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Olimp Creatine Mega Caps is a preparation containing micronised creatine monohydrate in capsules with a high dose of the active substance. The main advantages of the product are its affordable price and quick results, which make it one of the best choices available in terms of basic supplements for physically active people.
Creatine monohydrate is the most commonly used form of the compound in which the addition of a water molecule increases the stability of the entire molecule. Creatine is a compound found naturally in the human organism, mainly in the skeletal muscles. The muscle tissue is unable to synthesise creatine on its own, so the compound has to be synthesised elsewhere or delivered with food. It is worth mentioning that the demand for creatine in physically active people is significantly higher than the amount that can be produced by the body or delivered through food. Both limitations are the reason why creatine was introduced as a supplement for physically active people to make their diet complete.
Endogenous creatine synthesis
Creatine synthesis in the human body is possible in the presence of arginine, glycine, and a potent methyl donor, S-adenosylmethionine. The first stage of creatine biosynthesis is the transfer of the amidine group to glycine, forming L-ornithine and guanidinoacetic acid (GAA). The reaction is catalysed by the enzyme AGAT (arginine:glycine amidinotransferase), which is considered to be a factor reducing the speed of creatine synthesis, as the activity of AGAT is inhibited by the final product of the entire pathway, that is creatine. It is a perfect example of negative feedback, in which a reaction product inhibits the main enzyme of the biosynthesis pathway. Available research estimates the speed of endogenous creatine biosynthesis to be 1-2 g daily. Because the amount is insufficient, it is recommended that the demand for the substance among physically active people is covered by supplements, such as creatine monohydrate.
Food as a source of creatine
Creatine can be found in foods such as red meat, fish, poultry. The time and temperature of thermal processing increase the breakdown of creatine to its metabolic by-products, which means that cooked meat contains less creatine than raw meat. According to research, average creatine consumption in people who eat meat is about 1 g daily. It is not a very impressive amount, so it is recommended that the demand for the substance is covered by supplements, such as creatine monohydrate. Moreover, studies comparing differences between food- and supplement-based sources of creatine have shown that creatine obtained from preparations results in a much higher peak concentration in blood plasma than in the case of creatine consumed with food.
The activity of creatine
When creatine reaches its target cell, the enzyme creatine kinase binds it with a phosphate group, forming creatine phosphate. In that form, creatine can be stored in tissues. During intensive muscle work, the speed of ATP use is extremely high, which leads to the deposition of its by-products, that is ADP and inorganic phosphate (Pi). In order to prevent excessive ADP and Pi deposition and ATP exhaustion, the body uses phosphocreatine.
While the body is resting after workout, phosphocreatine reserves are replenished. Its resynthesis is fast: about 95% of phosphocreatine reserves are regenerated after only 3-4 minutes. Phosphocreatine is a powerful energy system producing large amounts of ATP per unit time. However, the ability of the body to store phosphocreatine is relatively small, which means that highly intensive activity depletes its reserves very quickly (10-20 seconds).
In connection, supplementation with creatine to increase phosphocreatine reserves delays tiredness, increases workout efficiency, and reduces the time needed to regenerate between exercise series. Apart from the main advantage of increased energy potential, supplementing creatine is believed to have additional benefits. By attracting water molecules to muscle cells, it increases the volume of the muscles and provides a more anabolic environment, which promotes muscle mass growth. Creatine can also improve the efficiency of exercise by reducing the time between muscle contraction and relaxation.
The efficiency and safety of using creatine
No other supplement ingredient has been tested as thoroughly as creatine monohydrate. The efficiency and safety of use of creatine have been confirmed by a multitude of scientific studies, whose evidence was often compiled in voluminous texts describing the unbelievable benefits of using the popular supplement.
In summary, Olimp Creatine Mega Caps is an effective product that can improve exercise efficiency in many sports when used properly, particularly speed and strength disciplines. The preparation is intended both for athletes and those who treat physical activity recreationally. People who limit or avoid the consumption of meat will benefit the most from using this product.
The preparation is dedicated to people who practice sport regularly and to elderly people, who as a result of tendons and joints strain and their weakening, may suffer from damages and injuries.
Olimp is a Polish company offering dietary supplements and supplements for athletes that are made of carefully selected and safe for health ingredients. Among the products of this brand are protein supplements, amino acid supplements, pre-workout supplements and creatine. The company also allows the purchase of supplements inducing a strong muscle pump by raising significantly the level of nitric oxide in the blood and supplements restoring acid-alkine balance. Also noteworthy are supplements helping to reduce body fat, regulating metabolism and improving of the hair, skin and nails.
