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Adam Adam

Now Foods Adam is a multivitamin supplement created especially for men. It contains all the necessary vitamins, minerals and trace elements in highly absorbable forms supporting health and body functioning. The package contains 90 vegan capsules.

What distinguishes this product from other multivitamin supplements is the addition of plant extracts that have antioxidant properties.

The demand for micronutrients depends on many factors, such as: gender, weight, physical activity or genetic predisposition, but it is a well-known fact that the human body requires micronutrients and they have to be provided with food.

NOW FOODS Adam is an ideal supplement for men. It delivers all the essential micronutrients supporting healthy functions of the body. Trace elements and plant extracts keep men’s hormones in balance and increase vitality. This product is recommended especially to physically active people and those who are on the poor nutritious diet, however, every man will benefit from supplementing the necessary micronutrients, and this supplement provides them in their most bioavailable form.

Complex of essential vitamins
Vitamin A - essential for maintaining eye health, reduces cholesterol, increases immunity and promotes tissue repair. The optimal level of vitamin A increases testosterone production in men. Vitamin C - a powerful antioxidant that inhibits the effects of oxygen free radicals. It participates in collagen and insulin production, lowers blood pressure and improves semen quality. Vitamin D - increasing its serum levels raises testosterone and improves semen quality. It also ensures optimal bone mineralization, supports nervous system functioning and regulates glucose metabolism. Vitamin E - reduces cholesterol and free oxygen radicals. It improves physical endurance, strenghtens the immune system and works cardioprotective. Vitamin K – participates in blood coagulation, prevents calcium accumulation in arteries and has an antibacterial effect.

B vitamins (B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B9, B12, Biotin) - responsible for energy metabolism. They are involved in ATP formation process and in carbohydrates, proteins and fats transformations. They also participate in methylation and in hormones and neurotransmitters production. B vitamins help to eliminate toxins, regulate hematopoietic processes and blood glucose level.

Balanced minerals
Calcium – essential for skeletal system and teeth health. Supports nerve conduction and participates in testosterone production process. Iodine – plays a vital  role in thyroid hormone production, supports metabolism and reduces inflammation. Magnesium - participates in numerous enzymatic reactions and is very important for a healthy nervous system. It improves physical strength, regulates glucose metabolism and reduces anxiety. Zinc – supports immune system, increases brain functions, stimulates cellular regeneration. It also raises luteinizing hormone and testosterone levels and improves blood lipid profile. Selenium - regulates thyroid function and is a component of natural antioxidant – glutathione. It slows down aging processes. Copper - facilitates oxygen transport in the body, increases energy levels, improves memory and supports immune system. Manganese - a component of many enzymes, essential for nervous system health, increases libido and sexual performance, affects sperm motility. Chromium - participates in carbohydrates and fats metabolism, improves insulin sensitivity, promotes hormonal optimization and reduces inflammation. Molybdenum – takes part in metabolism of nutrients, influences metabolism of purine, prevents gout, affects bones and teeth condition, and increases iron absorption. Potassium – regulates body water balance, creates sodium-potassium pump allowing substances to enter the cell. It regulates myocardial contractility and lowers blood pressure.

Carefully selected blend of extracts and plant ingredients
Extract of Sabal Palm- its fruits contain phytosterols that reduce the effect of 5-alpha-reductase enzyme, that is responsible for turning testosterone into dihydrotestosterone (DHT), which in excess can cause hair loss and prostate gland enlargement. Aloe Vera - has a beneficial effect on the intestinal microflora, has bactericidal and antifungal properties, supports body detoxification. Grape seed extract - contains polyphenols, the active ingredients with strong antioxidant potential, improves blood circulation and reduces the level of inflammatory markers. Lycopene - a powerful antioxidant, protects nerve cells and prevents degenerative diseases development, reduces the risk of heart disease and prostate cancer. Lutein - one of the most powerful antioxidants, it protects the retina, prevents cataracts and age-related macular degeneration, but also it also reduces the blood glucose level. Resveratrol -  strong antioxidant, acts neuroprotective, slows down the aging process, increases nitric oxide synthesis and raises testosterone levels.

Complementary ingredients
Alpha-lipoic acid – reduces oxidative damage, improves mitochondria function and insulin sensitivity. It improves blood transportation, raises creatine muscle saturation and increases sperm motility. Choline - is involved into lipid metabolism and is necessary for production of acetylcholine - a neurotransmitter involved in memory processes: learning and memorizing. Inositol – reduces blood cholesterol and glucose levels, regulates nervous system conductivity, improves mood and reduces symptoms of depression. Coenzyme Q10 - involved in cellular energy production, it is essential for mitochondria functioning and supports cardiovascular system.

Summing up, Now Foods Adam is a complex blend of vitamins and minerals enriched with powerful antioxidants that effectively fight free oxygen radicals. Carefully selected minerals and plant extracts improve life quality and increase testosterone production. Substances contained in this product protect prostate gland and support reproductive function

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Adam Adam 90 caps.
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£ 15.10

Adam 90 caps.

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Description
  • Multivitamin blend for men
  • Contains plant extracts and vitamin-like substances
  • Active ingredients with high bioavailability
  • 90 vegan capsules
  • Supplements micronutrient deficiencies
  • Optimizes testosterone production
  • Protects prostate
  • Regulates blood glucose level
  • Contains strong antioxidants
  • Cardioprotective
  • Perfect for athletes
  • Supports thyroid gland

Now Foods Adam is a multivitamin supplement created especially for men. It contains all the necessary vitamins, minerals and trace elements in highly absorbable forms supporting health and body functioning. The package contains 90 vegan capsules.

What distinguishes this product from other multivitamin supplements is the addition of plant extracts that have antioxidant properties.

The demand for micronutrients depends on many factors, such as: gender, weight, physical activity or genetic predisposition, but it is a well-known fact that the human body requires micronutrients and they have to be provided with food.

NOW FOODS Adam is an ideal supplement for men. It delivers all the essential micronutrients supporting healthy functions of the body. Trace elements and plant extracts keep men’s hormones in balance and increase vitality. This product is recommended especially to physically active people and those who are on the poor nutritious diet, however, every man will benefit from supplementing the necessary micronutrients, and this supplement provides them in their most bioavailable form.

Complex of essential vitamins
Vitamin A - essential for maintaining eye health, reduces cholesterol, increases immunity and promotes tissue repair. The optimal level of vitamin A increases testosterone production in men. Vitamin C - a powerful antioxidant that inhibits the effects of oxygen free radicals. It participates in collagen and insulin production, lowers blood pressure and improves semen quality. Vitamin D - increasing its serum levels raises testosterone and improves semen quality. It also ensures optimal bone mineralization, supports nervous system functioning and regulates glucose metabolism. Vitamin E - reduces cholesterol and free oxygen radicals. It improves physical endurance, strenghtens the immune system and works cardioprotective. Vitamin K – participates in blood coagulation, prevents calcium accumulation in arteries and has an antibacterial effect.

