProSupps Hyde Power Potion is an advanced energy drink, created for physically active people. The drink effectively stimulates and relieves the symptoms of fatigue. The synergistic components of the drink, affecting the level of individual neurotransmitters, facilitate the maintenance of concentration and willingness to act and support the course of energy processes. The addition of BCAAs prevents muscle catabolism and limits muscle damage during physical activity.

 

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Composition

Container size: 473 ml
per portion (1 can)amount%DV
Calories0 kcal0%
Total fat0 g0%
Saturated fat0 g0%
Trans fat0 g0%
Cholesterol0 g 0%
Sodium45 mg2%
Total carbohydrates0 g0%
Fibe0 g0%
Total sugas0 g0%
-includes added sugars0 g0%
Protein0 g0%
Potassium 48 mg1%
Niacin4 mg25%
Vitamin B6 (as pyridoxine hydrochloride)0,5 mg25%
Vitamin B12 (as methylcobalamin)2 mcg33%
L-citrulline**
Caffeine anhydrous350 mg*
N-Acetyl-L-Tyrosine**
Taurine**
BCAA blend (leucine, valine, isoleucine)**
Choline Bitartrate**
Theacrine (as TheaCrine®)**
L-Carnitine L-Tartrate**
CoQ10 (coenzyme Q10)**

Other ingrednients

Purified carbonated water, sucralose, phosphoric acid, natural flavors, sodium benzoate (preserves freshness).

 

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Calories

Information

Calories are the conventional name of the unit expressing the energy value of food, the demand and energy expenditure in human body, which in fact is 1 kilocalorie (1 kcal). 1 kilocalorie is the amount of thermal energy required to heat 1 g of water and 1 degree Celsius. The SI unit of thermal energy is 1 joule (1J), equal to approximately 4,185 kcal.
The energy value is determined by the chemical composition of the food product, by means of the so-called. physiological equivalents. Most often Atwater equivalent is used: ratio for protein 4 kcal / g, for carbohydrates 4kcal / g, and for fat - 9kcal / g.
The energy value carried out with the so-called. "Caloric bomb" is equivalent to the physical energy, amounting to 4.1 kcal per 1 g carbohydrate to 5.65 kcal per 1 g protein, 9.45 kcal per 1 g of fat.
Nutritional value, determines the suitability of a food product for realizing life functions of human, the higher it is - the higher bioavailability and lower quantity for consumption for obtaining the effects.

 

Fat

Information

Fat is an essential nutrient plant and animal organisms. Because of the nutritional value and composition of fats are divided into: saturated (mono-saturated and multi-saturated fatty acids) and unsaturated fatty acids (including essential fatty acids - EFA). The group of lipids include lipids (triacylglycerols, waxes), complex fats (glycolipids, phospholipids), sterols and isoprenoids. Saturated fatty acids is a group of fatty acids having different carbon chain lengths, in which except for the carboxyl group, each of the carbon atoms is bound by a single bond. May adversely affect the lipid profile, so they can be used in limited quantities. Fats are a concentrated source of energy, with different flavours, facilitating the consumption and swallowing of food. They have building functions (part of cell membranes and co-create the white matter of the brain). EFAs are precursors of tissue hormones and biologically active compounds. The unsaturated fatty acids include fatty acids from the group Omega-3, Omega-6 and Omega-9 (the last digit indicates, on which, counting of the end of the chain, there is a double bond in the appropriate carbon chain. The essential fatty acids include: acids, medium-Omega-3 [n-3 ] included in EFAs [essential fatty acids], and long chain (eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] and docosahexaenoic acid [DHA]) Omega-6 and Omega-9. the number indicates that the last double bond in the carbon chain is on the third from the end carbon atom. The acids from the omega 3 group are essential components of cell membranes, they are precursors of eicosanoids and biological activators. They must be combined with ingestion in suitable proportions of Omega-6 acids.
Dosage: Depending on demand and applied diet. It is generally accepted that fats should constitute 20-30% of the energy (calorie) of meals daily.


 

Saturated fatty acids

Information

Saturated fatty acids are a group of fatty acid having different carbon chain lengths, in which except for the carboxyl group, each of the carbon atoms is linked by a single bond. Saturated fatty acids are commonly known as bad fat, which might adversely affect the cholesterol level, in particular by the action of acids: lauric, myristic, palmitic, and therefore their consumption should be reduced. Research carried out in this matter do not confirm entirely the prevailing beliefs.


