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Multipack Sport Day/Night Formula Multipack Sport Day/Night Formula

Trec Multipack Sport Day / Night Formula is a complex of vitamins, minerals and plant extracts that support the functions of the system around the clock. The product is recommended mainly to athletes. It is available in the form of capsules intended for use during the day - they support the training process and provide vitality as well as at night - they help to fall asleep and prevent arousals, ensuring healthy, physiological sleep and effective muscle regeneration after exhausting exertion.

Improved metabolic processes
It is not surprising that the doing very engaging work requires a large dose of energy. This also applies to the performance of the function of each of the cells of the system. Athletes have to deal with it every day, because their muscles are exposed to heavy loads, requiring considerable energy expenditure. Energy is produced in complicated metabolic processes that are carried out in the presence of enzymes - special proteins cooperating with vitamins or microelements.

In the molecular world, energy is accumulated in the intramolecular bonds of ATP molecules. Its production is possible due to the burning of macronutrients provided with food - mainly carbohydrates and fats. This is done under conditions with or without oxygen.

The result of long-term anaerobic respiration is the accumulation of lactic acid, initially perceived as muscle pain - soreness. In turn, the excessive and prolonged concentration of this metabolite results in metabolic acidosis. Such a situation can take place, among others, during deficiency of vitamin B1 (thiamine), which in cooperation with pantothenic acid allows to neutralize the acid and a smooth transition towards more efficient oxygen processes. Obtaining the right amount of ATP is also not possible without the participation of niacin and riboflavin, which play an auxiliary role in the oxidation of energy substrates.

An important addition is coenzyme Q10, which is a part of the respiratory chain - a protein complex at which biological energy is generated. This compound participates in the transport of electrons and prevents the production of free radicals. Thanks to this, it perfectly cooperates with the above-mentioned vitamins and allows for the optimization of ATP acquisition by tissues with high energy demand, thus leading to a visible increase in the strength of trained muscles, as well as improved training results.

In the fight against free radicals
The processes in which energy is produced do not always run at 100% efficiency. Unfortunately, by-products may be free radicals - highly reactive molecules that are willing to interact with structures important for the cell functioning. Very intense trainings predispose to their production, due to the intensification of oxygen transformations. While the system usually performs well in combating them, in some situations its ability to compensate is exceeded.

Fortunately, it is possible to use external support. The most popular antioxidants that occur inside the cells are vitamin C together with vitamin E. The first one reduces the radicals in the aquatic environment, complementing the action of the other, which prevents the oxidation of lipids of cell membranes.

Additional support is provided by manganese and copper, they constitute the second line of defense against the destructive power of radicals. In order to be sure about the almost complete removal of these harmful molecules, the manufacturer included in the supplement hesperidin derived from the extract of citrus bioflavonoids from bitter orange (Citrus aurantium). It is worth noting that it also has anti-inflammatory activity, suppressing the potential spread of radical processes.

Protection of the nervous system structures against radical degeneration is provided by ginsenosides derived from ginseng extracts: Korean (Panax ginseng) and American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius).

Cardiovascular health
Despite the ever-increasing lifespan, cardiovascular disease is one of the more common causes of death. Unfortunately, it is mainly the wrong lifestyle that determines the occurrence of chronic complaints from the heart and vessels. Constant stress, fatigue, insufficient rest as well as a diet that is rich in processed foods determine the progression of change.

A commonly occurring condition is atherosclerosis. Its main factor is chronically elevated cholesterol level, however, recent reports also speak of a second compound that may contribute to its development.

It is homocysteine - an amino acid formed in the methionine and cysteine metabolism cycle, in which cyanocobalamin (vitamin B12), pteroylmonoglutamic acid, and vitamin B6 also take part. The deficiency of these vitamins results in a metabolic block, which in clinical practice is reflected in the increase in homocysteine concentration in the blood. Micronutrient supplementation is therefore a prevention against serious complications of atherosclerosis – heart attacks or brain strokes.

Glycemia under control
Disorders associated with swings in blood sugar levels are often a prodromal symptom of diabetes. Hyperglycemia caused by insulin resistance of tissues, which is a result of the excessive body weight, results in serious organ complications that can not be reversed in any way. Bearing these facts in mind, it is worth trying to sensitize the cells to insulin.

It has been shown that long-term supplementation with preparations containing chromium has contributed to the normalization of glycaemia. This is due to the increased release of glucose transporters to the surface of muscle cell membranes. Thanks to this, excess sugar gets inside the cells, thus the blood is ‘cleansed’. Molybdenum plays an auxiliary role in the metabolism of carbohydrates, which additionally contributes to the improvement of iron absorption.

Regulation of central functions
Currently, very much attention is paid to the production of supplements that are able to increase the capacity of the central nervous system. Also, some of the ingredients present in the preparation fulfill certain central functions.

Nowadays, common problems are mood disorders, which in many people may be a prelude to depression. Researchers have found that the diet also has a significant impact on well-being. An important cation, used in the preparation in four forms, is magnesium. It has been proven that it has a modulating effect on the NMDA glutamate receptors, thanks to which it contributes to the reduction of problems with a low mood.

One of the most popular stimulants is caffeine. Many people do not want to provide its pure form, derived from chemical syntheses, hence the guarana extract (Paulina cupana) is used in the preparation. Its main action is to stimulate the system to both physical (great as a pre-workout) and intellectual effort. Recent studies report on the regulatory influence of caffeine on cognitive functions. It has been noted that it can improve memory capacities and also contribute to the improvement of focus during learning. This makes it the most commonly used nootropic substance.

Improving the quality of sleep
Proper rest is one of the factors that allows you to maintain long-term health. Sleep deficiencies apparently affect the quality of life, reducing the effectiveness of work, delaying training results, and can contribute to weight gain through reduced satiety and excessive snacking.

In order to facilitate falling asleep and reduce the number of arousals, the manufacturer placed in the product three active ingredients. GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid) is a naturally occurring neurotransmitter that, by affecting its receptors in the central nervous system, prepares the body for the rest and enables gentle sleep.

In terms of the chemical structure, it is similar to L-theanine, which works by increasing the activity of alpha waves in the brain. They are responsible for the sensation of relaxation and have a relaxing effect on the human body.

The hypnotic neurohormone is a melatonin. It is produced thanks to several metabolic transformations of L-tryptophan. Providing the precursor is one of the safest ways to support falling asleep.

Beautiful skin, hair and nails
It is rarely remembered that the skin is one of the largest organs of our body. It takes part, among others, in thermoregulation, gas exchange, water and mineral balance. Also within the keratinocytes, the various compounds necessary for its proper development and growth occur. People wiser for this dose of knowledge are more likely to care for well-being of the skin.

A special compound that can contribute to the improvement of the condition of the skin is biotin, which belongs to the group of vitamins. This substance prevents excessive water loss by bonding stratum corneum cells. In addition, it promotes the production of keratin - a protein that determines the strong structure of hair and nails, which also provides mechanical protection of the skin's surface.

Maintained hormonal balance
Thyroid gland is an endocrine gland, whose proper functioning is particularly important for the maintenance of hormonal homeostasis among women. We hear about problems with its endocrine function more and more often. Often, they result in disorders of the menstrual cycle, and these result in reduced fertility and problems with getting pregnant.

