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In the last batches of Apollo's Hegemony products, another glue was used for lids under the caps. The glue is weaker than previously used, this is why the lid often stays inside the cap when unscrewing the bottle. This does not affect the quality of products because during storage the lid adheres to the bottle and protects its contents.
Apollo’s Hegemony BHB is a dietary supplement containing easily assimilable mineral salts (calcium, sodium, and potassium) of beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) in the form of powder. The composition of the preparation is also complemented with magnesium malate.
The preparation helps to increase ketone levels in the blood and is a pro-ketogenic signal, thanks to which it is beneficial for the process of keto-adaptation and helps the organism to adjust to obtain energy from ketones faster. Moreover, the preparation exhibits anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties, increases the organism’s capacity, and improves cognitive functions.
BHB (beta-hydroxybutyrate) is a ketone body, along with acetone and acetoacetic acid, which means they constitute a source of energy for, among other parts, the brain, muscles, and the heart in case of low blood glucose levels. Ketone bodies are produced by the liver as a result of the reaction of fatty acid oxidation during fasting, intensive training, significant calorie restrictions, and a properly followed ketogenic diet.
Anti-inflammatory properties of BHB
BHB in physiological concentrations exhibits cytoprotective properties and helps to block pro-inflammatory cascades. The anti-inflammatory properties of BHB may be connected with its inhibitory effect on the inflammasome NLRP3. Inflammasome is a large protein complex responsible for activating the pro-inflammatory cascade that leads to the maturation of pro-inflammatory cytokines. BHB inhibits inflammatory markers, thanks to which it helps to reduce inflammations caused by NLRP3, which lead to the development of, for example, type 2 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, or multiple sclerosis.
BHB and endoplasmic reticulum stress
BHB selectively modulates endoplasmic reticulum stress, which develops as a result of the activity of reactive oxygen species and can lead to disorders in protein properties or their functions, as well as causes increased expression of enzymes that neutralise free oxygen radicals. Eliminating endoplasmic stress by BHB takes place above all thanks to its ability to inhibit the activity of inflammasomes, thanks to which the activity of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is stimulated, an enzyme which plays a role of the so-called switch in a situation of oxidative stress and constitutes the main regulator of energy homeostasis.
The phenomenon of the stress that takes place in endoplasmic reticulum can be one of the factors that contribute to the development of chronic inflammatory diseases, especially autoimmune or neurodegenerative ones, for example Alzheimer’s disease, as well as to obesity, insulin sensitivity, or hyperinsulinemia.
Neuroprotective and neurotrophic properties of BHB
BHB affects the expression of BDNF (brain-derived neurotrophic factor) in the hippocampus, which has a neuroprotective effect and stimulates the growth and multiplication of neurons. Moreover, BHB stimulates the release of neurotransmitters in the hippocampus, exhibits anxiolytic and antidepressant effects, and helps to enhance cognitive functions with a simultaneous stimulant effect.
What is more, BHB slows down the degeneration of cognitive functions that progresses as the organism ages, and can improve intellectual capacity in patients with Alzheimer’s disease.
Improvement of muscle-nerve cooperation
The benefits of using ketones can also be promising for athletes. Consuming ketone bodies before planned workout increases energy levels and improves cognitive functions. Ketone bodies reduce the demand for oxygen and let you enjoy longer workout without the symptoms of tiredness, which can additionally translate into higher sports achievements.
It has been observed that supplementing exogenous ketone bodies has an anticancer effect. It can stem from the fact that cancer cells, unlike healthy tissues in the organism, are unable to use ketone bodies.
To sum up, Apollo’s Hegemony BHB is a dietary supplement that efficiently alleviates inflammations, boosts energy, and supports intellectual and physical work.
The preparation fantastically supports people who are on a ketogenic diet, reduces the symptoms of keto-adaptation, and exhibits its brilliant activity when the organism is not in the state of deep ketosis as well. The preparation can also allow you to increase the daily limit of carbohydrates and help people who struggle to return to ketosis after the consumption of carbohydrates.
In order to avoid adverse reactions, for example diarrhoea, supplementation should begin with half the recommended minimum dosage, which will allow the organism to adapt, and then it can be gradually increased. The increased concentration of ketone bodies after the consumption of BHB maintains for about 3 hours, so the dosage can be split into a few portions.
