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Seeking Health Optimal Multivitamin Minus One is an advanced complex of vitamins, minerals, and health-promoting substances. Its characteristic feature is the lack of vitamins in their methylated forms, which makes it a perfect option for those who are sensitive to them.
The rich and complex composition of the product and carefully adjusted portions of active substances make the supplement a universal agent for supplementing deficiencies of the compounds crucial for the normal functioning of the organism. Moreover, it provides components that support its health and promotes the functioning of some systems. The formula consists of:
Vitamin A – an essential vitamin for normal eye function. It forms rhodopsin, and its deficiency is a reason of developing the so-called night-blindness. The right supply of vitamin A also affects the optimal condition of the skin, hair and nails. It regulates epithelial tissue function. When it comes to the epithelial cells of the respiratory system, it increases their resistance to pathogenic microorganisms. Apart from that, vitamin A determines the normal formation of tooth enamel.
Vitamin D3 – a vitamin crucial for the mechanical resistance of the skeletal system, it determines bone tissue mineralisation, and affects calcium and phosphorus management. It participates in lymphocyte modification, so it regulates and stimulates the immune response. It is also beneficial for optimal hormone secretion, including insulin and androgens. Although it can be synthesised by the organism, vitamin D3 supplementation is recommended in northern or southern parts of the Earth, as the right angle of sun rays in those areas is only available during summer.
Vitamin E (tocopherol) – a strong antioxidant, it exhibits the ability to reduce oxidative stress as well as protect other vitamins from free radicals. It delays aging processes in the organism and prevents the development of neoplastic diseases. It promotes cardiovascular system function, inhibits haemolysis, and reduces the risk of pathological lesions within the vasculature. Insufficient vitamin E supply can be a reason of painful muscle cramps.
Vitamin K2 – regulates normal blood clotting by managing the amount of both coagulation factors and proteins C and S. It has a preventive effect on the circulatory system and limits the risk of developing cardiovascular system diseases. Vitamin K2 supplementation is also considered a form of prevention and aid in the therapy of cancer.
Thiamine – also referred to as vitamin B1, it is an important factor regulating the efficiency of aerobic energy systems. It also affects nervous system function, insufficient thiamine supply is connected with an increased risk of developing depression and cognitive function disorders. Vitamin B1 also promotes androgen synthesis.
Riboflavin – also called vitamin B2. It has a beneficial effect on the functioning of the nervous system, promotes its function, and is able to increase cognitive functions. It can prove helpful in the treatment of chronic headaches. It also increases the organism’s stress resistance. It is widely used in the biochemical reactions of oxidation and reduction on a cellular level. Vitamin B2 also has a beneficial effect on the functioning of the eye.
Niacin – vitamin B3, essential for the normal functioning of the nervous system. It is beneficial for cognitive functions and helps to maintain positive emotional states. Niacin supplementation is recommended as an efficient form of therapy of many mental disorders. It is also crucial for normal nutrient metabolism. Vitamin B3 also plays an important role in preventing cardiovascular system diseases, it can increase the lumen of blood vessels and optimise the lipid profile.
Vitamin B6 – essential for maintaining high efficiency of energy management in the organism, it promotes nutrient metabolism. It plays an important role in terms of the health and functioning of the cardiovascular system, prevents anaemia, regulates the activity of the cardiac muscle, and optimises arterial blood pressure. It supports the therapy of many diseases connected with epithelial tissues in the organism, including seborrheic dermatitis or cheilitis. It can alleviate the symptoms of the premenstrual syndrome.
Folate – a bioactive form of folic acid, considered to be the most efficient one in supplementation. It reduces the risk of developing cardiovascular system diseases by participating in the conversion of homocysteine to methionine along with vitamin B12. It exerts a positive effect on the cellular genome, as it participates in the synthesis of nucleic acids, which form DNA strands. It also participates in the process of erythropoiesis, that way promoting circulatory system function. Folates also help to maintain normal nervous system function.
Vitamin B12 – determines the efficiency of obtaining energy by the organism, it is a coenzyme responsible for the reaction of homocysteine conversion to methionine and methylmalonyl-CoA and succinyl-CoA, processes included in the methylation pathway. It participates in the process of production and maturation of red blood cells, its deficiency can be a reason of the so-called vitamin B12 deficiency anaemia. It also supports nervous system function by participating in the synthesis of neurolemmas.
Biotin – also called vitamin B7, it is often chosen by women because of its beneficial effect on the health of the skin, hair and nails. It regulates metabolism both by stimulating the activity of the thyroid gland, which secrets thyroxine and triiodothyronine, and by affecting energy substance metabolism. Biotin supplementation also has a positive effect on vitamin C absorption in the organism.
