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Multi Pro Plus Multi Pro Plus

Scitec Multi Pro Plus is a top quality complex of health-promoting substances - vitamins, minerals and compounds of vegetable origin with clinically proven effectiveness in the form of convenient capsules. The mixture consists of the best absorbable forms of active ingredients, so that their multi-layered support is as effective as possible.

Support for metabolism
Each cell of the body carries out a number of metabolic processes. Their type depends on the function of the tissue it is a part of. Almost all changes are supervised by executive proteins called enzymes whose action depends on the presence of non-protein cofactors. These include e.g. minerals and microelements.

Energy used by cells is contained in ATP - a molecule produced in the course of complicated metabolic cycles of glucose and fatty acids combustion. They can be aerobic or anaerobic. Anaerobic respiration is a much less efficient process than aerobic processes. Carrying out the latter is possible not only in presence of oxygen, but also group B vitamins.

Thiamine deficiency is manifested by excessive synthesis of lactic acid, which may exceed the compensatory capacity of the body, causing acidosis. This is due to the fact that this vitamin controls the intermediate stage connecting anaerobic and aerobic processes. At this stage, its joint action with another vitamin - pantothenic acid - is important. Their synergistic action enables efficient removal of this acid, which is harmful in large doses, and later on - energy production. Obtaining ATP is also not possible without niacinamide and riboflavin, which act as an aid to enzymes oxidizing glucose and fatty acids.

It is worth noting that the addition of coenzyme Q10 is not a coincidence. As part of the respiratory chain (the place where the last stage of glucose and fatty acids oxidation takes place) and by participating in the transmission of electrons, it perfectly complements the effects of the above-mentioned vitamins. This ultimately leads to the optimization of energy acquisition by tissues with high demand for it.

Effective prevention of cardiovascular diseases
Although the average life expectancy extends, cardiovascular diseases still take their deadly toll. Ubiquitous stress, rest deprivation or poor diet are just some of the factors contributing to the progression of changes in blood vessels or the heart.

Often many people do not realize that seemingly insignificant vitamin deficiencies in the long term may contribute to the development of the disease. The process of atherosclerotic plaque build-up develops for years, completely without any symptoms. The most important factor, of course, is the increased level of cholesterol in the blood. It was shown that one of the sulphur amino acid transformation products - homocysteine, also predisposes to the development of atherosclerosis.

Pyridoxine hydrochloride, methylcobalamin - enzymatic regulators, as well as pteroylmonoglutamic acid (under normal conditions transforming to 5-methyltetrahydrofolate) and choline - methyl donors, may help reduce its concentration. These compounds are part of the metabolic cycle that allows the formation of cysteine ​​from methionine. In clinical practice, their deficiency is strongly related to the increase in homocysteine ​​levels, the risk of atherosclerosis and its unpleasant complications, including, among others, heart attack or stroke.

A serious disorder associated with the circulatory system, which many people suffer from, is also arterial hypertension. It has been shown that supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids positively affects blood pressure values. Eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid are precursors of prostacyclin PGI2 formed in the endothelium. It has a myorelaxant impact on the vascular smooth muscle, which reduces the occurrence of arterial resistance, allowing blood to flow under normal pressure.

Healthy motor system
With age, the motor system weakens and the mobility of the body decreases. This happens also due to reduced efficiency of bone mineralization. This process especially affects women in the postmenopausal period due to changes in the hormon balance.

It has been shown that supplementation with vitamin D3 can alleviate these problems. This vitamin plays many roles in the organism - from immunomodulation to regulating calcium-phosphate metabolism. The presence of this vitamin increases the availability of calcium cations needed for bone mineralization. This happens by increasing their absorption in the intestines and kidneys, as well as regulating the work of osteoblasts and osteoclasts. Thanks to this, both components of the preparation - vitamin D3 and calcium - complement their action.

Vitamin D3 is produced by the body after a sufficiently long exposure to the sun's rays. Bearing in mind this fact, its additional supplementation is particularly important in autumn and winter.

The preparation was enriched with the often neglected microelement, manganese, taking into account the second component of the bone-joint system. The studies have shown that manganese deficiencies may be disturb the production of chondroitin and hyaluronic acid. These substances are crucial for the production of synovial fluid, which is a "natural lubricant", enduring friction between joint elements.

Good hair, skin and nail condition
Skin is an organ with a very large surface. Together with its appendages it plays a number of important roles, which include thermoregulation, contributing to the water and electrolyte balance, and even gas exchange. Bearing this in mind, it is significant to take care of its good condition.

Compounds with a particularly positive impact on the skin are vitamin A and biotin. The former, thanks to the regulation of keratinocyte differentiation, supports epidermis renewal. In addition, it improves skin firmness by stimulating fibroblasts that produce collagen and elastin. Retinoid derivatives are used particularly willingly in the treatment of acne, because they contribute to the inhibition of excessive activity of sebaceous glands.

Biotin acts in a slightly different way - it provides the sulphur needed for the production of keratin. This protein prevents excessive loss of water by bonding the cells of the stratum corneum of the skin, as well as conditioning the proper structure of the hair and nails.

Fight against free radicals
Free radicals are highly reactive molecules that, along with ATP, are formed as byproducts in the process of aerobic respiration. They have a devastating impact on the intracellular structures. Our body has developed mechanisms that allow their reduction, but in some cases the production of radicals exceeds the compensatory capacity of the body.

Fortunately, pharmacological support is available. Two of the most effective compounds classified as intracellular antioxidants are vitamin C and vitamin E, as well as micronutrients, which are part of the enzymes eliminating free radicals - selenium and copper. Their supplementation significantly reduces the level of these harmful molecules, preventing the occurrence of inflammatory states that may impair the function of tissues and organs.

To ensure complete reduction of the free radicals, the producer included additional antioxidants in the supplement, which are at the same time substances with additional anti-inflammatory and antiaggregative activity - polyphenols derived from the Vinca Seed extract (Vitis vinifera L.), rutoside extracted from the Japanese pagoda tree flowers (Sophora japonica L.) and hesperidin extracted from the bitter orange fruits (Citrus aurantium L. Subsp. Amara) .

The supply of these compounds may be a support for athletes by ensuring post-training regeneration, as working muscles generate a huge amount of free radicals that delay the initiation of protein biosynthesis and glycogen rebuilding.

Natural support of masculinity
Well-groomed facial hair, visible enlargement of the musculature and preserved sexual functions are undoubtedly the characteristics of healthy, strong men. They all depend on the normal hormone balance - especially on the right testosterone levels. The current lifestyle offers a lot of stress, and eating meals that do not contain the right dose of micronutrients can, over time, affect the health.

