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PerforMax IntraMax is a high quality formulation composed from three formulas which support the muscle anabolism, improving the post-workout regeneration, as well as maintaining the proper hydration and electrolyte balance. Carefully composed ingredients ensure effective activity, and the lack of stimulants enables the usage of this product at any time of the day. The supplement provides exogenous amino acids, which are essential for the regeneration and growth of muscles, and because of the use of peptide form they are characterized with high bioavailability.
Amino acid – mTOR activation is a formula which provides a high quality of protein, originating from the whey protein hydrolysate. It contains branched chain amino acids (BCAA), including the following: L-Leucine, L-Izoleucine, L-Valine as well as essential exogenous amino acids (EAA) including: L-Phenylalanine, L-Threonine, L-Tryptophan, L-Methionine, L-Lysine and L-Histidine.
In addition, the manufacturer bet on the high doses of the most anabolic amino acid, which is L-leucine. This substance strongly stimulates the activation of mTOR kinase, necessary for the synthesis of muscle proteins. Delivering such highly bioavailable amino acids during the training will effectively initiate the course of anabolic processes, and together with the other ingredients contained in the preparation will accelerate the regeneration process.
Power – Strength – Recovery is a mix that effectively increases the muscle strength and accelerates the regeneration processes. There are three creatine forms included in its composition: creatine monohydrate, creatine magnesium chelate as well as anhydrous creatine.
Creatine enables rapid renewal of ATP (adenosine triphosphate), which is a source of energy for all working muscles. When ATP releases its phosphate groups, energy generation occurs. During intense exertion, the energy required for the re-synthesis of ATP comes mainly from the synchronous decomposition of phosphocreatine and anaerobic glycolysis. Supplementation with creatine during periods of intense exertion increases the organism’s ability to produce ATP, and thus can increase strength, and therefore also muscle mass. What is more, the form of monohydrate has an indirect effect on increasing the volume of muscle tissue, because it increases the level of hydration of muscle cells, which is the basis for creating an anabolic environment.
L-alanyl-L-Glutamine – is a dipeptide and is a combination of two esterified amino acids: alanine and glutamine into a chemically stable molecule. It is characterized with high bioavailability and stability, which allows the use of lower doses to ensure effective activity, including increasing muscle endurance, reducing fatigue or acceleration of the re-synthesis of muscle glycogen.
Glutamine – is an amino acid that performing the role of storing and transporting nitrogen in the organism. Delivering it to the proper tissues, it effectively speeds up regeneration, promotes anabolism or reduces the level of microtraumas in the muscles.
Alanine – participates in the synthesis of proteins in the organism. It is produced, among others, from lactic acid in skeletal muscles. It can also be involved in the regulation of the cellular pH level, because together with histidine it increases the concentration of carnosine in the body, acting as the hydrogen ion acceptor.
Anhydrous betaine – holds the role of osmolyte, which positively affects the stabilization of cell membranes and proteins, as well as the movement of water between the cells and the surrounding environment. This has a beneficial influence on the maintenance of water balance in the cell and in the tissues. It also indirectly affects the increase in muscle tissue volume, because it increases the level of hydration of muscle cells, promoting the maintenance of the anabolic environment.
Hydration – Electrolytes is a mix which contributes to the maintenance of proper hydration of cells and electrolyte balance in order to optimize the course of biochemical processes and to ensure the effect of a training pump.
Taurine – an amino acid occurring in almost every cell of the body, and its high concentrations are noticeable in skeletal muscle, where regulating the hydro-electrolyte balance ensures their proper functioning. It acts as an osmoregulator, maintaining the proper level of water in cells and contributing to the intensification of anabolic processes. It also participates in the transport of creatine to the muscles, therefore improving energy production and increasing the ability to generate strength.
GlycerPump™ – a patented formula containing up to 65% of powdered glycerol. Glycerol retains large amounts of water in the organism, which helps to maintain high exercise capacity during long-term endurance exertions. Proper hydration of muscle cells is not only important for their size, but also for fiber contractions, because it provides them with an optimal working environment. Glycerol also increases the volume of circulating blood and promotes better blood supply of working muscles.
Sodium phosphate – supports exercise capacity and proper hydration of the working organism. Sodium participates in maintaining the management of hydro-electrolyte as well as acid-base balances of the system, in the transmission of nerve signals and regulation of blood pressure. Phosphorus plays an important role in energy production (phosphorylation), is necessary for the synthesis of high-energy compounds (for example: phosphocreatine) and regulates the pH of the blood.