Pantothenic acid – it is a structural component of coenzyme A, so it is an essential factor determining energy substance metabolism. It has a beneficial effect on the mood and can reduce the feeling of fatigue. It participates in the synthesis of neurotransmitters, that way affecting nervous system function. It is also present on the pathway of cholesterol synthesis.
Iodine – an extremely important microelement in terms of thyroid function. Because of that, it is also efficient in supporting the optimal secretion of hormones typical of it, that is thyroxine and triiodothyronine. Its deficiency is one of the reasons of developing a goitre. Insufficient iodine supply has a negative effect on the functioning of many systems, especially the nervous and circulatory systems.
Zinc – it stabilises protein domains responsible for the normal functioning of DNA strands. It promotes carbohydrate metabolism by affecting insulin secretion. It regulates immune system function, reduces the risk of developing an infection, and promotes the right immune response. It is also an aromatase inhibitor, thanks to which it is beneficial for sex hormone economy.
Selenium – it is a powerful antioxidant, it reduces the amount of free radicals in the organism. In that area, it works in synergy with vitamin E, also contained in the preparation. It increases the efficiency of the immune system. Selenium also affects the thyroid gland by influencing its endocrine abilities. Apart from that, the right selenium supply is considered to be a form of cancer prevention.
Manganese – an element having a beneficial effect on mechanical resistance of bones and joints. Its deficiency can lead to joint pain and the deterioration of neuromotor coordination. It also supports the nervous system. It promotes and normalises sexual functions, boosts the libido, and reduces the symptoms of the premenstrual syndrome. It also increases the efficiency of immune responses of the organism.
Chromium – the element is particularly frequently supplemented by people who care about proper eating habits because its deficiency increase appetite, especially in terms of sugar cravings. It also constitutes support for the health of the cardiovascular system, reduces the risk of atherosclerotic lesions, and optimises the lipid profile by affecting the proportion of lipoproteins HDL to LDL.
Molybdenum – an extremely important element for iron metabolism in the organism, it is beneficial for its absorption. It is also essential for maintaining high efficiency of the skeletal system and prevents the development of tooth decay. Apart from that, it affects the activity of many enzymes, which makes it important for maintaining proper energy substance metabolism.
Superoxide dismutase – a powerful antioxidant substance whose efficacy stems from its unique mechanism of activity. It inhibits the reaction whose direct substrate are free radicals, which are responsible for oxidative stress. Reducing their amount is considered to be an effective form of cancer prevention. It also helps to slow down the symptoms of aging, as excess free radicals accelerate cell aging and their death.
Lutein – a plant colourant that has a beneficial effect on the eyes. It protects them from the harmful activity of ultraviolet radiation. It is recommended for people whose eyes are under great strain, for example, because of work in front of a screen. The substance is also an antioxidant, it works in synergy with other antioxidants in the preparation in terms of reducing the amount of free radicals in the organism.
Boron – an element that promotes nervous system function, both in terms of physical coordination and intellectual capacity. It has a beneficial effect on calcium management, that way promoting the functions of the element in the organism. There are also reports that boron supplementation can be a form of preventing and supporting the therapy of neoplastic diseases.
BioPQQ – a source of pyrroloquinoline quinone, a compound that supports the functioning of the mitochondria. It protects the extremely sensitive organelles from the harmful activity of free radicals. PQQ also exhibits the ability to stimulate directly the synthesis of new mitochondria, that way increasing the efficacy of energy systems in the organism.
To sum up, Seeking Health Optimal Multivitamin Minus One is an advanced multivitamin supplement providing the organism with essential vitamins and minerals. It helps to supplement deficiencies stemming from insufficient supply of the compounds with food. Because the preparation does not contain methylated forms of vitamins, it is suitable for people who do not tolerate them well. It also contains some substances that promote the efficient functioning of the organism and reduce oxidative stress, that way constituting versatile support for the organism.
Because of the content of fat-soluble vitamins, the preparation should be taken with high-fat meals.
Because of high doses of active substances, it is not recommended to exceed the recommended daily dosage (one tablet).
Seeking Health is a brand which makes sure that the products it produces are characterized by high quality and purity, therefore the majority of their products is free from magnesium stearate, allergens and GMO.
This brand is directed at fighting the causes and not the symptoms, therefore the aim of the company is primarily to help in ensuring optimal work of the digestive system, among others by launching on the market high-class products supporting digestion and regenerating and nourishing the intestines, which consequently improves bioavailability of the substances beneficial to health and increases organism’s resistance to the effect of toxins coming from external environment.
