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Century Formula without Iron Century Formula without Iron

Swanson Century Formula is a dietary supplement containing a complex of vitamins and minerals without iron.

These days, when highly processed, less and less valuable food is everywhere, it is a great idea to pay more attention to the supply of basic dietary nutrients in order to prevent potential deficiencies and the consequences for health that they cause.

Vitamins are essential for maintaining the normal functioning of the organism. They must be delivered from the outside, as the organism is unable to produce them on its own. They regulate numerous biochemical reactions.

Vitamins C and E are the basic antioxidant substances we can find in food. Their ability to inhibit the destructive activity of free oxygen radicals helps to maintain the overall health of the entire organism.

Vitamins of the B complex are crucial for maintaining the normal functioning of the nervous system and psychological functions. They play a significant role in keeping energy metabolism, as well as metabolism of dietary macrocomponents, intact. They affect homocysteine levels and the health of the circulatory system.

Vitamin A is an extremely important factor for keeping the eyes healthy and the quality of vision satisfactory. It protects the retina and the macula lutea from oxidative stress. It stimulates the production of rhodopsin – a light-sensitive colourant that enables the reception of visual stimuli.

Vitamin K is a substance that regulates blood clotting; it also helps to keep the bones healthy.

Vitamin D has an incredibly wide range of effects on the health of the entire organism, its receptors are located in nearly every cell. It is known mainly for the ability to improve the assimilability and management of calcium and phosphorus in the system. It affects the functioning of the immune system, hormonal economy, the health of teeth and bones; it can also reduce the risk of developing many diseases, including cancer.

Dietary minerals are the elements the organism needs for functioning. They act as regulators and structure elements.

Calcium is the dominant mineral in the human body. It forms bone tissue and guarantees its firmness. It also performs an electrolytic function.

Magnesium is one of the most deficient diet components. Its deficiency can lead to muscle cramps, high blood pressure, insulin resistance, irritability, and excessive stress.

Potassium is one of the basic electrolytes, it affects the regulation of water management and helps to keep the cardiovascular system healthy.

Zinc is an extremely important factor for maintaining normal sex hormone balance. It has a positive effect on the functioning of the thyroid, increasing the production of the hormones T3 and T4. It is beneficial for the condition of the skin, reducing the symptoms of acne.

Copper is a zinc antagonist, so the two minerals should be supplemented in parallel. It helps to maintain normal energy metabolism, supports the functioning of the nervous system, and participates in the transport of iron.

Selenium is beneficial for the thyroid, it helps to keep the skin and nails healthy, supports the immune system, and protects from excessive oxidative stress.

Iodine is a substrate for thyroid hormone production. It also helps to maintain normal cognitive functions and the normal activity of the nervous system.

Manganese helps to keep bones and connective tissue healthy. It supports energy metabolism and fights free oxygen radicals.

Chromium is known for its ability to regulate blood glucose levels and reduce appetite, especially sugar craving.

Molybdenum helps to maintain the normal metabolism of sulphur-containing amino acids.

The civilised world has born many factors that are an obstacle to keeping normal nutritional value of products. The use of large amounts of synthetic fertilisers, excessive soil exploitation, or preservatives reduce the nutritional value of products that end up on our plates.

Vitamin and mineral complexes are a fantastic element of preventive healthcare, as even one tablet a day can increase the amount of the substances we need in the diet and reduce the likelihood of experiencing the consequences of their deficiencies. It is good to remember that the human organism is a remarkably complex and complicated structure, and the disorders caused by a deficiency of even one microelement can lead to a chain reaction.

Swanson Century Formula is recommended especially for people who want to supplement their diet with essential components. It is especially helpful for those who avoid fruit and vegetables, or whose organisms are under great strain.

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Century Formula without Iron Century Formula without Iron 130 tab.
SWANSON
£ 10.72

Century Formula without Iron 130 tab.

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- Delivery even day after tomorrow

- Foreign shippment from £ 4.49 Every £ 65.62 reduces shipping costs by £ 2.19

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Description
  • Nutrient deficiency supplementation
  • Complex of essential vitamins and minerals
  • Economical formula
  • Able to improve well-being
  • Does not contain iron
  • Supports overall health
  • Neutralises free oxygen radicals
  • Able to prevent diseases

Swanson Century Formula is a dietary supplement containing a complex of vitamins and minerals without iron.