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Filler - microcrystalline cellulose, anti-caking agent - magnesium salts of fatty acids, capsule (capsule component - gelatin, color E171
The energy value is determined by the chemical composition of the food product, by means of the so-called. physiological equivalents energy., determining the value of metabolic energy contained in 1 g of the component. Most commonly used is the equivalent of Atwater: protein 4 kcal/g for carbohydrates 4kcal/g, and for fat 9kcal/g.
Proteins (proteins, polypeptides) is a polymer, of which the basic units (monomers) are amino acids. Protein is composed of carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen and sulfur, and is an elementary nutrient necessary for the proper functioning of the body, an ingredient and a component of tissues, part of the hormones and enzymes and other bioactive substances. Protein determines the proper metabolism and energy processes, as well as all other life processes. The sources of natural proteins are foods of animal origin (including meat, fish, eggs, dairy products) and plant origin (legumes, soy). Deficiency of protein leads to protein malnutrition and a significant weakening of the body. It can lead to anaemia, reduced immunity, muscle relaxation, disorders of the digestive system. Also, overdose protein is undesirable because it can lead to acidification of the body, and interfere with the digestive system and an increase in the concentration of homocysteine in the blood. It is a component of many supplements and nutrients necessary for the proper functioning of the body, both showing a low physical activity, or training the strength and endurance competitions.
Dosage: strength athletes: approx. 1.7 - 2.5 g / 1 kg of body weight; endurance athletes and strength -endurance athletes approx. 1.3 - 2 g / 1 kg of body weight, people with low activity approx. 0.8 - 1.1 g / 1 kg of body weight / 24h. In estimating the amount of protein, you should take into account the intake of other nutrients (carbohydrates and fats)
Carbohydrates are an essential nutrient. They are divided into: simple sugars (monosaccharides), disaccharides and polysaccharides. In terms of the human bioavailability of carbohydrates is divided into: digestabe, those which are digested in the gastrointestinal tract by transferring energy to the tissues or cells (such as starch, fructose) and indigestable, resistant to digestive enzymes (e.g. cellulose) . Affects blood glucose levels (glycemic index) and the metabolism of insulin (insulin index). The greatest demand for carbohydrates occurs before physical activity or in the middle of it, because they increase the exercise capacity, consumed after exercise provide regeneration. In the sports diet the absorption rate it is important of carbohydrates and reactions of the organism. Available in mono-preparation supplements and part of the energetic supplements, creatine stacks, nitrogen boosters.
Dosage: according to the statistics of the Institute of Food and Nutrition, carbohydrates should comprise about 50% of daily energy intake. In some diets, used residual carbohydrate consumption, not exceeding 30g / 24h.
Sugars - is the term used to refer to the crystal structure of the carbohydrate (sugar), characterized by a sweet taste. This group includes: sucrose (obtained from sugar cane and sugar beets and natural foods), fruit sugars (fructose) and glucose. Carbohydrate intake should not exceed 10% of the energy consumed during the day meals. Excess intake of sugars leading to diseases, including diabetes, atherosclerosis and obesity. Particular caution should be performed carbohydrate intake by athletes of sculpting disciplines and people on a diet. A greater need for carbohydrates, due being easily accessible sources of energy, may be in the periods before and after workouts and before and after the fight. Preparations available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Fat is an essential nutrient plant and animal organisms. Because of the nutritional value and composition of fats are divided into: saturated (mono-saturated and multi-saturated fatty acids) and unsaturated fatty acids (including essential fatty acids - EFA). The group of lipids include lipids (triacylglycerols, waxes), complex fats (glycolipids, phospholipids), sterols and isoprenoids. Saturated fatty acids is a group of fatty acids having different carbon chain lengths, in which except for the carboxyl group, each of the carbon atoms is bound by a single bond. May adversely affect the lipid profile, so they can be used in limited quantities. Fats are a concentrated source of energy, with different flavours, facilitating the consumption and swallowing of food. They have building functions (part of cell membranes and co-create the white matter of the brain). EFAs are precursors of tissue hormones and biologically active compounds. The unsaturated fatty acids include fatty acids from the group Omega-3, Omega-6 and Omega-9 (the last digit indicates, on which, counting of the end of the chain, there is a double bond in the appropriate carbon chain. The essential fatty acids include: acids, medium-Omega-3 [n-3 ] included in EFAs [essential fatty acids], and long chain (eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] and docosahexaenoic acid [DHA]) Omega-6 and Omega-9. the number indicates that the last double bond in the carbon chain is on the third from the end carbon atom. The acids from the omega 3 group are essential components of cell membranes, they are precursors of eicosanoids and biological activators. They must be combined with ingestion in suitable proportions of Omega-6 acids.
