Lactobacillus reuteri are gram-positive bacteria belonging to lactobacilli. Initially, they were wrongly classified as Lactobacillus fermentum. They weren’t recognized as a separate species until 1980. They were named after the German microbiologist, Gerhard Reuter, who was the first to isolate and describe them, and conduct a series of studies on their properties.
L. reuteri bacteria are found in the intestines of some mammals and birds. Sometimes they may be also found in human milk – they are found in about 15% of breastfeeding mothers. They do not naturally colonize human intestines, therefore they are therapeutically administered from the outside, most often in the form of a dietary supplement.
L. reuteri bacteria are the only bacteria that, through glycerol fermentation, produce reuterin – a substance with antibiotic activity. In addition, they increase the number of Treg cells that are responsible for immune processes and immune tolerance. In medicine, they are mainly used in the therapy of gastrointestinal diseases, but they can also have a positive effect on immunity..
In supplementation, they appear as a mono- preparation or as one of the ingredients of probiotic formulas available at www.muscle-zone.pl