Regular supplementation of zinc ensures comprehensive support. Studies have shown that its high concentration is present in the semen of healthy men, promoting longer survival of sperm. Thanks to this, fertilizing your partner is much easier.

The production of new proteins in muscle cells is particularly significant in terms of their expansion. It was shown that zinc supplementation, which builds the so called zinc fingers - intracellular structures involved in transcription, enhances the process of protein biosynthesis. It can therefore be undoubtedly stated that this element effectively promotes the development of musculature.

Counteracting female problems
Not only men suffer from hormonal problems. Many women struggle with the irregularity of menstruation, reduced libido and mood, which may be associated with problems that affect both the ovaries and the thyroid gland.

It has been noticed that supplementation with inositol is particularly effective in a condition that affects many women - polycystic ovary syndrome. This compound can effectively reduce the level of androgens in the blood, which results in the withdrawal of hyperinsulinism, hirsutism and problems with the seborrhoeic complexion.

Iodine is an element whose demand is difficult to satisfy with food. It is a very important micronutrient, because its presence is necessary for the proper synthesis of thyroid hormones - T4 and T3, whose deficiency is observed in the hypothyroidism of this gland. Supplementation of this micromolecule may prove to be helpful in women who recently observed, among others, recurrent sense of fatigue, weight gain and increased diastolic blood pressure.

Taking care of good sight
It is difficult to imagine everyday functioning with any visual impairment. Eye disorders result not only in a reduced field of vision, but also cause hardly bearable headaches. Lutein - one of the carotenoids distinguished by the presence of the polar hydroxyl group, which perfectly integrates with the membranes of the nerve cells of the eye receptor cells. Due to the fact that they lead to high oxygen metabolism, the resulting free radicals can act damagingly, leading to their disappearance and deterioration of vision. By supplying lutein it is possible to stop these processes and support correct vision for years.

Preserved neuronal functions
The central nervous system coordinates and integrates the functions of the whole organism. Therefore it is important to keep it functional for as long as possible. The brains consist largely of lipid substances that form cell membranes and myelin sheaths that provide a fast transmission of information between neurons. The supplementation of soybean lecithin - a source of phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylinositol and linolenic acid - guarantees the reconstruction of damaged structures together with the preservation of their functions.

Magnesium has an interesting property within the OUN that inhibits the excessive excitability of nerve cells, thus contributing to the improvement of memory capacities. In addition, by affecting NMDA receptors, it modulates glutamatergic transmission, preventing the occurrence of depressive states in persons predisposed to them.

Supported production of red blood cells
Oxygen is one of the elements conditioning correct functioning of our cells. Its transport is mediated by specialized cells flowing with bloodstream - erythrocytes. They contain a protein - haemoglobin, which has an iron atom in its structure. Thanks to it oxygen binding in the lungs and its donation to tissues with high demand for it are possible.

Iron deficiency is usually associated with anaemia, i.e. a decrease in the number of red blood cells. This is a correct statement, however, in this clinical condition there are also some symptoms such as dyspnoea, accelerated heart rate or increased fatigability. To prevent this, it is worth incorporating fumarate into the diet, which is one of the best accessible forms of iron. Together with vitamin C and molybdenum present in the supplement, this guarantees one of the better bioavailabilities of this element on the market.

To sum up, Scitec Multi Pro Plus is a preparation intended for daily supplementation by people who want to enhance the body’s vitality in a comprehensive way and to compensate for deficiencies that may contribute to the disturbance of organism homeostasis.

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Since 2005
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Multi Pro Plus Multi Pro Plus 30 sach.
SCITEC
£ 12.56

Multi Pro Plus 30 sach.

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01709231594 (mon.-fri 900-1700)

- Delivery even day after tomorrow

- Foreign shippment from £ 4.42 Every £ 63.87 reduces shipping costs by £ 2.13

You have got questions about the product

sales@mz-store.co.uk

01709231594 (mon.-fri 900-1700)

Description
  • Best assimilable combination of vitamins and microelements in a convenient form
  • Improves intracellular metabolic processes
  • Counteracts bone and joint ailments
  • Supports correct functioning of the nervous system
  • Effective prevention of cardiovascular diseases
  • Ensures healthy skin, hair and nails
  • May prevent visual impairment
  • High dose of antioxidants
  • Helps decrease blood pressure

Scitec Multi Pro Plus is a top quality complex of health-promoting substances - vitamins, minerals and compounds of vegetable origin with clinically proven effectiveness in the form of convenient capsules. The mixture consists of the best absorbable forms of active ingredients, so that their multi-layered support is as effective as possible.

Support for metabolism
Each cell of the body carries out a number of metabolic processes. Their type depends on the function of the tissue it is a part of. Almost all changes are supervised by executive proteins called enzymes whose action depends on the presence of non-protein cofactors. These include e.g. minerals and microelements.

Energy used by cells is contained in ATP - a molecule produced in the course of complicated metabolic cycles of glucose and fatty acids combustion. They can be aerobic or anaerobic. Anaerobic respiration is a much less efficient process than aerobic processes. Carrying out the latter is possible not only in presence of oxygen, but also group B vitamins.

Thiamine deficiency is manifested by excessive synthesis of lactic acid, which may exceed the compensatory capacity of the body, causing acidosis. This is due to the fact that this vitamin controls the intermediate stage connecting anaerobic and aerobic processes. At this stage, its joint action with another vitamin - pantothenic acid - is important. Their synergistic action enables efficient removal of this acid, which is harmful in large doses, and later on - energy production. Obtaining ATP is also not possible without niacinamide and riboflavin, which act as an aid to enzymes oxidizing glucose and fatty acids.

It is worth noting that the addition of coenzyme Q10 is not a coincidence. As part of the respiratory chain (the place where the last stage of glucose and fatty acids oxidation takes place) and by participating in the transmission of electrons, it perfectly complements the effects of the above-mentioned vitamins. This ultimately leads to the optimization of energy acquisition by tissues with high demand for it.

Effective prevention of cardiovascular diseases
Although the average life expectancy extends, cardiovascular diseases still take their deadly toll. Ubiquitous stress, rest deprivation or poor diet are just some of the factors contributing to the progression of changes in blood vessels or the heart.

Often many people do not realize that seemingly insignificant vitamin deficiencies in the long term may contribute to the development of the disease. The process of atherosclerotic plaque build-up develops for years, completely without any symptoms. The most important factor, of course, is the increased level of cholesterol in the blood. It was shown that one of the sulphur amino acid transformation products - homocysteine, also predisposes to the development of atherosclerosis.