The element the supply of which is often insufficient and necessary for the production of thyroid hormones is iodine. Its deficiency along with lowering of T3 and T4 levels is observed, among others, in the state of hypothyroidism. Selenium, as a component of the enzyme called deiodinase, has also proved to be essential in the conversion of T4 to T3 in many tissues. Its action enables the proper regulation and availability of an appropriate dose of a specific hormone in relation to the metabolic demand of cells.

Men also struggle with hormonal problems, result in changes in body composition, libido, or reproductive ability. Unfortunately, they are the most common indicators of improper diet, which is poor in essential for the function of testicles microelements.

It has been proven that the external supply and high concentration of zinc in the semen of men, prolongs sperm survival. This indirectly contributes to easier fertilization and results in an increased chance of having children. In addition, this microelement is a part of intracellular structures - the so-called zinc fingers that are involved in the protein biosynthesis process. Thanks to its consumption, it is possible to intensify the building of muscle proteins, which results in an improvement in the composition of the body through the development of musculature.

Blood function support
The basic function of the blood is the nutrition of tissues to which it is supplied with the blood vessel system. Nutrients include energy substrates as well as oxygen in which they can be burned. The last element is moved by the transport protein, which is hemoglobin, containing the iron atom in its structure. Hemoprotein is accumulated in red blood cells.

Anemia is a reduced amount of erythrocytes. It is often associated with iron deficiency, but it may also result from the lack of vitamin B12 or folic acid. Clinically, it is manifested by accelerated heart action, dyspnea and by far greater fatigability. To prevent this type of situation, the manufacturer placed these three ingredients in the offered supplement. Thanks to their adequate supply, each cell will be provided with an amount of oxygen appropriate to the metabolic needs. This will significantly improve the efficiency of the training person, because muscles better provided with oxygen are able to do much more intensive work.

In conclusion, Trec Multipack Sport Day / Night Formula is a comprehensive preparation that particularly supports the proper functions of the nervous system and an adequate regeneration, which is crucial for the psychophysical development of the athlete. It also supports energy metabolism and anabolic processes in muscle cells. In addition, the supplement supports systemic homeostasis, by protecting against the occurrence of diseases and infections that could exclude an athlete from the daily routine of training.

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5

Duży plus za rozbicie witamin na dzień i noc co zwiększa ich przyswajanie, odczuwalne efekty juz po dwóch tygodniach
5

Fajne połączenie na dzien i noc, wpływ gaba na sen odczuwalny, spi się lepiej a o poranku jestem bardziej rześki
Since 2005
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Multipack Sport Day/Night Formula Multipack Sport Day/Night Formula 60 caps.
Trec
£ 7.01

Multipack Sport Day/Night Formula 60 caps.

5 based on 2 reviews

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£ 7.01
Notify me of availability

- Delivery even day after tomorrow

- Foreign shippment from £ 4.56 Every £ 65.68 reduces shipping costs by £ 2.19

You have got questions about the product

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Description
  • Promotes the preservation of well-being and efficiency of thought processes
  • Supports proper falling asleep and healthy physiological sleep
  • Helps to better supply tissues with metabolic energy
  • Specially composed blend of powerful antioxidants
  • Facilitates maintaining cardiovascular health
  • Source of nootropic natural substances
  • Regulates functioning of thyroid
  • Improves reproductive functions
  • Facilitates glycemic control
  • Perfect for athletes

Trec Multipack Sport Day / Night Formula is a complex of vitamins, minerals and plant extracts that support the functions of the system around the clock. The product is recommended mainly to athletes. It is available in the form of capsules intended for use during the day - they support the training process and provide vitality as well as at night - they help to fall asleep and prevent arousals, ensuring healthy, physiological sleep and effective muscle regeneration after exhausting exertion.

Improved metabolic processes
It is not surprising that the doing very engaging work requires a large dose of energy. This also applies to the performance of the function of each of the cells of the system. Athletes have to deal with it every day, because their muscles are exposed to heavy loads, requiring considerable energy expenditure. Energy is produced in complicated metabolic processes that are carried out in the presence of enzymes - special proteins cooperating with vitamins or microelements.

In the molecular world, energy is accumulated in the intramolecular bonds of ATP molecules. Its production is possible due to the burning of macronutrients provided with food - mainly carbohydrates and fats. This is done under conditions with or without oxygen.

The result of long-term anaerobic respiration is the accumulation of lactic acid, initially perceived as muscle pain - soreness. In turn, the excessive and prolonged concentration of this metabolite results in metabolic acidosis. Such a situation can take place, among others, during deficiency of vitamin B1 (thiamine), which in cooperation with pantothenic acid allows to neutralize the acid and a smooth transition towards more efficient oxygen processes. Obtaining the right amount of ATP is also not possible without the participation of niacin and riboflavin, which play an auxiliary role in the oxidation of energy substrates.

An important addition is coenzyme Q10, which is a part of the respiratory chain - a protein complex at which biological energy is generated. This compound participates in the transport of electrons and prevents the production of free radicals. Thanks to this, it perfectly cooperates with the above-mentioned vitamins and allows for the optimization of ATP acquisition by tissues with high energy demand, thus leading to a visible increase in the strength of trained muscles, as well as improved training results.

In the fight against free radicals
The processes in which energy is produced do not always run at 100% efficiency. Unfortunately, by-products may be free radicals - highly reactive molecules that are willing to interact with structures important for the cell functioning. Very intense trainings predispose to their production, due to the intensification of oxygen transformations. While the system usually performs well in combating them, in some situations its ability to compensate is exceeded.

Fortunately, it is possible to use external support. The most popular antioxidants that occur inside the cells are vitamin C together with vitamin E. The first one reduces the radicals in the aquatic environment, complementing the action of the other, which prevents the oxidation of lipids of cell membranes.

Additional support is provided by manganese and copper, they constitute the second line of defense against the destructive power of radicals. In order to be sure about the almost complete removal of these harmful molecules, the manufacturer included in the supplement hesperidin derived from the extract of citrus bioflavonoids from bitter orange (Citrus aurantium). It is worth noting that it also has anti-inflammatory activity, suppressing the potential spread of radical processes.

Protection of the nervous system structures against radical degeneration is provided by ginsenosides derived from ginseng extracts: Korean (Panax ginseng) and American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius).

Cardiovascular health
Despite the ever-increasing lifespan, cardiovascular disease is one of the more common causes of death. Unfortunately, it is mainly the wrong lifestyle that determines the occurrence of chronic complaints from the heart and vessels. Constant stress, fatigue, insufficient rest as well as a diet that is rich in processed foods determine the progression of change.

A commonly occurring condition is atherosclerosis. Its main factor is chronically elevated cholesterol level, however, recent reports also speak of a second compound that may contribute to its development.

It is homocysteine - an amino acid formed in the methionine and cysteine metabolism cycle, in which cyanocobalamin (vitamin B12), pteroylmonoglutamic acid, and vitamin B6 also take part. The deficiency of these vitamins results in a metabolic block, which in clinical practice is reflected in the increase in homocysteine concentration in the blood. Micronutrient supplementation is therefore a prevention against serious complications of atherosclerosis – heart attacks or brain strokes.

Glycemia under control
Disorders associated with swings in blood sugar levels are often a prodromal symptom of diabetes. Hyperglycemia caused by insulin resistance of tissues, which is a result of the excessive body weight, results in serious organ complications that can not be reversed in any way. Bearing these facts in mind, it is worth trying to sensitize the cells to insulin.