Potassium phosphate – limits the production of lactic acid, promotes β-oxidation of fatty acids, improves the synthesis of ATP and indirectly improves oxygen uptake, which justifies its presence in products designed to support exercise capacity. Potassium as the main intracellular cation ensures the supply of the proper amount of nutrients to the cells, intensifies the effect of muscle filling and ensures their proper contractility.
To sum up, PerforMax IntraMax i san advanced snack to consume during training, which accelerates the muscle anabolism as well as the regeneration processes of the organism. This product ensures the maintenance of proper electrolyte balance in order to guarantee the optimal hydration of the cell and preserving the anabolic environment. It also effectively increases the strength and rises the endurance of muscles, allowing for the performance of more intensive training.
The lack of stimulants means that the supplement can be taken at any time of the day.
This formulation is ideal for people performing several heavy training units during the week as well as for those who perform two trainings a day.
In combination with properly suited strength training and caloric surplus, the supplement promotes the building of muscle mass. It is worth taking around 300-400 kcal more than the daily requirement and make sure to consume a minimum of 1,6 g protein for every kilogram of body weight.
PERFORMAX LABS is a Los Angeles based sports supplement company dedicated to providing a wide range of high quality products that help you achieve your fitness goals. Its principle is simple – developing products that give you all the results without any of the hype.
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|per portion (21 g)||amount||%DV|
|Total fat||0 g||0%|
|Saturated fat||0 g||0%|
|Trans fat||0 g||0%|
|Total carbohydrate||0 g||0%|
|Amino Acid - mTOR activation||6000 mg||*|
|Whey protein hydrolysate 80% Di & Tri peptides containing BCAA (L-Leucine, L-Isoleucine, L-Valine), EAA (L-Phenylalanine, L-Threonine, L-Tryptophan, L-Methionine, L-Lysine and L-Histidine)|
|Power – Strength – Recovery||3000 mg||*|
|Creatine monohydrate, magnesium creatine chelate, creatine anhydrous|
|L-Glutamine, L-Alanine, L-Alanyl-L-Glutamine||2500 mg||*|
|Betaine anhydrous||2500 mg||*|
|Hydration – Electrolytes:|
|GlycerPump™ (65% glycerol powder)||1000 mg||*|
|Sodium phosphate||200 mg||*|
|Potassium phosphate||150 mg||*|
Citric acid, natural and artificial flavors, sucralose, acesulfame potassium, FD & C Yellow # 5, FD & C Yellow # 6.
Fat is an essential nutrient plant and animal organisms. Because of the nutritional value and composition of fats are divided into: saturated (mono-saturated and multi-saturated fatty acids) and unsaturated fatty acids (including essential fatty acids - EFA). The group of lipids include lipids (triacylglycerols, waxes), complex fats (glycolipids, phospholipids), sterols and isoprenoids. Saturated fatty acids is a group of fatty acids having different carbon chain lengths, in which except for the carboxyl group, each of the carbon atoms is bound by a single bond. May adversely affect the lipid profile, so they can be used in limited quantities. Fats are a concentrated source of energy, with different flavours, facilitating the consumption and swallowing of food. They have building functions (part of cell membranes and co-create the white matter of the brain). EFAs are precursors of tissue hormones and biologically active compounds. The unsaturated fatty acids include fatty acids from the group Omega-3, Omega-6 and Omega-9 (the last digit indicates, on which, counting of the end of the chain, there is a double bond in the appropriate carbon chain. The essential fatty acids include: acids, medium-Omega-3 [n-3 ] included in EFAs [essential fatty acids], and long chain (eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] and docosahexaenoic acid [DHA]) Omega-6 and Omega-9. the number indicates that the last double bond in the carbon chain is on the third from the end carbon atom. The acids from the omega 3 group are essential components of cell membranes, they are precursors of eicosanoids and biological activators. They must be combined with ingestion in suitable proportions of Omega-6 acids.
Dosage: Depending on demand and applied diet. It is generally accepted that fats should constitute 20-30% of the energy (calorie) of meals daily.