Pyridoxine hydrochloride, methylcobalamin - enzymatic regulators, as well as pteroylmonoglutamic acid (under normal conditions transforming to 5-methyltetrahydrofolate) and choline - methyl donors, may help reduce its concentration. These compounds are part of the metabolic cycle that allows the formation of cysteine ​​from methionine. In clinical practice, their deficiency is strongly related to the increase in homocysteine ​​levels, the risk of atherosclerosis and its unpleasant complications, including, among others, heart attack or stroke.

A serious disorder associated with the circulatory system, which many people suffer from, is also arterial hypertension. It has been shown that supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids positively affects blood pressure values. Eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid are precursors of prostacyclin PGI2 formed in the endothelium. It has a myorelaxant impact on the vascular smooth muscle, which reduces the occurrence of arterial resistance, allowing blood to flow under normal pressure.

Healthy motor system
With age, the motor system weakens and the mobility of the body decreases. This happens also due to reduced efficiency of bone mineralization. This process especially affects women in the postmenopausal period due to changes in the hormon balance.

It has been shown that supplementation with vitamin D3 can alleviate these problems. This vitamin plays many roles in the organism - from immunomodulation to regulating calcium-phosphate metabolism. The presence of this vitamin increases the availability of calcium cations needed for bone mineralization. This happens by increasing their absorption in the intestines and kidneys, as well as regulating the work of osteoblasts and osteoclasts. Thanks to this, both components of the preparation - vitamin D3 and calcium - complement their action.

Vitamin D3 is produced by the body after a sufficiently long exposure to the sun's rays. Bearing in mind this fact, its additional supplementation is particularly important in autumn and winter.

The preparation was enriched with the often neglected microelement, manganese, taking into account the second component of the bone-joint system. The studies have shown that manganese deficiencies may be disturb the production of chondroitin and hyaluronic acid. These substances are crucial for the production of synovial fluid, which is a "natural lubricant", enduring friction between joint elements.

Good hair, skin and nail condition
Skin is an organ with a very large surface. Together with its appendages it plays a number of important roles, which include thermoregulation, contributing to the water and electrolyte balance, and even gas exchange. Bearing this in mind, it is significant to take care of its good condition.

Compounds with a particularly positive impact on the skin are vitamin A and biotin. The former, thanks to the regulation of keratinocyte differentiation, supports epidermis renewal. In addition, it improves skin firmness by stimulating fibroblasts that produce collagen and elastin. Retinoid derivatives are used particularly willingly in the treatment of acne, because they contribute to the inhibition of excessive activity of sebaceous glands.

Biotin acts in a slightly different way - it provides the sulphur needed for the production of keratin. This protein prevents excessive loss of water by bonding the cells of the stratum corneum of the skin, as well as conditioning the proper structure of the hair and nails.

Fight against free radicals
Free radicals are highly reactive molecules that, along with ATP, are formed as byproducts in the process of aerobic respiration. They have a devastating impact on the intracellular structures. Our body has developed mechanisms that allow their reduction, but in some cases the production of radicals exceeds the compensatory capacity of the body.

Fortunately, pharmacological support is available. Two of the most effective compounds classified as intracellular antioxidants are vitamin C and vitamin E, as well as micronutrients, which are part of the enzymes eliminating free radicals - selenium and copper. Their supplementation significantly reduces the level of these harmful molecules, preventing the occurrence of inflammatory states that may impair the function of tissues and organs.

To ensure complete reduction of the free radicals, the producer included additional antioxidants in the supplement, which are at the same time substances with additional anti-inflammatory and antiaggregative activity - polyphenols derived from the Vinca Seed extract (Vitis vinifera L.), rutoside extracted from the Japanese pagoda tree flowers (Sophora japonica L.) and hesperidin extracted from the bitter orange fruits (Citrus aurantium L. Subsp. Amara) .

The supply of these compounds may be a support for athletes by ensuring post-training regeneration, as working muscles generate a huge amount of free radicals that delay the initiation of protein biosynthesis and glycogen rebuilding.

Natural support of masculinity
Well-groomed facial hair, visible enlargement of the musculature and preserved sexual functions are undoubtedly the characteristics of healthy, strong men. They all depend on the normal hormone balance - especially on the right testosterone levels. The current lifestyle offers a lot of stress, and eating meals that do not contain the right dose of micronutrients can, over time, affect the health.

Regular supplementation of zinc ensures comprehensive support. Studies have shown that its high concentration is present in the semen of healthy men, promoting longer survival of sperm. Thanks to this, fertilizing your partner is much easier.

The production of new proteins in muscle cells is particularly significant in terms of their expansion. It was shown that zinc supplementation, which builds the so called zinc fingers - intracellular structures involved in transcription, enhances the process of protein biosynthesis. It can therefore be undoubtedly stated that this element effectively promotes the development of musculature.

Counteracting female problems
Not only men suffer from hormonal problems. Many women struggle with the irregularity of menstruation, reduced libido and mood, which may be associated with problems that affect both the ovaries and the thyroid gland.

It has been noticed that supplementation with inositol is particularly effective in a condition that affects many women - polycystic ovary syndrome. This compound can effectively reduce the level of androgens in the blood, which results in the withdrawal of hyperinsulinism, hirsutism and problems with the seborrhoeic complexion.

Iodine is an element whose demand is difficult to satisfy with food. It is a very important micronutrient, because its presence is necessary for the proper synthesis of thyroid hormones - T4 and T3, whose deficiency is observed in the hypothyroidism of this gland. Supplementation of this micromolecule may prove to be helpful in women who recently observed, among others, recurrent sense of fatigue, weight gain and increased diastolic blood pressure.

Taking care of good sight
It is difficult to imagine everyday functioning with any visual impairment. Eye disorders result not only in a reduced field of vision, but also cause hardly bearable headaches. Lutein - one of the carotenoids distinguished by the presence of the polar hydroxyl group, which perfectly integrates with the membranes of the nerve cells of the eye receptor cells. Due to the fact that they lead to high oxygen metabolism, the resulting free radicals can act damagingly, leading to their disappearance and deterioration of vision. By supplying lutein it is possible to stop these processes and support correct vision for years.

Preserved neuronal functions
The central nervous system coordinates and integrates the functions of the whole organism. Therefore it is important to keep it functional for as long as possible. The brains consist largely of lipid substances that form cell membranes and myelin sheaths that provide a fast transmission of information between neurons. The supplementation of soybean lecithin - a source of phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylinositol and linolenic acid - guarantees the reconstruction of damaged structures together with the preservation of their functions.