These days, when highly processed, less and less valuable food is everywhere, it is a great idea to pay more attention to the supply of basic dietary nutrients in order to prevent potential deficiencies and the consequences for health that they cause.

Vitamins are essential for maintaining the normal functioning of the organism. They must be delivered from the outside, as the organism is unable to produce them on its own. They regulate numerous biochemical reactions.

Vitamins C and E are the basic antioxidant substances we can find in food. Their ability to inhibit the destructive activity of free oxygen radicals helps to maintain the overall health of the entire organism.

Vitamins of the B complex are crucial for maintaining the normal functioning of the nervous system and psychological functions. They play a significant role in keeping energy metabolism, as well as metabolism of dietary macrocomponents, intact. They affect homocysteine levels and the health of the circulatory system.

Vitamin A is an extremely important factor for keeping the eyes healthy and the quality of vision satisfactory. It protects the retina and the macula lutea from oxidative stress. It stimulates the production of rhodopsin – a light-sensitive colourant that enables the reception of visual stimuli.

Vitamin K is a substance that regulates blood clotting; it also helps to keep the bones healthy.

Vitamin D has an incredibly wide range of effects on the health of the entire organism, its receptors are located in nearly every cell. It is known mainly for the ability to improve the assimilability and management of calcium and phosphorus in the system. It affects the functioning of the immune system, hormonal economy, the health of teeth and bones; it can also reduce the risk of developing many diseases, including cancer.

Dietary minerals are the elements the organism needs for functioning. They act as regulators and structure elements.

Calcium is the dominant mineral in the human body. It forms bone tissue and guarantees its firmness. It also performs an electrolytic function.

Magnesium is one of the most deficient diet components. Its deficiency can lead to muscle cramps, high blood pressure, insulin resistance, irritability, and excessive stress.

Potassium is one of the basic electrolytes, it affects the regulation of water management and helps to keep the cardiovascular system healthy.

Zinc is an extremely important factor for maintaining normal sex hormone balance. It has a positive effect on the functioning of the thyroid, increasing the production of the hormones T3 and T4. It is beneficial for the condition of the skin, reducing the symptoms of acne.

Copper is a zinc antagonist, so the two minerals should be supplemented in parallel. It helps to maintain normal energy metabolism, supports the functioning of the nervous system, and participates in the transport of iron.

Selenium is beneficial for the thyroid, it helps to keep the skin and nails healthy, supports the immune system, and protects from excessive oxidative stress.

Iodine is a substrate for thyroid hormone production. It also helps to maintain normal cognitive functions and the normal activity of the nervous system.

Manganese helps to keep bones and connective tissue healthy. It supports energy metabolism and fights free oxygen radicals.

Chromium is known for its ability to regulate blood glucose levels and reduce appetite, especially sugar craving.

Molybdenum helps to maintain the normal metabolism of sulphur-containing amino acids.

The civilised world has born many factors that are an obstacle to keeping normal nutritional value of products. The use of large amounts of synthetic fertilisers, excessive soil exploitation, or preservatives reduce the nutritional value of products that end up on our plates.

Vitamin and mineral complexes are a fantastic element of preventive healthcare, as even one tablet a day can increase the amount of the substances we need in the diet and reduce the likelihood of experiencing the consequences of their deficiencies. It is good to remember that the human organism is a remarkably complex and complicated structure, and the disorders caused by a deficiency of even one microelement can lead to a chain reaction.

Swanson Century Formula is recommended especially for people who want to supplement their diet with essential components. It is especially helpful for those who avoid fruit and vegetables, or whose organisms are under great strain.