As the preparation does not contain any sweetening substances and has mineral salts, its taste might not be very appealing. In order to improve it, it is recommended to mix the product with acidic drinks.
Using BHB helps to reduce the period of keto-adaptation, alleviate the problems that accompany it, or skip some of its stages. BHB supplementation can prove particularly helpful at the stage of the so-called low-carb flu, which occurs near the second to the fifth day of keto-adaptation and manifests itself in various ways, for example: increased sugar cravings, fatigue, irritability, depression, low motivation.
As most people know, BHB is associated with smooth muscle-nerve cooperation, so it is best to take it about half an hour before planned workout. It turns out that the time is enough for BHB to cross the blood-brain barrier easily and start to exert a positive effect on psychomotor functions.
Apollo’s Hegemony is a manufacturer of dietary supplements whose composition is based on the latest scientific research and experience. The company is constantly expanding its range of products and taking care that they are of top quality.
It offers formulations which have multiple effects on the body and those with more targeted effects – e.g. boosting alertness and focus, increasing the tolerance to stress, promoting peaceful sleep and maintaining the health of the liver and adrenal glands.
Dietary supplements by Apollo’s Hegemony are effective owing to carefully selected composition which comprises the most potent forms and their precise doses. What is more, herbal supplements contain standardised extracts.
All products of this brand comply with good manufacturing practices (GMP) and their ingredients are vegan and vegetarian friendly.
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|per portion (10 g)||amount||%RDA|
|Beta-Hydroxybutyrates MIX (CaNaK):||9900 mg||-|
|- Calcium beta-hydroxybutyrate (Ca-BHB)||6000 mg||-|
|- Potassium beta-hydroxybutyrate (K-BHB)||3000 mg||-|
|- Sodium beta-hydroxybutyrate (Na-BHB)||900 mg||-|
|Magnesium Malate||100 mg||25%|
|Minerals BLEND (from beta-hydroxybutyrates)|
|- Calcium||960 mg||96%|
|- Potassium||810 mg||23%|
|- Sodium||157 mg||6%|
The product has not been tested for substances banned by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA).
Calcium (element chem. symbol Ca, atomic no. 20, the group of alkaline earth metals) is the basic building substance of bones and teeth, in which stored is 99% of the element, in the form of hydroxylapatite. When building bones and teeth, phosphorus is very important in the right proportion. It is a base-forming element and activator of many enzymes (ATPase) necessary to release the energy of ATP. It has a significant effect on blood clotting and regulates blood pressure and neuromuscular conductivity. Thanks to the reduced permeability of cell membranes, it soothes the symptoms of food allergies. Calcium is actively involved in the metabolism of iron interacts with vitamins A, C and D and phosphorus, magnesium. Natural source of calcium are animal products (dairy products, sardines, salmon, sprats eaten with bones) and plant products (nuts, soybeans, sunflower seeds). Absorption takes place in the small intestine (less in the colon), it has an effect on the level of lactose, insoluble fibre, organic acids, alkalinity (low pH). The best absorption have organic compounds (lactates, amino acid chelates etc.). Obstructing the absorption of calcium is caused by: phytic acid and oxalic acid as well as excess fat. Scientific studies have confirmed that the combination of calcium, magnesium, boron and vitamin D in dose 3 mg / 24h effectively prevent osteoporosis. Supplements on the market are both mono-preparation supplements (enriched with vitamin D3) and multi-component supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Calcium deficiency disorders manifested in the construction of the bones (osteoporosis) and iron metabolism. The symptoms are: rickets, cramps and muscle tremor, osteoporosis.
Excess resulting from an overdose of calcium supplements containing vitamin D3 for children and adults overdose of calcium (hypercalcemia). Symptoms of hypercalcemia are: lack of appetite, vomiting and constipation.
The dosage administered in various publications are inconsistent: 800 - 1000 mg / 24 h (100 - 500 mg / 24h)
BHB (β-hydroxybutyrate) is a substance, which naturally appears in the organism and is synthesized mainly in the case of: large calorie deficit, fast, considerable restriction of carbohydrate supply, intensive workouts and certainly properly carried out ketogenic diet.
BHB has many interesting applications, mainly in cognitive and workout aspects, therefore supplementation with BHB is recommended both to physically active people (especially before and after workout) as well as to those who work intellectually.