B vitamins (B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B9, B12, Biotin) - responsible for energy metabolism. They are involved in ATP formation process and in carbohydrates, proteins and fats transformations. They also participate in methylation and in hormones and neurotransmitters production. B vitamins help to eliminate toxins, regulate hematopoietic processes and blood glucose level.

Balanced minerals
Calcium – essential for skeletal system and teeth health. Supports nerve conduction and participates in testosterone production process. Iodine – plays a vital  role in thyroid hormone production, supports metabolism and reduces inflammation. Magnesium - participates in numerous enzymatic reactions and is very important for a healthy nervous system. It improves physical strength, regulates glucose metabolism and reduces anxiety. Zinc – supports immune system, increases brain functions, stimulates cellular regeneration. It also raises luteinizing hormone and testosterone levels and improves blood lipid profile. Selenium - regulates thyroid function and is a component of natural antioxidant – glutathione. It slows down aging processes. Copper - facilitates oxygen transport in the body, increases energy levels, improves memory and supports immune system. Manganese - a component of many enzymes, essential for nervous system health, increases libido and sexual performance, affects sperm motility. Chromium - participates in carbohydrates and fats metabolism, improves insulin sensitivity, promotes hormonal optimization and reduces inflammation. Molybdenum – takes part in metabolism of nutrients, influences metabolism of purine, prevents gout, affects bones and teeth condition, and increases iron absorption. Potassium – regulates body water balance, creates sodium-potassium pump allowing substances to enter the cell. It regulates myocardial contractility and lowers blood pressure.

Carefully selected blend of extracts and plant ingredients
Extract of Sabal Palm- its fruits contain phytosterols that reduce the effect of 5-alpha-reductase enzyme, that is responsible for turning testosterone into dihydrotestosterone (DHT), which in excess can cause hair loss and prostate gland enlargement. Aloe Vera - has a beneficial effect on the intestinal microflora, has bactericidal and antifungal properties, supports body detoxification. Grape seed extract - contains polyphenols, the active ingredients with strong antioxidant potential, improves blood circulation and reduces the level of inflammatory markers. Lycopene - a powerful antioxidant, protects nerve cells and prevents degenerative diseases development, reduces the risk of heart disease and prostate cancer. Lutein - one of the most powerful antioxidants, it protects the retina, prevents cataracts and age-related macular degeneration, but also it also reduces the blood glucose level. Resveratrol -  strong antioxidant, acts neuroprotective, slows down the aging process, increases nitric oxide synthesis and raises testosterone levels.

Complementary ingredients
Alpha-lipoic acid – reduces oxidative damage, improves mitochondria function and insulin sensitivity. It improves blood transportation, raises creatine muscle saturation and increases sperm motility. Choline - is involved into lipid metabolism and is necessary for production of acetylcholine - a neurotransmitter involved in memory processes: learning and memorizing. Inositol – reduces blood cholesterol and glucose levels, regulates nervous system conductivity, improves mood and reduces symptoms of depression. Coenzyme Q10 - involved in cellular energy production, it is essential for mitochondria functioning and supports cardiovascular system.

Summing up, Now Foods Adam is a complex blend of vitamins and minerals enriched with powerful antioxidants that effectively fight free oxygen radicals. Carefully selected minerals and plant extracts improve life quality and increase testosterone production. Substances contained in this product protect prostate gland and support reproductive function

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Composition

Composition

Container size: 90 veg capsulesServing size: 3 capsulesServings per container: 30
per portion (3 capsules)amount%DV
Vitamin A (75% as Beta-Carotene and 25% as Retinyl Palmitate)10,000 IU200%
Vitamin C (from Calcium Ascorbate)250 mg417%
Vitamin D (as Ergocalciferol)1,000 IU250%
Vitamin E (as D-alpha-Tocopheryl Succinate )150 IU500%
Vitamin K (as Menaquinone K2 and Phytonadione K1)80 mcg100%
Thiamin (Vit. B-1) (from Thiamin HCl)25 mg1667%
Riboflavin (Vitamin B-2)25 mg1471%
Niacin (Vitamin B-3) (as Niacinamide and from Inositol hexanicotinate )35 mg175%
Vitamin B-6 (from Pyridoxine HCl and Pyridoxal-5-Phosphate (P-5-P))25 mg1250%
Folate (as Folic acid)400 mcg100%
Vitamin B-12 (as Methylcobalamin)250 mcg4167%
Biotin300 mcg100%
Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B-5) (from Calcium Pantothenate )50 mg500%
Calcium (from Calcium Ascorbate and Calcium Citrate)50 mg5%
Iodine (from Potassium Iodide)150 mcg100%
Magnesium (from Magnesium Citrate )25 mg6%
Zinc (from Zinc Picolinate)15 mg100%
Selenium (from L-Selenomethionine )200 mcg286%
Copper (from Copper Bisglycinate) (TRAACS®)0.5 mg25%
Manganese (from Manganese Bisglycinate) (TRAACS®)2 mg100%
Chromium (from Chromium Picolinate)200 mcg167%
Molybdenum (from Sodium Molybdate)75 mcg100%
Potassium (from Potassium Chloride)25 mg< 1%
Saw Palmetto (Berry) (Serenoa repens)160 mg
Alpha Lipoic Acid50 mg
Organic Aloe Vera (Leaf) (Concentrate)50 mg
Grape Seed Extract (Vitis vinifera) (Standardized for Polyphenols)25 mg
Choline (from Choline Bitartrate)25 mg
Inositol25 mg
CoQ10 (as Coenzym Q10)15 mg
Natural trans-Resveratrol [from Japanese Knotweed Extract (Polygonum cuspidatum) (Root)]10 mg
Lycopene (from Natural Tomato Extract)3 mg
Lutein (from Marigold Flowers Extract) (Tagetes erecta) (FloraGLO®)500 mcg

Other ingrednients

Microcrystalline Cellulose, Hypromellose (cellulose capsule), Stearic Acid (vegetable source) and Silicon Dioxide. Vitamin E from non-GMO soy.

 

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Vitamin A

Information

Vitamin A (retinol) is present in foods of animal origin (fish of the sea, fish, eels, liver, pork and beef, eggs, butter). In the plant products it is present as provitamin A (b-carotene), a powerful antioxidant. The food products containing pro-vitamin A are fruits in yellow and red, including apricots, tomatoes. Necessary in process of building and assimilation of proteins, affects the normal growth of bones and helps the treatment of eye diseases.Iinhibits the excessive action of the thyroid hormone - thyroxine, which simultaneously prevents the deposition of excess vitamin A. Necessary in the sports diet of in the form of food, such as dietary supplements and nutritional supplements.
Vitamin A deficiency causes growth inhibition, flaking and dryness of the skin, impaired night vision (i.e. Night blindness).
Excess of vitamin A leads to calcification of the bones and some soft tissues, and abnormalities in the functioning of glomerulonephritis
Dosage: Specified in IU and it is 5000 IU per day.