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Composition

Composition

Container size: 130 tabletsServing size: 1 tabletServings per container: 130
per 1 tabletamount%DV
Vitamin A USP (as acetate)5,000 IU100%
Vitamin C USP (as ascorbic acid)90 mg150%
Vitamin D USP (from cholecalciferol)400 IU100%
Vitamin E USP (as d-alpha tocopheryl succinate)30 IU100%
Vitamin K (as phytonadione)25 mcg31%
Thiamin USP (thiamin mononitrate) (vitamin B-1)2.25 mg150%
Riboflavin (vitamin B-2)2.6 mg153%
Niacinamide USP20 mg100%
Vitamin B-6 USP (as pyridoxine HCl)3 mg150%
Folic Acid USP400 mcg100%
Vitamin B-12 USP (as cyanocobalamin)9 mcg150%
Biotin USP25 mcg8%
Pantothenic Acid (as d-calcium pantothenate)10 mg100%
calcium (from calcium carbonate)162 mg16%
Iodine USP (from potassium iodide)150 mcg100%
magnesium (from magnesium oxide)100 mg25%
zinc (from zinc sulfate)15 mg100%
Selenium (from sodium selenate)25 mcg36%
copper (from copper gluconate)2 mg100%
manganese (from manganese sulfate)5 mg250%
chromium (from chromium chloride)25 mcg21%
Molybdenum (from sodium molybdate)25 mcg33%
potassium (from potassium chloride)57.2mg2%

Other ingrednients

Microcrystalline cellulose (plant fiber), stearic acid, croscarmellose sodium, magnesium stearate, aqueous film-coating (purified water, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, polyethylene glycol), acacia, maltodextrin.

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Vitamin A

Information

Vitamin A (retinol) is present in foods of animal origin (fish of the sea, fish, eels, liver, pork and beef, eggs, butter). In the plant products it is present as provitamin A (b-carotene), a powerful antioxidant. The food products containing pro-vitamin A are fruits in yellow and red, including apricots, tomatoes. Necessary in process of building and assimilation of proteins, affects the normal growth of bones and helps the treatment of eye diseases.Iinhibits the excessive action of the thyroid hormone - thyroxine, which simultaneously prevents the deposition of excess vitamin A. Necessary in the sports diet of in the form of food, such as dietary supplements and nutritional supplements.
Vitamin A deficiency causes growth inhibition, flaking and dryness of the skin, impaired night vision (i.e. Night blindness).
Excess of vitamin A leads to calcification of the bones and some soft tissues, and abnormalities in the functioning of glomerulonephritis
Dosage: Specified in IU and it is 5000 IU per day.


 

Vitamin C

Information


Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) it is a vitamin soluble in body fluids, can be taken from foods (fruits and vegetables), or as drug derived synthetically. The largest of its resources can be found in broccoli, Brussels sprout, kale, black currant fruit and hawthorn, citrus fruits, tomatoes, Savoy cabbage, potatoes. In fact, intake of vitamin C of the food products does not limit the absorbed quantity. Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is a potent antioxidant, it is an antitoxic, increasing the immune system due to the elimination of risk of bacterial contamination. Vitamin C prevents rupture of blood vessels, affects the blood cholesterol level. It substantially increases the absorption of iron. Inhibits the growth of cancer cells. Lowers stress levels.
Vitamin C deficiency causes abnormal development of connective tissue, cracking capillaries, abnormal calcification of bone tissue, impaired
absorption of iron, scorbutus. With the lack of vitamin C, all kinds of injuries do not heal up properly. Vitamin C deficiency can be caused by smoking; each cigarette is destroying up to 100 mg of vitamin C.
Dosage: The demand is 60-80 mg daily. It does not limit the ability to consume higher doses. Some side effects may occur only with longer
taking of synthetic vitamin C.

Ascorbic acid

Information

Ascorbic acid – vitamin C. Its biologically active form is the L-isomer, which negatively rotates the polarised light, so that it is a dextroisomer (laevorotatory vitamin C does not exist). It is a strong antioxidant; it reduces the amounts of free radicals, which reduces oxidative stress, a factor leading to cell apoptosis, which is why it is indicated to be a cause for premature ageing.

It supports the immune system functions and increases body system immunity. It is an essential element of the collagen synthesis path, which is why it positively affects the condition of connective tissue. Hence, it promotes also wound healing and increases the durability of capillary vessel. It is involved in transformations of tyrosine and carnitine as well as of some nutrients, so that it affects metabolism. It can also have an impact on the nervous system functions, as it reduces mental fatigue.

Higher supply of vitamin C is especially recommended in the periods of more intensive body system burden, after infections and in order to accelerate regeneration. The indications for increased supply of the vitamin are also hard physical work or intensive trainings.