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|per daily portion (1 capsule)||amount||%DV|
|Vitamin A (50% as beta-carotene, 50% as retinyl palmitate)||750 mcg||83%|
|Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol)||25 mcg (1000 IU)||125%|
|Vitamin E (as d-alpha tocopheryl succinate)||50 mg||333%|
|Vitamin K2 (as menaquinone-7)||100 mcg||83%|
|Thiamin (as thiamine hydrochloride)||25 mg||2083%|
|Riboflavin (as riboflavin 5’-phosphate sodium)||5 mg||385%|
|Vitamin B6 (as pyridoxal 5’-phosphate)||20 mg||1176%|
|Folate (as calcium folinate)||680 mcg DFE||170%|
|Vitamin B12 (50% as hydroxocobalamin and 50% as adenosylcobalamin)||25 mcg||1042%|
|Pantothenic Acid (as d-calcium pantothenate)||50 mg||1000%|
|Iodine [from organic Icelandic kelp (Laminaria digitata)(stem and leaf)]||100 mcg||67%|
|Zinc (as TRAACS® Zinc Bisglycinate Chelate)||10 mg||91%|
|Selenium (as SelenoExcell® High Selenium Yeast)||75 mcg||136%|
|Manganese (as TRAACS® Manganese Bisglycinate Chelate)||1 mg||43%|
|Chromium (as TRAACS® Chromium Nicotinate Glycinate Chelate)||200 mcg||571%|
|Molybdenum (as TRAACS® Molybdenum Glycinate Chelate)||75 mcg||167%|
|Superoxide Dismutase [from Extramel® M Melon Extract (Cucumis melo)(pulp)]||7143 mg (100 IU)||**|
|Mixed Tocopherols||5 mg||**|
|Lutein [from marigold extract (Tagetes erecta)(flowers)]||3 mg||**|
|Boron (as Albion® Bororganic™ Glycine)||1 mg||**|
|BioPQQ® Pyrroloquinoline Quinone Disodium Salt||1 mg||**|
HPMC (capsule), ascorbyl palmitate, medium-chain triglyceride oil, and silica.
Vitamin A (retinol) is present in foods of animal origin (fish of the sea, fish, eels, liver, pork and beef, eggs, butter). In the plant products it is present as provitamin A (b-carotene), a powerful antioxidant. The food products containing pro-vitamin A are fruits in yellow and red, including apricots, tomatoes. Necessary in process of building and assimilation of proteins, affects the normal growth of bones and helps the treatment of eye diseases.Iinhibits the excessive action of the thyroid hormone - thyroxine, which simultaneously prevents the deposition of excess vitamin A. Necessary in the sports diet of in the form of food, such as dietary supplements and nutritional supplements.
Vitamin A deficiency causes growth inhibition, flaking and dryness of the skin, impaired night vision (i.e. Night blindness).
Excess of vitamin A leads to calcification of the bones and some soft tissues, and abnormalities in the functioning of glomerulonephritis
Dosage: Specified in IU and it is 5000 IU per day.
Beta-carotene (provitamin A) is a fat-soluble form of vitamin A (retinol). It is a necessary vitamin for the development and acquisition of proteins, necessary to rebuild a bone structure. Irreplaceable in the treatment of eye diseases (prevents decrease of vision and so called night blindness). It strengthens the immune system. It is a strong oxidant. In its natural form it can be found found only in plants (unlike retinol, which is present in foods of animal origin) such as chard, squash, kale, carrots, apricots, tomatoes). Available in the form of supplements and nutrients as an essential component of the sports diet.
Retinyl palmitate - ester of vitamin A, especially valued in cosmetology. It is considered the gentlest form of this vitamin, therefore it is recommended to people with sensitive skin. It is also characterized by good assimilability in oral application, it is de-esterified without any problems in the small intestine to retinol, a fully active biological form of vitamin A.
Retinol demonstrates a wide range of activities in the human organism. Vitamin A is especially popular due to its positive influence on epithelial cells. It is responsible for proper, nourished state of skin, hair and nails. Apart from this, proper supply of retinol is also incredibly important for the health of the skeletal system, as vitamin A is a regulator of growth of bone tissue.
Vitamin A is also essential to maintain proper functions of eyesight. Its derivative, by binding with opsin, creates rhodopsin, which is responsible for stimulating the activity of rod cells located on eye retina. Thanks to this, it is possible to maintain proper vision in the conditions of poor lighting.
Some sources also suggest immunity functions of vitamin A. It may decrease the risk of pathogen permeation in the epithelium of the respiratory system.