Magnesium has an interesting property within the OUN that inhibits the excessive excitability of nerve cells, thus contributing to the improvement of memory capacities. In addition, by affecting NMDA receptors, it modulates glutamatergic transmission, preventing the occurrence of depressive states in persons predisposed to them.

Supported production of red blood cells
Oxygen is one of the elements conditioning correct functioning of our cells. Its transport is mediated by specialized cells flowing with bloodstream - erythrocytes. They contain a protein - haemoglobin, which has an iron atom in its structure. Thanks to it oxygen binding in the lungs and its donation to tissues with high demand for it are possible.

Iron deficiency is usually associated with anaemia, i.e. a decrease in the number of red blood cells. This is a correct statement, however, in this clinical condition there are also some symptoms such as dyspnoea, accelerated heart rate or increased fatigability. To prevent this, it is worth incorporating fumarate into the diet, which is one of the best accessible forms of iron. Together with vitamin C and molybdenum present in the supplement, this guarantees one of the better bioavailabilities of this element on the market.

To sum up, Scitec Multi Pro Plus is a preparation intended for daily supplementation by people who want to enhance the body’s vitality in a comprehensive way and to compensate for deficiencies that may contribute to the disturbance of organism homeostasis.

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Composition

Composition

Container size: 30 sachetsServing size: 1 sachetServings per container: 30
per 1 sachetamount%RDA
Vitamin A (as Retynil Acetate)2249 µg281%
Vitamin B1 (as Thiamine Mononitrate)39 mg3545%
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)48 mg3429%
Vitamin B3 (Nicotinamide)50 mg313%
Vitamin B5 (as Calcium D-Pantothenate)48 mg800%
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine HCl)25 mg1786%
Vitamin B7 (D-Biotin)184 µg368%
Vitamin B9 (Pteroylmonoglutamic Acid)366 µg183%
Vitamin B12 (as Cyanocobalamin)95 µg3800%
Vitamin C ( L-Ascorbic Acid)1500 mg1875%
Vitamin D (as Cholecalciferol)12 µg240%
Vitamin E (as DL-Alpha Tocopheryl Acetate)126 mg1050%
Calcium (as Calcium Carbonate and calcium gluconate)693 mg87%
Magnesium (as Magnesium Oxide and Magnesium Gluconate)337 mg90%
Iron (as Ferrous II Fumarate)13 mg93%
Zinc (as Zinc Sulphate Monohydrate)10 mg100%
Manganese (as Manganese Sulphate Monohydrate)4,7 mg235%
Copper (as Copper II Sulphate Pentahydrate)1000 µg100%
Iodine (as Potassium Iodide)120 µg80%
Selenium (as Sodium Selenite)48 µg87%
Molybdenum (as Sodium Molybdate)7,5 µg15%
Grape seed (Vitis vinifera extract, 95% polyphenols including oligomeric proanthocyanidin)110 mg-
Q-Sorb™ Coenzyme Q1050 mg-
Rutin extracted from Sophora japonica ower (86%)28 mg-
Hesperidin extracted from Citrus aurantium fruit (93%)12 mg-
Inositol10 mg-
Choline (as Choline Bitartrate)9.7 mg-
Lutein5 mg-
Fish Oil:1000 mg-
- Eicosapentaenoic Acid (EPA)235 mg-
- Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA)165 mg-
Soy Lecithin1200 mg-
- Phosphatidylcholine168 mg-
- Phosphatidylinositol108 mg-
- Linoleic acid642 mg-

Other ingrednients

2 multi-vitamin capsule ingredients (Grey capsules): Bovine Gelatin, Purified Water, Anti-Caking Agent (Magnesium Stearate), Colors (Titanium Dioxide, Black Iron Oxide, Indigotine), Glazing Agent (Shellac)

Vitamin C capsule ingredients (Green capsule): Bovine Gelatin, Anti-Caking Agent (Magnesium Stearate), Colors (Titanium Dioxide, Copper Complex of Chlorophyllins)

Calcium-Magnesium tablet ingredients (Yellow tablet): Anti-Caking Agents (Magnesium Salts of Fatty Acids, Talc), Stabilizer (Polyvinyl Alcohol), Humectant (Polyethylene Glycol), Sa ower Powder, Color (Titanium Dioxide), Bulking Agent (Cross-Linked Sodium Carboxy Methyl Cellulose)

Extras capsule ingredients (White capsule): Calendula o cinalis (Flower) 5:1 extract, Bovine Gelatin, Color (Titanium Dioxide)

Fish oil softgel ingredients (Yellow capsule): Bovine Gelatin, Antioxidant (Natural Tocopherols)

Glycerol Lecithin softgel ingredients (Brown capsule): Bovine Gelatin, Humectant (Glycerol), Emulsi er (Soybean Oil), Water

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Vitamin A

Information

Vitamin A (retinol) is present in foods of animal origin (fish of the sea, fish, eels, liver, pork and beef, eggs, butter). In the plant products it is present as provitamin A (b-carotene), a powerful antioxidant. The food products containing pro-vitamin A are fruits in yellow and red, including apricots, tomatoes. Necessary in process of building and assimilation of proteins, affects the normal growth of bones and helps the treatment of eye diseases.Iinhibits the excessive action of the thyroid hormone - thyroxine, which simultaneously prevents the deposition of excess vitamin A. Necessary in the sports diet of in the form of food, such as dietary supplements and nutritional supplements.
Vitamin A deficiency causes growth inhibition, flaking and dryness of the skin, impaired night vision (i.e. Night blindness).
Excess of vitamin A leads to calcification of the bones and some soft tissues, and abnormalities in the functioning of glomerulonephritis
Dosage: Specified in IU and it is 5000 IU per day.


 

Vitamin B3

Information

Vitamin B3 (vitamin PP, niacin, nicotinic acid, nicotinamide) is niacinamide niacin. It is used in interaction with vitamins B1, B2 and B6 in the synthesis of hormones during lactation. It provides proper functioning of the brain and nervous system. It is helpful in inflammatory conditions of the skin. Required for synthesis of sex hormone, estrogen, testosterone, cortisone, and insulin. It does not lose its properties in the manufacturing and storage. The source of acquiring vitamins PP are both products of animal origin (the lean meat, eggs, fish) and vegetable origin (dates, figs, hazelnuts, plums).
Dosage: 2-12 mg / day for children, 14 mg / day for women, 16 mg / day for men and 17-18 mg / day for pregnant or nursing women.