Vitamin E

Information

Vitamin E (tocopherol) is a fat soluble. Due to its antioxidant action, it is a protection of other vitamins (e.g. Vitamins A). Protects the body against free radicals, strengthens the walls of blood vessels and its capacity, causing their dilation and dissolution of blood clots. With the reduction of coagulation, it is used as an antiatherogenic medicine, it allows for the proper course of pregnancy. In cooperation with selenium it slows the ageing process of cells, strengthening connective tissue. In the food it is present in whole-grain bread, sprout and grains, vegetable oils (soybean, sunflower), soya beans and sunflower seeds, vegetable fat and hen egg yolks. Also it is used in sports medicine in the form of nutrients and supplements.
Vitamin E deficiency reduces building of red blood cells, results in changes in muscle and disorders of pregnancies.
Dosage: for children, 0.5 mg / 1 kg of weight; for adults 10-30 mg per day.


 

Vitamin K

Information

Vitamin K exists in the triad of vitamins: menaquinone (vitamin. K1), menadione (vitamin. K2) and menadione (vitamin. K3), soluble in fat. It is produced by bacteria in the human colon. Natural sources of vitamin. K are: eggs, kale, cauliflower, cabbage, meat, milk, lettuce, spinach, fish oil and liver. The synthetic form is administered to newborns, to reduce the sterility of the gastrointestinal tract. Used as a antihaemorrhagic, due to its participation in the process of prothrombin. Increases antibacterial and antifungal immunity. Prevents abundant bleeding during menstruation of women.
Vitamin K deficiency causes external bleeding and ecchymosis
on skin, decreased prothrombin synthesis in the liver (especially while taking antibiotics and sulfanilamide).


 

Folic acid

Information

Folic acid - also known as vitamin B9, is a synthetic form of naturally occurring folates. It needs to be transformed to folates in order to be biologically active also in the human organism. Therefore, its supplementation is recommended to people who do not have problems with methylation processes.

The majority of people associate folic acid with the period of pregnancy. It is definitely a justified association. Proper supply of vitamin B9 conditions correct development of the fetus and prevents disorders of neural tube defects in a baby.

Supplementation with folic acid also demonstrates positive influence on the functions of the nervous system of adults. Some sources say that it is conducive to maintaining beneficial emotional states. Moreover, folic acid takes part in the process of erythropoiesis, thanks to which it enables efficient production of red cells.

Supplementation with folic acid should be also considered by men who deal with low sperm quality. It was proven that complementing the level of vitamin B9 is conducive to increasing reproductive abilities of men.

Cyanocobalamin

Information

What is cyanocobalamin?

Cyanocobalamin is a basic, the most commonly met form of vitamin B12 in vitamin B complexes and multivitamins available on the market.

Vitamin B12 is the most known for its influence on neurology. It takes part in building and regenerating myelin sheaths of neurons, thanks to which it contributes to the protection of the nervous system against damages. Because of the ability to increase the level of S-Adenosyl methionine, vitamin B12 may contribute to more efficient synthesis of many neurotransmitters, thanks to which it positively influences well-being and psychical condition.

This vitamin is also engaged in the process of blood production and its deficiencies contribute to the creation of megaloblastic anemia. Its deficits may also concern vegetarians and vegans, elderly people, people with absorption disorders and those using drugs neutralizing gastric acid.

Cyanocobalamin is included in the composition of many complex vitamin supplements that may be found in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.

Biotin

Information

Biotin (vitamin H, co-enzyme R) is in a group of B vitamins, due to the presence of sulphur compounds it is involved in the synthesis of ascorbic acid (vitamin C). Also synthesized in the intestines. It enhances the production of hormones and regulates cholesterol levels. It reduces muscle pain. It prevents hair loss and graying of hair. It soothes the skin inflammations. No toxic effects. Often combined with other B group vitamins and vitamin A. The natural sources of biotin are: whole grain bread, yeast, eggs (yolk), milk, brown rice and cheese.