Cholesterol is a derivative cyclopentaperhydrophenanthrene, produced inside the body or obtained from food of animal origin (such as meat, seafood, meat offal, fats, meats and egg yolk). Individual fractions of cholesterol have different effects on the human body. It is used for the production of compounds of high biological activity (bile acids, steroid hormones, vitamin D3), it is a building substance of cell membranes. The concepts of "bad cholesterol" (LDL - containing lipoproteins low value) and "good cholesterol" (HDL - high-density lipoproteins) are the conventional terms. There is only one cholesterol. Fractions are transported by proteins, that carry them into the blood vessel walls (LDL) or the liver (HDL). The specific levels of cholesterol fraction defines the so-called. lipid profile, which, properly regulated by the food, should not cause a disturbance in the LDL - HDL relation.
Sodium is an important component of the intracellular fluids, and is a regulator of acid-base balance. Along with potassium affects the proper of growth and provides the proper functioning of muscles and nerves. The source of acquisition is table salt (NaCl) and bladderwrack, shellfish, bacon, beef, and of plant beets and carrots. People on salt-free diet should avoid, among others, spicy sauces and smoked meats and sausages.
Sodium deficiency is very rare, at heaving sweating after a long effort (e.g. in the marathon).
Excess sodium increases blood pressure (especially for the elderly), edema and increased thirst. Exceeding the daily dose of 14g a day can cause poisoning.
Potassium and sodium regulate the body's water resources, ensuring normal heart rhythm. Maintaining the proper level of potassium provides the proper oxidation of the brain, lowers blood pressure, increases the permeability of cell membranes (as an antagonist of calcium). It is a base-forming element. It is widely used in sports diet before and after training in the form of supplements, nutrients, vitamin-mineral preparations and minerals, concentrates and ready, isotonic and hypertonic beverages. Natural sources of acquisition of potassium are: vegetable products (bananas, citrus fruits, melons, mint leaves, green vegetables, potatoes) and animal products (sea fish, meat). Potassium is present in the form of organic compounds: citric acids, and fumarates gluconates and inorganic (chlorides, sulfates, oxides and carbonates).
Potassium deficiency (hypokalemia): excessive tiredness, headaches and irritability, problems with sleeping, muscle cramps, constipation. Potassium levels may drop sharply in the event of a reduction in blood sugar levels, prolonged starvation, severe diarrhea. They can occur when too much of strong coffee is consumed, with alcohol abuse and when eating too much sweets.
The excess of potassium (hyperkalemia) is often the cause of depression, hypotension, tingling in the extremities.
Proteins (proteins, polypeptides) is a polymer, of which the basic units (monomers) are amino acids. Protein is composed of carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen and sulfur, and is an elementary nutrient necessary for the proper functioning of the body, an ingredient and a component of tissues, part of the hormones and enzymes and other bioactive substances. Protein determines the proper metabolism and energy processes, as well as all other life processes. The sources of natural proteins are foods of animal origin (including meat, fish, eggs, dairy products) and plant origin (legumes, soy). Deficiency of protein leads to protein malnutrition and a significant weakening of the body. It can lead to anaemia, reduced immunity, muscle relaxation, disorders of the digestive system. Also, overdose protein is undesirable because it can lead to acidification of the body, and interfere with the digestive system and an increase in the concentration of homocysteine in the blood. It is a component of many supplements and nutrients necessary for the proper functioning of the body, both showing a low physical activity, or training the strength and endurance competitions.
Dosage: strength athletes: approx. 1.7 - 2.5 g / 1 kg of body weight; endurance athletes and strength -endurance athletes approx. 1.3 - 2 g / 1 kg of body weight, people with low activity approx. 0.8 - 1.1 g / 1 kg of body weight / 24h. In estimating the amount of protein, you should take into account the intake of other nutrients (carbohydrates and fats)
Whey proteins (proteins from micro-filtration of cow's milk) are approx. 20% of milk protein. They are characterized by a biologically active ingredients, particularly exogenous amino acids (BCAA and lysine and EAA), also beta-lactoglobulin (36%), alpha-lactalbumin (20%), immunoglobulin (10%). They store retinol and iron in cells, stimulate the level of the bacterial flora. The use of whey protein supplements is recommended in almost all sports, mainly representatives of power sports and bodybuilders as a dietary supplement of high quality protein, especially pre- and post-workout. Available in the form of pure concentrates, hydrolysates and isolates as well as a component of nutrients (protein bars, carbohydrate-protein meal type MRP).
Dosage: according to individual needs, typically 30-90 grams per day.