 

Sodium

Information

Sodium is an important component of the intracellular fluids, and is a regulator of acid-base balance. Along with potassium affects the proper of growth and provides the proper functioning of muscles and nerves. The source of acquisition is table salt (NaCl) and bladderwrack, shellfish, bacon, beef, and of plant beets and carrots. People on salt-free diet should avoid, among others, spicy sauces and smoked meats and sausages.
Sodium deficiency is very rare, at heaving sweating after a long effort (e.g. in the marathon).
Excess sodium increases blood pressure (especially for the elderly), edema and increased thirst. Exceeding the daily dose of 14g a day can cause poisoning.


 

Carbohydrates

Information

Carbohydrates are an essential nutrient. They are divided into: simple sugars (monosaccharides), disaccharides and polysaccharides. In terms of the human bioavailability of carbohydrates is divided into: digestabe, those which are digested in the gastrointestinal tract by transferring energy to the tissues or cells (such as starch, fructose) and indigestable, resistant to digestive enzymes (e.g. cellulose) . Affects blood glucose levels (glycemic index) and the metabolism of insulin (insulin index). The greatest demand for carbohydrates occurs before physical activity or in the middle of it, because they increase the exercise capacity, consumed after exercise provide regeneration. In the sports diet the absorption rate it is important of carbohydrates and reactions of the organism. Available in mono-preparation supplements and part of the energetic supplements, creatine stacks, nitrogen boosters.
Dosage: according to the statistics of the Institute of Food and Nutrition, carbohydrates should comprise about 50% of daily energy intake. In some diets, used
residual carbohydrate consumption, not exceeding 30g / 24h.


 

Dietary fibre

Information

Dietary fibre is a mixture of undigested substances and not absorbed by the human body. Due to the properties divided into: insoluble fibre (e.g. cellulose [polysaccharide] found in fruits and vegetables), partially soluble fibre (including hemicellulose occurring with cereal grains and soluble fibre (including pectin, gums, mucilages [polysaccharides]). Dietary fibre affects the digestive system and gastrointestinal system regulating its operation. By filling the stomach (satiety) reduces appetite, lowers triglycerides and cholesterol and consequently can support the weight loss process and maintain a slim body. It also affects blood glucose levels and cleansing the body of toxins. Available in powder formulations (capsules, and powders), mainly containing the soluble fraction (pectin, gums and mucilages) diet and meal replacements.
Dosage: 10-20 grams per day, before or during meals with some water.


 

Sugars

Information

Sugars - is the term used to refer to the crystal structure of the carbohydrate (sugar), characterized by a sweet taste. This group includes: sucrose (obtained from sugar cane and sugar beets and natural foods), fruit sugars (fructose) and glucose. Carbohydrate intake should not exceed 10% of the energy consumed during the day meals. Excess intake of sugars leading to diseases, including diabetes, atherosclerosis and obesity. Particular caution should be performed carbohydrate intake by athletes of sculpting disciplines and people on a diet. A greater need for carbohydrates, due being easily accessible sources of energy, may be in the periods before and after workouts and before and after the fight. Preparations available at www.muscle-zone.pl

Protein

Information

Proteins (proteins, polypeptides) is a polymer, of which the basic units (monomers) are amino acids. Protein is composed of carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen and sulfur, and is an elementary nutrient necessary for the proper functioning of the body, an ingredient and a component of tissues, part of the hormones and enzymes and other bioactive substances. Protein determines the proper metabolism and energy processes, as well as all other life processes. The sources of natural proteins are foods of animal origin (including meat, fish, eggs, dairy products) and plant origin (legumes, soy). Deficiency of protein leads to protein malnutrition and a significant weakening of the body. It can lead to anaemia, reduced immunity, muscle relaxation, disorders of the digestive system. Also, overdose protein is undesirable because it can lead to acidification of the body, and interfere with the digestive system and an increase in the concentration of homocysteine ​​in the blood. It is a component of many supplements and nutrients necessary for the proper functioning of the body, both showing a low physical activity, or training the strength and endurance competitions.
Dosage: strength athletes: approx. 1.7 - 2.5 g / 1 kg of body weight; endurance athletes and strength -endurance athletes approx. 1.3 - 2 g / 1 kg of body weight, people with low activity approx. 0.8 - 1.1 g / 1 kg of body weight / 24h. In estimating the amount of protein, you should take into account the intake of other nutrients (carbohydrates and fats)