It has been shown that long-term supplementation with preparations containing chromium has contributed to the normalization of glycaemia. This is due to the increased release of glucose transporters to the surface of muscle cell membranes. Thanks to this, excess sugar gets inside the cells, thus the blood is ‘cleansed’. Molybdenum plays an auxiliary role in the metabolism of carbohydrates, which additionally contributes to the improvement of iron absorption.

Regulation of central functions
Currently, very much attention is paid to the production of supplements that are able to increase the capacity of the central nervous system. Also, some of the ingredients present in the preparation fulfill certain central functions.

Nowadays, common problems are mood disorders, which in many people may be a prelude to depression. Researchers have found that the diet also has a significant impact on well-being. An important cation, used in the preparation in four forms, is magnesium. It has been proven that it has a modulating effect on the NMDA glutamate receptors, thanks to which it contributes to the reduction of problems with a low mood.

One of the most popular stimulants is caffeine. Many people do not want to provide its pure form, derived from chemical syntheses, hence the guarana extract (Paulina cupana) is used in the preparation. Its main action is to stimulate the system to both physical (great as a pre-workout) and intellectual effort. Recent studies report on the regulatory influence of caffeine on cognitive functions. It has been noted that it can improve memory capacities and also contribute to the improvement of focus during learning. This makes it the most commonly used nootropic substance.

Improving the quality of sleep
Proper rest is one of the factors that allows you to maintain long-term health. Sleep deficiencies apparently affect the quality of life, reducing the effectiveness of work, delaying training results, and can contribute to weight gain through reduced satiety and excessive snacking.

In order to facilitate falling asleep and reduce the number of arousals, the manufacturer placed in the product three active ingredients. GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid) is a naturally occurring neurotransmitter that, by affecting its receptors in the central nervous system, prepares the body for the rest and enables gentle sleep.

In terms of the chemical structure, it is similar to L-theanine, which works by increasing the activity of alpha waves in the brain. They are responsible for the sensation of relaxation and have a relaxing effect on the human body.

The hypnotic neurohormone is a melatonin. It is produced thanks to several metabolic transformations of L-tryptophan. Providing the precursor is one of the safest ways to support falling asleep.

Beautiful skin, hair and nails
It is rarely remembered that the skin is one of the largest organs of our body. It takes part, among others, in thermoregulation, gas exchange, water and mineral balance. Also within the keratinocytes, the various compounds necessary for its proper development and growth occur. People wiser for this dose of knowledge are more likely to care for well-being of the skin.

A special compound that can contribute to the improvement of the condition of the skin is biotin, which belongs to the group of vitamins. This substance prevents excessive water loss by bonding stratum corneum cells. In addition, it promotes the production of keratin - a protein that determines the strong structure of hair and nails, which also provides mechanical protection of the skin's surface.

Maintained hormonal balance
Thyroid gland is an endocrine gland, whose proper functioning is particularly important for the maintenance of hormonal homeostasis among women. We hear about problems with its endocrine function more and more often. Often, they result in disorders of the menstrual cycle, and these result in reduced fertility and problems with getting pregnant.

The element the supply of which is often insufficient and necessary for the production of thyroid hormones is iodine. Its deficiency along with lowering of T3 and T4 levels is observed, among others, in the state of hypothyroidism. Selenium, as a component of the enzyme called deiodinase, has also proved to be essential in the conversion of T4 to T3 in many tissues. Its action enables the proper regulation and availability of an appropriate dose of a specific hormone in relation to the metabolic demand of cells.

Men also struggle with hormonal problems, result in changes in body composition, libido, or reproductive ability. Unfortunately, they are the most common indicators of improper diet, which is poor in essential for the function of testicles microelements.

It has been proven that the external supply and high concentration of zinc in the semen of men, prolongs sperm survival. This indirectly contributes to easier fertilization and results in an increased chance of having children. In addition, this microelement is a part of intracellular structures - the so-called zinc fingers that are involved in the protein biosynthesis process. Thanks to its consumption, it is possible to intensify the building of muscle proteins, which results in an improvement in the composition of the body through the development of musculature.

Blood function support
The basic function of the blood is the nutrition of tissues to which it is supplied with the blood vessel system. Nutrients include energy substrates as well as oxygen in which they can be burned. The last element is moved by the transport protein, which is hemoglobin, containing the iron atom in its structure. Hemoprotein is accumulated in red blood cells.

Anemia is a reduced amount of erythrocytes. It is often associated with iron deficiency, but it may also result from the lack of vitamin B12 or folic acid. Clinically, it is manifested by accelerated heart action, dyspnea and by far greater fatigability. To prevent this type of situation, the manufacturer placed these three ingredients in the offered supplement. Thanks to their adequate supply, each cell will be provided with an amount of oxygen appropriate to the metabolic needs. This will significantly improve the efficiency of the training person, because muscles better provided with oxygen are able to do much more intensive work.

In conclusion, Trec Multipack Sport Day / Night Formula is a comprehensive preparation that particularly supports the proper functions of the nervous system and an adequate regeneration, which is crucial for the psychophysical development of the athlete. It also supports energy metabolism and anabolic processes in muscle cells. In addition, the supplement supports systemic homeostasis, by protecting against the occurrence of diseases and infections that could exclude an athlete from the daily routine of training.

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Manufacturer
Reviews (2)

Composition

Composition

Container size: 60 capsulesDaily serving size: 2 capsulesServings per container: 30
per daily portion (2 capsules)amount%RDA
DAY VITAMIN BLEND:
Vitamin C (L-Ascorbic acid)300 mg375%
Niacin (Nicotinamide)36 mg225%
Pantothenic acid (calcium D-pantothenate)26 mg433%
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine hydrochloride)23,4 mg1671%
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)21,4 mg1529%
Vitamin B1 (thiamine) (thiamine mononitrate)21,1 mg1918%
Vitamin E (DL-Alpha-tocopheryl acetate)12 mg100%
Folic acid (pteroylmonoglutamic acid)360 µg180%
Biotin (D-biotin)70 µg140%
Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin)22,5 µg900%
REGULATOR MATRIX:
Guarana extract (Paullinia cupana) [22% caffeine]200 mg-
in which caffeine44 mg-
Extract of citrus bioflavonoids from bitter orange (Citrus aurantium) [50% hesperidin]100 mg-
Korean ginseng extract (Panax ginseng) [10% ginsenosides]50 mg-
American ginseng extract (Panax quinquefolium) [5% ginsenosides]50 mg-
Coenzyme Q1010 mg-
NIGHT MINERAL BLEND:
Magnesium (magnesium oxide, magnesium carbonate, magnesium citrate, magnesium lactate)187,5 mg50%
Zinc (zinc sulfate, zinc oxide)15 mg150%
Iron (iron fumarate)14 mg100%
Manganese (manganese sulfate)2 mg100%
Copper (copper sulfate)1 mg100%
Iodine (potassium iodide)155 µg100%
Selenium (sodium selenite)55 µg100%
Chromium (chromium chloride)40 µg100%
molybdenum (sodium molybdate)50 µg100%
RELAXING MATRIX:
GABA (Gamma-aminobutyric acid)300 mg-
L-teanine100 mg-
L-tryptophan100 mg-

Other ingrednients

Multipack Sport Day Formula (white capsule): Maltodextrin; capsule shell (gelatin, dye - titanium dioxide); anti-caking agent - magnesium salts of fatty acids; Multipack Sport Night Formula (black capsule): Maltodextrin; capsule shell (gelatin, dyes - iron oxides and hydroxides, titanium dioxide); anti-caking agent - magnesium salts of fatty acids].

