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Hydra Shred by Sparta Nutrition is a multi-ingredient formula which ensures effective body fat reduction! Carefully selected ingredients affect many mechanisms and thus support comprehensively this process. A high content of caffeine in different forms helps achieve strong psychophysical stimulation of the body and ensures efficient lipolysis.
L-Carnitine Tartrate – is a form of carnitine which is involved in supplying fatty acids from subcutaneous tissue to mitochondria. This helps maximise energy production, which is important especially during tough caloric restriction.
Carnitine slows down the formation of lactic acid in muscles. This delays fatigue during training.
N-acetyl-l-carnitine (ALCAR) – is a form of carnitine which contains an acetyl group. This helps the active substance cross effectively the blood-brain barrier and results in improved nervous system function.
Carnitine is a substance which promotes fat metabolism in the body. It makes it easier to separate fatty acids from subcutaneous tissue and transport them to areas where they will be used as energy. When ALCAR is bound to a lipid molecule, it is possible to transport it to the brain where it is a basic building block. This helps maintain a healthy nervous system and improve considerably its function.
At the cellular level, carnitine controls enzymatic apparatus of the liver and that is why it increases the oxidation of fatty acids during strength training.
The extract is characterised by a high content of hydroxyacetic and chlorogenic acid. The first compound reduces the activity of enzymes responsible for glucose transport into the adipose tissue. What is more, it increases the utilisation of carbohydrates as a source of energy.
Hydroxyacetic acid encourages the production of serotonin, a hormone responsible for well-being and reducing the appetite. This is especially important when we follow a strict dietary regimen.
Like hydroxyacetic acid, hydroxyacetic acid maintains the body’s carbohydrate balance. It decreases significantly glucose absorption and consequently inhibits the accumulation of body fat.
Green Tea Leaf Extract – a rich source of caffeine and catechines. The latter act as strong antioxidants that protect cells from damaging effects of free radicals. Furthermore, they normalise blood sugar levels and thus promote body fat reduction.
Vanillin – a substance which gives vanilla its characteristic aroma. Since it activates TRPV1, it increases the release of fatty acids and their utilisation as a basic source of energy. Taking vanillin with carnitine shows a synergistic effect on fat burning.
Banaba Leaf Extract – derived from a plant which is characterised by a high content of 2-α hydroxy ursolic acid and tannins. They regulate the body’s carbohydrate balance. 2-Α hydroxy ursolic acid reduces intestinal carbohydrate absorption and tannins modulate insulin function. This helps regulate blood sugar levels which reduces considerably the accumulation of body fat.
Aframomum Melegueta Extract – obtained from the plant whose main active substance is 6-paradol. They are responsible for reducing the activity of α-amylase, an enzyme responsible for the digestion of carbohydrates. This contributes to increasing secretion of these nutrients. Consequently, the overall calorie intake is reduced.
Caffeine is one of the most popular nervous system stimulant. High doses of this xanthine promote lipolysis and thermogenesis of the body.
Caffeine increases the utilisation of fatty acids as a source of energy. This is due to the fact that the active substance inhibits the breakdown of intracellular cAMP which increases the sensitivity of lipases – enzymes responsible for digestion of lipid compounds. This leads to effective fat burning.
What is more, caffeine blocks catechol-O-methyltransferase, namely an enzyme responsible for degradation of catecholamines. An increase in adrenaline and noradrenaline levels stimulates also the body’s thermogenesis and provides strong stimulation.
Caffeine has an inhibitory effect on adenosine receptors. This mitigates a sedative effect of this neurotransmitter on nervous system function and thus helps achieve strong mental stimulation which is extremely important during a fat-reduction period.
Theobromine – an alkaloid eagerly used by physically active people, due to its properties that increase physical capacity, improve cognitive functions and boost energy levels.
Dicaffeine Malate – a combination of caffeine with malic acid. The addition of this organic compound shows buffering properties and consequently reduces side effects associated with using caffeine. This prevents digestive ailments associated with an irritating effect of caffeine. In addition, it delays the development of the body’s tolerance to stimulants (e.g. caffeine).