Daily demand: 100-300 mg per day


 

Calcium

Information

Calcium (element chem. symbol Ca, atomic no. 20, the group of alkaline earth metals) is the basic building substance of bones and teeth, in which stored is 99% of the element, in the form of hydroxylapatite. When building bones and teeth, phosphorus is very important in the right proportion. It is a base-forming element and activator of many enzymes (ATPase) necessary to release the energy of ATP. It has a significant effect on blood clotting and regulates blood pressure and neuromuscular conductivity. Thanks to the reduced permeability of cell membranes, it soothes the symptoms of food allergies. Calcium is actively involved in the metabolism of iron interacts with vitamins A, C and D and phosphorus, magnesium. Natural source of calcium are animal products (dairy products, sardines, salmon, sprats eaten with bones) and plant products (nuts, soybeans, sunflower seeds). Absorption takes place in the small intestine (less in the colon), it has an effect on the level of lactose, insoluble fibre, organic acids, alkalinity (low pH). The best absorption have organic compounds (lactates, amino acid chelates etc.). Obstructing the absorption of calcium is caused by: phytic acid and oxalic acid as well as excess fat. Scientific studies have confirmed that the combination of calcium, magnesium, boron and vitamin D in dose 3 mg / 24h effectively prevent osteoporosis. Supplements on the market are both mono-preparation supplements (enriched with vitamin D3) and multi-component supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Calcium deficiency disorders manifested in the construction of the bones (osteoporosis) and iron metabolism. The symptoms are: rickets, cramps and muscle tremor, osteoporosis.
Excess result
ing from an overdose of calcium supplements containing vitamin D3 for children and adults overdose of calcium (hypercalcemia). Symptoms of hypercalcemia are: lack of appetite, vomiting and constipation.
The dosage administered in various publications
are inconsistent: 800 - 1000 mg / 24 h (100 - 500 mg / 24h)

Iodine

Information

Iodine - more than two-thirds of iodine is stored in the thyroid gland and it is a component produced by it hormones - thyroxine and triiodothyronine, which are essential in the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and minerals and regulating the processes of growth, causing it usefulness in sports supplementation. It is also the ingredient of weight loss products. Regulates and controls body temperature. Natural source of acquisition of iodine are: bladderwrack, seafood, sea fish and onion and vegetables growing in soil containing this element and most of all iodized salt ..
Deficiency of iodine in the body cause hypothyroidism, and consequently overweight, mental slowing (cretinism inclusive). It
is the cause of a goitre. Iodine deficiency can be caused by rhodanates and polyphenols (e.g. contained in cabbage and cauliflower), hemagglutinin found in legumes.
Excess iodine can result in inhibition of thyroid hormone synthesis (this
happens in a small percentage of cases).
Dosage: Treatment of iodine should be done under medical supervision. Daily demand for adults is 150 mcg. For pregnant women daily demand increases to 175 mcg.


 

Potassium

Information

Potassium and sodium regulate the body's water resources, ensuring normal heart rhythm. Maintaining the proper level of potassium provides the proper oxidation of the brain, lowers blood pressure, increases the permeability of cell membranes (as an antagonist of calcium). It is a base-forming element. It is widely used in sports diet before and after training in the form of supplements, nutrients, vitamin-mineral preparations and minerals, concentrates and ready, isotonic and hypertonic beverages. Natural sources of acquisition of potassium are: vegetable products (bananas, citrus fruits, melons, mint leaves, green vegetables, potatoes) and animal products (sea fish, meat). Potassium is present in the form of organic compounds: citric acids, and fumarates gluconates and inorganic (chlorides, sulfates, oxides and carbonates).
Potassium deficiency (hypokalemia): excessive tiredness, headaches and irritability, problems with sleeping, muscle cramps, constipation. Potassium levels may drop sharply in the event of a reduction in blood sugar levels, prolonged starvation, severe diarrhea. They can occur when too much of strong coffee is consumed, with alcohol abuse and when eating too much sweets.
The excess of potassium (hyperkalemia) is often the cause of depression, hypotension, tingling in the extremities.


