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Nordic Naturals Arctic Cod Liver Oil is a dietary supplement containing Arctic cod liver oil, obtained from wildly caught fish. The preparation has been subjected to numerous analyzes confirming the freshness and purity of the oil. The product was designed to respect the environment and zero waste principles. Arctic cod-liver oil is a source of valuable omega-3 fatty acids – EPA and DHA and natural vitamins A and D. Users can choose from three available flavors or they can go for a bland-tasting version.
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are polyunsaturated fatty acids belonging to the group of EUFAs – Essential Unsaturated Fatty Acids from the omega-3 family. As the name suggests – these are the compounds essential to the system and they must be necessarily provided with a diet. EUFAs from the omega-3 group perform a number of important functions and demonstrate a proven beneficial effect on health. In the era of widespread environmental pollution, the best source of these compounds seems to be an adequate supplementation with high-quality purified fish oil, free of heavy metals and other environmental toxins.
Health benefits of cod liver oil
Cod-liver oil is the so-called functional food, which, accordingly to the guidelines of Food for Specified Health Uses, should not only nourish but also have a beneficial effect on the human health. The EUFAs from the omega-3 family contained in the cod-liver oil reduce the mortality of the population, lower the incidence number of cardiovascular disease and improve the lipid profile, as well as they have a beneficial effect on the functioning of the brain. In addition, the presence of omega-3 fatty acids in children's diet correlates with their normal development.
What happens with omega-3 fatty acids in the body
EPA and DHA form eicosanoids, which include prostaglandins and thromboxanes. They are active compounds that have a wide range of metabolic functions. Eicosanoids formed from omega-3 acids display, among others, anti-inflammatory, anti-atherosclerotic, and anti-thrombotic effects, as well as they lower blood pressure and blood triglyceride level. A number of clinical trials have been carried out to confirm the aforementioned effects of omega-3 fatty acids on the cardiovascular system. An appropriate supplementation of EPA and DHA results in, among others, reduction of endothelial dysfunction and improvement of insulin sensitivity.
EPA and DHA are part of retinal structures. Due to their anti-inflammatory activity, they may have a positive effect on eye health, as evidenced by numerous cohort studies. Inflammation within the eye organs stimulates angiogenesis process, which can lead to the development of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) – a disease that is the main reason for the loss of sight. Omega-3 acids may also reduce the symptoms of dry eye syndrome. In combination with the natural vitamin A, which has antioxidant properties and is essential for normal vision processes, cod-liver oil is an agent that effectively supports healthy eyesight.
Omega-3 and the nervous system
An optimal supply of EPA and DHA is important for the brain health – according to estimates, DHA may account for up to 40% of the fatty acids of the cell membranes of the gray matter cells. What's more, in people with dementia this value is reduced. This is why omega-3 acids are important for the proper functioning of the central nervous system, as demonstrated in several studies. It has been proven that adequate DHA supply influences the increase of BDNF level, that is the neurotrophic agent of cerebral origin. It is a protein released by neurons, which contribute to, among others, the improvement of cognitive functions.
Vitamin D ensures healthy motor system
Vitamin D is, next to vitamin A, another fat-soluble vitamin found in cod-liver oil. The main function of vitamin D is the regulation of the calcium-phosphate metabolism, crucial for optimal bone mineralization and health of the motor system. In addition, this vitamin has a number of other important functions in the body – it has e.g. immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective and anti-proliferative properties. An appropriate level of vitamin D reduces the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome. Vitamin D also has beneficial effects on muscle regeneration.
In conclusion, Nordic Naturals Arctic Cod Liver Oil is a valuable dietary supplement recommended for regular supplementation in order to strengthen immunity, support cognitive functions, improve general health and prevent civilization diseases.
The product should be stored in a refrigerator and used within 3 months after opening.
Due to the presence of fat-soluble vitamins, it is advisable to combine the product with a fat-containing meal.
Do not use cod-liver oil if you are taking blood thinners and before a surgery.
Nordic Naturals is a company established in 1995. Its beginnings were characterised by a smaller range of products limited solely to fish oil; these days, there is a much wider range of health-enhancing dietary supplements offered by the company. The founder of the company is a Norwegian Joar Opheim, who started Nordic Naturals in response to the low quality of products with fish oil available at that time.