Last review

Lukasz

Duży plus za rozbicie witamin na dzień i noc co zwiększa ich przyswajanie, odczuwalne efekty juz po dwóch tygodniach

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Vitamin C

Information


Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) it is a vitamin soluble in body fluids, can be taken from foods (fruits and vegetables), or as drug derived synthetically. The largest of its resources can be found in broccoli, Brussels sprout, kale, black currant fruit and hawthorn, citrus fruits, tomatoes, Savoy cabbage, potatoes. In fact, intake of vitamin C of the food products does not limit the absorbed quantity. Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is a potent antioxidant, it is an antitoxic, increasing the immune system due to the elimination of risk of bacterial contamination. Vitamin C prevents rupture of blood vessels, affects the blood cholesterol level. It substantially increases the absorption of iron. Inhibits the growth of cancer cells. Lowers stress levels.
Vitamin C deficiency causes abnormal development of connective tissue, cracking capillaries, abnormal calcification of bone tissue, impaired
absorption of iron, scorbutus. With the lack of vitamin C, all kinds of injuries do not heal up properly. Vitamin C deficiency can be caused by smoking; each cigarette is destroying up to 100 mg of vitamin C.
Dosage: The demand is 60-80 mg daily. It does not limit the ability to consume higher doses. Some side effects may occur only with longer
taking of synthetic vitamin C.

Ascorbic acid

Information

Ascorbic acid – vitamin C. Its biologically active form is the L-isomer, which negatively rotates the polarised light, so that it is a dextroisomer (laevorotatory vitamin C does not exist). It is a strong antioxidant; it reduces the amounts of free radicals, which reduces oxidative stress, a factor leading to cell apoptosis, which is why it is indicated to be a cause for premature ageing.

It supports the immune system functions and increases body system immunity. It is an essential element of the collagen synthesis path, which is why it positively affects the condition of connective tissue. Hence, it promotes also wound healing and increases the durability of capillary vessel. It is involved in transformations of tyrosine and carnitine as well as of some nutrients, so that it affects metabolism. It can also have an impact on the nervous system functions, as it reduces mental fatigue.

Higher supply of vitamin C is especially recommended in the periods of more intensive body system burden, after infections and in order to accelerate regeneration. The indications for increased supply of the vitamin are also hard physical work or intensive trainings.

Vitamin B3

Information

Vitamin B3 (vitamin PP, niacin, nicotinic acid, nicotinamide) is niacinamide niacin. It is used in interaction with vitamins B1, B2 and B6 in the synthesis of hormones during lactation. It provides proper functioning of the brain and nervous system. It is helpful in inflammatory conditions of the skin. Required for synthesis of sex hormone, estrogen, testosterone, cortisone, and insulin. It does not lose its properties in the manufacturing and storage. The source of acquiring vitamins PP are both products of animal origin (the lean meat, eggs, fish) and vegetable origin (dates, figs, hazelnuts, plums).
Dosage: 2-12 mg / day for children, 14 mg / day for women, 16 mg / day for men and 17-18 mg / day for pregnant or nursing women.


 

Nicotinic acid amide (Nicotinamide)

Information

Nicotinic acid amide – also known as nicotinamide, belongs to a group of compounds referred to as vitamin B3, along with nicotinic acid and inositol hexanicotinate. It exerts its main biological activity as a precursor to two key coenzymes for efficient energy metabolism of the body: nicotinamide adenine dinucletodide and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate. They are responsible for carrying hydrogen and electrons in the respiratory chain and thus facilitate efficient energy production by the human body.

Nicotinamide supplementation is recommended for active persons not only because of its ability to promote the body’s energy efficiency. It has also a beneficial impact on mind, increases tolerance to stressors and may reduce symptoms of depression. It is pointed out that niacin supplementation correlates positively with sleep quality.

Unlike nicotinic acid, nicotinamide does not show the ability to produce a “flush effect”, namely redness in the face caused by taking large doses of niacin. It has been also shown to influence partly cardiovascular function.

Nicotinamide is also indicated to influence beneficially the absorption of other B vitamins and vitamin D. This compound should be taken with caution by diabetics because it can increase the body’s demand for insulin.

Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid)

Information

Vitamin B5 (calcium pantothenate, pantothenic acid, pantotenol) is part of a complex of B vitamins affects the development of the central nervous system, is the building substance of cells. In the body synthesized by the intestinal bacteria. It occurs in animal products (meat, kidneys, liver) and plants (wheat germ, wheat bran, nuts, grains, green vegetables). Prevents fatigue and excessive stress, accelerates the healing of cuts and wounds, acts as a stimulant for the side effects of the use of antibiotics. Deficiency causes skin changes, and difficulty in blood clotting.


 

Calcium

Information

Calcium (element chem. symbol Ca, atomic no. 20, the group of alkaline earth metals) is the basic building substance of bones and teeth, in which stored is 99% of the element, in the form of hydroxylapatite. When building bones and teeth, phosphorus is very important in the right proportion. It is a base-forming element and activator of many enzymes (ATPase) necessary to release the energy of ATP. It has a significant effect on blood clotting and regulates blood pressure and neuromuscular conductivity. Thanks to the reduced permeability of cell membranes, it soothes the symptoms of food allergies. Calcium is actively involved in the metabolism of iron interacts with vitamins A, C and D and phosphorus, magnesium. Natural source of calcium are animal products (dairy products, sardines, salmon, sprats eaten with bones) and plant products (nuts, soybeans, sunflower seeds). Absorption takes place in the small intestine (less in the colon), it has an effect on the level of lactose, insoluble fibre, organic acids, alkalinity (low pH). The best absorption have organic compounds (lactates, amino acid chelates etc.). Obstructing the absorption of calcium is caused by: phytic acid and oxalic acid as well as excess fat. Scientific studies have confirmed that the combination of calcium, magnesium, boron and vitamin D in dose 3 mg / 24h effectively prevent osteoporosis. Supplements on the market are both mono-preparation supplements (enriched with vitamin D3) and multi-component supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Calcium deficiency disorders manifested in the construction of the bones (osteoporosis) and iron metabolism. The symptoms are: rickets, cramps and muscle tremor, osteoporosis.
Excess result
ing from an overdose of calcium supplements containing vitamin D3 for children and adults overdose of calcium (hypercalcemia). Symptoms of hypercalcemia are: lack of appetite, vomiting and constipation.
The dosage administered in various publications
are inconsistent: 800 - 1000 mg / 24 h (100 - 500 mg / 24h)

Vitamin B6

Information

Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine) is soluble in the liquid. It participates in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. By reducing the amount of fat in the blood do not enable deposition of the body. It helps the absorption of magnesium and vitamin B12 (cobalamin). It works on the muscle antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory pain in the joints. It acts anti. It provides efficient operation of the brain. It increases energy increasing vigor of a man. The demand for vitamin B6 increases during pregnancy and breast-feeding infants. The natural product is: yeast, eggs, wheat germ, meat (liver), wheat bran, nuts, peanuts peanuts, soybeans. There is a hypothesis that can be synthesized by intestinal bacteria.
Deficiency of vitamin B6 causes abnormal metabolism of proteins, decrease in lymphocytes in the blood, causes a feeling of lethargy and fatigue intensifies.
Dosage: 1.5-2.5 mg daily (increased demand during pregnancy and lactation).