Yerba Mate Leaf Extract – a natural raw material from South America. It is characterised by a high content of caffeine and thus increases the body’s resting thermogenesis. An increase in catecholamine concentration provides strong stimulation and curbs the appetite. It is especially important during last stages of fat reduction when we consume a small amount of calories.
Guarana – a raw material with a high caffeine content. In addition, the plant contains tannins which slow down the release of this stimulant. It gives gentle but long-term stimulation of the body without side effects characteristic of caffeine.
Chlorogenic acid is broken down after absorption into ferulic and caffeic acid. These are active metabolites which regulate carbohydrate metabolism. They decrease sugar absorption in the digestive system and thus prevents sudden leaps in blood glucose levels. In addition, this decreases calorie intake. The effect of chlorogenic acid arises from the fact that its metabolites activates PPARα.
Cirsium oligophyllum Extract – a raw material which improves fat burning because it increases the expression of the gene responsible for the synthesis of the protein called thermogenin. It is responsible for boosting the body’s thermogenesis and consequently increases daily energy expenditure.
Cocoa seed extract – provides 20% N-Coumaroyldopamine, which exerts biological activity, increasing the activity of the sympathetic nervous system. As a result, it maintains a high concentration of cAMP, intensifies lipolysis and increases the basal metabolism rate.
Sparta Nutrition Hydra Shred is a supplement recommended to advanced gym visitors who want to maximise fat burning. A high content of stimulants enhances significantly the body’s thermogenesis and the presence of two forms of carnitine makes it easier to utilise fatty acids as a stable source of energy. The supplement helps stay very focused and energised during a hard fat-reduction period.
To maximise the effect associated with taking the dietary supplement, it is recommended to use it as far as possible from fat-containing meals. This is due to the fact that the presence of fats may decrease significantly the product’s efficacy.
Due to an increasing tolerance of the body to active ingredients of the preparation, it is suggested to take it periodically. This will help the body “rest” which should maximise the effects in the longer term. Furthermore, long-term use of the preparation may have a negative effect on the dopaminergic system.
Take the supplement at least 5 hours before going to bed because it may cause sleep problems.
Sparta Nutrition is an American manufacturer of one of the most hardcore and innovative supplements on the market. In their offer you can find the following brands: Spartan Mass, Spartan Lean, Spartan Hard, and Cerberus.
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|per portion (4,5)||amount||%DV|
|L-Carnitine L-Tartrate||1,000 mg||**|
|Garcinia Cambogia Extract (60% Hydroxycitric Acid) (fruit)||125 mg||**|
|Green Tea Leaf Extract (50% Caffeine)||100 mg||**|
|TeaCrine (Tasteless 40%) (Theacrine)||75 mg||**|
|Banaba Leaf Extract (10% Corsolic Acid)||30 mg||**|
|Grains of Paradise (15% 6-Paradol)||25 mg||**|
|Caffeine Anhydrous||25 mg||**|
|Theobromine 99%||25 mg||**|
|DiCaffeine malate||25 mg||**|
|Yerba Mate 10% Caffeine||25 mg||**|
|Guarana Seed Extract 22%||25 mg||**|
|Green Coffee Bean Extract||25 mg||**|
|Cirsium Oligophyllum||25 mg||**|
|Cocoa Seed Extract (20% N-Coumaroyldopamine)||10 mg||**|
Gum acacia, natural flavors, citric acid, silicon dioxide, calcium silicate, sucralose, acesulfame potassium, Potassium Chloride.
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L-carnitine tartrate is formed from the combination of L-carnitine tartrate (organic acid) in a single molecule, increasing the interaction (synergism) of each of the substances used. L-carnitine is supplied to the body from the outside through animal food (mutton, beef, venison) or a combination of amino acids (lysine and methionine). It participates in the transport of long-chain fatty acids into the mitochondria of the cell where they are burned. Tartrate reduces the deposition of fatty acids in the cells, thereby enhancing the effects of L-carnitine. It is recommended in endurance sports supplementation, as a dietary supplement for people on a slimming diet and to supplement the shortage of l-carnitine of people not consuming meat products (vegans).