BCAA are three essential amino acids having a side branched aliphatic chain (isoleucine, leucine, and valine) and a similar course of metabolic processes, occurring in the muscle tissue. In its natural form, they are found in high-protein animal foods (i.e. beef, milk proteins). BCAA have the anti-catabolic and anabolic potential. They support energy carriers during the energy crisis and affect the functioning of the nervous system (eliminate stress, reduce fatigue), hormone activity and kinases, which are responsible for the metabolism of proteins. In the sports supplementation they are used as supporting elements of exercise capacity (strength and endurance) and post-workout recovery; also as anti-catabolic and catalyst of anabolic changes. Taking BCAA after exercise almost immediately restores the levels of these amino acids in the blood (excluding liver) and supplies the muscle tissue. Leucine activates of mTOR kinases (starting anabolism of muscle proteins) and has the intensified effect with insulin, which acts on the PI3-kinase and protein kinase B. Branched amino acids chain BCAA, willingly used by strength, strength-endurance and endurance athletes, they are available in the form of single-component supplements, and advanced amino acid supplements, creatine, pre- and post- training stacks, and isotonic drinks.
Dosage: usually 1-2 grams of BCAA per 10 kg of body weight per day. Mainly before and after training.
Leucine is an essential amino acid, one of the three branched chain amino acids, ketogenic, its isomer is isoleucine. It affects the secretion of anabolic hormones (insulin, combined carbohydrates), acts on enzymes (mTOR) starting the process of muscle protein synthesis and controlling its course. Protein synthesis by leucine is affecting the development of bones, muscles and skin. It reduces the fat tissue. Without the availability of leucine, protein synthesis is impossible. It naturally occurs in animal products (such as eggs, meat, dairy and fish), plant origin, and as a post-training supplements, BCAA, EAA, no-boosters, creatine stacks, carbohydrate supplements. Ir is also in the form of mono-preparation supplements. It is one of the most important amino acids for the athlete's body, basically in every sports discipline.
Dosage: The demand is 5-10 g / 24h, dosage pre- and post-workout and in the morning after waking up.
Isoleucine is an essential branched amino acid (BCAA), leucine-isomer. It has anti-catabolic action ( protects muscle against decay), glucogenic (an alternative energy source when the level of glucose after exercise decreases, helps for the regulation of blood glucose levels, reduces the deficiency of fatty acids), anti-catabolic (muscle protects against decay), reduces stress. It participates in the synthesis of proteins (including the synthesis of hemoglobin). It is an essential part of the regeneration of damaged tissues of the body, and after intense training. It occurs in products containing animal protein (meat and dairy products, eggs, dairy products) and plant (almonds, walnuts) and dietary supplements.
Isoleucine is applied with other branched chain amino acids: leucine, valine, and in the supplement complex type of BCAA, in the proportions: leucine: isoleucine: valine = 2: 1: 1. The supplements used in competitive sports requiring increased strength, the bigger share of isoleucine is used.
Dosage: No standard daily use. Frequently applied directly after the workout during the decrease of the glucose level of or at fatty acid deficiency.
Valine – is a branched essential amino acid, indispensible for the functioning of the nervous system (receiving of sensory information), involved in muscle protein synthesis and energy generation. Administration of additional doses of valine before exercise (or immediately after) has anti-catabolic effect, protecting the proteins and allowing them to rebuild. It is slightly stimulatory (delays symptoms of fatigue during workout), affecting the level and relations of neurotransmitters. It helps to protect the liver. It stimulates an increase in strength and muscle mass, participates in the reduction of body fat. BCAA, EAA, and other mixtures of amino acid supplementation, protein and protein supplements and carbohydrate-stacks, brings positive results in strength and endurance sports.
Valine deficiency can occur in case of increased energy needs of the body, as the result of stress and too much stress load.
EAA - a complex of amino acids and conditionally essential supplied with food and nutritional supplements, because it is not possible to synthesizing them intracorporeally. Essential amino acids of the EAA complex are: phenylalanine, tryptophan, valine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, threonine and methionine, conditionally essential - histidine and arginine are necessary to ensure the accuracy of life processes involving the exchange of proteins. For the sports supplementation it is a fundamental component of a dietary supplement, supporting exercise capacity in sport strength-endurance. Depending on the chemical composition they work both catabolic and anti-catabolic. It is particularly important to supplement the EAA immediately after a heavy workout. In combination with carbohydrates they are most effective in the post-workout recovery.