 

Potassium

Information

Potassium and sodium regulate the body's water resources, ensuring normal heart rhythm. Maintaining the proper level of potassium provides the proper oxidation of the brain, lowers blood pressure, increases the permeability of cell membranes (as an antagonist of calcium). It is a base-forming element. It is widely used in sports diet before and after training in the form of supplements, nutrients, vitamin-mineral preparations and minerals, concentrates and ready, isotonic and hypertonic beverages. Natural sources of acquisition of potassium are: vegetable products (bananas, citrus fruits, melons, mint leaves, green vegetables, potatoes) and animal products (sea fish, meat). Potassium is present in the form of organic compounds: citric acids, and fumarates gluconates and inorganic (chlorides, sulfates, oxides and carbonates).
Potassium deficiency (hypokalemia): excessive tiredness, headaches and irritability, problems with sleeping, muscle cramps, constipation. Potassium levels may drop sharply in the event of a reduction in blood sugar levels, prolonged starvation, severe diarrhea. They can occur when too much of strong coffee is consumed, with alcohol abuse and when eating too much sweets.
The excess of potassium (hyperkalemia) is often the cause of depression, hypotension, tingling in the extremities.


 

Vitamin B3

Information

Vitamin B3 (vitamin PP, niacin, nicotinic acid, nicotinamide) is niacinamide niacin. It is used in interaction with vitamins B1, B2 and B6 in the synthesis of hormones during lactation. It provides proper functioning of the brain and nervous system. It is helpful in inflammatory conditions of the skin. Required for synthesis of sex hormone, estrogen, testosterone, cortisone, and insulin. It does not lose its properties in the manufacturing and storage. The source of acquiring vitamins PP are both products of animal origin (the lean meat, eggs, fish) and vegetable origin (dates, figs, hazelnuts, plums).
Dosage: 2-12 mg / day for children, 14 mg / day for women, 16 mg / day for men and 17-18 mg / day for pregnant or nursing women.


 

Vitamin B6

Information

Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine) is soluble in the liquid. It participates in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. By reducing the amount of fat in the blood do not enable deposition of the body. It helps the absorption of magnesium and vitamin B12 (cobalamin). It works on the muscle antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory pain in the joints. It acts anti. It provides efficient operation of the brain. It increases energy increasing vigor of a man. The demand for vitamin B6 increases during pregnancy and breast-feeding infants. The natural product is: yeast, eggs, wheat germ, meat (liver), wheat bran, nuts, peanuts peanuts, soybeans. There is a hypothesis that can be synthesized by intestinal bacteria.
Deficiency of vitamin B6 causes abnormal metabolism of proteins, decrease in lymphocytes in the blood, causes a feeling of lethargy and fatigue intensifies.
Dosage: 1.5-2.5 mg daily (increased demand during pregnancy and lactation).


 

Pyridoxine hydrochloride

Information

What is pyridoxine hydrochloride?

Pyridoxine hydrochloride is a basic, the most commonly used form of vitamin B6 in supplements and fortified foods. It is a vitamin soluble in water. It converts to the active form of the vitamin - pyridoxal phosphate.

Vitamin B6 is a cofactor in many enzymatic reactions. It takes part in the production of many neurotransmitters, such as GABA, serotonin and catecholamines and it takes part in the metabolism of amino acids, carbohydrates and lipids. It is an important factor for the process of the creation of red cells and hemoglobin and its deficit may be one of the factors causing anemia. This vitamin contributes to maintaining proper energy metabolism and is important for maintaining well-being and good psychological condition. Its presence supports the breakdown of pro-inflammatory homocysteine to cysteine and further metabolites, thanks to which it may decrease the risk of atherosclerosis and cardiological incidents.

Pyridoxine hydrochloride may be found in many vitamin B complexes and vitamin-mineral preparations available in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.

Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)

Information

Vitamin B12 (cobalamin, cyanocobalamin) is a vitamin soluble in liquids. Participates in the production of red blood cells and is essential in the absorption of iron by the body. It calming effect, a positive effect on concentration and memory. Intensifies its action in cooperation with folic acid (vitamin M). Usually occurs in animal products, fish and dairy products. It contains trace elements.
Vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to pernicious anaemia, general and immunity weakness, inhibiting of growth and damage to the myelin sheath of nerves.


 

Methylcobalamin

Information

What is methylcobalamin?

Methylcobalamin is a biologically active form of vitamin B12. It is one of the two forms of this vitamin that may be used as cofactors in various reactions. It differs from popular cyanocobalamin in the presence of methyl group instead of cyanide, thanks to which it releases the organism from the need of neutralizing this harmful factor.

The methyl group from methylcobalamin may be transferred to homocysteine, thanks to which it comes back in the form of methionine in order to be further converted to SAMe, which is the main donor of methyl groups in our organism. These methyl groups may be then used in the processes of creatine production, in neurotransmitter metabolism and as DNA methylation, thanks to which we achieve proper energy level, better well-being and generally better condition of the organism. B12 is a coenzyme for three enzymes: isomerase, methyltransferase and dehalogenase.

Apart from the influence on the nervous system, the supply of vitamin B12 is also very important for the proper synthesis of red cells as well as hemoglobin and anemia prevention.

 

Methylcobalamin in mono-supplements and complex vitamin preparations may be found in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.

L-Citrulline

Information

What is L-Citrulline?

L-Citrulline is an α-amino acid, ornithine derivative. It was isolated for the first time from watermelon and this is how it gained its name, as citrullus in Latin means watermelon. Citrulline takes part in oxygen processes of energy production during effort, thanks to which it is especially attractive for sportsmen of endurance disciplines. It also takes part in urea cycle, also known as the Ornithine cycle, thanks to which it helps to get rid of excessive amounts of ammonia from the organism.

It converts to l-arginine in kidneys and scientific studies suggest that is increases its level even more effectively than in case of sole arginine. Moreover, the increase of arginine level resulting from citrulline supply is longer and more stable. Thanks to this, it contributes to the increase of nitric oxide and widening of blood vessel lumen. This property makes citrulline useful in preventing cardiological incidents. The positive influence on the circulatory system is also used in case of erection disorders, as increased nitric oxide may initiate more effective blood flow to sex organs.

L-Citrulline is contained in the composition of many pre-workout supplements and NO-boosters directed at the improvement of sports abilities of the organism, which may be found in the offer of muscle-zone.pl

Caffeine

Information

Caffeine (1,3,7-trimethylxanthine, 1-methylotheobromine) is a purine alkaloid occurring in the natural state in plants (Coffea arabica, Camelia sinensis, Paulinia cupana, Ilex paraguariensis), which acts as a natural pesticide, acting toxic to insects. Peculiar smell and taste also deters herbivores. Caffeine in the body inhibits the adenosine receptors in the brain, fighting fatigue and allowing for action activation. It has a beneficial effect on the metabolism of oxygen, which increases the exercise capacity (strength and endurance) and rapid post-workout recovery. In the sports supplementation, caffeine is used as a stimulant nervous system. It has the thermogenic potential and in combination with other substances (e.g. Polyphenols, both occurring in coffee beans, such as cocoa beans, tea leaves and mate) can effectively participate in the reduction of body fat. It is included in many dietary stimulants (creatine stacks, no-boosters, beverages). It is a component of fat burners. It is also in the form of mono-preparation supplements.
Dosage: 100-600 mg per day. Due to the long release of activity should not be used in the evening, before
sleep.


 

N-acetyl-L-tyrosine

Information

N-acetyl-L-tyrosine - acetylated form of tyrosine (an endogenous amino acid) improves the solubility and bioavailability of active ingredients. It can be used in lower doses than those taken as free tyrosine. It has a higher availability to the nerve tissue, reduces the feeling of fatigue, improves the exercise capacity psycho (psychostimulant), and, it is a additive to thermogenic effect preparations. It is used in medicine (increases levels of neurotransmitters including dopamine and norepinephrine) and sports dietary supplementation, in pre- and post-workout supplements, as well as fat burners, no-boosters and pre-workout creatine stacks and supplements and energizing beverages.
Dosage: In divided doses ranging from 100-300 mg per day.