 

Pyridoxine hydrochloride

Information

What is pyridoxine hydrochloride?

Pyridoxine hydrochloride is a basic, the most commonly used form of vitamin B6 in supplements and fortified foods. It is a vitamin soluble in water. It converts to the active form of the vitamin - pyridoxal phosphate.

Vitamin B6 is a cofactor in many enzymatic reactions. It takes part in the production of many neurotransmitters, such as GABA, serotonin and catecholamines and it takes part in the metabolism of amino acids, carbohydrates and lipids. It is an important factor for the process of the creation of red cells and hemoglobin and its deficit may be one of the factors causing anemia. This vitamin contributes to maintaining proper energy metabolism and is important for maintaining well-being and good psychological condition. Its presence supports the breakdown of pro-inflammatory homocysteine to cysteine and further metabolites, thanks to which it may decrease the risk of atherosclerosis and cardiological incidents.

Pyridoxine hydrochloride may be found in many vitamin B complexes and vitamin-mineral preparations available in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)

Information

Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) is soluble in liquids, is involved in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Required for growth of the organism. Takes part in the production of erythrocytes (red blood cells). It is located in natural foods, such as yeast, meat (especially liver, kidney, heart), milk, fish and green leafy vegetables.
A deficiency of vitamin B2 inhibits the growth, diseases of the mouth, loss and greasy hair, seborrhea and stratification of nails. Increases skin roughness and
susceptibility to acne and oily skin.
Dosage: 1-2 mg per day.


 

Vitamin B1 (thiamine)

Information

Vitamin B1 (thiamin, vitamin B) improves mental alertness and strengthens the nervous system ensuring the proper functioning of the brain. It improves cardiac and muscular system. It is suportive in the treatment of shingles. Involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats. Natural source of vitamin B1 are brown bread, yeast, eggs, raw vegetables, meat, milk, legumes, cheese.
Vitamin B1 deficiency hinders the processes of decomposition of sugars (catabolism), causes a loss of appetite and disorders in the functioning of the digestive tract, can cause polyneuritis and disease beriberi.
Dosage: Recommended daily intake is 1-2 mg.


 

Vitamin E

Information

Vitamin E (tocopherol) is a fat soluble. Due to its antioxidant action, it is a protection of other vitamins (e.g. Vitamins A). Protects the body against free radicals, strengthens the walls of blood vessels and its capacity, causing their dilation and dissolution of blood clots. With the reduction of coagulation, it is used as an antiatherogenic medicine, it allows for the proper course of pregnancy. In cooperation with selenium it slows the ageing process of cells, strengthening connective tissue. In the food it is present in whole-grain bread, sprout and grains, vegetable oils (soybean, sunflower), soya beans and sunflower seeds, vegetable fat and hen egg yolks. Also it is used in sports medicine in the form of nutrients and supplements.
Vitamin E deficiency reduces building of red blood cells, results in changes in muscle and disorders of pregnancies.
Dosage: for children, 0.5 mg / 1 kg of weight; for adults 10-30 mg per day.


 

Folic acid

Information

Folic acid - also known as vitamin B9, is a synthetic form of naturally occurring folates. It needs to be transformed to folates in order to be biologically active also in the human organism. Therefore, its supplementation is recommended to people who do not have problems with methylation processes.

The majority of people associate folic acid with the period of pregnancy. It is definitely a justified association. Proper supply of vitamin B9 conditions correct development of the fetus and prevents disorders of neural tube defects in a baby.

Supplementation with folic acid also demonstrates positive influence on the functions of the nervous system of adults. Some sources say that it is conducive to maintaining beneficial emotional states. Moreover, folic acid takes part in the process of erythropoiesis, thanks to which it enables efficient production of red cells.

Supplementation with folic acid should be also considered by men who deal with low sperm quality. It was proven that complementing the level of vitamin B9 is conducive to increasing reproductive abilities of men.

Biotin

Information

Biotin (vitamin H, co-enzyme R) is in a group of B vitamins, due to the presence of sulphur compounds it is involved in the synthesis of ascorbic acid (vitamin C). Also synthesized in the intestines. It enhances the production of hormones and regulates cholesterol levels. It reduces muscle pain. It prevents hair loss and graying of hair. It soothes the skin inflammations. No toxic effects. Often combined with other B group vitamins and vitamin A. The natural sources of biotin are: whole grain bread, yeast, eggs (yolk), milk, brown rice and cheese.


Daily demand: 100-300 mg per day


 

Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)

Information

Vitamin B12 (cobalamin, cyanocobalamin) is a vitamin soluble in liquids. Participates in the production of red blood cells and is essential in the absorption of iron by the body. It calming effect, a positive effect on concentration and memory. Intensifies its action in cooperation with folic acid (vitamin M). Usually occurs in animal products, fish and dairy products. It contains trace elements.
Vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to pernicious anaemia, general and immunity weakness, inhibiting of growth and damage to the myelin sheath of nerves.


 

Cyanocobalamin

Information

What is cyanocobalamin?

Cyanocobalamin is a basic, the most commonly met form of vitamin B12 in vitamin B complexes and multivitamins available on the market.

Vitamin B12 is the most known for its influence on neurology. It takes part in building and regenerating myelin sheaths of neurons, thanks to which it contributes to the protection of the nervous system against damages. Because of the ability to increase the level of S-Adenosyl methionine, vitamin B12 may contribute to more efficient synthesis of many neurotransmitters, thanks to which it positively influences well-being and psychical condition.

This vitamin is also engaged in the process of blood production and its deficiencies contribute to the creation of megaloblastic anemia. Its deficits may also concern vegetarians and vegans, elderly people, people with absorption disorders and those using drugs neutralizing gastric acid.

Cyanocobalamin is included in the composition of many complex vitamin supplements that may be found in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.

Guarana (Paulinia cupana)

Information

Guarana (Paulinia cupana) is a plant of the family Sapindaceae, of which seeds contain purine alkaloid (caffeine), acting as a stimulant on the body of the athlete. The caffeine content in the seeds of guarana is between 4 and 8%. Powdered seeds are the raw material for supplements. Thanks to the slow release of caffeine in the human digestive tract, stimulation takes longer and is less rapid than the consumption of strong coffee or infusions of caffeine. The extracts of Guarana supports the athlete’s body, they increase exercise and endurance capacity (especially aerobic). Guarana is also a component of fat burners. It is often combined with extracts of various plants (e.g. Green tea, cayenne pepper, herbal and synthetic substances). Besides infusions, guarana is in the form of a one-component water soluble powders, capsules, and bottled beverages and concentrates.
Dosage: In terms of 100-300 mg of caffeine per serving, depending on the needs.