Vitamin D belongs to fat soluble vitamins, occurs in three forms: calciferol (vitamin D1) ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) and cholecalciferol (vitamin D3), it is formed under the action of sunlight for at least 15 minutes per day. In the absence of sunlight it should be administered in the diet in the form of fish oil (Vitamin A + D3) and fish oils. It is responsible for the absorption of calcium and phosphorus. It is the building substance of bone tissue particularly necessary during pregnancy, childhood, and for athletes. It is a component of dietary supplements and nutrients among competetive athletes. Deficiency of vitamin D causes children growth inhibition, and rickets.
For adults - deficiency causes osteomalacia.
Excess of vitamin D causes headaches, alopecia, nausea, drowsiness, blurred vision, pain in the long bones, the deposition of calcium deposits.
Dosage: 400 IU units during the day.
Cholecalciferol, or vitamin D3, is an organic chemical that belongs to the family of D vitamins. It is naturally found in fatty fish, fish oil, egg yolks, milk and dairy products. It is also synthesized in the human body. It is formed from 7-dehydrocholesterol present in the keratinocytes of the spinous and the basal layers of the epidermis, and a pre-requisite for initiating this process is the action of 290-315 nm wavelength UVB radiation on the skin.
Cholecalciferol is a biologically inactive compound. In the body, it undergoes enzymatic hydroxylation – first in the liver, with the participation of 25-hydroxylase, when calcidiol is formed and secondly in the kidneys, where under the influence of 1-α-hydroxylase, calcidiol is converted into the final active form – calcitriol.
The most important role of vitamin D3 in the body is the regulation of calcium-phosphate metabolism, which directly affects normal skeletal mineralization. In addition, it is involved in cell proliferation and differentiation, insulin secretion, as well as in some functions of the nervous, endocrine and immune systems.
Cholecalciferol is the most popular form of vitamin D used in dietary supplements. Studies show that supplementation with vitamin D in this form most effectively and rapidly raises the level of 25 (OH) D3 – a metabolite that is a marker of the level of vitamin D in the body.
Dosage: according to RDI standards for individual age groups.
Vitamin E (tocopherol) is a fat soluble. Due to its antioxidant action, it is a protection of other vitamins (e.g. Vitamins A). Protects the body against free radicals, strengthens the walls of blood vessels and its capacity, causing their dilation and dissolution of blood clots. With the reduction of coagulation, it is used as an antiatherogenic medicine, it allows for the proper course of pregnancy. In cooperation with selenium it slows the ageing process of cells, strengthening connective tissue. In the food it is present in whole-grain bread, sprout and grains, vegetable oils (soybean, sunflower), soya beans and sunflower seeds, vegetable fat and hen egg yolks. Also it is used in sports medicine in the form of nutrients and supplements.
Vitamin E deficiency reduces building of red blood cells, results in changes in muscle and disorders of pregnancies.
Dosage: for children, 0.5 mg / 1 kg of weight; for adults 10-30 mg per day.
What is Vitamin K2?
Vitamin K2 belongs to fat-soluble vitamins It is an important activator of many enzymes and proteins It shows a positive action on calcium balance by activating MGP protein and osteocalcin. This results in the removal of calcium deposits from blood vessel walls and transport of ions of this element to the area where it fulfills its function – teeth and bones. It reduces therefore the calcification of blood vessels and thus the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Moreover, it is a constituent of coagulation factors and cosequently prevents haemorrhages. It shows a synergistic action in combination with vitamin D and magnesium.
Vitamin K2 in the form of a dietary supplement of renowned brands e.g. Now Foods, Swanson, Life Extension, Jarrow Formulas and Thorne Research) can be found in formulas available at www.muscle-zone.pl
What is menaquinone-7?
Menaquinone-7 is a term used for long-chain form of vitamin K2, having seven isoprene residues in the side chain. Contrary to another popular form MK-4, it is not synthesized in tissues, however, it may be produced in the intestines by means of the conversion from vitamin K1 by intestinal bacteria.
It exhibits especially positive influence on the health of the circulatory system, especially by lowering the risk of atherosclerosis and heart attacks. It owes this effect mainly to osteocalcin, activated by vitamin K2. This hormone is responsible among others for the transport of calcium to bones, which counteracts its storage in soft tissues, decreasing at the same time the probability of blood vessel calcification and the creation of atherosclerotic plaques. K2 MK-7 also contributes to protecting the nervous system, securing neurons from excitotoxicity induced by excessive activity of glutamate and reducing the consequences of excessively low level of glutathione.
Vitamin K2 in the form of menaquinone-7 is a very popular additive to supplements with vitamin D3, due to the synergy of effects and reducing potential negative effects of applying higher doses of cholecalciferol.