Acetyl-L-carnitine (ALC ALCAR) is an acetylated form of active vitamin-carnitine. It shows the metabolic effects, antioxidant and neuroprotective. The high potential neuroprotective antioxidant and is used in the treatment of neurological conditions of deep stress and depression. It affects insulin sensitivity of tissues and intensifies a long chain fatty acids action in the production and expenditure of energy, thereby increasing the metabolic effects, which improve the aesthetics and body composition. ALC used in medicine for the prophylaxis and treatment of male infertility. ALC supplementation is recommended for people who are physically active and mentally burdened with deep stress and relieve depression. Reduces fatigue and its perceptibility. Supports the processes of fat reduction.
Dosage: usually used in supplementation - 500-1000 mg / day in 1-3 doses before exercising.
Garcinia Cambogia extract - plant extract containing hydroxycitric acid (HCA), citrate lyase (enzyme) inhibitor reducing the availability of aceto-CoA in fatty acid synthesis and increasing the glycogen synthesis in the liver. Used both in sports supplementation, as well as for people with average physical activity in body mass reduction programs, especially the reduction of deposoting fats. It does not show stimulating activity, maintains the level of blood pressure, does not cause insomnia and sleeping difficulties. Replaces thermogenics for people who are sensitive to caffeine. Available in the form of mono-preparations and as a component of slimming supplements and the composition of the body and body fat reduction supplements.
Dosage: Depending on the standardization of raw materials
Green tea extract is a concentrate that contains biologically active compounds: polyphenols (e.g. catechin, in the form of EGCG - epigallocatechin gallate), having antioxidant properties and a small thermogenic potential, modifies the action of testosterone metabolites, DTH. Green tea extract is an ingredient of many sports supplements containing fat burners, having pro-health and vitaminizing effect; also for those with low physical activity as an antioxidant and slimming supplement. Available either as mono-preparations, ready drinks, and above all as an extract.
Dosage: 200-500 mg per day (depending of the content of other active bio-components).
Caffeine (1,3,7-trimethylxanthine, 1-methylotheobromine) is a purine alkaloid occurring in the natural state in plants (Coffea arabica, Camelia sinensis, Paulinia cupana, Ilex paraguariensis), which acts as a natural pesticide, acting toxic to insects. Peculiar smell and taste also deters herbivores. Caffeine in the body inhibits the adenosine receptors in the brain, fighting fatigue and allowing for action activation. It has a beneficial effect on the metabolism of oxygen, which increases the exercise capacity (strength and endurance) and rapid post-workout recovery. In the sports supplementation, caffeine is used as a stimulant nervous system. It has the thermogenic potential and in combination with other substances (e.g. Polyphenols, both occurring in coffee beans, such as cocoa beans, tea leaves and mate) can effectively participate in the reduction of body fat. It is included in many dietary stimulants (creatine stacks, no-boosters, beverages). It is a component of fat burners. It is also in the form of mono-preparation supplements.
Dosage: 100-600 mg per day. Due to the long release of activity should not be used in the evening, before sleep.
Theacrine is a purine alkaloid which occurs naturally in the fruits of cupuaçu (Theobroma grandiflorum) and the leaves of Camellia assamica. It is structurally similar to caffeine but it has also additional ketone and methyl groups. It also energises, enhances focus and reduces drowsiness and fatigue. In contrary to caffeine, it has more lasting effects and rather does not affect blood pressure. Furthermore, it has been observed that the body develops tolerance to theacrine more slowly and that is why there is no need to increase its dosage to obtain the desired results.
Like caffeine, theacrine can bind to adenosine receptors without activating them. Nonetheless, its effects depend on the dosage. Its high doses block adenosine receptors whereas low doses have the opposite effects – they boost adenosine levels in the hippocampus and that is probably why they may reduce negative effects of excessive caffeine intake. In addition, theacrine modulates dopamine receptors. Their activation leads to higher motivation and enhanced cognitive skills. It is also believed to have analgesic and antioxidant effects.