 

Taurine

Information

Taurine – non-protein amino acid containing sulphur, which is synthesized in the body from methionine and cysteine, present in sufficient amount in human or animal body (in the brain, heart and skeletal), although in some cases must be supplemented. Significantly affects the calcium content in the cells and stabilizes the water and electrolyte balance and maintains acid-base balance. Takes part in the synthesis of bile acids. In the body acts as a neurotransmitter and neuromodulator. It is an insulin-mimetic improving insulin metabolism, responsible for transport of nutrients (such as amino acids, glucose, creatine) to the cells and muscle tissue. These properties determine that it is a valued mono-preparation supplement and valuable addition to creatine and amino acid supplements, recommended for psycho-pchysically active people and athletes and other competitive sportsmen in pre- and post-workout periods.
Dosage: 3 grams per day.


 

BCAA

Information

BCAA are three essential amino acids having a side branched aliphatic chain (isoleucine, leucine, and valine) and a similar course of metabolic processes, occurring in the muscle tissue. In its natural form, they are found in high-protein animal foods (i.e. beef, milk proteins). BCAA have the anti-catabolic and anabolic potential. They support energy carriers during the energy crisis and affect the functioning of the nervous system (eliminate stress, reduce fatigue), hormone activity and kinases, which are responsible for the metabolism of proteins. In the sports supplementation they are used as supporting elements of exercise capacity (strength and endurance) and post-workout recovery; also as anti-catabolic and catalyst of anabolic changes. Taking BCAA after exercise almost immediately restores the levels of these amino acids in the blood (excluding liver) and supplies the muscle tissue. Leucine activates of mTOR kinases (starting anabolism of muscle proteins) and has the intensified effect with insulin, which acts on the PI3-kinase and protein kinase B. Branched amino acids chain BCAA, willingly used by strength, strength-endurance and endurance athletes, they are available in the form of single-component supplements, and advanced amino acid supplements, creatine, pre- and post- training stacks, and isotonic drinks.
Dosage: usually 1-2 grams of BCAA per 10 kg of body weight per day. Mainly before and after training.


 

Leucine

Information

Leucine is an essential amino acid, one of the three branched chain amino acids, ketogenic, its isomer is isoleucine. It affects the secretion of anabolic hormones (insulin, combined carbohydrates), acts on enzymes (mTOR) starting the process of muscle protein synthesis and controlling its course. Protein synthesis by leucine is affecting the development of bones, muscles and skin. It reduces the fat tissue. Without the availability of leucine, protein synthesis is impossible. It naturally occurs in animal products (such as eggs, meat, dairy and fish), plant origin, and as a post-training supplements, BCAA, EAA, no-boosters, creatine stacks, carbohydrate supplements. Ir is also in the form of mono-preparation supplements. It is one of the most important amino acids for the athlete's body, basically in every sports discipline.
Dosage: The demand is 5-10 g / 24h, dosage pre- and post-workout and in the morning after waking up.


 

Valine

Information

Valine – is a branched essential amino acid, indispensible for the functioning of the nervous system (receiving of sensory information), involved in muscle protein synthesis and energy generation. Administration of additional doses of valine before exercise (or immediately after) has anti-catabolic effect, protecting the proteins and allowing them to rebuild. It is slightly stimulatory (delays symptoms of fatigue during workout), affecting the level and relations of neurotransmitters. It helps to protect the liver. It stimulates an increase in strength and muscle mass, participates in the reduction of body fat. BCAA, EAA, and other mixtures of amino acid supplementation, protein and protein supplements and carbohydrate-stacks, brings positive results in strength and endurance sports.
Valine deficiency can occur in case of increased energy needs of the body,
as the result of stress and too much stress load.