Phenylalanine (essential amino acid) is provided from the outside with food or synthetic products. Its source are the high-protein foods and supplements, concentrates: protein, amino acid and nutritional supplements for athletes. Precursor of tyrosine, thyroid hormones and neurotransmitters (adrenaline, noradrenaline, dopamine), phenylethylamines (neuromodulator) and melanin pigments of hair and skin. Essential for the proper functioning of the nervous system. It has analgesic, antidepressant, and is used as an additive to supplements with thermogenic and stimulating action. It is a component of aspartame.
Excess phenylalanine consumed by people with neurological problems, may reduce the availability of other essential amino acid tryptophan of nervous system and consequently lead to a reduction in serotonin and exacerbate the depression.
Threonine - essential amino acid, or synthesized from food or (and) in the form of supplements. It takes part in the production of new muscle proteins. It is essential for the proper formation of the immune system is maintained in good condition the skin, bones. It affects the normal development of the enamel of teeth and the digestive system by acting positively on the liver and gastric mucosa. It is essential to the proper functioning of the nervous system. On the Polish there are no threonine mono-preparations. Available in the form of blends of amino acids (e.g.the type of EAA) and natural protein supplements.
Deficiency of threonine can cause neurological disorders and increased depression.
Dosage: the lack of standards of daily demand threonine. Doses customarily used in the supplementation.
Tryptophan is one of the nine essential amino acids that require high protein food consumption, mono-preparation supplements tryptophan, an amino acid type and EAA-day nutrients and protein, which is essential in the process of protein synthesis. A derivative of 5-HTP in the decarboxylation is a precursor of serotonin ((tissue hormone having an effect on blood pressure and peristalsis), and the subsequent processes of melatonin (the hormone sleep). It is used for synthesis of nicotinic acid (niacin, known as vitamin PP). The due to the appetite suppressant is also used in certain weight loss formulations.
Even a small deficiency is dangerous for the course of many physiological processes, can cause the nervous system deterioration of mood, insomnia, and disturbances in the digestive process. Tryptophan deficiency in the long term leads to depression and neurological disorders.
Mono-preparation supplements of tryptophan are recommended as a means of reducing the stress and reducing the feeling of insomnia. A part of the nutritional supplements type of EAA and all-day aminoacids, it is a valuable component of protein supplements. Available in store www.muscle-zone.pl
Doses recommended in supplementation: 500 - 2000 mg at bedtime, alternatively 500 - 1000 mg before meals.
Exogenous methionine is an amino acid containing sulphur in its composition. It provides multi metabolism, with the indispensable help of vitamin B6. Participates in the synthesis of phospholipids (e.g. Lecithin), carnitine responsible for transport in the body of long-chain fatty acids, burned in the mitochondria cells (organelles in cells with a separate kernel), along with cystine forms cysteine. It is in the body antioxidant function. Natural source of acquisition of methionine are high-protein foods of animal origin (eggs, meat, fish), vegetable (sesame seeds, grain products). Available in all protein and carbohydrate protein and amino acid supplements such EAA and contain so-called all-day amino acids, supporting the liver preparations and cosmetics supporting the growth and condition of hair, skin and nails.
Lysine belongs to the group of 9 essential amino acids delivered into the body from outside (with food or as a supplement) .It is a building substance of protein (the muscle protein). It is available in food of animal origin (meat, dairy products) and vegetable (legumes). It plays an important role in many physiological processes (absorption of calcium, production of enzymes, hormones and antibodies), and arginine is a component of supplements that increase the synthesis of growth hormone (HGH stimulators). In the form of hydroxylysine (a component of collagen) recommended for the treatment of sports injuries, and prevention. In the case of stress and excessive physical and psychological overloads, it is recommended due to the function of lowering cortisol levels. Also it applies in medicine, in the treatment of anxiety and herpes. The share of lysine intake of daily doses of amino acids should not exceed 5.1%. Available for purchase at www.muscle-zone.pl.
In the processes of digestion of protein matter, as a result of decarboxylation of lysine, may be converted into cadaverine (biogenic amine) having a strong toxicity.
Dosage: the lack of a well-defined standard daily intake of lysine. The supplementation dosages regularly used: with arginine 500 mg - 2g (before bedtime) pre- and post-workout optionally with other amino acids.