Products of this brand are given the Friend of the Sea certificate, which guarantees that the fish oil is obtained from environmentally friendly, responsibly managed sources. Preparations offered by this company are also thoroughly tested in terms of purity.
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Purified cod-liver oil, natural lemon/orange/strawberry aroma (depending on the flavor chosen), d-alpha tocopherol, rosemary extract (a natural preservative).
Calories are the conventional name of the unit expressing the energy value of food, the demand and energy expenditure in human body, which in fact is 1 kilocalorie (1 kcal). 1 kilocalorie is the amount of thermal energy required to heat 1 g of water and 1 degree Celsius. The SI unit of thermal energy is 1 joule (1J), equal to approximately 4,185 kcal.
The energy value is determined by the chemical composition of the food product, by means of the so-called. physiological equivalents. Most often Atwater equivalent is used: ratio for protein 4 kcal / g, for carbohydrates 4kcal / g, and for fat - 9kcal / g.
The energy value carried out with the so-called. "Caloric bomb" is equivalent to the physical energy, amounting to 4.1 kcal per 1 g carbohydrate to 5.65 kcal per 1 g protein, 9.45 kcal per 1 g of fat.
Nutritional value, determines the suitability of a food product for realizing life functions of human, the higher it is - the higher bioavailability and lower quantity for consumption for obtaining the effects.
Fat is an essential nutrient plant and animal organisms. Because of the nutritional value and composition of fats are divided into: saturated (mono-saturated and multi-saturated fatty acids) and unsaturated fatty acids (including essential fatty acids - EFA). The group of lipids include lipids (triacylglycerols, waxes), complex fats (glycolipids, phospholipids), sterols and isoprenoids. Saturated fatty acids is a group of fatty acids having different carbon chain lengths, in which except for the carboxyl group, each of the carbon atoms is bound by a single bond. May adversely affect the lipid profile, so they can be used in limited quantities. Fats are a concentrated source of energy, with different flavours, facilitating the consumption and swallowing of food. They have building functions (part of cell membranes and co-create the white matter of the brain). EFAs are precursors of tissue hormones and biologically active compounds. The unsaturated fatty acids include fatty acids from the group Omega-3, Omega-6 and Omega-9 (the last digit indicates, on which, counting of the end of the chain, there is a double bond in the appropriate carbon chain. The essential fatty acids include: acids, medium-Omega-3 [n-3 ] included in EFAs [essential fatty acids], and long chain (eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] and docosahexaenoic acid [DHA]) Omega-6 and Omega-9. the number indicates that the last double bond in the carbon chain is on the third from the end carbon atom. The acids from the omega 3 group are essential components of cell membranes, they are precursors of eicosanoids and biological activators. They must be combined with ingestion in suitable proportions of Omega-6 acids.
Dosage: Depending on demand and applied diet. It is generally accepted that fats should constitute 20-30% of the energy (calorie) of meals daily.
Cholesterol is a derivative cyclopentaperhydrophenanthrene, produced inside the body or obtained from food of animal origin (such as meat, seafood, meat offal, fats, meats and egg yolk). Individual fractions of cholesterol have different effects on the human body. It is used for the production of compounds of high biological activity (bile acids, steroid hormones, vitamin D3), it is a building substance of cell membranes. The concepts of "bad cholesterol" (LDL - containing lipoproteins low value) and "good cholesterol" (HDL - high-density lipoproteins) are the conventional terms. There is only one cholesterol. Fractions are transported by proteins, that carry them into the blood vessel walls (LDL) or the liver (HDL). The specific levels of cholesterol fraction defines the so-called. lipid profile, which, properly regulated by the food, should not cause a disturbance in the LDL - HDL relation.
Vitamin A (retinol) is present in foods of animal origin (fish of the sea, fish, eels, liver, pork and beef, eggs, butter). In the plant products it is present as provitamin A (b-carotene), a powerful antioxidant. The food products containing pro-vitamin A are fruits in yellow and red, including apricots, tomatoes. Necessary in process of building and assimilation of proteins, affects the normal growth of bones and helps the treatment of eye diseases.Iinhibits the excessive action of the thyroid hormone - thyroxine, which simultaneously prevents the deposition of excess vitamin A. Necessary in the sports diet of in the form of food, such as dietary supplements and nutritional supplements.