 

Beta-carotene

Information


Beta-carotene (provitamin A) is a fat-soluble form of vitamin A (retinol). It is a necessary vitamin for the development and acquisition of proteins, necessary to rebuild a bone structure. Irreplaceable in the treatment of eye diseases (prevents decrease of vision and so called night blindness). It strengthens the immune system. It is a strong oxidant. In its natural form it can be found found only in plants (unlike retinol, which is present in foods of animal origin) such as chard, squash, kale, carrots, apricots, tomatoes). Available in the form of supplements and nutrients as an essential component of the sports diet.

 

Retinyl palmitate

Information

Retinyl palmitate - ester of vitamin A, especially valued in cosmetology. It is considered the gentlest form of this vitamin, therefore it is recommended to people with sensitive skin. It is also characterized by good assimilability in oral application, it is de-esterified without any problems in the small intestine to retinol, a fully active biological form of vitamin A.

Retinol demonstrates a wide range of activities in the human organism. Vitamin A is especially popular due to its positive influence on epithelial cells. It is responsible for proper, nourished state of skin, hair and nails. Apart from this, proper supply of retinol is also incredibly important for the health of the skeletal system, as vitamin A is a regulator of growth of bone tissue.

Vitamin A is also essential to maintain proper functions of eyesight. Its derivative, by binding with opsin, creates rhodopsin, which is responsible for stimulating the activity of rod cells located on eye retina. Thanks to this, it is possible to maintain proper vision in the conditions of poor lighting.

Some sources also suggest immunity functions of vitamin A. It may decrease the risk of pathogen permeation in the epithelium of the respiratory system.

 

Vitamin C

Information


Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) it is a vitamin soluble in body fluids, can be taken from foods (fruits and vegetables), or as drug derived synthetically. The largest of its resources can be found in broccoli, Brussels sprout, kale, black currant fruit and hawthorn, citrus fruits, tomatoes, Savoy cabbage, potatoes. In fact, intake of vitamin C of the food products does not limit the absorbed quantity. Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is a potent antioxidant, it is an antitoxic, increasing the immune system due to the elimination of risk of bacterial contamination. Vitamin C prevents rupture of blood vessels, affects the blood cholesterol level. It substantially increases the absorption of iron. Inhibits the growth of cancer cells. Lowers stress levels.
Vitamin C deficiency causes abnormal development of connective tissue, cracking capillaries, abnormal calcification of bone tissue, impaired
absorption of iron, scorbutus. With the lack of vitamin C, all kinds of injuries do not heal up properly. Vitamin C deficiency can be caused by smoking; each cigarette is destroying up to 100 mg of vitamin C.
Dosage: The demand is 60-80 mg daily. It does not limit the ability to consume higher doses. Some side effects may occur only with longer
taking of synthetic vitamin C.

Calcium

Information

Calcium (element chem. symbol Ca, atomic no. 20, the group of alkaline earth metals) is the basic building substance of bones and teeth, in which stored is 99% of the element, in the form of hydroxylapatite. When building bones and teeth, phosphorus is very important in the right proportion. It is a base-forming element and activator of many enzymes (ATPase) necessary to release the energy of ATP. It has a significant effect on blood clotting and regulates blood pressure and neuromuscular conductivity. Thanks to the reduced permeability of cell membranes, it soothes the symptoms of food allergies. Calcium is actively involved in the metabolism of iron interacts with vitamins A, C and D and phosphorus, magnesium. Natural source of calcium are animal products (dairy products, sardines, salmon, sprats eaten with bones) and plant products (nuts, soybeans, sunflower seeds). Absorption takes place in the small intestine (less in the colon), it has an effect on the level of lactose, insoluble fibre, organic acids, alkalinity (low pH). The best absorption have organic compounds (lactates, amino acid chelates etc.). Obstructing the absorption of calcium is caused by: phytic acid and oxalic acid as well as excess fat. Scientific studies have confirmed that the combination of calcium, magnesium, boron and vitamin D in dose 3 mg / 24h effectively prevent osteoporosis. Supplements on the market are both mono-preparation supplements (enriched with vitamin D3) and multi-component supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Calcium deficiency disorders manifested in the construction of the bones (osteoporosis) and iron metabolism. The symptoms are: rickets, cramps and muscle tremor, osteoporosis.
Excess result
ing from an overdose of calcium supplements containing vitamin D3 for children and adults overdose of calcium (hypercalcemia). Symptoms of hypercalcemia are: lack of appetite, vomiting and constipation.
The dosage administered in various publications
are inconsistent: 800 - 1000 mg / 24 h (100 - 500 mg / 24h)

Vitamin D3

Information

Vitamin D belongs to fat soluble vitamins, occurs in three forms: calciferol (vitamin D1) ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) and cholecalciferol (vitamin D3), it is formed under the action of sunlight for at least 15 minutes per day. In the absence of sunlight it should be administered in the diet in the form of fish oil (Vitamin A + D3) and fish oils. It is responsible for the absorption of calcium and phosphorus. It is the building substance of bone tissue particularly necessary during pregnancy, childhood, and for athletes. It is a component of dietary supplements and nutrients among competetive athletes. Deficiency of vitamin D causes children growth inhibition, and rickets.
For adults - deficiency causes osteomalacia.
Excess
of vitamin D causes headaches, alopecia, nausea, drowsiness, blurred vision, pain in the long bones, the deposition of calcium deposits.
Dosage: 400 IU units during the day.


 

Vitamin E

Information

Vitamin E (tocopherol) is a fat soluble. Due to its antioxidant action, it is a protection of other vitamins (e.g. Vitamins A). Protects the body against free radicals, strengthens the walls of blood vessels and its capacity, causing their dilation and dissolution of blood clots. With the reduction of coagulation, it is used as an antiatherogenic medicine, it allows for the proper course of pregnancy. In cooperation with selenium it slows the ageing process of cells, strengthening connective tissue. In the food it is present in whole-grain bread, sprout and grains, vegetable oils (soybean, sunflower), soya beans and sunflower seeds, vegetable fat and hen egg yolks. Also it is used in sports medicine in the form of nutrients and supplements.
Vitamin E deficiency reduces building of red blood cells, results in changes in muscle and disorders of pregnancies.
Dosage: for children, 0.5 mg / 1 kg of weight; for adults 10-30 mg per day.


 

D-alpha-tocopheryl succinate

Information

D-alpha-tocopheryl succinate is a natural form of fat-soluble vitamin E that is one of the strongest antioxidants.