Histidine is one of the 22 amino acids being part of protein - depending on the source of information it is referred to as "relatively exogenous" or "exogenous". The required dosage of this amino acid is very small, and at the same time it should be added that the intestinal microflora can also play a role in meeting the demand for it.
Histidine is a precursor of carnosine, and therefore dipeptide having antioxidant and buffering qualities. Increasing the dose of carnosine in muscles is an effective way to increase strength and endurance, as well as to accelerate recovery after exercise, thus improving the indicators that are extremely important especially in the case of people being engaged in regular physical activity , including professional athletes.
The number of products containing histidine and available on the market is quite limited. This amino acid is mainly added to some of the supplements used before and/or after exercise, as well as to some of the amino acid supplements. It should be noted, however, that it also occurs naturally in foods rich in protein, and thus primarily in meat, eggs and dairy products, as well as in protein supplements.
Histidine is an amino acid which can be converted in the body into glucose. It also takes part in the synthesis of proteins, including hemoglobin.
Dosage: There are no precise data, but as it has already been hinted above - the required dosage of this amino acid is very small.
Creatine monohydrate is a popular and cheapest form of creatine used in sports supplementation in Poland. This is a molecule, in which are bound: creatine molecule with a molecule of water. It has a high bioavailability and tissue velocity saturation. Supports the exercise capacity (strength and endurance), accelerates muscle growth and regeneration after training exercise. Transport of creatine into the muscle cells is supported by the insulin hormone. For better effect of saturation of the tissues, a diet increasing the content of insulin in the body is indicated (carbohydrate and high protein diet) and supporting nutrients and supplements (Dietary carbohydrate and carbohydrate-protein, insulin ALA, d-pinitol or taurine). Creatine monohydrate is present in the form of mono-preparation supplements (capsules, powders, tablets) and multicomponent supplements (i.e. as a component of creatine stacks).
Dosage: depending on the form of supplement, the type of exercise and weight, normally are used one of the following models of creatine supplementation:
- cyclic supplementation : 5-10g per day in 1-3 portions during the day, 3-5g per dose. The length of the cycle for 4-8 weeks.
- cyclic supplementation with saturated phase: the first 5-7 days after 20-30g daily in 4-6 doses of 4-6g per serving, then the maintenance phase 2-10g per day in divided doses. The length of the cycle 4-8 weeks
- constant supplementation: 0,03-0,05g per kg of body weight for an extended period of time.
Magnesium creatine chelate is patented by Albion. The special formulation enables to connect a single molecule of magnesium and creatine which allows the use of the phenomenon of synergism both intensifying muscle function, as well as medically enhancing simultaneously action of the two components, as magnesium and creatine, are involved in the cells processes of energy by increasing the efficiency of metabolism. The use of creatine chelate enhances the body's exercise capacity (strength and endurance). It speeds up the growth of muscle tissue. Recommended for strength athletes, during intense workouts, because it improves the process of muscle regeneration after workout. Available in the form of mono-preparation and as a component of creatine stacks.
Creatine anhydrous – a creatine compound without a water molecule and thus with much better absorption in the body. It belongs to advanced supplements which are expected to be highly effective in the body. It is designed for professional athletes who treat supplementation seriously.
Creatine is one of the strongest dietary supplements which can be used legally in professional sport. It shows great anabolic potential due to its far-reaching effects in the body. The main one consists in increasing the utilisation of creatine as a substrate in the phosphate energy pathway. As a result, this supplement maximises the body’s energy efficiency in short-term exercise such as strength training or sprints.
Enhanced energy metabolism helps provide stronger training stimuli which speed up muscle anabolism. However, creatine has also other mechanisms of action. As an inhibitor of myostatins, it eliminates factors which limit the growth of muscle mass. What is more, by boosting cell hydration, it optimises an intracellular environment and thus promotes processes of regeneration and development of muscle tissue.
L-glutamine - amino acid building endogenous proteins, glutamic acid amide. In the human body it is responsible for the synthesis of proteins, acid-base balance and removing ammonia outside of the organism. With the shortage of energy taken from the muscle tissue, glutamine with alanine participate in the process of gluconeogenesis, and participate in the production of glucose substrate. L-glutamine has a direct impact on the proper functioning of the digestive system and immunity of the organism. Participates in the synthesis of one of the most powerful antioxidant - glutathione. It has anti-catabolic potential. It is found naturally in foods of animal and vegetable origin and high protein supplements. Used as mono-preparation or multi-component amino-acid supplements and supplements enhancing biological recovery after exercises, often in combination with BCAA.