 

Magnesium

Information

Magnesium (element from the group of alkaline earth metals, atomic no. 12, a chemical symbol - Mg), one of the most important health microelements, participates in the synthesis process of the disintegration of high energy compounds and processes of transformation of hydrocarbons and fats. It affects the dilation of blood vessels and lower blood pressure, prevents hypercoagulable state. Shortages affect cardiac arrhythmias, malignant muscle cramps, insomnia and anxiety. It is a component of many dietary supplements and found in foods such as whole grain bread, legumes, buckwheat, rice, fish, meat, as well as chocolate, cocoa and nuts.
Dosage of 100 - 500 mg / day

Zinc

Information


Zinc (chemical element from transition group 12) belongs to the trace elements, it helps maintain acid-base balance of the body, protein, energy, lipid and carbohydrate metabolism. It provides bone metabolism and transport of oxygen. It protects the body against free radicals. Necessary for the proper operation of the senses of taste and smell. Positive impact on the process of insulin metabolism in the pancreas. It supports visual adaptation to the dark, has a significant influence on brain function. It is helpful in the treatment of infertility and mental illness.
Zinc deficiency leads to decreased immunity, and growth retardation. Zinc deficiency can occur in case of excessive consumption of simple sugars. In the case of hormonal therapy of women with irregular menstruation, the therapy should be associated with increased consumption of zinc. It can be found in food like: beans, eggs, carrots, beef and pork meat, milk, nuts, citrus fruits, seafood, rice, cottage cheese, lettuce.
Dosage: Daily 12-15 mg zinc. Exceeding the daily dose of 20 mg cause symptoms of poisoning of the body.

 

Fat

Information

Fat is an essential nutrient plant and animal organisms. Because of the nutritional value and composition of fats are divided into: saturated (mono-saturated and multi-saturated fatty acids) and unsaturated fatty acids (including essential fatty acids - EFA). The group of lipids include lipids (triacylglycerols, waxes), complex fats (glycolipids, phospholipids), sterols and isoprenoids. Saturated fatty acids is a group of fatty acids having different carbon chain lengths, in which except for the carboxyl group, each of the carbon atoms is bound by a single bond. May adversely affect the lipid profile, so they can be used in limited quantities. Fats are a concentrated source of energy, with different flavours, facilitating the consumption and swallowing of food. They have building functions (part of cell membranes and co-create the white matter of the brain). EFAs are precursors of tissue hormones and biologically active compounds. The unsaturated fatty acids include fatty acids from the group Omega-3, Omega-6 and Omega-9 (the last digit indicates, on which, counting of the end of the chain, there is a double bond in the appropriate carbon chain. The essential fatty acids include: acids, medium-Omega-3 [n-3 ] included in EFAs [essential fatty acids], and long chain (eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] and docosahexaenoic acid [DHA]) Omega-6 and Omega-9. the number indicates that the last double bond in the carbon chain is on the third from the end carbon atom. The acids from the omega 3 group are essential components of cell membranes, they are precursors of eicosanoids and biological activators. They must be combined with ingestion in suitable proportions of Omega-6 acids.
Dosage: Depending on demand and applied diet. It is generally accepted that fats should constitute 20-30% of the energy (calorie) of meals daily.


 

Selenium

Information

Selenium (element, chemical symbol Se, atomic no. 34, from chalcogenide, it is present in several allotropic forms). It is supplied the body with food in the form of seleno-amino acids (selenomethionine - gathering supplies, and selenocysteine – a component of glutathione peroxidase, deiodinase and seleno-proteins). Regulates the functioning of the thyroid gland. It affects the growth and development, including sexual development (by increasing production and sperm motility). It affects the flexibility of the tissue, removes some of the toxins from the body and destroys cancer cells and reduces the severity of menopause in women. Natural products containing selenium are seafood (sea fish, oysters, bladderwrack) and vegetable products (broccoli, onions, wheat germ, bran, tomatoes) and animal products (poultry, eggs). It is also included in the composition of vitamin-mineral and mineral supplements. Selenium supplementation is recommended as a dietary supplement of active people having diet poor in this element, and as a factor increasing the body's immunity.
Selenium deficiency increases the risk of developing cancer and heart disease. Symptoms of selenium deficiency are: cardiomyopathy, growth stoppage,
disorders of detoxification processes which may lead to damage to the kidneys and liver.
An excess of selenium can lead to selenosis (the disease, the symptoms are: loss of hair, nail cracks, lesions).
daily
demand of selenium for pregnant women 65 mcg; nursing mothers 75 mcg; men 7 mcg.