 

Calcium

Information

Calcium (element chem. symbol Ca, atomic no. 20, the group of alkaline earth metals) is the basic building substance of bones and teeth, in which stored is 99% of the element, in the form of hydroxylapatite. When building bones and teeth, phosphorus is very important in the right proportion. It is a base-forming element and activator of many enzymes (ATPase) necessary to release the energy of ATP. It has a significant effect on blood clotting and regulates blood pressure and neuromuscular conductivity. Thanks to the reduced permeability of cell membranes, it soothes the symptoms of food allergies. Calcium is actively involved in the metabolism of iron interacts with vitamins A, C and D and phosphorus, magnesium. Natural source of calcium are animal products (dairy products, sardines, salmon, sprats eaten with bones) and plant products (nuts, soybeans, sunflower seeds). Absorption takes place in the small intestine (less in the colon), it has an effect on the level of lactose, insoluble fibre, organic acids, alkalinity (low pH). The best absorption have organic compounds (lactates, amino acid chelates etc.). Obstructing the absorption of calcium is caused by: phytic acid and oxalic acid as well as excess fat. Scientific studies have confirmed that the combination of calcium, magnesium, boron and vitamin D in dose 3 mg / 24h effectively prevent osteoporosis. Supplements on the market are both mono-preparation supplements (enriched with vitamin D3) and multi-component supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Calcium deficiency disorders manifested in the construction of the bones (osteoporosis) and iron metabolism. The symptoms are: rickets, cramps and muscle tremor, osteoporosis.
Excess result
ing from an overdose of calcium supplements containing vitamin D3 for children and adults overdose of calcium (hypercalcemia). Symptoms of hypercalcemia are: lack of appetite, vomiting and constipation.
The dosage administered in various publications
are inconsistent: 800 - 1000 mg / 24 h (100 - 500 mg / 24h)

Vitamin B6

Information

Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine) is soluble in the liquid. It participates in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. By reducing the amount of fat in the blood do not enable deposition of the body. It helps the absorption of magnesium and vitamin B12 (cobalamin). It works on the muscle antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory pain in the joints. It acts anti. It provides efficient operation of the brain. It increases energy increasing vigor of a man. The demand for vitamin B6 increases during pregnancy and breast-feeding infants. The natural product is: yeast, eggs, wheat germ, meat (liver), wheat bran, nuts, peanuts peanuts, soybeans. There is a hypothesis that can be synthesized by intestinal bacteria.
Deficiency of vitamin B6 causes abnormal metabolism of proteins, decrease in lymphocytes in the blood, causes a feeling of lethargy and fatigue intensifies.
Dosage: 1.5-2.5 mg daily (increased demand during pregnancy and lactation).


 

Biotin

Information

Biotin (vitamin H, co-enzyme R) is in a group of B vitamins, due to the presence of sulphur compounds it is involved in the synthesis of ascorbic acid (vitamin C). Also synthesized in the intestines. It enhances the production of hormones and regulates cholesterol levels. It reduces muscle pain. It prevents hair loss and graying of hair. It soothes the skin inflammations. No toxic effects. Often combined with other B group vitamins and vitamin A. The natural sources of biotin are: whole grain bread, yeast, eggs (yolk), milk, brown rice and cheese.


Daily demand: 100-300 mg per day


 

Cyanocobalamin

Information

What is cyanocobalamin?

Cyanocobalamin is a basic, the most commonly met form of vitamin B12 in vitamin B complexes and multivitamins available on the market.

Vitamin B12 is the most known for its influence on neurology. It takes part in building and regenerating myelin sheaths of neurons, thanks to which it contributes to the protection of the nervous system against damages. Because of the ability to increase the level of S-Adenosyl methionine, vitamin B12 may contribute to more efficient synthesis of many neurotransmitters, thanks to which it positively influences well-being and psychical condition.

This vitamin is also engaged in the process of blood production and its deficiencies contribute to the creation of megaloblastic anemia. Its deficits may also concern vegetarians and vegans, elderly people, people with absorption disorders and those using drugs neutralizing gastric acid.

Cyanocobalamin is included in the composition of many complex vitamin supplements that may be found in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.

Vitamin C

Information


Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) it is a vitamin soluble in body fluids, can be taken from foods (fruits and vegetables), or as drug derived synthetically. The largest of its resources can be found in broccoli, Brussels sprout, kale, black currant fruit and hawthorn, citrus fruits, tomatoes, Savoy cabbage, potatoes. In fact, intake of vitamin C of the food products does not limit the absorbed quantity. Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is a potent antioxidant, it is an antitoxic, increasing the immune system due to the elimination of risk of bacterial contamination. Vitamin C prevents rupture of blood vessels, affects the blood cholesterol level. It substantially increases the absorption of iron. Inhibits the growth of cancer cells. Lowers stress levels.
Vitamin C deficiency causes abnormal development of connective tissue, cracking capillaries, abnormal calcification of bone tissue, impaired
absorption of iron, scorbutus. With the lack of vitamin C, all kinds of injuries do not heal up properly. Vitamin C deficiency can be caused by smoking; each cigarette is destroying up to 100 mg of vitamin C.
Dosage: The demand is 60-80 mg daily. It does not limit the ability to consume higher doses. Some side effects may occur only with longer
taking of synthetic vitamin C.

Ascorbic acid

Information

Ascorbic acid – vitamin C. Its biologically active form is the L-isomer, which negatively rotates the polarised light, so that it is a dextroisomer (laevorotatory vitamin C does not exist). It is a strong antioxidant; it reduces the amounts of free radicals, which reduces oxidative stress, a factor leading to cell apoptosis, which is why it is indicated to be a cause for premature ageing.

It supports the immune system functions and increases body system immunity. It is an essential element of the collagen synthesis path, which is why it positively affects the condition of connective tissue. Hence, it promotes also wound healing and increases the durability of capillary vessel. It is involved in transformations of tyrosine and carnitine as well as of some nutrients, so that it affects metabolism. It can also have an impact on the nervous system functions, as it reduces mental fatigue.

Higher supply of vitamin C is especially recommended in the periods of more intensive body system burden, after infections and in order to accelerate regeneration. The indications for increased supply of the vitamin are also hard physical work or intensive trainings.

Vitamin D

Information

Vitamin D belongs to fat soluble vitamins, occurs in three forms: calciferol (vitamin D1) ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) and cholecalciferol (vitamin D3), it is formed under the action of sunlight for at least 15 minutes per day. In the absence of sunlight it should be administered in the diet in the form of fish oil (Vitamin A + D3) and fish oils. It is responsible for the absorption of calcium and phosphorus. It is the building substance of bone tissue particularly necessary during pregnancy, childhood, and for athletes. It is a component of dietary supplements and nutrients among competetive athletes. Deficiency of vitamin D causes children growth inhibition, and rickets.
For adults - deficiency causes osteomalacia.
Excess
of vitamin D causes headaches, alopecia, nausea, drowsiness, blurred vision, pain in the long bones, the deposition of calcium deposits.
Dosage: 400 IU units during the day.