Dosage: Depending on demand and applied diet. It is generally accepted that fats should constitute 20-30% of the energy (calorie) of meals daily.
Saturated fatty acids are a group of fatty acid having different carbon chain lengths, in which except for the carboxyl group, each of the carbon atoms is linked by a single bond. Saturated fatty acids are commonly known as bad fat, which might adversely affect the cholesterol level, in particular by the action of acids: lauric, myristic, palmitic, and therefore their consumption should be reduced. Research carried out in this matter do not confirm entirely the prevailing beliefs.
Salt (sodium chloride, or table salt), natural source of electrolytes (chlorine and potassium), regulating water and electrolyte and acid-base balance of the body, affecting the nervous system and blood pressure. Sodium is an essential element for the proper growth. The proper dose of salt prevents overheating of the body and solar stroke. It provides the proper functioning of muscles and nerves the body. Chlorine in combination with sodium, is involved in the digestive process and maintains acid-base balance in the body, as antitoxin removes toxic products of metabolism in the liver. Salt is a flavour component and preservative of many foods, nutritional supplements and mixtures of electrolytes, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: no specific standards of consumption, used so as to provide sufficient amount of electrolytes to the body (sodium and chloride).
Creatine monohydrate is a popular and cheapest form of creatine used in sports supplementation in Poland. This is a molecule, in which are bound: creatine molecule with a molecule of water. It has a high bioavailability and tissue velocity saturation. Supports the exercise capacity (strength and endurance), accelerates muscle growth and regeneration after training exercise. Transport of creatine into the muscle cells is supported by the insulin hormone. For better effect of saturation of the tissues, a diet increasing the content of insulin in the body is indicated (carbohydrate and high protein diet) and supporting nutrients and supplements (Dietary carbohydrate and carbohydrate-protein, insulin ALA, d-pinitol or taurine). Creatine monohydrate is present in the form of mono-preparation supplements (capsules, powders, tablets) and multicomponent supplements (i.e. as a component of creatine stacks).
Dosage: depending on the form of supplement, the type of exercise and weight, normally are used one of the following models of creatine supplementation:
- cyclic supplementation : 5-10g per day in 1-3 portions during the day, 3-5g per dose. The length of the cycle for 4-8 weeks.
- cyclic supplementation with saturated phase: the first 5-7 days after 20-30g daily in 4-6 doses of 4-6g per serving, then the maintenance phase 2-10g per day in divided doses. The length of the cycle 4-8 weeks
- constant supplementation: 0,03-0,05g per kg of body weight for an extended period of time.
Creatine (β-methylguanidoacetic acid) is an endogenous substance, synthesized from the acids present in liver and kidney (L-arginine, L-glycine and L-methionine) and consumption of meat. Its action ensures an adenosine triphosphate (ATP) level, which is an energy carrier, increases the hydration of cells and muscle glycogen stores. In the sports supplementation creatine is stored in the muscles, which improves energy management, exercise capacity and quick recovery and muscle growth. It has the ergogenic, anabolic and anti-catabolic potential.
Creatine is one of the high-performance substances used in competitive sports, with a reputation confirmed by scientific research. In the form of mono-preparation supplements such as creatine ester, creatine malate, creatine monohydrate, and the multi-component supplements (both various forms of creatine, as well as other substances, precursors of nitric oxide, the BCAA type amino acids). Supplements containing creatine available for purchase at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: depending on the form of preparation, the type of exercise and weight, normally one of the following models of creatine dosage is used:
- cyclic supplementation: 5 - 10g per day in 1 - 3 portions a day, 2 - 5 g per dose. Cycle time approx. 4 - 12 weeks
- cyclic supplementation with saturated phase: first 5 - 7 days 20 - 30g per day on Day 4 - 6 doses 4 - 6g per serving, then the maintenance phase 2 - 10g per day in divided doses. Cycle time approx. 4 - 8 weeks
- constant supplementation: 0.03 - 0.05 g per kg body weight for an extended period of time.
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