Menaquinone-7 may be found both in monopreparations and complex supplements in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.
Thiamine hydrochloride - a highly bioavailable form of thiamine, also called vitamin B1. Due to an important role that it plays in carbohydrate metabolism, its increased supply is recommended to people with excessively high concentration of sugar in blood. It facilitates their processing in the organism and supports the activities that aim at restoring optimal glycemia. An important role in the metabolism of nutrients is also played by an integral component of carboxylase coenzyme - thiamine pyrophosphate.
Some source suggest the effectiveness of thiamine in relation to the health of the cardiovascular system, apart from decreasing glucose level in blood, it is also reflected in optimization of blood pressure. Although this aspect of effectiveness of vitamin B1 requires further research, it is another argument demonstrating special needs of taking care of proper thiamine supply by people from the risk group of the circulatory system diseases.
Among people who are especially prone to vitamin B1 deficiencies there are also people fighting with excess weight and frequently drinking alcohol.
Sodium is an important component of the intracellular fluids, and is a regulator of acid-base balance. Along with potassium affects the proper of growth and provides the proper functioning of muscles and nerves. The source of acquisition is table salt (NaCl) and bladderwrack, shellfish, bacon, beef, and of plant beets and carrots. People on salt-free diet should avoid, among others, spicy sauces and smoked meats and sausages.
Sodium deficiency is very rare, at heaving sweating after a long effort (e.g. in the marathon).
Excess sodium increases blood pressure (especially for the elderly), edema and increased thirst. Exceeding the daily dose of 14g a day can cause poisoning.
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine) is soluble in the liquid. It participates in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. By reducing the amount of fat in the blood do not enable deposition of the body. It helps the absorption of magnesium and vitamin B12 (cobalamin). It works on the muscle antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory pain in the joints. It acts anti. It provides efficient operation of the brain. It increases energy increasing vigor of a man. The demand for vitamin B6 increases during pregnancy and breast-feeding infants. The natural product is: yeast, eggs, wheat germ, meat (liver), wheat bran, nuts, peanuts peanuts, soybeans. There is a hypothesis that can be synthesized by intestinal bacteria.
Deficiency of vitamin B6 causes abnormal metabolism of proteins, decrease in lymphocytes in the blood, causes a feeling of lethargy and fatigue intensifies.
Dosage: 1.5-2.5 mg daily (increased demand during pregnancy and lactation).
Calcium folinate - a metabolite of tetrahydrofolic acid constituting a perfect form of its supplementation. Tetrahydrofolic acid is a biologically active form of folic acid, especially recommended to people dealing with methylation disorders. Folic acid in the active form is at the same time a promotor of this process, but it requires efficient action for its activation, therefore in case of methylation disorders, folates are the only effective form of supplementation of this compound.
Folic acid is mainly associated with pregnancy. In its active form, it is responsible for the regulation of the development of the neural tube of the fetus, which constitutes a key factor, conditioning its proper development. Providing folates is currently indicated as the most effective form of healthy pregnancy prophylaxis.
Another important aspect of the functionality of tetrahydrofolic acid in the organism is its role in the process of methylation. It positively influences the efficiency of transformations of homocysteine to methionine, thanks to which it demonstrates positive influence on the health of the cardiovascular system. The efficiency of this process is also conducive to maintaining the high concentration of S-adenosyl methionine in the organism. This compound demonstrates special influence on maintaining optimal mental functions and healthy liver.
What is hydroxocobalamin?
Hydroxocobalamin is one of four available forms of vitamin B12. Its advantage over cyanocobalamin consists in the ease of conversion to biologically active forms. It is sometimes used as an antidote in cyanide poisonings, because of high affinity to its ions. This form of vitamin B12 may be an interesting alternative for people, who for various reasons cannot use methyl group donors and want a better-quality supplement than the popular cyanocobalamin.
Vitamin B12 is incredibly important for maintaining proper energy metabolism and high condition of the nervous system. Because of the influence on neurotransmitter synthesis, it contributes to the improvement of mood and psychological functions. It also takes part in DNA synthesis and creatine production by the possibility of increasing the concentration of SAMe. It also helps to maintain homocysteine level in lower values, as it supports its remethylation to methionine. It also plays an important role in blood-forming processes and regeneration of myelin sheaths in neurons.
Hydroxocobalamin in mono-supplements and complex vitamin preparations may be found in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.
Adenosylcobalamin - a biologically active form of vitamin B12, which similarly to its methylated form does not need to undergo additional biochemical transformations in order to enter metabolic pathways in the human organism.