The source of vitamin E is very significant because synthetic forms are characterised by much lower bioavailability. Unlike natural forms (d-alpha-tocopheryl succinate, d-alpha tocopheryl acetate and etc.), synthetic compounds are designated with the prefix “dl” (e.g. dl-alpha-tocopheryl succinate that is a completely synthetic form). Depending on the condition of the body, the absorption of natural vitamin E may vary from 20 to 70%.

In comparison with alpha-tocopherol, alpha-tocopheryl acetate and alpha-tocopheryl nicotinate, it is believed that d-alpha-tocopheryl succinate is the most effective form of vitamin E, especially when it comes to anti-cancer effects. Vitamin E as d-alpha-tocopheryl succinate is a frequent ingredient of vitamin-mineral supplements which promote general health of the body and adds vitality.

Vitamin K

Information

Vitamin K exists in the triad of vitamins: menaquinone (vitamin. K1), menadione (vitamin. K2) and menadione (vitamin. K3), soluble in fat. It is produced by bacteria in the human colon. Natural sources of vitamin. K are: eggs, kale, cauliflower, cabbage, meat, milk, lettuce, spinach, fish oil and liver. The synthetic form is administered to newborns, to reduce the sterility of the gastrointestinal tract. Used as a antihaemorrhagic, due to its participation in the process of prothrombin. Increases antibacterial and antifungal immunity. Prevents abundant bleeding during menstruation of women.
Vitamin K deficiency causes external bleeding and ecchymosis
on skin, decreased prothrombin synthesis in the liver (especially while taking antibiotics and sulfanilamide).


 

Menaquinone

Information

What is menaquinone?

Menaquinone is the term used for vitamin K2. It appears in short- and long-chain forms, the most popular of which are MK-4 and MK-7, containing respectively 4 and 7 isoprene residues in the side chains.

Vitamin K2 exhibits the widest spectrum of its activity by means of osteocalcin, which it has the ability to activate. By means of this hormone produced by bone cells, it may support the state of mineral density of bones and the condition of blood vessels and lower the risk of circulatory diseases. An interesting property of this vitamin is stimulation of Leydig cells to synthesize testosterone, which will be of interest especially to men. K2 also has neuroprotective properties, protecting from excitotoxicity caused by glutamate and oxidative stress from glutathione deficiency. Osteocalcin may also increase adiponectin release from fatty cells, thanks to which it is possible to achieve better insulin sensitivity and decrease inflammations. 

Menaquinone is contained in dietary supplements available in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.

Vitamin B1 (thiamine)

Information

Vitamin B1 (thiamin, vitamin B) improves mental alertness and strengthens the nervous system ensuring the proper functioning of the brain. It improves cardiac and muscular system. It is suportive in the treatment of shingles. Involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats. Natural source of vitamin B1 are brown bread, yeast, eggs, raw vegetables, meat, milk, legumes, cheese.
Vitamin B1 deficiency hinders the processes of decomposition of sugars (catabolism), causes a loss of appetite and disorders in the functioning of the digestive tract, can cause polyneuritis and disease beriberi.
Dosage: Recommended daily intake is 1-2 mg.


 

Thiamine hydrochloride

Information

Thiamine hydrochloride - a highly bioavailable form of thiamine, also called vitamin B1. Due to an important role that it plays in carbohydrate metabolism, its increased supply is recommended to people with excessively high concentration of sugar in blood. It facilitates their processing in the organism and supports the activities that aim at restoring optimal glycemia. An important role in the metabolism of nutrients is also played by an integral component of carboxylase coenzyme - thiamine pyrophosphate.

Some source suggest the effectiveness of thiamine in relation to the health of the cardiovascular system, apart from decreasing glucose level in blood, it is also reflected in optimization of blood pressure. Although this aspect of effectiveness of vitamin B1 requires further research, it is another argument demonstrating special needs of taking care of proper thiamine supply by people from the risk group of the circulatory system diseases.

Among people who are especially prone to vitamin B1 deficiencies there are also people fighting with excess weight and frequently drinking alcohol.

 

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)

Information

Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) is soluble in liquids, is involved in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Required for growth of the organism. Takes part in the production of erythrocytes (red blood cells). It is located in natural foods, such as yeast, meat (especially liver, kidney, heart), milk, fish and green leafy vegetables.
A deficiency of vitamin B2 inhibits the growth, diseases of the mouth, loss and greasy hair, seborrhea and stratification of nails. Increases skin roughness and
susceptibility to acne and oily skin.
Dosage: 1-2 mg per day.


 

Vitamin B3

Information

Vitamin B3 (vitamin PP, niacin, nicotinic acid, nicotinamide) is niacinamide niacin. It is used in interaction with vitamins B1, B2 and B6 in the synthesis of hormones during lactation. It provides proper functioning of the brain and nervous system. It is helpful in inflammatory conditions of the skin. Required for synthesis of sex hormone, estrogen, testosterone, cortisone, and insulin. It does not lose its properties in the manufacturing and storage. The source of acquiring vitamins PP are both products of animal origin (the lean meat, eggs, fish) and vegetable origin (dates, figs, hazelnuts, plums).
Dosage: 2-12 mg / day for children, 14 mg / day for women, 16 mg / day for men and 17-18 mg / day for pregnant or nursing women.


 

Inositol hexanicotinate (IHN)

Information

Inositol hexanicotinate (IHN), also known as inositol hexaniacinate, is the inositol esterified with niacin.

IHN undergoes hydrolysis in the body, gradually releasing nicotinic acid and inositol. Such properties make this form not only very effective but also free of the side effect referred to as flush effect (redness mainly on the face, forearms and neck), which occurs in standard forms of niacin and is very unpleasant for many individuals.

Inositol hexanicotinate is a component of niacin-based dietary supplements. It is suggested that inositol hexanicotinate is as effective as niacin alone (may contribute to lowering cholesterol levels). Because of decreased risk of such symptoms as skin redness, itching and tingling, it can be a perfect solution for persons who resign from traditional vitamin B3 supplements due to these unpleasant effects.

Vitamin B6

Information

Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine) is soluble in the liquid. It participates in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. By reducing the amount of fat in the blood do not enable deposition of the body. It helps the absorption of magnesium and vitamin B12 (cobalamin). It works on the muscle antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory pain in the joints. It acts anti. It provides efficient operation of the brain. It increases energy increasing vigor of a man. The demand for vitamin B6 increases during pregnancy and breast-feeding infants. The natural product is: yeast, eggs, wheat germ, meat (liver), wheat bran, nuts, peanuts peanuts, soybeans. There is a hypothesis that can be synthesized by intestinal bacteria.
Deficiency of vitamin B6 causes abnormal metabolism of proteins, decrease in lymphocytes in the blood, causes a feeling of lethargy and fatigue intensifies.
Dosage: 1.5-2.5 mg daily (increased demand during pregnancy and lactation).


 

Pyridoxine hydrochloride

Information

What is pyridoxine hydrochloride?

