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Garden of Life Olde World Icelandic Cod Liver Oil is a top-quality supplement obtained from the liver of the cod inhabiting the purest Icelandic waters. The supplement contains a high dose of essential omega-3 fatty acids and vitamins that support the health of the circulatory system, the brain, and bones.
Currently, a large percentage of fish live in polluted waters, which significantly reduces their nutritional value. More and more producers are becoming aware of that fact. In response to the expectations of their customers, the company Garden of Life offers cod liver oil, a natural source of omega-3 acids and fat-soluble vitamins. An obvious advantage of this product is also its pleasant flavour that will satisfy the taste of even the most demanding users who dislike a fishy aftertaste.
Docosahexaenoic acid is the first among the representatives of long-chain unsaturated fatty acids. Its particularly large amounts can be found in the brain, where it forms cell membrane phospholipids. It is also a precursor of the happy hormones, dopamine and serotonin, whose responsibilities include not only the sensation of pleasure, but also coordinating the functioning of the nervous system.
Eicosapentaenoic acid is another omega-3 acid, a precursor in the synthesis of DHA. It plays an important anti-inflammatory role: it inhibits the activity of the enzyme phospholipase A2. The physiological task of the enzyme is producing the inflammation-inducing compounds. Moreover, the acid strengthens cognitive functions by enhancing memory.
Vitamin A is a compound mainly associated with the proper structure of the skin. Moreover, it participates in the restoration of the photopigment without which it would be impossible to see in the dark. It is also believed to have fantastic anticancer potential.
Vitamin D performs many functions in the organism, the main one being the regulation of calcium and phosphorus management. Because it supports calcium absorption, it significantly improves bone tissue mineralisation and prevents bone fractures. Moreover, it actively participates in the regulation of the immune system, ensuring proper defence of the organism against pathogens.
Improvement of circulatory system function
The normal cell function requires oxygen and nutrients, which are delivered to them by the circulatory system. Its dysfunctions lead to disorders in the action of organs and the tissues that form them. Therefore, prevention is an important element of protection against diseases, as it can delay degenerative processes. A crucial element able to reduce cardiovascular diseases are changes in the diet, which include introducing omega-3 fatty acids.
Because of their chemical structure, essential fatty acids (EFAs) can reduce free radicals, formed in metabolic processes. The highly-reactive molecules destroy cell membranes and genetic material, which results in cell death. They can also modify proteins circulating with blood (such as LDL to ox-LDL, which has atherogenic properties). The neutralisation of free radicals significantly improves the condition of the vascular endothelium as well as protects cells from premature death.
It is also good to know that DHA and EPA actively take part in the regulation of cell signalling. They are elements of prostacyclin, a compound with myorelaxant properties. It is able to reduce blood pressure as well as prevent thrombocyte aggregation. All those aspects are included in general antiplatelet prevention, which translates into protection from a heart attack and a stroke.
Improved condition of the brain
The lion’s share of nerve tissue is built from fatty acids that form cell membranes and neurolemmas. The latter enable neurotransmission, and their improper development results in neurological disorders.
Moreover, DHA is a precursor of substances used by neurons for communication. One of them is dopamine, a mediator coordinating, for example, the normal functioning of the musculoskeletal system; the second one is serotonin, which participates in the regulation of the circadian rhythm. Without them, it would also be impossible to feel pressure and sexual tension, or maintain proper body temperature.
Protection and enhancement of bones and joints
The modern lifestyle promotes the consumption of large amounts of highly processed foods. They are often full of sugar and trans fats, which makes them unhealthy for the body. Another disadvantage of such products is a very low content of vitamins. Because of that, it is necessary to deliver them with dietary supplements.
Vitamin D significantly supports bones and joints. It activates calcium cation transporters in the bowel and kidneys on a molecular level. That prevents the loss of the element and enables its much better absorption. Thanks to that, it can be used in the process of bone tissue regeneration. Vitamin D deficiency results in deteriorated bone mineralisation, which, in turn, leads to much more frequent fractures.