Apart from the best assimilability, adenosylcobalamin is distinguished from other forms of vitamin B12 by its high affinity for regeneration of nervous tissue. It is indicated that this form of cobalamin is engaged in the production of myelin sheaths with key meaning for proper neurotransmission. Apart from this, vitamin B12 is conducive to maintaining optimal functionality of the nervous system, being conducive to the synthesis of neurotransmitters.
Vitamin B12 is also an incredibly important regulator of methylation process, thanks to which its supplementation positively influences metabolism of the whole organism. It is a coenzyme in the conversion reactions of homocysteine to methionine as well as methylmalonyl-CoA to succinyl-CoA. Because of the first reaction, proper supply of vitamin B12 is also conducive to maintaining high concentrations of S-adenosylmethionine, thanks to which it positively influences mental functions.
Moreover, vitamin B12 is a key regulatory factor, taking part in erythropoiesis, i.e. the process of forming red cells. Its improper supply may be the cause of the development of the so-called vitamin B12 deficiency anemia.
Supplementation with vitamin B12 should be considered especially be people on vegetable diets and those who take drugs from the group of proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) and metformin.
Biotin (vitamin H, co-enzyme R) is in a group of B vitamins, due to the presence of sulphur compounds it is involved in the synthesis of ascorbic acid (vitamin C). Also synthesized in the intestines. It enhances the production of hormones and regulates cholesterol levels. It reduces muscle pain. It prevents hair loss and graying of hair. It soothes the skin inflammations. No toxic effects. Often combined with other B group vitamins and vitamin A. The natural sources of biotin are: whole grain bread, yeast, eggs (yolk), milk, brown rice and cheese.
Daily demand: 100-300 mg per day
Calcium (element chem. symbol Ca, atomic no. 20, the group of alkaline earth metals) is the basic building substance of bones and teeth, in which stored is 99% of the element, in the form of hydroxylapatite. When building bones and teeth, phosphorus is very important in the right proportion. It is a base-forming element and activator of many enzymes (ATPase) necessary to release the energy of ATP. It has a significant effect on blood clotting and regulates blood pressure and neuromuscular conductivity. Thanks to the reduced permeability of cell membranes, it soothes the symptoms of food allergies. Calcium is actively involved in the metabolism of iron interacts with vitamins A, C and D and phosphorus, magnesium. Natural source of calcium are animal products (dairy products, sardines, salmon, sprats eaten with bones) and plant products (nuts, soybeans, sunflower seeds). Absorption takes place in the small intestine (less in the colon), it has an effect on the level of lactose, insoluble fibre, organic acids, alkalinity (low pH). The best absorption have organic compounds (lactates, amino acid chelates etc.). Obstructing the absorption of calcium is caused by: phytic acid and oxalic acid as well as excess fat. Scientific studies have confirmed that the combination of calcium, magnesium, boron and vitamin D in dose 3 mg / 24h effectively prevent osteoporosis. Supplements on the market are both mono-preparation supplements (enriched with vitamin D3) and multi-component supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Calcium deficiency disorders manifested in the construction of the bones (osteoporosis) and iron metabolism. The symptoms are: rickets, cramps and muscle tremor, osteoporosis.
Excess resulting from an overdose of calcium supplements containing vitamin D3 for children and adults overdose of calcium (hypercalcemia). Symptoms of hypercalcemia are: lack of appetite, vomiting and constipation.
The dosage administered in various publications are inconsistent: 800 - 1000 mg / 24 h (100 - 500 mg / 24h)
Iodine - more than two-thirds of iodine is stored in the thyroid gland and it is a component produced by it hormones - thyroxine and triiodothyronine, which are essential in the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and minerals and regulating the processes of growth, causing it usefulness in sports supplementation. It is also the ingredient of weight loss products. Regulates and controls body temperature. Natural source of acquisition of iodine are: bladderwrack, seafood, sea fish and onion and vegetables growing in soil containing this element and most of all iodized salt ..
Deficiency of iodine in the body cause hypothyroidism, and consequently overweight, mental slowing (cretinism inclusive). It is the cause of a goitre. Iodine deficiency can be caused by rhodanates and polyphenols (e.g. contained in cabbage and cauliflower), hemagglutinin found in legumes.
Excess iodine can result in inhibition of thyroid hormone synthesis (this happens in a small percentage of cases).
Dosage: Treatment of iodine should be done under medical supervision. Daily demand for adults is 150 mcg. For pregnant women daily demand increases to 175 mcg.