 

Isoleucine

Information

Isoleucine is an essential branched amino acid (BCAA), leucine-isomer. It has anti-catabolic action ( protects muscle against decay), glucogenic (an alternative energy source when the level of glucose after exercise decreases, helps for the regulation of blood glucose levels, reduces the deficiency of fatty acids), anti-catabolic (muscle protects against decay), reduces stress. It participates in the synthesis of proteins (including the synthesis of hemoglobin). It is an essential part of the regeneration of damaged tissues of the body, and after intense training. It occurs in products containing animal protein (meat and dairy products, eggs, dairy products) and plant (almonds, walnuts) and dietary supplements.
Isoleucine is applied with other branched chain amino acids: leucine, valine, and in the supplement complex type of BCAA, in the proportions: leucine: isoleucine: valine = 2: 1: 1. The supplements used in competitive sports requiring increased strength, the bigger share of isoleucine is used.
Dosage: No standard daily use. Frequently applied directly after the workout during the decrease of the glucose level of or at fatty acid deficiency.


 

Choline Bitartrate

Information

Choline bitartrate a combination of one molecule of tartaric acid and choline, and in this embodiment is a precursor of acetylcholine (neurotransmitter). The human body is able to intracellular synthesis of choline, using the amino acid and vitamin B12. Because of the possibility of shortages of the above mentioned substances, it is necessary to supplement them with supplementation. Choline is a component of lecithin, which is the building substance of cells conditioning the proper functioning of the nervous system, and sphingomyelin, acting as an insulator of nerve tissue. Bitartrate affects the course of fat metabolism. In the sports supplementation of choline, bitartrate is used in the stimulating supplements,, affecting concentration and programs of weight control (fat reduction).
Dosage: 1-3 grams per day.


 

Theacrine

Information

Theacrine is a purine alkaloid which occurs naturally in the fruits of cupuaçu (Theobroma grandiflorum) and the leaves of Camellia assamica. It is structurally similar to caffeine but it has also additional ketone and methyl groups. It also energises, enhances focus and reduces drowsiness and fatigue. In contrary to caffeine, it has more lasting effects and rather does not affect blood pressure. Furthermore, it has been observed that the body develops tolerance to theacrine more slowly and that is why there is no need to increase its dosage to obtain the desired results. 

Like caffeine, theacrine can bind to adenosine receptors without activating them. Nonetheless, its effects depend on the dosage. Its high doses block adenosine receptors whereas low doses have the opposite effects – they boost adenosine levels in the hippocampus and that is probably why they may reduce negative effects of excessive caffeine intake. In addition, theacrine modulates dopamine receptors. Their activation leads to higher motivation and enhanced cognitive skills. It is also believed to have analgesic and antioxidant effects.

In supplementation, theacrine is treated as a stimulant. It is used to reduce drowsiness and fatigue and boost mental performance. It is often combined with caffeine to enhance and prolong its effects and prevent the harmful consequences of excess caffeine.

Theacrine is most frequently found in pre-workout supplements and fat burners based on stimulants. Single-ingredient preparations with pure theacrine are also available on the market.  

Dosage: No official guidelines.

The most common daily dosage is from 50 to 300 mg. Doses below 50 mg will have a relaxing effect and those around 300 mg a stimulating effect. 

 

L-Carnitine Tartrate

Information


L-carnitine tartrate is formed from the combination of L-carnitine tartrate (organic acid) in a single molecule, increasing the interaction (synergism) of each of the substances used. L-carnitine is supplied to the body from the outside through animal food (mutton, beef, venison) or a combination of amino acids (lysine and methionine). It participates in the transport of long-chain fatty acids into the mitochondria of the cell where they are burned. Tartrate reduces the deposition of fatty acids in the cells, thereby enhancing the effects of L-carnitine. It is recommended in endurance sports supplementation, as a dietary supplement for people on a slimming diet and to supplement the shortage of l-carnitine of people not consuming meat products (vegans).

Coenzyme Q10

Information

Coenzyme Q10 (ubiquinone) is a physiological antioxidant, a fat soluble. It takes an active part in the process of creating the energy of ATP. intracorporeal synthesis requires the presence of B vitamins and trace elements, its intensification is caused by heavy training stress or under the influence of stress. Beneficial effects of Coenzyme Q10 has been found on the cardiovascular system, lipid profile (lowering LDL) cholesterol and reduce the risk of heart disease. Reducing the level of coenzyme Q10 starts when the age of 35, hence must be supplemented by preparations available in cosmetics (external action on the skin), and supplements intensifying the production of energy (for athletes strength) as well as mono-preparation supplement available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Dosage: 10 - 90 mg / 24h

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