 

Vitamin E

Information

Vitamin E (tocopherol) is a fat soluble. Due to its antioxidant action, it is a protection of other vitamins (e.g. Vitamins A). Protects the body against free radicals, strengthens the walls of blood vessels and its capacity, causing their dilation and dissolution of blood clots. With the reduction of coagulation, it is used as an antiatherogenic medicine, it allows for the proper course of pregnancy. In cooperation with selenium it slows the ageing process of cells, strengthening connective tissue. In the food it is present in whole-grain bread, sprout and grains, vegetable oils (soybean, sunflower), soya beans and sunflower seeds, vegetable fat and hen egg yolks. Also it is used in sports medicine in the form of nutrients and supplements.
Vitamin E deficiency reduces building of red blood cells, results in changes in muscle and disorders of pregnancies.
Dosage: for children, 0.5 mg / 1 kg of weight; for adults 10-30 mg per day.


 

Calcium carbonate

Information

Calcium carbonate – a salt of carbonic acid and calcium, used in dietary supplements as one of the calcium forms, because of its high bioavailability. It is an alkaline salt, which is why it is used for neutralisation of the environment in the stomach.

Calcium is a macroelement necessary for the proper functioning of the body system. It is a building material of teeth and bones as well as it determines their mechanical strength. The proper supply of calcium prevents osteoporosis in elderly people and allows for the proper development of skeletal system in children. It is an activator of many enzymes, is involved in the inflammatory processes and regulates secretion of particular hormones. It is also essential for muscle contraction and determines blood coagulation. Moreover, calcium ions allow for transmission of nerve impulses by synapses, so that they regulate the proper neural transmission.

The demand for calcium increases with training intensity, which is why it is recommended for athletes to increase calcium supply. Calcium deficiency can be caused by high-protein diet.

Magnesium

Information

Magnesium (element from the group of alkaline earth metals, atomic no. 12, a chemical symbol - Mg), one of the most important health microelements, participates in the synthesis process of the disintegration of high energy compounds and processes of transformation of hydrocarbons and fats. It affects the dilation of blood vessels and lower blood pressure, prevents hypercoagulable state. Shortages affect cardiac arrhythmias, malignant muscle cramps, insomnia and anxiety. It is a component of many dietary supplements and found in foods such as whole grain bread, legumes, buckwheat, rice, fish, meat, as well as chocolate, cocoa and nuts.
Dosage of 100 - 500 mg / day

Magnesium oxide

Information

Magnesium oxide – the most common form of this macroelement in supplementation that is essential to the human body. It belongs to a group of key intracellular cations and that is why its adequate levels are critical to maintaining the body’s homeostasis. An active lifestyle increases requirements for magnesium and that is why its supplementation is recommended strongly to athletes.

The most common symptoms associated with magnesium deficiencies are muscle cramps and eye twitches. This is connected with a significant impact of magnesium ions on the efficiency of the nervous system. Its adequate intake helps maintain neuromotor fitness. Deficiencies of this element are also said to aggravate symptoms of depression.

What is more, magnesium supplementation supports healthy cardiovascular function. It is suggested that its deficiencies promote the development of atherosclerotic lesions and hypertension. Too low dietary magnesium intake is associated with arrythmia and increased risk of heart attack.

Magnesium supplements are recommended to individuals doing hard mental work and learning. Its healthy levels enhance focus and may facilitate learning. It has a beneficial impact on sleep quality.

Iron

Information

The iron part of the dye in the form of the heme (hemoglobin and myoglobin in meat), a non-haem (in plant), and enzymes responsible for transport and storage of oxygen in the body. It occurs in enzymes responsible for: the metabolism of fatty acids, prostaglandin biosynthesis, catabolism of tryptophan. The absorption of iron in plant is lower than in animal products. In plant foods, it is reduced by contained chemicals: phytates and oxalates, also calcium and high acidity (pH factor). Only 8% of the intake of iron is absorbed by the body and transported to the blood. For tts absorption is needed sufficient amount of: cobalt, manganese, copper and vitamin C. Iron itself is essential for the metabolism of B vitamins. Source of acquisition of iron are animal products (meat, organ meats, egg yolks) and plant products (whole grain bread, beans , cocoa, parsley, nuts, soy). Iron is also present in synthetic form as a component of vitamin-mineral and mineral and mono-preparation supplements, often enriched with vitamin C. Supplements containing iron compounds are recommended for athletes during intense training and those on a meatless diet (vegetarians and vegans).
Iron deficiency causes anaemia. Using a large amount of strong coffee or tea hinders the absorption of iron. Symptoms of iron deficiency are: insomnia, diarrhea, impaired body temperature, loss of papillae on the tongue, reduced exercise capacity, and reduced intellectual and psychological efficiency.
Excess iron reduces the absorption of other elements (e.g. zinc, copper), reduced immunity, causing tissue damage of some organs (kidney, liver, heart), increased risk of cancer.
Dosage: 3-12 mg per day.


 

Zinc

Information


Zinc (chemical element from transition group 12) belongs to the trace elements, it helps maintain acid-base balance of the body, protein, energy, lipid and carbohydrate metabolism. It provides bone metabolism and transport of oxygen. It protects the body against free radicals. Necessary for the proper operation of the senses of taste and smell. Positive impact on the process of insulin metabolism in the pancreas. It supports visual adaptation to the dark, has a significant influence on brain function. It is helpful in the treatment of infertility and mental illness.
Zinc deficiency leads to decreased immunity, and growth retardation. Zinc deficiency can occur in case of excessive consumption of simple sugars. In the case of hormonal therapy of women with irregular menstruation, the therapy should be associated with increased consumption of zinc. It can be found in food like: beans, eggs, carrots, beef and pork meat, milk, nuts, citrus fruits, seafood, rice, cottage cheese, lettuce.
Dosage: Daily 12-15 mg zinc. Exceeding the daily dose of 20 mg cause symptoms of poisoning of the body.

 

Manganese

Information

Manganese, of which a natural source is chocolate, grain products with whole grain, nuts, legumes and dried cranberry, is a component of enzymes and their activator. It stimulates the properties and functionality of connective tissue and provides proper functioning of the brain. It affects the function of the pancreas, ensuring proper insulin metabolism and condition of the bone and joints. Magnesium deficiency contributes to serious disorders in synthesis of hyaluronic acid and chondroitin, reduction in insulin sensitivity of tissues, affects bone resorption. Manganese chelates are used in complexometry in chemical analysis and in medicine for the treatment of severe poisoning (antitoxin) by heavy metals, in sports supplementation, manganese impact on the functioning of the locomotor system is used. It is a component of the so-called regenerators of joints and a vitamin-mineralizing and mineralizing supplements.