Sodium

Information

Sodium is an important component of the intracellular fluids, and is a regulator of acid-base balance. Along with potassium affects the proper of growth and provides the proper functioning of muscles and nerves. The source of acquisition is table salt (NaCl) and bladderwrack, shellfish, bacon, beef, and of plant beets and carrots. People on salt-free diet should avoid, among others, spicy sauces and smoked meats and sausages.
Sodium deficiency is very rare, at heaving sweating after a long effort (e.g. in the marathon).
Excess sodium increases blood pressure (especially for the elderly), edema and increased thirst. Exceeding the daily dose of 14g a day can cause poisoning.


 

Copper

Information

Copper - trace mineral that facilitates the introduction of iron into hemoglobin, allowing the correct functioning of antioxidant processes. It is an important component of enzymes that affect the processes of aerobic metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism and in the formation of collagen. With proper diet, do not use supplements containing copper, as an overdose can cause insomnia, hair loss. It occurs in foods such as legumes, offal, plums, seafood. Copper compounds must be used in a responsible way, because many of them have toxic properties.
Dosing: A sufficient amount of copper provides proper diet.


 

Manganese

Information

Manganese, of which a natural source is chocolate, grain products with whole grain, nuts, legumes and dried cranberry, is a component of enzymes and their activator. It stimulates the properties and functionality of connective tissue and provides proper functioning of the brain. It affects the function of the pancreas, ensuring proper insulin metabolism and condition of the bone and joints. Magnesium deficiency contributes to serious disorders in synthesis of hyaluronic acid and chondroitin, reduction in insulin sensitivity of tissues, affects bone resorption. Manganese chelates are used in complexometry in chemical analysis and in medicine for the treatment of severe poisoning (antitoxin) by heavy metals, in sports supplementation, manganese impact on the functioning of the locomotor system is used. It is a component of the so-called regenerators of joints and a vitamin-mineralizing and mineralizing supplements.


 

Chromium

Information


Chromium (chemical element from transition group of the chromium, chemically active) is actively involved in the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates. It comes in the easily assimilable organic form and inorganic. Along with insulin, as a component of the glucose tolerance factor (GTF), is used in insulin-dependent diabetes treatment, insulin involved in the metabolism of glucose in t proteins transport. Activator of enzymes involved in the metabolism of fats and cholesterol. Available in animal origin products (liver, veal, chicken, turkey meat, oysters) and plant-origin (bananas, broccoli, cereal, wheat germ, spinach). Supplements containing chromium are recommended for fat loss (also thermogenic), and improving the functioning of the body. The sports supplementation used chromium in the form of mono-preparations or in the form of vitamin-mineral minerals supplements.
Chromium deficiency results in impaired glucose, reducing the insulin sensitivity. It causes a decrease in immunity and endurance of the body. It may be a cause of coronary heart disease. Sometimes it causes neurological disorders.
Dosage: A varied diet prevents from the deficiency of chromium in the body.

Dosage: The recommended dose of 50-150 mg per day.

 

Chloride

Information

Chlorine (chemical element from the group of halogens) - in the natural form of gas it is poisonous and water-soluble (until recently used as a disinfectant in the water supply system, now replaced by fluorination). It is chemically active element. It is used in the form of sodium chloride (NaCl) and potassium (KCl). It participates in the process of digestion and maintains acid-base balance in the body, removes toxic products of metabolism in the liver (antitoxin). Natural source of chlorine for the body is salt and bladderwrack.
Chlorine deficiency can occur due to excessive sweating, vomiting, causing digestive tract problems. It also causes loss of hair and teeth.
Excess chlorine, for example. Drink excessive amounts of chlorinated water, destroys bacterial flora and vitamin E.
Dosage: Daily dose should not exceed 15 grams.


 

Molybdenum

Information

Molybdenum (the element of the chromium groups, atomic no. 42, a chemical symbol Mo) - a trace element involved in the metabolic conversion of carbohydrates and fats and increases the absorption of iron. It is used to treat anaemia. Well affects the mood.. It is a component of many dietary supplements and in foods such as lettuce, cabbage and other leafy green vegetables, whole grains (corn, sunflower, etc.).

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