BHB increases mind clarity and enables the achievement of full concentration, influences well-being, increases energy supplies and delays the feeling of fatigue. These effects result from i.a. its anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective activity.
Supplementation with exogenous BHB (available in the form of easily assimilable mineral salts of calcium, magnesium, sodium and potassium) may constitute special support for people on ketogenic diet and may also alleviate the symptoms of keto-adaptation and accelerate its process. It may also enable increasing a daily limit of carbohydrates.
Potassium and sodium regulate the body's water resources, ensuring normal heart rhythm. Maintaining the proper level of potassium provides the proper oxidation of the brain, lowers blood pressure, increases the permeability of cell membranes (as an antagonist of calcium). It is a base-forming element. It is widely used in sports diet before and after training in the form of supplements, nutrients, vitamin-mineral preparations and minerals, concentrates and ready, isotonic and hypertonic beverages. Natural sources of acquisition of potassium are: vegetable products (bananas, citrus fruits, melons, mint leaves, green vegetables, potatoes) and animal products (sea fish, meat). Potassium is present in the form of organic compounds: citric acids, and fumarates gluconates and inorganic (chlorides, sulfates, oxides and carbonates).
Potassium deficiency (hypokalemia): excessive tiredness, headaches and irritability, problems with sleeping, muscle cramps, constipation. Potassium levels may drop sharply in the event of a reduction in blood sugar levels, prolonged starvation, severe diarrhea. They can occur when too much of strong coffee is consumed, with alcohol abuse and when eating too much sweets.
The excess of potassium (hyperkalemia) is often the cause of depression, hypotension, tingling in the extremities.
Sodium is an important component of the intracellular fluids, and is a regulator of acid-base balance. Along with potassium affects the proper of growth and provides the proper functioning of muscles and nerves. The source of acquisition is table salt (NaCl) and bladderwrack, shellfish, bacon, beef, and of plant beets and carrots. People on salt-free diet should avoid, among others, spicy sauces and smoked meats and sausages.
Sodium deficiency is very rare, at heaving sweating after a long effort (e.g. in the marathon).
Excess sodium increases blood pressure (especially for the elderly), edema and increased thirst. Exceeding the daily dose of 14g a day can cause poisoning.
Magnesium malate - a form of magnesium which is well-absorbed in the human organism, from which we may derive additional benefits thanks to the presence of malic acid residue. It is engaged in the transformations aiming at energy extraction in the organism, thanks to which supplementation with malate may positively influence energy metabolism.
Another advantage of magnesium malate distinguishing this form among other numerous forms of this element is its ability to bind and neutralize toxic heavy metals. It may be an antidote for their aggregation in the organism, demonstrating neuroprotective effect.
Taking care of the proper magnesium supply is important due to the health of the cardiovascular system. Its insufficient amounts in diet may cause the increase of pressure and disorders of the rhythm of the heart work. Researchers indicate the correlation between magnesium deficiencies and increased risk of heart attack. Because of the health of the circulatory system, the positive influence of magnesium on lipid profile is also important.
Moreover, magnesium is an important element to maintain optimal sugar metabolism. Benefits from its supplementation will be also noticed by people dealing with diabetes, as it was proven that it may limit the development of diabetic polyneuropathy.
Proper supply of magnesium is important also due to the endurance of bone tissue in the organism. Magnesium belongs to the group of elements that build and strengthen the structure of bones.
When talking about magnesium activity, we must not forget about its positive influence on the functions of the nervous system. It is conducive to proper nervous transmission and neuromotor coordination.
Minerals are ashes remaining after burning the tissues of the body, constituting less than 4% by weight. They are divided into macro-nutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, sulphur, calcium) and micronutrients (zinc, fluorine, iodine, manganese, copper, selenium, etc.) and ultra-elements (boron, cobalt, molybdenum, nickel, titanium, vanadium). Minerals (commonly found in the form of mineral salts) are the ingredients of bone, as well as compounds such as hemoglobin, thyroxine and enzymes. They maintain the level of electrolytes in the body. Determine the proper functioning of the nervous and muscular system. They come in the form of mono-preparation supplements or part of the various supplements (including mineralizing, vitamin and mineral), isotonic drinks, creatine stacks and no-boosters Available at the www.muscle-zone.pl
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