It is also worth remembering that omega-3 fatty acids have anti-inflammatory properties. Their supplementation helps to reduce the production of prostaglandins, responsible for the initiation of inflammatory processes in degenerative joint disease. That can efficiently alleviate pain and support regenerative processes within the tissues suffering from inflammation.
Vitamin A, contained in the product, is used by the organism in many ways. Even in ancient times it was used as a medicine for healthy eyes. That is completely justified, as it participates in the restoration of the photopigment rhodopsin. It is also responsible for normal shape recognition and seeing in the dark.
We also know that the retina of the eye contains a high concentration of EFAs. According to research, supplementation with omega-3 acids protects the pigment cells in it. People who regularly supplement EFAs suffer from macular degeneration much less frequently than those who do not.
To sum up, Garden of Life Olde World Icelandic Cod Liver Oil is a preparation containing a high dose of omega-3 acids and vitamins, which support the health of the cardiovascular system as well as proper brain function and bone structure.
The preparation is particularly recommended for seniors struggling with circulatory system problems who want to prevent their progression, as well as those who wish to strengthen their eyes or improve cognitive functions. Supplements containing vitamin D are particularly recommended for post-menopausal women due to the high risk of osteoporosis, caused by reduced mineralisation of bone tissue.
It is a good idea to combine this product with calcium, as the presence of vitamin D will make the element more absorbable.
Garden of Life is a undisputed leader on the market of natural food and dietary supplements. Products of this company are natural, free of toxins, artificial additives and GMO. They have many certificates which ensure their quality and the most important ones include: Non-GMO Project Verified and USDA Organic.
USDA (United States Department of Agriculture) certification means that a particular product is at least 95% organic and made of certified, organic ingredients only. It is one of the most rigid certification systems.
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|per portion (5 ml)||amount||%DV|
|Calories from fat||40||-|
|Total fat||4.5 g||7%|
|Saturated fat||1 g||5%|
|Polyunsaturated fat||1 g||-|
|Vitamin A||4 500 IU||90%|
|Vitamin D||450 IU||113%|
|Total Omega-3 Fatty Acids||1.1 g||**|
|Other Omega-3s||171 mg||-|
|EPA (Eicosapentaenoic Acid)||471 mg||-|
|DHA (Docosahexaenoic Acid)||428 mg||-|
Natural lemon flavor, natural peppermint oil, alpha tocopherol.
Calories are the conventional name of the unit expressing the energy value of food, the demand and energy expenditure in human body, which in fact is 1 kilocalorie (1 kcal). 1 kilocalorie is the amount of thermal energy required to heat 1 g of water and 1 degree Celsius. The SI unit of thermal energy is 1 joule (1J), equal to approximately 4,185 kcal.
The energy value is determined by the chemical composition of the food product, by means of the so-called. physiological equivalents. Most often Atwater equivalent is used: ratio for protein 4 kcal / g, for carbohydrates 4kcal / g, and for fat - 9kcal / g.
The energy value carried out with the so-called. "Caloric bomb" is equivalent to the physical energy, amounting to 4.1 kcal per 1 g carbohydrate to 5.65 kcal per 1 g protein, 9.45 kcal per 1 g of fat.
Nutritional value, determines the suitability of a food product for realizing life functions of human, the higher it is - the higher bioavailability and lower quantity for consumption for obtaining the effects.