Pyridoxine hydrochloride is a basic, the most commonly used form of vitamin B6 in supplements and fortified foods. It is a vitamin soluble in water. It converts to the active form of the vitamin - pyridoxal phosphate.

Vitamin B6 is a cofactor in many enzymatic reactions. It takes part in the production of many neurotransmitters, such as GABA, serotonin and catecholamines and it takes part in the metabolism of amino acids, carbohydrates and lipids. It is an important factor for the process of the creation of red cells and hemoglobin and its deficit may be one of the factors causing anemia. This vitamin contributes to maintaining proper energy metabolism and is important for maintaining well-being and good psychological condition. Its presence supports the breakdown of pro-inflammatory homocysteine to cysteine and further metabolites, thanks to which it may decrease the risk of atherosclerosis and cardiological incidents.

Pyridoxine hydrochloride may be found in many vitamin B complexes and vitamin-mineral preparations available in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.

Pyridoxal 5-phosphate (P-5-P)

Information

Pyridoxal 5-phosphate (P-5-P) - the form of vitamin B6, called coenzymatic, considered the best assimilable form of this vitamin by the human organism. This is related to direct metabolic activity of pyridoxal-5-phosphate in the human organism. It does not have to be subjected to biochemical transformations in the organism in order to be able to enter metabolic pathways as a biologically active ingredient.

Vitamin B6 is an incredibly important factor regulating the work of many processes in the organism due to its role in the organism as a coenzyme, essential for the activation of many important enzymes. Thanks to this, it regulates metabolism at many levels and its proper supply is conducive to maintaining homeostasis of the organism.

Another aspect of effectiveness of vitamin B6 is its influence on the normalization of emotional states. It is conducive to relaxation, facilitates falling asleep and falling in a deep, the most valuable sleep. Special influence on P5P on the psyche is proven in women before menstruation, as it demonstrates considerable ability to reduce the symptoms of the pre-menstrual syndrome.

Supplementation with vitamin B6 also demonstrates positive influence on the functions of the nervous system. It is conducive to the nourishment of neuronal tissues and optimizes the secretion of neurotransmitters, thanks to which it promotes nervous transmission and demonstrates neuroprotective properties. It was proven that vitamin B6 may decrease the risk of developing Parkinson’s disease.

Some sources also suggest the ability of pyridoxal 5-phosphate to reduce the risk of cancer. This effectiveness is noted especially in relation to breast cancer.

 

Folic acid

Information

Folic acid - also known as vitamin B9, is a synthetic form of naturally occurring folates. It needs to be transformed to folates in order to be biologically active also in the human organism. Therefore, its supplementation is recommended to people who do not have problems with methylation processes.

The majority of people associate folic acid with the period of pregnancy. It is definitely a justified association. Proper supply of vitamin B9 conditions correct development of the fetus and prevents disorders of neural tube defects in a baby.

Supplementation with folic acid also demonstrates positive influence on the functions of the nervous system of adults. Some sources say that it is conducive to maintaining beneficial emotional states. Moreover, folic acid takes part in the process of erythropoiesis, thanks to which it enables efficient production of red cells.

Supplementation with folic acid should be also considered by men who deal with low sperm quality. It was proven that complementing the level of vitamin B9 is conducive to increasing reproductive abilities of men.

Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)

Information

Vitamin B12 (cobalamin, cyanocobalamin) is a vitamin soluble in liquids. Participates in the production of red blood cells and is essential in the absorption of iron by the body. It calming effect, a positive effect on concentration and memory. Intensifies its action in cooperation with folic acid (vitamin M). Usually occurs in animal products, fish and dairy products. It contains trace elements.
Vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to pernicious anaemia, general and immunity weakness, inhibiting of growth and damage to the myelin sheath of nerves.


 

Methylcobalamin

Information

What is methylcobalamin?

Methylcobalamin is a biologically active form of vitamin B12. It is one of the two forms of this vitamin that may be used as cofactors in various reactions. It differs from popular cyanocobalamin in the presence of methyl group instead of cyanide, thanks to which it releases the organism from the need of neutralizing this harmful factor.

The methyl group from methylcobalamin may be transferred to homocysteine, thanks to which it comes back in the form of methionine in order to be further converted to SAMe, which is the main donor of methyl groups in our organism. These methyl groups may be then used in the processes of creatine production, in neurotransmitter metabolism and as DNA methylation, thanks to which we achieve proper energy level, better well-being and generally better condition of the organism. B12 is a coenzyme for three enzymes: isomerase, methyltransferase and dehalogenase.

Apart from the influence on the nervous system, the supply of vitamin B12 is also very important for the proper synthesis of red cells as well as hemoglobin and anemia prevention.

 

Methylcobalamin in mono-supplements and complex vitamin preparations may be found in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.

Biotin

Information

Biotin (vitamin H, co-enzyme R) is in a group of B vitamins, due to the presence of sulphur compounds it is involved in the synthesis of ascorbic acid (vitamin C). Also synthesized in the intestines. It enhances the production of hormones and regulates cholesterol levels. It reduces muscle pain. It prevents hair loss and graying of hair. It soothes the skin inflammations. No toxic effects. Often combined with other B group vitamins and vitamin A. The natural sources of biotin are: whole grain bread, yeast, eggs (yolk), milk, brown rice and cheese.


Daily demand: 100-300 mg per day


 

Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid)

Information

Vitamin B5 (calcium pantothenate, pantothenic acid, pantotenol) is part of a complex of B vitamins affects the development of the central nervous system, is the building substance of cells. In the body synthesized by the intestinal bacteria. It occurs in animal products (meat, kidneys, liver) and plants (wheat germ, wheat bran, nuts, grains, green vegetables). Prevents fatigue and excessive stress, accelerates the healing of cuts and wounds, acts as a stimulant for the side effects of the use of antibiotics. Deficiency causes skin changes, and difficulty in blood clotting.


 

Calcium panthonenate

Information

Calcium panthonenate – a salt of pantothenic acid and calcium used to raise the intake of this first substance, belonging to a group of compounds called vitamin B5. It is active in many biochemical processes in the human body as an extremely important factor for maintaining homeostasis.

Adequate intake of pantothenic acid helps maintain healthy metabolism of nutrients and obtain easily energy from them. Deficiencies of this compound may be manifested by chronic fatigue and lack of strength, especially in physically active persons.

What is more, pantothenic acid is present in the synthesis pathway of many vital hormones. Because of that, its sufficient supply is critical to hormonal balance. Testosterone is one of the hormones that are affected by pantothenic acid intake. Because of that, its deficiencies may have a negative effect on sexual function.

Pantothenic acid is also indicated to have a cardioprotective effect. It helps maintain normal cardiac function and reduces the risk of atherosclerosis by optimising the lipid profile.