Vitamin A deficiency causes growth inhibition, flaking and dryness of the skin, impaired night vision (i.e. Night blindness).
Excess of vitamin A leads to calcification of the bones and some soft tissues, and abnormalities in the functioning of glomerulonephritis
Dosage: Specified in IU and it is 5000 IU per day.
Vitamin D belongs to fat soluble vitamins, occurs in three forms: calciferol (vitamin D1) ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) and cholecalciferol (vitamin D3), it is formed under the action of sunlight for at least 15 minutes per day. In the absence of sunlight it should be administered in the diet in the form of fish oil (Vitamin A + D3) and fish oils. It is responsible for the absorption of calcium and phosphorus. It is the building substance of bone tissue particularly necessary during pregnancy, childhood, and for athletes. It is a component of dietary supplements and nutrients among competetive athletes. Deficiency of vitamin D causes children growth inhibition, and rickets.
For adults - deficiency causes osteomalacia.
Excess of vitamin D causes headaches, alopecia, nausea, drowsiness, blurred vision, pain in the long bones, the deposition of calcium deposits.
Dosage: 400 IU units during the day.
Omega-3 (n-3) group of unsaturated fatty acids: short-chain (linolenic acid, belongs to the EFAs [essential fatty acids]) and long-chain (eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] and docosahexaenoic acid [DHA]). The number 3 indicates That the last double bond in the carbon chain is the third from the end of carbon. Acids from the group of Omega-3 are essential components of cell membranes, they are biological precursors and activators of eicosanoids. EFAs quite abundantly supplied in food, and it can be supplied with food. EPA and DHA (oils, fats marine fish) are Supplied by foods of sea origin (sea fish and seafood). They are developed also in the human body as a result of processes of denaturation and elongation of alpha-linolenic acid , but in an amount insufficient for the full needs of the organism. Therefore,they should be supplied from the outside. With the use of so-called. western diet, supplementation of fatty acids Omega 3 is more desirable (than Omega 6).
Supplementation of fatty acids of Omega 3 is recommended for people who are physically active in order to supplement and to prevent deficiencies in body as well as due to their impact on the body composition and aerobic capacity, and tissue regeneration. In addition, it regulates the systems: circulatory (including heart), nervous, respiratory and locomotor. Formulations containing EPA and DHA are a complement to an effort diet, regardless of the degree of training and exercising.
Dietary fatty acids Omega 3, in principle, are produced in the form of capsules in combination with vitamin E as an antioxidant, available for purchase at: www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage usually we recommended supplements in sports: depending on the supply of diet and intake of Omega 6 it is 1 - 5 g of EPA and DHA / 24 h.
EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) – what is it?
EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) is a long-chain, polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acid. The chain of the fatty acid consists of 20 carbon molecules, and the first bound out of five double bounds is located at the third carbon from the omega end, which is characteristic for omega-3 acids. It is present in large quantities in fish oils, where it is accompanied by docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).
EPA is a precursor to prostaglandins and other eicosanoids, which contributes to the reduction in inflammations. It is involved in inhibition of platelets aggregation. It contributes also to the reduction in triglycerides level in blood. EPA block the activity of an enzyme, phospholipase A2, present on cell membranes, which under the influence of stressors can release polyunsaturated fatty acid (from the group of eicosanoids) into the glycerol skeleton. To some extent, EPA can be also converted into 22-carbon DHA. The both acids have positive impact on the condition of the nervous system and cardiovascular health.
Eicosapentaenoic acid contained in dietary supplements with omega-3, which are available in the offer of muscle-zone.pl
DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) - acid of omega-3 family, unsaturated fatty acids with the last double bond in the chain located on the third carbon atom from the end. Synthesized in the human body to eicosapentaenoic acid, or retrieved from foods of marine origin (fish, particularly salmon). In the medicine it is indicated for the treatment of depression, Alzheimer's ADHD. There has been its positive impact on the insulin metabolism noted as well as on endocrine and cardiovascular systems. When used in appropriate doses, it has a beneficial effect on the composition and appearance of the body. In the the supplementation it is part of formulas containing fish oil, which fill in the gaps of unsaturated fatty acids Omega 3, recommended for people with different physical activity.
Dosage: 200-2000 mg per day
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