Fat is an essential nutrient plant and animal organisms. Because of the nutritional value and composition of fats are divided into: saturated (mono-saturated and multi-saturated fatty acids) and unsaturated fatty acids (including essential fatty acids - EFA). The group of lipids include lipids (triacylglycerols, waxes), complex fats (glycolipids, phospholipids), sterols and isoprenoids. Saturated fatty acids is a group of fatty acids having different carbon chain lengths, in which except for the carboxyl group, each of the carbon atoms is bound by a single bond. May adversely affect the lipid profile, so they can be used in limited quantities. Fats are a concentrated source of energy, with different flavours, facilitating the consumption and swallowing of food. They have building functions (part of cell membranes and co-create the white matter of the brain). EFAs are precursors of tissue hormones and biologically active compounds. The unsaturated fatty acids include fatty acids from the group Omega-3, Omega-6 and Omega-9 (the last digit indicates, on which, counting of the end of the chain, there is a double bond in the appropriate carbon chain. The essential fatty acids include: acids, medium-Omega-3 [n-3 ] included in EFAs [essential fatty acids], and long chain (eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] and docosahexaenoic acid [DHA]) Omega-6 and Omega-9. the number indicates that the last double bond in the carbon chain is on the third from the end carbon atom. The acids from the omega 3 group are essential components of cell membranes, they are precursors of eicosanoids and biological activators. They must be combined with ingestion in suitable proportions of Omega-6 acids.
Dosage: Depending on demand and applied diet. It is generally accepted that fats should constitute 20-30% of the energy (calorie) of meals daily.
Saturated fatty acids are a group of fatty acid having different carbon chain lengths, in which except for the carboxyl group, each of the carbon atoms is linked by a single bond. Saturated fatty acids are commonly known as bad fat, which might adversely affect the cholesterol level, in particular by the action of acids: lauric, myristic, palmitic, and therefore their consumption should be reduced. Research carried out in this matter do not confirm entirely the prevailing beliefs.
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) – contain at least two double bonds in their structure. They are most frequently divided into two subgroups: omega 3 and 6. PUFAs belong to essential unsaturated fatty acids – the body cannot synthesise them endogenously and they must be supplied with food. Their biological activity in the body consists in its role as a precursor to various eicosanoids.
PUFAs promote mainly cardiovascular health. They are an effective preventive measure against cardiovascular diseases. They inhibit blood platelet aggregation, may lower blood pressure and triglyceride levels.
Proper intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids is also of key importance to maintain a healthy brain. PUFAs promote normal development of the nervous system and its healthy function, thereby influencing beneficially cognitive functions. Their adequate consumption is believed to delay ageing processes.
Supplementation with PUFAs is recommended to individuals on a slimming diet because they help control body mass. What is more, they may prevent the development of cancer. Deficiencies in polyunsaturated fatty acids in a diet may also promote immunodeficiency.
Cholesterol is a derivative cyclopentaperhydrophenanthrene, produced inside the body or obtained from food of animal origin (such as meat, seafood, meat offal, fats, meats and egg yolk). Individual fractions of cholesterol have different effects on the human body. It is used for the production of compounds of high biological activity (bile acids, steroid hormones, vitamin D3), it is a building substance of cell membranes. The concepts of "bad cholesterol" (LDL - containing lipoproteins low value) and "good cholesterol" (HDL - high-density lipoproteins) are the conventional terms. There is only one cholesterol. Fractions are transported by proteins, that carry them into the blood vessel walls (LDL) or the liver (HDL). The specific levels of cholesterol fraction defines the so-called. lipid profile, which, properly regulated by the food, should not cause a disturbance in the LDL - HDL relation.
Vitamin A (retinol) is present in foods of animal origin (fish of the sea, fish, eels, liver, pork and beef, eggs, butter). In the plant products it is present as provitamin A (b-carotene), a powerful antioxidant. The food products containing pro-vitamin A are fruits in yellow and red, including apricots, tomatoes. Necessary in process of building and assimilation of proteins, affects the normal growth of bones and helps the treatment of eye diseases.Iinhibits the excessive action of the thyroid hormone - thyroxine, which simultaneously prevents the deposition of excess vitamin A. Necessary in the sports diet of in the form of food, such as dietary supplements and nutritional supplements.
Vitamin A deficiency causes growth inhibition, flaking and dryness of the skin, impaired night vision (i.e. Night blindness).
Excess of vitamin A leads to calcification of the bones and some soft tissues, and abnormalities in the functioning of glomerulonephritis
Dosage: Specified in IU and it is 5000 IU per day.