 

Copper

Information

Copper - trace mineral that facilitates the introduction of iron into hemoglobin, allowing the correct functioning of antioxidant processes. It is an important component of enzymes that affect the processes of aerobic metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism and in the formation of collagen. With proper diet, do not use supplements containing copper, as an overdose can cause insomnia, hair loss. It occurs in foods such as legumes, offal, plums, seafood. Copper compounds must be used in a responsible way, because many of them have toxic properties.
Dosing: A sufficient amount of copper provides proper diet.


 

Iodine

Information

Iodine - more than two-thirds of iodine is stored in the thyroid gland and it is a component produced by it hormones - thyroxine and triiodothyronine, which are essential in the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and minerals and regulating the processes of growth, causing it usefulness in sports supplementation. It is also the ingredient of weight loss products. Regulates and controls body temperature. Natural source of acquisition of iodine are: bladderwrack, seafood, sea fish and onion and vegetables growing in soil containing this element and most of all iodized salt ..
Deficiency of iodine in the body cause hypothyroidism, and consequently overweight, mental slowing (cretinism inclusive). It
is the cause of a goitre. Iodine deficiency can be caused by rhodanates and polyphenols (e.g. contained in cabbage and cauliflower), hemagglutinin found in legumes.
Excess iodine can result in inhibition of thyroid hormone synthesis (this
happens in a small percentage of cases).
Dosage: Treatment of iodine should be done under medical supervision. Daily demand for adults is 150 mcg. For pregnant women daily demand increases to 175 mcg.


 

Potassium

Information

Potassium and sodium regulate the body's water resources, ensuring normal heart rhythm. Maintaining the proper level of potassium provides the proper oxidation of the brain, lowers blood pressure, increases the permeability of cell membranes (as an antagonist of calcium). It is a base-forming element. It is widely used in sports diet before and after training in the form of supplements, nutrients, vitamin-mineral preparations and minerals, concentrates and ready, isotonic and hypertonic beverages. Natural sources of acquisition of potassium are: vegetable products (bananas, citrus fruits, melons, mint leaves, green vegetables, potatoes) and animal products (sea fish, meat). Potassium is present in the form of organic compounds: citric acids, and fumarates gluconates and inorganic (chlorides, sulfates, oxides and carbonates).
Potassium deficiency (hypokalemia): excessive tiredness, headaches and irritability, problems with sleeping, muscle cramps, constipation. Potassium levels may drop sharply in the event of a reduction in blood sugar levels, prolonged starvation, severe diarrhea. They can occur when too much of strong coffee is consumed, with alcohol abuse and when eating too much sweets.
The excess of potassium (hyperkalemia) is often the cause of depression, hypotension, tingling in the extremities.


 

Selenium

Information

Selenium (element, chemical symbol Se, atomic no. 34, from chalcogenide, it is present in several allotropic forms). It is supplied the body with food in the form of seleno-amino acids (selenomethionine - gathering supplies, and selenocysteine – a component of glutathione peroxidase, deiodinase and seleno-proteins). Regulates the functioning of the thyroid gland. It affects the growth and development, including sexual development (by increasing production and sperm motility). It affects the flexibility of the tissue, removes some of the toxins from the body and destroys cancer cells and reduces the severity of menopause in women. Natural products containing selenium are seafood (sea fish, oysters, bladderwrack) and vegetable products (broccoli, onions, wheat germ, bran, tomatoes) and animal products (poultry, eggs). It is also included in the composition of vitamin-mineral and mineral supplements. Selenium supplementation is recommended as a dietary supplement of active people having diet poor in this element, and as a factor increasing the body's immunity.
Selenium deficiency increases the risk of developing cancer and heart disease. Symptoms of selenium deficiency are: cardiomyopathy, growth stoppage,
disorders of detoxification processes which may lead to damage to the kidneys and liver.
An excess of selenium can lead to selenosis (the disease, the symptoms are: loss of hair, nail cracks, lesions).
daily
demand of selenium for pregnant women 65 mcg; nursing mothers 75 mcg; men 7 mcg.

Sodium

Information

Sodium is an important component of the intracellular fluids, and is a regulator of acid-base balance. Along with potassium affects the proper of growth and provides the proper functioning of muscles and nerves. The source of acquisition is table salt (NaCl) and bladderwrack, shellfish, bacon, beef, and of plant beets and carrots. People on salt-free diet should avoid, among others, spicy sauces and smoked meats and sausages.
Sodium deficiency is very rare, at heaving sweating after a long effort (e.g. in the marathon).
Excess sodium increases blood pressure (especially for the elderly), edema and increased thirst. Exceeding the daily dose of 14g a day can cause poisoning.


 

Molybdenum

Information

Molybdenum (the element of the chromium groups, atomic no. 42, a chemical symbol Mo) - a trace element involved in the metabolic conversion of carbohydrates and fats and increases the absorption of iron. It is used to treat anaemia. Well affects the mood.. It is a component of many dietary supplements and in foods such as lettuce, cabbage and other leafy green vegetables, whole grains (corn, sunflower, etc.).

Vitis vinifera

Information

Vitis vinifera (grape vine), a rich source of active substances. Food and medicinal raw material are the leaves (Folium Vitis veniferae) and fruit (Fructus Vitis veniferae). The leaves are a source of obtaining anthocyanins, flavonoids (quercetin), tannins, pectin, triterpenes and vitamins. The fruits have sugars, cellulose, enzymes, flavonoids, tannins, organic acids, pectins, minerals (cobalt, magnesium, potassium, calcium, iron), vitamins (C, B1, B2, B6, B12 and PP, M [Folic Acid] ). Preparations from the leaves of grape are diuretics, detoxifying, anti-bleeding and anticoagulation, accelerate healing of ulcers and wounds). Decoctions of the leaves are used topically for bathing skin, wounds. Fruits, in addition to the nutritional properties (when consumed fresh) have a strengthening effect, a diuretic, affect the lipid level, regulate blood pressure, hematopoetic, anti-anaemia, affect the acid-base balance. The dried fruit (raisins) are nourishing and slightly laxative. Wines produced from the vine, both white (a diuretic and is used in diseases of the kidneys), and red (used to treat diseases of the digestive tract). Grape wine eliminates E. coli and vibrio cholerae. In the supplementation leaves are used less frequently than the fruit skin and seeds of grapes (which are the source of powerful antioxidants, including resveratrol). Extract of Vitis vinifera is a component of dietary supplements with variety of applications, available at the www.muscle-zone.pl