Kelp - seaweed belonging to the brown algae in the order Laminariales, which is a valuable source of iodine, necessary for thyroid function and reduce body fat, affecting the metabolic rate as well as participating in the detoxification of the body. It is a source of alginates, minerals and vitamins. Positive effect on the appearance of the skin, nails and teeth and hair. Available in dietary supplements and sports in the category of "health and beauty" in the form mono-preparations and multiple mineralizing a vitamin supplements, fat burners and other means of thermogenic effect, slimming, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: in terms of pure iodine 150 - 250mcg / 24h. Higher doses by prior arrangement with your doctor or nutritionist.
Zinc (chemical element from transition group 12) belongs to the trace elements, it helps maintain acid-base balance of the body, protein, energy, lipid and carbohydrate metabolism. It provides bone metabolism and transport of oxygen. It protects the body against free radicals. Necessary for the proper operation of the senses of taste and smell. Positive impact on the process of insulin metabolism in the pancreas. It supports visual adaptation to the dark, has a significant influence on brain function. It is helpful in the treatment of infertility and mental illness.
Zinc deficiency leads to decreased immunity, and growth retardation. Zinc deficiency can occur in case of excessive consumption of simple sugars. In the case of hormonal therapy of women with irregular menstruation, the therapy should be associated with increased consumption of zinc. It can be found in food like: beans, eggs, carrots, beef and pork meat, milk, nuts, citrus fruits, seafood, rice, cottage cheese, lettuce.
Dosage: Daily 12-15 mg zinc. Exceeding the daily dose of 20 mg cause symptoms of poisoning of the body.
TRAACS® stands for "The Real Amino Acid Chelate System". It is a branded trade name coined by Albion® Human Nutrition – a leading producer of chelated minerals. The company uses the ultra-modern – protected by numerous patents – method that enables combining mineral components with ligands, to create organic, highly bioavailable and easily absorbable mineral chelates.
TRAACS® amino acid mineral chelates have a ring structure and are characterized by an extremely low molecular weight. The mineral is trapped between two molecules of amino acids and attached to them by means of covalent bonds. This ensures the minerals high chemical stability and resistance to the acidic and alkaline environment of the gastrointestinal tract. They can easily reach the small intestine, where they are absorbed.
The success of the minerals marked with the TRAACS® trademark has been built thanks to a renowned producer, hundreds of scientific studies, thousands of laboratory tests and over 70 patents in the field of minerals. They are compliant with the definition of the National Nutrition Foods Association (NNFA) and have been granted the registration number of the American Chemical Society. They are undoubtedly one of the safest and best-absorbed minerals that can be found in oral dietary supplements.
Selenium (element, chemical symbol Se, atomic no. 34, from chalcogenide, it is present in several allotropic forms). It is supplied the body with food in the form of seleno-amino acids (selenomethionine - gathering supplies, and selenocysteine – a component of glutathione peroxidase, deiodinase and seleno-proteins). Regulates the functioning of the thyroid gland. It affects the growth and development, including sexual development (by increasing production and sperm motility). It affects the flexibility of the tissue, removes some of the toxins from the body and destroys cancer cells and reduces the severity of menopause in women. Natural products containing selenium are seafood (sea fish, oysters, bladderwrack) and vegetable products (broccoli, onions, wheat germ, bran, tomatoes) and animal products (poultry, eggs). It is also included in the composition of vitamin-mineral and mineral supplements. Selenium supplementation is recommended as a dietary supplement of active people having diet poor in this element, and as a factor increasing the body's immunity.
Selenium deficiency increases the risk of developing cancer and heart disease. Symptoms of selenium deficiency are: cardiomyopathy, growth stoppage, disorders of detoxification processes which may lead to damage to the kidneys and liver.
An excess of selenium can lead to selenosis (the disease, the symptoms are: loss of hair, nail cracks, lesions).
daily demand of selenium for pregnant women 65 mcg; nursing mothers 75 mcg; men 7 mcg.
Manganese, of which a natural source is chocolate, grain products with whole grain, nuts, legumes and dried cranberry, is a component of enzymes and their activator. It stimulates the properties and functionality of connective tissue and provides proper functioning of the brain. It affects the function of the pancreas, ensuring proper insulin metabolism and condition of the bone and joints. Magnesium deficiency contributes to serious disorders in synthesis of hyaluronic acid and chondroitin, reduction in insulin sensitivity of tissues, affects bone resorption. Manganese chelates are used in complexometry in chemical analysis and in medicine for the treatment of severe poisoning (antitoxin) by heavy metals, in sports supplementation, manganese impact on the functioning of the locomotor system is used. It is a component of the so-called regenerators of joints and a vitamin-mineralizing and mineralizing supplements.