 

Caffeine

Information

Caffeine (1,3,7-trimethylxanthine, 1-methylotheobromine) is a purine alkaloid occurring in the natural state in plants (Coffea arabica, Camelia sinensis, Paulinia cupana, Ilex paraguariensis), which acts as a natural pesticide, acting toxic to insects. Peculiar smell and taste also deters herbivores. Caffeine in the body inhibits the adenosine receptors in the brain, fighting fatigue and allowing for action activation. It has a beneficial effect on the metabolism of oxygen, which increases the exercise capacity (strength and endurance) and rapid post-workout recovery. In the sports supplementation, caffeine is used as a stimulant nervous system. It has the thermogenic potential and in combination with other substances (e.g. Polyphenols, both occurring in coffee beans, such as cocoa beans, tea leaves and mate) can effectively participate in the reduction of body fat. It is included in many dietary stimulants (creatine stacks, no-boosters, beverages). It is a component of fat burners. It is also in the form of mono-preparation supplements.
Dosage: 100-600 mg per day. Due to the long release of activity should not be used in the evening, before
sleep.


 

Citrus Bioflavonoids

Information

Citrus bioflavonoids (flavanones) - are found in citrus fruits (oranges and bitter grapefruit) and contain naringenin and naringenin with a strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory action and enhancing metabolism of a number of substances. Increase immunity and strengthen the walls of blood vessels. Reduce the secretion of cortisol, while increasing the norepinephrine hormone allowing for the reduction of body fat. Citrus flavonoids are an ingredient of supplements in the category of "health and beauty", vitaminizing supplements, thermogenics, herbal blends supporting the functioning of the endocrine system.


 

Hesperidin

Information

Hesperidin - bioflavonoid occurring naturally in plants (fruit, vegetables and herbs), is an antioxidant binding free radicals, is beneficial to cardiovascular system (strengthening of blood vessels, improved circulation). Increases the effectiveness of ascorbic acid and maintaining the appropriate structure of collagen, affects the state of connective tissue. It also has anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic potential (reducing the release of histidine) and increases immunity. In the supplementation there is lack of hesperidin mono-preparation. Both in the form of natural or synthetic, present in combination with quercetin, rutin and ascorbic acid. Available in supplements to support immunity, and in some creatine stacks and nitrogen boosters.
Dosage: Recommended in sports supplementation 20-100mg per day.


 

Ginseng (Panax ginseng)

Information

Ginseng (Panax ginseng) standardized extract 27-30% of ginsenosides. The raw material is the ginseng root, from which is prepared the extract of substances called ginsenosides, containing 27-30% of this component. Ginseng root has been used for years in Oriental medicine. It shows the great biological activity: It increases mental and physical performance, increases vitality, is an antioxidant, strengthens the immune system, slows the ageing process.
In the sports supplementation extracts of ginseng support the exercise capacity (primarily oxygen metabolism of the body) and ensure fast renewal of muscular and nervous systems. Also enhances sexual ability. By standardizing, there is a higher concentration of the components, improving effectiveness, which raises the price of the product, but also guarantees its composition. Preparations of ginseng available at www.muscle-zone.pl.

Ginsenosides

Information


Ginsenosides (triterpene saponins) are biologically active ingredient in ginseng root, its leaves and generative organs. Improve the oxygenation of the tissues of the body, affecting the increase in exercise capacity during the psychophysical effort. An antibacterial and antiviral strengthening immunity. By antioxidant action, limit the development of free radicals and membrane protein brain. Improve sexual ability. Used in sports supplementation at different levels of training. Improve concentration and ability to memorize. Available in mono-preparation supplement and herbal blends, herbal-mineralizing and herbal vitaminizing blends.
Dosage: 10-50 mg per day.

American ginseng (Panax quinquefolium)

Information

American ginseng (Panax quinquefolium) – a plant species of the ivy family, native to North America. The main biologically active compounds found in this raw material are ginsenosides and quinquenosides, which are triterpenoid saponins. The content and kind of ginsenosides is similar to Panax ginseng. The root of the ginseng is mainly used in medicine.

American ginseng shows adaptogenic properties and that is why it is used to reduce mental tension and different kinds of stress. It influences positively immune function and has an antioxidant effect, thereby helping fight inflammation.

American ginseng supports cognitive functions, memory and focus. Owing to its stimulant properties, it reduces a feeling of fatigue and helps maintain vitaloty, physical fitness and sexual performance. The combination of American ginseng with another adaptogen, e.g. ashwagandha, will enhance its adaptogenic and rejuvenating properties.

Supplements with American ginseng are recommended especially to individuals who lead a stressful lifestyle, do strenuous physical or mental work and during drops in energy levels, fatigue and impotence, and the elderly to promote cognitive functions.

Coenzyme Q10

Information

Coenzyme Q10 (ubiquinone) is a physiological antioxidant, a fat soluble. It takes an active part in the process of creating the energy of ATP. intracorporeal synthesis requires the presence of B vitamins and trace elements, its intensification is caused by heavy training stress or under the influence of stress. Beneficial effects of Coenzyme Q10 has been found on the cardiovascular system, lipid profile (lowering LDL) cholesterol and reduce the risk of heart disease. Reducing the level of coenzyme Q10 starts when the age of 35, hence must be supplemented by preparations available in cosmetics (external action on the skin), and supplements intensifying the production of energy (for athletes strength) as well as mono-preparation supplement available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Dosage: 10 - 90 mg / 24h

Magnesium

Information

Magnesium (element from the group of alkaline earth metals, atomic no. 12, a chemical symbol - Mg), one of the most important health microelements, participates in the synthesis process of the disintegration of high energy compounds and processes of transformation of hydrocarbons and fats. It affects the dilation of blood vessels and lower blood pressure, prevents hypercoagulable state. Shortages affect cardiac arrhythmias, malignant muscle cramps, insomnia and anxiety. It is a component of many dietary supplements and found in foods such as whole grain bread, legumes, buckwheat, rice, fish, meat, as well as chocolate, cocoa and nuts.
Dosage of 100 - 500 mg / day

Magnesium oxide

Information

Magnesium oxide – the most common form of this macroelement in supplementation that is essential to the human body. It belongs to a group of key intracellular cations and that is why its adequate levels are critical to maintaining the body’s homeostasis. An active lifestyle increases requirements for magnesium and that is why its supplementation is recommended strongly to athletes.

The most common symptoms associated with magnesium deficiencies are muscle cramps and eye twitches. This is connected with a significant impact of magnesium ions on the efficiency of the nervous system. Its adequate intake helps maintain neuromotor fitness. Deficiencies of this element are also said to aggravate symptoms of depression.

What is more, magnesium supplementation supports healthy cardiovascular function. It is suggested that its deficiencies promote the development of atherosclerotic lesions and hypertension. Too low dietary magnesium intake is associated with arrythmia and increased risk of heart attack.

Magnesium supplements are recommended to individuals doing hard mental work and learning. Its healthy levels enhance focus and may facilitate learning. It has a beneficial impact on sleep quality.

Magnesium carbonate

Information

What is magnesium carbonate?

Magnesium carbonate is an inorganic magnesium salt of carbonic acid. It demonstrates the properties neutralizing gastric acid.

Magnesium is one of the most deficient elements of a classic diet, therefore supplements with magnesium are incredibly popular. Deficiencies of this mineral mainly may result in hypertension, lower sensitivity to insulin and psychological symptoms, such as increased stress, irritability, fatigue and weariness.

This element also takes part in regulating water balance in the organism and nerve transmission. It influences muscle work, which may be observed in characteristic cramps related to magnesium deficiency. It is also known for its anti-stress and sedative properties, thanks to which it is willingly used before sleep and in the situations characterized with high psychological burden. It is also important for mineral density of bones, as right next to calcium, it is one of the most important elements for maintaining strong and healthy bones. 