Iodine

Information

Iodine - more than two-thirds of iodine is stored in the thyroid gland and it is a component produced by it hormones - thyroxine and triiodothyronine, which are essential in the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and minerals and regulating the processes of growth, causing it usefulness in sports supplementation. It is also the ingredient of weight loss products. Regulates and controls body temperature. Natural source of acquisition of iodine are: bladderwrack, seafood, sea fish and onion and vegetables growing in soil containing this element and most of all iodized salt ..
Deficiency of iodine in the body cause hypothyroidism, and consequently overweight, mental slowing (cretinism inclusive). It
is the cause of a goitre. Iodine deficiency can be caused by rhodanates and polyphenols (e.g. contained in cabbage and cauliflower), hemagglutinin found in legumes.
Excess iodine can result in inhibition of thyroid hormone synthesis (this
happens in a small percentage of cases).
Dosage: Treatment of iodine should be done under medical supervision. Daily demand for adults is 150 mcg. For pregnant women daily demand increases to 175 mcg.


 

Potassium

Information

Potassium and sodium regulate the body's water resources, ensuring normal heart rhythm. Maintaining the proper level of potassium provides the proper oxidation of the brain, lowers blood pressure, increases the permeability of cell membranes (as an antagonist of calcium). It is a base-forming element. It is widely used in sports diet before and after training in the form of supplements, nutrients, vitamin-mineral preparations and minerals, concentrates and ready, isotonic and hypertonic beverages. Natural sources of acquisition of potassium are: vegetable products (bananas, citrus fruits, melons, mint leaves, green vegetables, potatoes) and animal products (sea fish, meat). Potassium is present in the form of organic compounds: citric acids, and fumarates gluconates and inorganic (chlorides, sulfates, oxides and carbonates).
Potassium deficiency (hypokalemia): excessive tiredness, headaches and irritability, problems with sleeping, muscle cramps, constipation. Potassium levels may drop sharply in the event of a reduction in blood sugar levels, prolonged starvation, severe diarrhea. They can occur when too much of strong coffee is consumed, with alcohol abuse and when eating too much sweets.
The excess of potassium (hyperkalemia) is often the cause of depression, hypotension, tingling in the extremities.


 

Magnesium

Information

Magnesium (element from the group of alkaline earth metals, atomic no. 12, a chemical symbol - Mg), one of the most important health microelements, participates in the synthesis process of the disintegration of high energy compounds and processes of transformation of hydrocarbons and fats. It affects the dilation of blood vessels and lower blood pressure, prevents hypercoagulable state. Shortages affect cardiac arrhythmias, malignant muscle cramps, insomnia and anxiety. It is a component of many dietary supplements and found in foods such as whole grain bread, legumes, buckwheat, rice, fish, meat, as well as chocolate, cocoa and nuts.
Dosage of 100 - 500 mg / day

Magnesium citrate

Information

Magnesium citrate is a salt of magnesium and citric acid. It constitutes one of the best assimilable forms of magnesium, which plays many important functions in the organism. It is responsible, among others, for the proper work of the nervous, immune and muscle systems.

Magnesium has calming effect by decreasing the excitability of nerve cells. Thanks to introducing this element to a diet, we may potentially improve sleep quality and reduce the level of stress.

Positive influence on the circulatory system is another feature of magnesium. It prevents hypertension and storage of cholesterol in the walls of blood vessels (arteries), thanks to which it may prevent diseases related to the circulatory system.

Magnesium also plays a considerable role in the process of muscle contraction, therefore it influences the activity of the whole muscle system. It also takes part in the proper synthesis of protein, the process of cell division and proper course of energy metabolism. It helps to maintain healthy teeth and bones and general electrolyte balance in the organism.

Zinc

Information


Zinc (chemical element from transition group 12) belongs to the trace elements, it helps maintain acid-base balance of the body, protein, energy, lipid and carbohydrate metabolism. It provides bone metabolism and transport of oxygen. It protects the body against free radicals. Necessary for the proper operation of the senses of taste and smell. Positive impact on the process of insulin metabolism in the pancreas. It supports visual adaptation to the dark, has a significant influence on brain function. It is helpful in the treatment of infertility and mental illness.
Zinc deficiency leads to decreased immunity, and growth retardation. Zinc deficiency can occur in case of excessive consumption of simple sugars. In the case of hormonal therapy of women with irregular menstruation, the therapy should be associated with increased consumption of zinc. It can be found in food like: beans, eggs, carrots, beef and pork meat, milk, nuts, citrus fruits, seafood, rice, cottage cheese, lettuce.
Dosage: Daily 12-15 mg zinc. Exceeding the daily dose of 20 mg cause symptoms of poisoning of the body.

 

Zinc picolinate

Information

Zinc picolinate – an organic zinc salt, its highly available form of proven ability to increase the element level in the body system. Zinc belongs to the microelements essential for the human body system and the demand results mainly from the fact that it is present in active centres of many enzymes conducting the reactions responsible for homeostasis.

It forms also protein domains binding DNA, called also zinc fingers, which determines the activity of many regulatory proteins. The proper supply of zinc ensures smooth functioning of the immune system. It affects also metabolism, both by modifications of digestive enzymes activity and influence on insulin secretion in beta pancreatic cells.

Zinc protects also the cells from the action of free radicals. The proper supply of the element can also increase testosterone synthesis, as it reduces the activity of aromatase. In men, zinc prevents prostate cancer and in women – regulates menstruation.

Selenium

Information

Selenium (element, chemical symbol Se, atomic no. 34, from chalcogenide, it is present in several allotropic forms). It is supplied the body with food in the form of seleno-amino acids (selenomethionine - gathering supplies, and selenocysteine – a component of glutathione peroxidase, deiodinase and seleno-proteins). Regulates the functioning of the thyroid gland. It affects the growth and development, including sexual development (by increasing production and sperm motility). It affects the flexibility of the tissue, removes some of the toxins from the body and destroys cancer cells and reduces the severity of menopause in women. Natural products containing selenium are seafood (sea fish, oysters, bladderwrack) and vegetable products (broccoli, onions, wheat germ, bran, tomatoes) and animal products (poultry, eggs). It is also included in the composition of vitamin-mineral and mineral supplements. Selenium supplementation is recommended as a dietary supplement of active people having diet poor in this element, and as a factor increasing the body's immunity.
Selenium deficiency increases the risk of developing cancer and heart disease. Symptoms of selenium deficiency are: cardiomyopathy, growth stoppage,
disorders of detoxification processes which may lead to damage to the kidneys and liver.
An excess of selenium can lead to selenosis (the disease, the symptoms are: loss of hair, nail cracks, lesions).
daily
demand of selenium for pregnant women 65 mcg; nursing mothers 75 mcg; men 7 mcg.

L-selenomethionine

Information

L-selenomethionine is a selenoamino acid and organic form of selenium. It is a combination of selenium with methionine (about 40% of selenium and 60% of the amino acid methionine per molecule) in which a sulphur molecule is replaced by selenium.