Coenzyme Q10

Information

Coenzyme Q10 (ubiquinone) is a physiological antioxidant, a fat soluble. It takes an active part in the process of creating the energy of ATP. intracorporeal synthesis requires the presence of B vitamins and trace elements, its intensification is caused by heavy training stress or under the influence of stress. Beneficial effects of Coenzyme Q10 has been found on the cardiovascular system, lipid profile (lowering LDL) cholesterol and reduce the risk of heart disease. Reducing the level of coenzyme Q10 starts when the age of 35, hence must be supplemented by preparations available in cosmetics (external action on the skin), and supplements intensifying the production of energy (for athletes strength) as well as mono-preparation supplement available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Dosage: 10 - 90 mg / 24h

Hesperidin

Information

Hesperidin - bioflavonoid occurring naturally in plants (fruit, vegetables and herbs), is an antioxidant binding free radicals, is beneficial to cardiovascular system (strengthening of blood vessels, improved circulation). Increases the effectiveness of ascorbic acid and maintaining the appropriate structure of collagen, affects the state of connective tissue. It also has anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic potential (reducing the release of histidine) and increases immunity. In the supplementation there is lack of hesperidin mono-preparation. Both in the form of natural or synthetic, present in combination with quercetin, rutin and ascorbic acid. Available in supplements to support immunity, and in some creatine stacks and nitrogen boosters.
Dosage: Recommended in sports supplementation 20-100mg per day.


 

Inositol

Information

Inositol is an organic compound from the group of B vitamins soluble in fluids, present in the natural or synthetic form, synthesized in plants, such as brewer's yeast, beans, grapefruit, cabbage, sprout of wheat, melons and animal (liver). Along with choline is included in the lecithin. It affects the cell nutrition of the central nervous system (brain) by reducing the level of LDL (bad cholesterol), this makes it applicable in treatment of Alzheimer's disease and atherosclerosis. It has a calming effect. There has been a beneficial effect of inositol on the skin and hair reported.


 

Choline

Information


Choline belongs to the soluble in liquids group of B vitamins. It is an organic nitrogen base containing lecithin, and acetylcholine. Together with inositol is involved in the metabolism of fats and cholesterol metabolism, preventing its accumulation on the walls of arteries and deposits in the gallbladder. With the penetration of the brain, contained lecithin improves its action and improves memory. Used in the treatment of age-related diseases (Alzheimer's). It occurs in plant foods: yeast, wheat germ, lecithin, green leafy vegetables and egg yolks.

 

Choline Bitartrate

Information

Choline bitartrate a combination of one molecule of tartaric acid and choline, and in this embodiment is a precursor of acetylcholine (neurotransmitter). The human body is able to intracellular synthesis of choline, using the amino acid and vitamin B12. Because of the possibility of shortages of the above mentioned substances, it is necessary to supplement them with supplementation. Choline is a component of lecithin, which is the building substance of cells conditioning the proper functioning of the nervous system, and sphingomyelin, acting as an insulator of nerve tissue. Bitartrate affects the course of fat metabolism. In the sports supplementation of choline, bitartrate is used in the stimulating supplements,, affecting concentration and programs of weight control (fat reduction).
Dosage: 1-3 grams per day.


 

Lutein

Information

Lutein, a derivative of alpha-carotene is a natural plant dye, colouring in yellow, is also present in the yolk of egg. In the body, located primarily in the retina of the human eye (together with Zeaxanthin), it acts as a natural filter for the eye, absorbing ultraviolet radiation. It is a powerful antioxidant, neutralizing free radicals. Available in the form of mono-preparation supplements and multi-compound supplements with antioxidant, protecting the eyes, action, as well as multivitamins, creatine stacks and no-boosters.

Fish Oil

Information

Fish oil is a source of long chain saturated fatty acids of the Omega-3 (EPA - eicosapentaenoic acid; DHA - docosahexaenoic acid), which are part of cell membranes and the precursor of eicosanoids, and an activator. When consuming acids Omega 3, it must be balanced with the Omega 6 (using in the range of from 1: 6 to 1: 1). Fats contained in fish oil help to reduce body fat, affect the oxygenation of the body, and the operation of systems: circulatory, respiratory, nervous system and the musculoskeletal system. Available in the form of mono-preparation supplement or as an ingredient of supplements in the category of "health and beauty".

 


 

Lecithin

Information

Lecithin is part of the phospholipids (lipid complex), beneficial for the function of the cardiovascular system and blood lipid profile and fat metabolism. It is a source of choline which is a precursor of acetylcholine (neurotransmitter) that affects the nervous system, including inositol (stabilizer of the copper and zinc balance in the body). It improves concentration, cognition and memory. Forms a colloidal suspension of a liquid in the fat (emulsification) allowing for their use in the food industry. It is a component of dietary supplements supporting the work of the central nervous system, blood circulation, accelerating weight loss and in protein, carbohydrate-protein supplement as an emulsifier, available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: as per the prescription, customarily 1 - 10 g / 24h

Phosphatidylinositol

Information


Phosphatidylinositol - a chemical compound from the group of phospholipids, participating in biochemical reactions within cells, metabolism of fats (stimulating lipid profile). Inositol is responsible for the balance between copper and zinc, ensuring the proper functioning of the nervous system, improving mood and the development of the bone marrow. Inositol deficiency can affect men with infertility. In the human body it is present in brain, reproductive and muscle cells, including cardiac muscle, and liver. In combination with other phospholipids, it is a component of nutritional, functional and vitamin supplements

Linoleic acid

Information

Linoleic acid, the unsaturated Omega 6 fatty acid, is not intracorporeal synthesized, it is supplied in foods of plant origin (including sunflower seeds, sesame seeds, soybeans, hazelnuts, the seeds of grapes, etc.) and in foods of animal origin. It is involved in the biosynthesis of arachidonic acid needed for the production of prostaglandins. In a normal diet using the above food component it is sufficient and does not require support supplementation. Rarely used in dietary supplements, usually combined with EPA, DHA and ALA; It is a component of supplements containing essential fatty acids (EFAs), often in combination with vitamin E, which is protecting the fatty acids from oxidation. It is recommended to to take linoleic acid in proportion to the Omega 3 acids (in the range between of 1: 1 to 1: 5). As a component of cell membranes is responsible for the condition of the skin, hair loss, healing of cuts and small wounds. Studies confirm its effect on reducing the risk of heart disease. Preparations available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: the most important is to
keep the balance between Omega 3 and Omega 6 acids. When proportions are kept, the quantity is not significant.

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