Vitamin D belongs to fat soluble vitamins, occurs in three forms: calciferol (vitamin D1) ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) and cholecalciferol (vitamin D3), it is formed under the action of sunlight for at least 15 minutes per day. In the absence of sunlight it should be administered in the diet in the form of fish oil (Vitamin A + D3) and fish oils. It is responsible for the absorption of calcium and phosphorus. It is the building substance of bone tissue particularly necessary during pregnancy, childhood, and for athletes. It is a component of dietary supplements and nutrients among competetive athletes. Deficiency of vitamin D causes children growth inhibition, and rickets.
For adults - deficiency causes osteomalacia.
Excess of vitamin D causes headaches, alopecia, nausea, drowsiness, blurred vision, pain in the long bones, the deposition of calcium deposits.
Dosage: 400 IU units during the day.
Omega-3 (n-3) group of unsaturated fatty acids: short-chain (linolenic acid, belongs to the EFAs [essential fatty acids]) and long-chain (eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] and docosahexaenoic acid [DHA]). The number 3 indicates That the last double bond in the carbon chain is the third from the end of carbon. Acids from the group of Omega-3 are essential components of cell membranes, they are biological precursors and activators of eicosanoids. EFAs quite abundantly supplied in food, and it can be supplied with food. EPA and DHA (oils, fats marine fish) are Supplied by foods of sea origin (sea fish and seafood). They are developed also in the human body as a result of processes of denaturation and elongation of alpha-linolenic acid , but in an amount insufficient for the full needs of the organism. Therefore,they should be supplied from the outside. With the use of so-called. western diet, supplementation of fatty acids Omega 3 is more desirable (than Omega 6).
Supplementation of fatty acids of Omega 3 is recommended for people who are physically active in order to supplement and to prevent deficiencies in body as well as due to their impact on the body composition and aerobic capacity, and tissue regeneration. In addition, it regulates the systems: circulatory (including heart), nervous, respiratory and locomotor. Formulations containing EPA and DHA are a complement to an effort diet, regardless of the degree of training and exercising.
Dietary fatty acids Omega 3, in principle, are produced in the form of capsules in combination with vitamin E as an antioxidant, available for purchase at: www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage usually we recommended supplements in sports: depending on the supply of diet and intake of Omega 6 it is 1 - 5 g of EPA and DHA / 24 h.
EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) – what is it?
EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) is a long-chain, polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acid. The chain of the fatty acid consists of 20 carbon molecules, and the first bound out of five double bounds is located at the third carbon from the omega end, which is characteristic for omega-3 acids. It is present in large quantities in fish oils, where it is accompanied by docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).
EPA is a precursor to prostaglandins and other eicosanoids, which contributes to the reduction in inflammations. It is involved in inhibition of platelets aggregation. It contributes also to the reduction in triglycerides level in blood. EPA block the activity of an enzyme, phospholipase A2, present on cell membranes, which under the influence of stressors can release polyunsaturated fatty acid (from the group of eicosanoids) into the glycerol skeleton. To some extent, EPA can be also converted into 22-carbon DHA. The both acids have positive impact on the condition of the nervous system and cardiovascular health.
Eicosapentaenoic acid contained in dietary supplements with omega-3, which are available in the offer of muscle-zone.pl
DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) - acid of omega-3 family, unsaturated fatty acids with the last double bond in the chain located on the third carbon atom from the end. Synthesized in the human body to eicosapentaenoic acid, or retrieved from foods of marine origin (fish, particularly salmon). In the medicine it is indicated for the treatment of depression, Alzheimer's ADHD. There has been its positive impact on the insulin metabolism noted as well as on endocrine and cardiovascular systems. When used in appropriate doses, it has a beneficial effect on the composition and appearance of the body. In the the supplementation it is part of formulas containing fish oil, which fill in the gaps of unsaturated fatty acids Omega 3, recommended for people with different physical activity.
Dosage: 200-2000 mg per day
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