This form is absorbed very effectively via the digestive tract. It is believed that the bioavailability of selenium from L-selenomethionine is even 1.5-2 times greater than its non-organic forms. It is estimated that its bioavailability may exceed 90%. Furthermore, the half-life of L-selenomethionine is much longer than in non-organic forms – it is 252 days. This means that the absorbed selenium is accumulated for a long time in the body.

Selenium is a component of many key biochemical pathways. It helps protect the body from oxidative stress, prevents atherosclerosis, supports the immune system and brain function and optimises thyroid function. It has been demonstrated that selenium as L-selenomethionine may, among others, reduce the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines in female patients with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis..

As a dietary supplement, L-selenomethione is most often used to support thyroid, cardiac and immune function and stabilise cholesterol levels.

Copper

Information

Copper - trace mineral that facilitates the introduction of iron into hemoglobin, allowing the correct functioning of antioxidant processes. It is an important component of enzymes that affect the processes of aerobic metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism and in the formation of collagen. With proper diet, do not use supplements containing copper, as an overdose can cause insomnia, hair loss. It occurs in foods such as legumes, offal, plums, seafood. Copper compounds must be used in a responsible way, because many of them have toxic properties.
Dosing: A sufficient amount of copper provides proper diet.


 

Manganese

Information

Manganese, of which a natural source is chocolate, grain products with whole grain, nuts, legumes and dried cranberry, is a component of enzymes and their activator. It stimulates the properties and functionality of connective tissue and provides proper functioning of the brain. It affects the function of the pancreas, ensuring proper insulin metabolism and condition of the bone and joints. Magnesium deficiency contributes to serious disorders in synthesis of hyaluronic acid and chondroitin, reduction in insulin sensitivity of tissues, affects bone resorption. Manganese chelates are used in complexometry in chemical analysis and in medicine for the treatment of severe poisoning (antitoxin) by heavy metals, in sports supplementation, manganese impact on the functioning of the locomotor system is used. It is a component of the so-called regenerators of joints and a vitamin-mineralizing and mineralizing supplements.


 

Chromium

Information


Chromium (chemical element from transition group of the chromium, chemically active) is actively involved in the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates. It comes in the easily assimilable organic form and inorganic. Along with insulin, as a component of the glucose tolerance factor (GTF), is used in insulin-dependent diabetes treatment, insulin involved in the metabolism of glucose in t proteins transport. Activator of enzymes involved in the metabolism of fats and cholesterol. Available in animal origin products (liver, veal, chicken, turkey meat, oysters) and plant-origin (bananas, broccoli, cereal, wheat germ, spinach). Supplements containing chromium are recommended for fat loss (also thermogenic), and improving the functioning of the body. The sports supplementation used chromium in the form of mono-preparations or in the form of vitamin-mineral minerals supplements.
Chromium deficiency results in impaired glucose, reducing the insulin sensitivity. It causes a decrease in immunity and endurance of the body. It may be a cause of coronary heart disease. Sometimes it causes neurological disorders.
Dosage: A varied diet prevents from the deficiency of chromium in the body.

Dosage: The recommended dose of 50-150 mg per day.

 

Chromium Picolinate

Information

Chromium Picolinate is a complex containing trivalent chromium and picolinic acid, for greater assimilation, it has chelating and anti-inflammatory properties. Trivalent chromium is a part of the glucose tolerance factor (GTF), supporting the anabolic effect of insulin in the creatine transport into the muscle cells. Chromium is used to treat type 1 diabetes melitus, and with insulin it is involved in the metabolism of glucose it transport of protein. It is an activator of enzymes involved in the metabolism of fats and cholesterol. Chromium picolinate is used by people active beyond sports and in sports supplementation as fat burners affecting fat reduction, weight loss, as well as a compound which enhances uptake of nutrients by muscle cells and the vitamin and mineralizing supplements, available www.muscle-zone. pl

Molybdenum

Information

Molybdenum (the element of the chromium groups, atomic no. 42, a chemical symbol Mo) - a trace element involved in the metabolic conversion of carbohydrates and fats and increases the absorption of iron. It is used to treat anaemia. Well affects the mood.. It is a component of many dietary supplements and in foods such as lettuce, cabbage and other leafy green vegetables, whole grains (corn, sunflower, etc.).

Sodium

Information

Sodium is an important component of the intracellular fluids, and is a regulator of acid-base balance. Along with potassium affects the proper of growth and provides the proper functioning of muscles and nerves. The source of acquisition is table salt (NaCl) and bladderwrack, shellfish, bacon, beef, and of plant beets and carrots. People on salt-free diet should avoid, among others, spicy sauces and smoked meats and sausages.
Sodium deficiency is very rare, at heaving sweating after a long effort (e.g. in the marathon).
Excess sodium increases blood pressure (especially for the elderly), edema and increased thirst. Exceeding the daily dose of 14g a day can cause poisoning.


 

Chloride

Information

Chlorine (chemical element from the group of halogens) - in the natural form of gas it is poisonous and water-soluble (until recently used as a disinfectant in the water supply system, now replaced by fluorination). It is chemically active element. It is used in the form of sodium chloride (NaCl) and potassium (KCl). It participates in the process of digestion and maintains acid-base balance in the body, removes toxic products of metabolism in the liver (antitoxin). Natural source of chlorine for the body is salt and bladderwrack.
Chlorine deficiency can occur due to excessive sweating, vomiting, causing digestive tract problems. It also causes loss of hair and teeth.
Excess chlorine, for example. Drink excessive amounts of chlorinated water, destroys bacterial flora and vitamin E.
Dosage: Daily dose should not exceed 15 grams.


 

Saw palmetto

Information

Saw palmetto (synonym: Sabal minor) is a plant of the North American climates. Its fruits are rich in phytosterols (such as beta-sitosterol, campesterol, stigmasterol), influencing the activity of the enzyme 5-alpha-reductase and aromatase, resulting in reduction in the risk of prostate hypertrophy and male pattern baldness. It affects the growth of levels of testosterone and lowering estrogen levels, lipid profile, and is anti-inflammatory (by limiting the activity of prostaglandins). In medicine, used as a prophylactic agent in the treatment of hypertrophy (I and II degree) of the prostate. In the sports supplementation it is included in herbal remedies to support the work of the endocrine system of men available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: calculated for the active ingredients of 200 - 300 mg / 24h

Aloe vera

Information

Aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis Mill.) is a tropical and subtropical plant originating from Mediterranean countries, which finds application mainly in dermatology and cosmetology (topical effect) and oral application positively influences the functioning of the digestive system.

The flesh of aloe leaves is mainly composed of water (96%), however, the remaining 4% is constituted by a concentrated dose of nutrients and substances with high biological activity. Aloe contains i.a. fiber, fatty acids, amino acids (including 7 exogenous amino acids), polysaccharides, glycoproteins, plant enzymes (including SOD - superoxide dismutase) as well as vitamins and mineral ingredients.