Dosage: 5-20 g per day (portioned during the day, and after training and waking up). The minimum dose used in supplementation is 2-15g per 1 serving.
Alanine is an endogenous amino acid (i.e. having the ability to synthesize the human body other amino acids and pyruvate), building up protein. It has a key role in the transport of nitrogen between the muscles and the liver (i.e. Cahill cycle). It allows to transform glucose in non-sugar compounds. During prolonged exercise it enhances metabolism. It occurs in products of animal origin (meat, dairy, eggs) and vegetable origins (legumes, peas). It is used in the form of amino acid supplements in pre- and post-workout preparations. It complements the BCAA. Increased use of supplements with alanine is required in athletic training when high strength and endurance is required (e.g. weights lifting athletes marathon runners etc.).
L-alanyl-L-glutamine (synonym: Sustamine dipeptide) is a combination of a single molecule of the esterified amino acids alanine and glutamine. The compound used in medical diseases causing the loss of nitrogen at the time of surgery of injuries and burns. The advantage of the compound is high bioavailability and stability in aqueous solutions and the ability to use lower doses. In the sports supplementation, its anti-catabolic effect is used. It facilitates regeneration of the body (including the regeneration at night), recommended for psychophysical active people, during exhausting training sessions (or examination), having problems with fast regeneration (or concentration). The product is available in the form of mono-preparation and advanced amino acid and glutamine supplements.
Dosage: There are no standards of daily consumption. Customarily in supplementation 2 - 5 g / 4 times a daye (after waking up in the morning, before and after exercise, before bedtime)
Betaine (N, N, N-trimethylglycine, the TMG) is methyl glycine derivative participating in the conversion of homocysteine to methionine. It is present in food of plant origin and produced by the body in the liver or kidneys. The medicine uses it in the treatment of gastrointestinal and digestive disorders and hyperhomocysteinemia. In the supplements that increase the level of homocysteine used together with glycocyamine, indirectly influences the endogenous synthesis of creatine. There is no mono-preparation supplement containing betaine. Available in creatine stacks and the detoxicating supplements.
Taurine – non-protein amino acid containing sulphur, which is synthesized in the body from methionine and cysteine, present in sufficient amount in human or animal body (in the brain, heart and skeletal), although in some cases must be supplemented. Significantly affects the calcium content in the cells and stabilizes the water and electrolyte balance and maintains acid-base balance. Takes part in the synthesis of bile acids. In the body acts as a neurotransmitter and neuromodulator. It is an insulin-mimetic improving insulin metabolism, responsible for transport of nutrients (such as amino acids, glucose, creatine) to the cells and muscle tissue. These properties determine that it is a valued mono-preparation supplement and valuable addition to creatine and amino acid supplements, recommended for psycho-pchysically active people and athletes and other competitive sportsmen in pre- and post-workout periods.
Dosage: 3 grams per day.
Glycerol (glycerine, 1,2,3-propanetriol) simplest tricarboxylic alcohol, used in the manufacture of medicines (as a filler), cosmetics and food industry. Used in higher doses affect water and electrolyte balance of the body, increase exercise capacity and extend the duration of exercise in various sports. In the sports supplementation used for hydration of the muscle cells to increase the volume of muscle during exercise. Glycerol (sugar alcohol) increases the ability to hydrate the phosphorus muscle cells, allows better nutrition and increasing the volume. It also has an impact on water and electrolyte balance and energy production. By oral ingestion does not change the glycemic profile of blood. It comes in the form of solid and liquid (glycerine), as mono-preparation supplement or an ingredient of pre- and post-workout supplements (creatine stacks nitrogen boosters).
Dosage: 5-10 g per day dissolved in water, in the time before and after exercise. Beginning of application should be started on low doses and gradually reach the maximum, commonly used in sports supplementation dose.
Sodium Phosphate - a single molecule of phosphorus and sodium (macronutrients). Sodium is involved in the stabilization of water and electrolyte balance of the body and stabilizes the acid-base balance and blood pressure. Phosphorus is the building substance of bone guarantees a correct development of nucleic acids and brain tissue. It plays a key role in energy production (phosphorylation), is essential for the synthesis of high energy compounds (e.g. creatine phosphate). It is a component of pre- and post-workout, mineral and vitamin-mineral supplements available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: individual, dependent on demand, exercise time, and energy loss during exercise
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