Chromium (chemical element from transition group of the chromium, chemically active) is actively involved in the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates. It comes in the easily assimilable organic form and inorganic. Along with insulin, as a component of the glucose tolerance factor (GTF), is used in insulin-dependent diabetes treatment, insulin involved in the metabolism of glucose in t proteins transport. Activator of enzymes involved in the metabolism of fats and cholesterol. Available in animal origin products (liver, veal, chicken, turkey meat, oysters) and plant-origin (bananas, broccoli, cereal, wheat germ, spinach). Supplements containing chromium are recommended for fat loss (also thermogenic), and improving the functioning of the body. The sports supplementation used chromium in the form of mono-preparations or in the form of vitamin-mineral minerals supplements.
Chromium deficiency results in impaired glucose, reducing the insulin sensitivity. It causes a decrease in immunity and endurance of the body. It may be a cause of coronary heart disease. Sometimes it causes neurological disorders.
Dosage: A varied diet prevents from the deficiency of chromium in the body.
Dosage: The recommended dose of 50-150 mg per day.
Molybdenum (the element of the chromium groups, atomic no. 42, a chemical symbol Mo) - a trace element involved in the metabolic conversion of carbohydrates and fats and increases the absorption of iron. It is used to treat anaemia. Well affects the mood.. It is a component of many dietary supplements and in foods such as lettuce, cabbage and other leafy green vegetables, whole grains (corn, sunflower, etc.).
Mixed tocopherols - a method of complementing vitamin E, commonly used in supplementation, encompassing tocopherols and tocotrienols. The compounds from the group of vitamin E belong to the substances soluble in fats, therefore they should be taken with fats.
The main activity of vitamin E in the organism is its activity as antioxidant. It demonstrates the ability to neutralize free radicals and consequently to reduce oxidative stress. In this way, it positively influences the state of tissues of the organism. Supplementation with antioxidants is indicated as an effective method of delaying the signs of aging and it may demonstrate anticancer properties. Apart from this, supplementation with vitamin E, thanks to its antioxidant properties, positively influences the absorption of some other biologically active compounds.
Supplementation with vitamin E also demonstrates cardioprotective properties. Its proper concentration in blood prevents the pathological breakdown of erythrocytes, increases endurance of blood vessel walls and decreases the risk of developing atherosclerosis.
For maximal absorption and effectiveness, vitamin E should not be used with vitamin K and supplements containing iron.
Lutein, a derivative of alpha-carotene is a natural plant dye, colouring in yellow, is also present in the yolk of egg. In the body, located primarily in the retina of the human eye (together with Zeaxanthin), it acts as a natural filter for the eye, absorbing ultraviolet radiation. It is a powerful antioxidant, neutralizing free radicals. Available in the form of mono-preparation supplements and multi-compound supplements with antioxidant, protecting the eyes, action, as well as multivitamins, creatine stacks and no-boosters.
Boron - an element of boron group, symbol B, atomic number (Z) - 5, belongs to a group of micronutrients. The organism, it is responsible for the synthesis of nucleic acids and prevents the release of excess calcium from the bones. Is an activator of enzymes in metabolism. It occurs naturally in citrus fruits (grapefruit, bitter orange), legumes, grapes, malt beer. The supplementation is rarely used, mostly in vitamin and a vitamin-mineralizing supplements.
Dosage: the lack of standards for daily consumption. Excess of boron is toxic for the organism.
Glycine is belongs to 22 essential amino acids (synthesized within the body) constructing proteins, and non-protein component of enzymes i.e. heme. It is a inhibiting neurotransmitter allowing for improvement in sleep comfort even at a dose of 3 g at bedtime. Glycine (as arginine) is a precursor of creatine. It is essential for the synthesis of a strong antioxidant - removing free radicals out of the body - glutathione. It is cholagogic and cholepoiteic. By interfering with the synthesis of growth hormone, accelerates the biological recovery of an organism. Naturally present in foods of plant and animal origin. In the sports supplementation is a component creatine stacks, amino acid supplements, protein supplements based on natural ingredients and carbohydrate and protein.
Salt (sodium chloride, or table salt), natural source of electrolytes (chlorine and potassium), regulating water and electrolyte and acid-base balance of the body, affecting the nervous system and blood pressure. Sodium is an essential element for the proper growth. The proper dose of salt prevents overheating of the body and solar stroke. It provides the proper functioning of muscles and nerves the body. Chlorine in combination with sodium, is involved in the digestive process and maintains acid-base balance in the body, as antitoxin removes toxic products of metabolism in the liver. Salt is a flavour component and preservative of many foods, nutritional supplements and mixtures of electrolytes, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: no specific standards of consumption, used so as to provide sufficient amount of electrolytes to the body (sodium and chloride).
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