The internal activity of aloe is mainly directed at regulating the work of the digestive system. Aloe has antibacterial and antifungal effect, supports the treatment of stomach ulcers, alleviates inflammations, facilitates the organism’s detoxification and positively influences microflora of the digestive system, stimulating the growth of probiotic bacteria.

External activity of aloe - on skin - contributes to strengthening the barrier of epidermis and also facilitates repair processes in skin, counteracts infections, stimulates the production of new collagen fibers. Additionally, it has softening and shielding effect.

Grape seed extract

Information

Grape seed extract is a valuable source of active ingredients: flavonoids, fatty acids, proanthocyanidins and vitamin E, an antioxidant, binding free radicals, anti-inflammatory and anti-aggregating. It is a component of a pro-health supplements enhancing preventive treatment of the circulatory system diseases. Available in the form of mono-preparation supplements or as a component of nutritional supplements (creatine stacks and nitrogen boosters), vitamin, herbal detoxificating.
Dosage: 50-100 mg per day.


 

Vitis vinifera

Information

Vitis vinifera (grape vine), a rich source of active substances. Food and medicinal raw material are the leaves (Folium Vitis veniferae) and fruit (Fructus Vitis veniferae). The leaves are a source of obtaining anthocyanins, flavonoids (quercetin), tannins, pectin, triterpenes and vitamins. The fruits have sugars, cellulose, enzymes, flavonoids, tannins, organic acids, pectins, minerals (cobalt, magnesium, potassium, calcium, iron), vitamins (C, B1, B2, B6, B12 and PP, M [Folic Acid] ). Preparations from the leaves of grape are diuretics, detoxifying, anti-bleeding and anticoagulation, accelerate healing of ulcers and wounds). Decoctions of the leaves are used topically for bathing skin, wounds. Fruits, in addition to the nutritional properties (when consumed fresh) have a strengthening effect, a diuretic, affect the lipid level, regulate blood pressure, hematopoetic, anti-anaemia, affect the acid-base balance. The dried fruit (raisins) are nourishing and slightly laxative. Wines produced from the vine, both white (a diuretic and is used in diseases of the kidneys), and red (used to treat diseases of the digestive tract). Grape wine eliminates E. coli and vibrio cholerae. In the supplementation leaves are used less frequently than the fruit skin and seeds of grapes (which are the source of powerful antioxidants, including resveratrol). Extract of Vitis vinifera is a component of dietary supplements with variety of applications, available at the www.muscle-zone.pl

Choline

Information


Choline belongs to the soluble in liquids group of B vitamins. It is an organic nitrogen base containing lecithin, and acetylcholine. Together with inositol is involved in the metabolism of fats and cholesterol metabolism, preventing its accumulation on the walls of arteries and deposits in the gallbladder. With the penetration of the brain, contained lecithin improves its action and improves memory. Used in the treatment of age-related diseases (Alzheimer's). It occurs in plant foods: yeast, wheat germ, lecithin, green leafy vegetables and egg yolks.

 

Choline Bitartrate

Information

Choline bitartrate a combination of one molecule of tartaric acid and choline, and in this embodiment is a precursor of acetylcholine (neurotransmitter). The human body is able to intracellular synthesis of choline, using the amino acid and vitamin B12. Because of the possibility of shortages of the above mentioned substances, it is necessary to supplement them with supplementation. Choline is a component of lecithin, which is the building substance of cells conditioning the proper functioning of the nervous system, and sphingomyelin, acting as an insulator of nerve tissue. Bitartrate affects the course of fat metabolism. In the sports supplementation of choline, bitartrate is used in the stimulating supplements,, affecting concentration and programs of weight control (fat reduction).
Dosage: 1-3 grams per day.


 

Inositol

Information

Inositol is an organic compound from the group of B vitamins soluble in fluids, present in the natural or synthetic form, synthesized in plants, such as brewer's yeast, beans, grapefruit, cabbage, sprout of wheat, melons and animal (liver). Along with choline is included in the lecithin. It affects the cell nutrition of the central nervous system (brain) by reducing the level of LDL (bad cholesterol), this makes it applicable in treatment of Alzheimer's disease and atherosclerosis. It has a calming effect. There has been a beneficial effect of inositol on the skin and hair reported.


 

Coenzyme Q10

Information

Coenzyme Q10 (ubiquinone) is a physiological antioxidant, a fat soluble. It takes an active part in the process of creating the energy of ATP. intracorporeal synthesis requires the presence of B vitamins and trace elements, its intensification is caused by heavy training stress or under the influence of stress. Beneficial effects of Coenzyme Q10 has been found on the cardiovascular system, lipid profile (lowering LDL) cholesterol and reduce the risk of heart disease. Reducing the level of coenzyme Q10 starts when the age of 35, hence must be supplemented by preparations available in cosmetics (external action on the skin), and supplements intensifying the production of energy (for athletes strength) as well as mono-preparation supplement available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Dosage: 10 - 90 mg / 24h

Resveratrol

Information

Resveratrol - is a natural phenolic, compound produced as an antagonist of pathogens. It can be found, among others, in grapes, peanuts and red wine. It is oxidizing, preventing forming of free radicals of oxygen, supports the operation of systems: the hormone (binds to receptors of estrogenic and reduces the activity of the enzyme 5-alpha-reductase, is an aromatase inhibitor), blood (oxygenation of organism), and immune. In the sports supplementation used in silhouetted disciplines due to reduce of fat tissue. It is a component of supplements to support the functioning of the endocrine system (increases testosterone levels, lowering estrogen levels), antioxidant complexes and detoxifying the organism supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: the lack of strict standards of daily consumption.

Lycopene

Information

Lycopene, an organic compound, carotenoid form xanthophylls group, a natural dye of plant origin, colouring to bright red, occurring i.e. in tomatoes and carrots. It has the strongest antioxidant potential (relatively to the singlet oxygen) from the carotenes. It is not participating, in contrast to other carotenes, in the transformation of vitamin A. It reduces the risk of lung cancer, atherosclerosis and other diseases of the circulatory system, it is a component of nutrient, vitaminizing, vitamin-mineralizing and functional supplements, (often in combination with beta-carotene, lutein) supporting reduction of body fat, improving skin complexion, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: 1 - 3 g / 24h

Lutein

Information

Lutein, a derivative of alpha-carotene is a natural plant dye, colouring in yellow, is also present in the yolk of egg. In the body, located primarily in the retina of the human eye (together with Zeaxanthin), it acts as a natural filter for the eye, absorbing ultraviolet radiation. It is a powerful antioxidant, neutralizing free radicals. Available in the form of mono-preparation supplements and multi-compound supplements with antioxidant, protecting the eyes, action, as well as multivitamins, creatine stacks and no-boosters.

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