Magnesium citrate

Information

Magnesium citrate is a salt of magnesium and citric acid. It constitutes one of the best assimilable forms of magnesium, which plays many important functions in the organism. It is responsible, among others, for the proper work of the nervous, immune and muscle systems.

Magnesium has calming effect by decreasing the excitability of nerve cells. Thanks to introducing this element to a diet, we may potentially improve sleep quality and reduce the level of stress.

Positive influence on the circulatory system is another feature of magnesium. It prevents hypertension and storage of cholesterol in the walls of blood vessels (arteries), thanks to which it may prevent diseases related to the circulatory system.

Magnesium also plays a considerable role in the process of muscle contraction, therefore it influences the activity of the whole muscle system. It also takes part in the proper synthesis of protein, the process of cell division and proper course of energy metabolism. It helps to maintain healthy teeth and bones and general electrolyte balance in the organism.

Zinc

Information


Zinc (chemical element from transition group 12) belongs to the trace elements, it helps maintain acid-base balance of the body, protein, energy, lipid and carbohydrate metabolism. It provides bone metabolism and transport of oxygen. It protects the body against free radicals. Necessary for the proper operation of the senses of taste and smell. Positive impact on the process of insulin metabolism in the pancreas. It supports visual adaptation to the dark, has a significant influence on brain function. It is helpful in the treatment of infertility and mental illness.
Zinc deficiency leads to decreased immunity, and growth retardation. Zinc deficiency can occur in case of excessive consumption of simple sugars. In the case of hormonal therapy of women with irregular menstruation, the therapy should be associated with increased consumption of zinc. It can be found in food like: beans, eggs, carrots, beef and pork meat, milk, nuts, citrus fruits, seafood, rice, cottage cheese, lettuce.
Dosage: Daily 12-15 mg zinc. Exceeding the daily dose of 20 mg cause symptoms of poisoning of the body.

 

Zinc oxide

Information

What is zinc oxide?

Zinc oxide is a binding of oxygen with zinc in the II oxidation state. It is one of the forms used in dietary supplements.

Zinc is a mineral with a very wide range of effects on the human organism. Among its properties is, for example, the beneficial effect on the condition of the skin, especially helpful for people struggling with acne. Men appreciate zinc for its ability to increase testosterone levels and reduce oestradiol, which is possible thanks to aromatase inhibition. The mineral is also beneficial for the thyroid gland, as it can help to increase the level of hormones FT3 and FT4. The neurological aspect of zinc’s activity is also very interesting. It has the ability to block the access of glycine to the NMDA receptor, and the initiation of ion flow in the receptor becomes impossible for glycine. Thanks to that, zinc can protect neurons from the excitotoxic activity of glutamate. It also contributes to the growth of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), which can be beneficial for cognitive functions and reduce the risk of depression.

Zinc oxide can be found in vitamin and mineral complexes offered by muscle-zone.pl.

Iron

Information

The iron part of the dye in the form of the heme (hemoglobin and myoglobin in meat), a non-haem (in plant), and enzymes responsible for transport and storage of oxygen in the body. It occurs in enzymes responsible for: the metabolism of fatty acids, prostaglandin biosynthesis, catabolism of tryptophan. The absorption of iron in plant is lower than in animal products. In plant foods, it is reduced by contained chemicals: phytates and oxalates, also calcium and high acidity (pH factor). Only 8% of the intake of iron is absorbed by the body and transported to the blood. For tts absorption is needed sufficient amount of: cobalt, manganese, copper and vitamin C. Iron itself is essential for the metabolism of B vitamins. Source of acquisition of iron are animal products (meat, organ meats, egg yolks) and plant products (whole grain bread, beans , cocoa, parsley, nuts, soy). Iron is also present in synthetic form as a component of vitamin-mineral and mineral and mono-preparation supplements, often enriched with vitamin C. Supplements containing iron compounds are recommended for athletes during intense training and those on a meatless diet (vegetarians and vegans).
Iron deficiency causes anaemia. Using a large amount of strong coffee or tea hinders the absorption of iron. Symptoms of iron deficiency are: insomnia, diarrhea, impaired body temperature, loss of papillae on the tongue, reduced exercise capacity, and reduced intellectual and psychological efficiency.
Excess iron reduces the absorption of other elements (e.g. zinc, copper), reduced immunity, causing tissue damage of some organs (kidney, liver, heart), increased risk of cancer.
Dosage: 3-12 mg per day.


 

Manganese

Information

Manganese, of which a natural source is chocolate, grain products with whole grain, nuts, legumes and dried cranberry, is a component of enzymes and their activator. It stimulates the properties and functionality of connective tissue and provides proper functioning of the brain. It affects the function of the pancreas, ensuring proper insulin metabolism and condition of the bone and joints. Magnesium deficiency contributes to serious disorders in synthesis of hyaluronic acid and chondroitin, reduction in insulin sensitivity of tissues, affects bone resorption. Manganese chelates are used in complexometry in chemical analysis and in medicine for the treatment of severe poisoning (antitoxin) by heavy metals, in sports supplementation, manganese impact on the functioning of the locomotor system is used. It is a component of the so-called regenerators of joints and a vitamin-mineralizing and mineralizing supplements.


 

Copper

Information

Copper - trace mineral that facilitates the introduction of iron into hemoglobin, allowing the correct functioning of antioxidant processes. It is an important component of enzymes that affect the processes of aerobic metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism and in the formation of collagen. With proper diet, do not use supplements containing copper, as an overdose can cause insomnia, hair loss. It occurs in foods such as legumes, offal, plums, seafood. Copper compounds must be used in a responsible way, because many of them have toxic properties.
Dosing: A sufficient amount of copper provides proper diet.


 

Iodine

Information

Iodine - more than two-thirds of iodine is stored in the thyroid gland and it is a component produced by it hormones - thyroxine and triiodothyronine, which are essential in the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and minerals and regulating the processes of growth, causing it usefulness in sports supplementation. It is also the ingredient of weight loss products. Regulates and controls body temperature. Natural source of acquisition of iodine are: bladderwrack, seafood, sea fish and onion and vegetables growing in soil containing this element and most of all iodized salt ..
Deficiency of iodine in the body cause hypothyroidism, and consequently overweight, mental slowing (cretinism inclusive). It
is the cause of a goitre. Iodine deficiency can be caused by rhodanates and polyphenols (e.g. contained in cabbage and cauliflower), hemagglutinin found in legumes.
Excess iodine can result in inhibition of thyroid hormone synthesis (this
happens in a small percentage of cases).
Dosage: Treatment of iodine should be done under medical supervision. Daily demand for adults is 150 mcg. For pregnant women daily demand increases to 175 mcg.


 

Potassium

Information

Potassium and sodium regulate the body's water resources, ensuring normal heart rhythm. Maintaining the proper level of potassium provides the proper oxidation of the brain, lowers blood pressure, increases the permeability of cell membranes (as an antagonist of calcium). It is a base-forming element. It is widely used in sports diet before and after training in the form of supplements, nutrients, vitamin-mineral preparations and minerals, concentrates and ready, isotonic and hypertonic beverages. Natural sources of acquisition of potassium are: vegetable products (bananas, citrus fruits, melons, mint leaves, green vegetables, potatoes) and animal products (sea fish, meat). Potassium is present in the form of organic compounds: citric acids, and fumarates gluconates and inorganic (chlorides, sulfates, oxides and carbonates).
Potassium deficiency (hypokalemia): excessive tiredness, headaches and irritability, problems with sleeping, muscle cramps, constipation. Potassium levels may drop sharply in the event of a reduction in blood sugar levels, prolonged starvation, severe diarrhea. They can occur when too much of strong coffee is consumed, with alcohol abuse and when eating too much sweets.
The excess of potassium (hyperkalemia) is often the cause of depression, hypotension, tingling in the extremities.


 

Selenium

Information

Selenium (element, chemical symbol Se, atomic no. 34, from chalcogenide, it is present in several allotropic forms). It is supplied the body with food in the form of seleno-amino acids (selenomethionine - gathering supplies, and selenocysteine – a component of glutathione peroxidase, deiodinase and seleno-proteins). Regulates the functioning of the thyroid gland. It affects the growth and development, including sexual development (by increasing production and sperm motility). It affects the flexibility of the tissue, removes some of the toxins from the body and destroys cancer cells and reduces the severity of menopause in women. Natural products containing selenium are seafood (sea fish, oysters, bladderwrack) and vegetable products (broccoli, onions, wheat germ, bran, tomatoes) and animal products (poultry, eggs). It is also included in the composition of vitamin-mineral and mineral supplements. Selenium supplementation is recommended as a dietary supplement of active people having diet poor in this element, and as a factor increasing the body's immunity.
Selenium deficiency increases the risk of developing cancer and heart disease. Symptoms of selenium deficiency are: cardiomyopathy, growth stoppage,
disorders of detoxification processes which may lead to damage to the kidneys and liver.
An excess of selenium can lead to selenosis (the disease, the symptoms are: loss of hair, nail cracks, lesions).
daily
demand of selenium for pregnant women 65 mcg; nursing mothers 75 mcg; men 7 mcg.

Sodium

Information

Sodium is an important component of the intracellular fluids, and is a regulator of acid-base balance. Along with potassium affects the proper of growth and provides the proper functioning of muscles and nerves. The source of acquisition is table salt (NaCl) and bladderwrack, shellfish, bacon, beef, and of plant beets and carrots. People on salt-free diet should avoid, among others, spicy sauces and smoked meats and sausages.
Sodium deficiency is very rare, at heaving sweating after a long effort (e.g. in the marathon).
Excess sodium increases blood pressure (especially for the elderly), edema and increased thirst. Exceeding the daily dose of 14g a day can cause poisoning.


 

Chromium

Information


Chromium (chemical element from transition group of the chromium, chemically active) is actively involved in the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates. It comes in the easily assimilable organic form and inorganic. Along with insulin, as a component of the glucose tolerance factor (GTF), is used in insulin-dependent diabetes treatment, insulin involved in the metabolism of glucose in t proteins transport. Activator of enzymes involved in the metabolism of fats and cholesterol. Available in animal origin products (liver, veal, chicken, turkey meat, oysters) and plant-origin (bananas, broccoli, cereal, wheat germ, spinach). Supplements containing chromium are recommended for fat loss (also thermogenic), and improving the functioning of the body. The sports supplementation used chromium in the form of mono-preparations or in the form of vitamin-mineral minerals supplements.
Chromium deficiency results in impaired glucose, reducing the insulin sensitivity. It causes a decrease in immunity and endurance of the body. It may be a cause of coronary heart disease. Sometimes it causes neurological disorders.
Dosage: A varied diet prevents from the deficiency of chromium in the body.

Dosage: The recommended dose of 50-150 mg per day.

 

Chloride

Information

Chlorine (chemical element from the group of halogens) - in the natural form of gas it is poisonous and water-soluble (until recently used as a disinfectant in the water supply system, now replaced by fluorination). It is chemically active element. It is used in the form of sodium chloride (NaCl) and potassium (KCl). It participates in the process of digestion and maintains acid-base balance in the body, removes toxic products of metabolism in the liver (antitoxin). Natural source of chlorine for the body is salt and bladderwrack.
Chlorine deficiency can occur due to excessive sweating, vomiting, causing digestive tract problems. It also causes loss of hair and teeth.
Excess chlorine, for example. Drink excessive amounts of chlorinated water, destroys bacterial flora and vitamin E.
Dosage: Daily dose should not exceed 15 grams.


 

Molybdenum

Information

Molybdenum (the element of the chromium groups, atomic no. 42, a chemical symbol Mo) - a trace element involved in the metabolic conversion of carbohydrates and fats and increases the absorption of iron. It is used to treat anaemia. Well affects the mood.. It is a component of many dietary supplements and in foods such as lettuce, cabbage and other leafy green vegetables, whole grains (corn, sunflower, etc.).

GABA

Information


GABA (gamma amino butyric acid) is an amino acid neurotransmitter fulfilling the role of suppressing, of which precursor is the glutamate (neurotransmitter) excitatory neurotransmitter. Reduces psychophysical tension and cortisol levels, enhances the synthesis of growth hormone having anti-catabolic and regenerating properties. Higher need for GABA by the organism occurs with overtraining, mental exhaustion of the body (stress, depression). Supplementation sports and for physically active people recommended after and during intense exercise. GABA is available in the form of mono-preparation supplement and multicomponent formulations to support the regeneration of the night regenerateion and relaxation of the nervous system.
Dosage: 0,5-3g daily approx. 1 hour before bedtime (single dose, customarily in supplementation).

l-teanine

Information

L-theanine is an amino acid, not building proteins, occurring naturally in the dried green tea leaves, absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, overcomes easily blood-brain barrier, affecting the nervous system and the relation between neurotransmitters (e.g.dDopamine, serotonin, gamma-aminobutyric acid), with a relaxing effect and increases the psycho-physical capacity, (concentration, memory, alertness). Recommended for use for people burdened with considerable physical effort, athletes of sport disciplines that require concentration and memory, also for students in the period before exams. Available in the form of mono-preparations and multi-component relaxing and post-workout anti-stress supplements..
Dosage: customarily used in supplementation 50-200mg per day


 

Tryptophan

Information

Tryptophan is one of the nine essential amino acids that require high protein food consumption, mono-preparation supplements tryptophan, an amino acid type and EAA-day nutrients and protein, which is essential in the process of protein synthesis. A derivative of 5-HTP in the decarboxylation is a precursor of serotonin ((tissue hormone having an effect on blood pressure and peristalsis), and the subsequent processes of melatonin (the hormone sleep). It is used for synthesis of nicotinic acid (niacin, known as vitamin PP). The due to the appetite suppressant is also used in certain weight loss formulations.
Even a small deficiency is dangerous for the course of many physiological processes, can cause the nervous system deterioration of mood, insomnia, and disturbances in the digestive process. Tryptophan deficiency in the long term leads to depression and neurological disorders.
Mono-preparation supplements of tryptophan are recommended as a means of reducing the stress and reducing the feeling of insomnia. A part of the nutritional supplements type of EAA and all-day aminoacids, it is a valuable component of protein supplements. Available in store www.muscle-zone.pl
Doses recommended in supplementation: 500 - 2000 mg at bedtime, alternatively 500 - 1000 mg before meals.

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