In supplementation, theacrine is treated as a stimulant. It is used to reduce drowsiness and fatigue and boost mental performance. It is often combined with caffeine to enhance and prolong its effects and prevent the harmful consequences of excess caffeine.
Theacrine is most frequently found in pre-workout supplements and fat burners based on stimulants. Single-ingredient preparations with pure theacrine are also available on the market.
Dosage: No official guidelines.
The most common daily dosage is from 50 to 300 mg. Doses below 50 mg will have a relaxing effect and those around 300 mg a stimulating effect.
The Banaba leaf extract (Lagerstroemia indica), a plant used for centuries by the population of the Philippines to effectively regulate blood sugar levels. It has a slightly diuretic effect and helps to effectively reduce body fat. The raw material is a leaf Banaby containing acids (2a-hydroksyursolic [corsolic acid] and ellagic) and tannins. Corsolic acid is an activator of glucose (GLUT 4) operating insulin-like, facilitating the absorption of glucose and saturation of muscle cells.
In the sports supplementation Banaba leaf extract is used as an ingredient in regulating insulin metabolism, supporting the reduction of body fat and improve the absorption of food by muscle tissue.
6-paradol is a bioactive chemical compound found in some plants of the ginger family. It is found in particularly large amounts in Aframomum melegueta, commonly known as the Grains of Paradise. In studies on animal models, 6-paradol has been shown to positively affect the lipid profile and sugar metabolism – by lowering serum glucose and reducing cholesterol. It also helps to reduce body mass. Such results were obtained even in animals that were fed with an unhealthy, high-fat diet.
Researchers identified several essential mechanisms of 6-paradol activity. They proved that it increases the use of glucose through a separate, non-insulin dependent pathway. In addition, it inhibits the synthesis of lipids in adipocytes. It also has a thermogenic effect – it is able to stimulate the expression of brown adipose tissue that is responsible for the generation of heat.
In supplementation, 6-paradol is mainly used as a support for the process of reducing body fat. It can be found in many slimming preparations. There are also Aframomum melegueta extracts available on the market, standardized for the content of 6-paradol.
Theobromine (3,7-Dimethylxanthine) is a purine alkaloid, poorly soluble in water, present in cocoa beans, as well as the leaves of yerba mate, tea, coffee, cola and peanuts. It is a diuretic, lowers blood pressure and improves brain function (dilates the blood vessels of the brain). Also expands the blood vessels throughout the circulatory system, preventing atherosclerotic changes. Sometimes it is used in slimming diet. Combined with caffeine and polyphenols becomes thermogenic. In the sports supplementation formulations containing theobromine are used diuretics and fat burners. It is a component of thermogenics, pre-workout creatine stacks, as well as nitrogen boosters.
Caffeine malate – a combination of caffeine and malic acid which is thus easily absorbed by the body. It is an organic compound which is likely to stimulate human mental activity and has strong energising properties and that is why it is extremely popular among athletes.
Caffeine regulates and maintains healthy blood sugar levels and reduces the incidence of hypoglycaemia. It increases intestinal sugar absorption and can even reduce the demand for glycogen accumulated in muscles, which may contribute to an increase in the body’s endurance.
This compound inhibits the activity of adenosine which calms and relaxes the body. It promotes adrenaline secretion and stimulates the activity of the whole central nervous system.
Caffeine speeds up the release of fats which may also help increase endurance in athletes as a new available source of energy. It contributes to an increase in focus and delays a feeling of fatigue after physical activity.
Yerba Mate extract - from the leaves of yerba mate (ilex paraguariensis), a drink popular in South American countries. The extract contains caffeine (as metaine) and is a powerful antioxidant. Teas and extracts of Yerba Mate leaves are slimming by causing a feeling of satiety and fat absorption, increase immunity of DNA through the binding of free radicals, reduce LDL cholesterol levels.
In the sports supplementation, the ursolic acid contained in the yerba mate, may be important, as it is an aromatase inhibitor, capable of lowering estrogen levels of men, thereby affecting the aesthetics of the figure. Yerba mate extract is a component of fat burners. In combination with green tea, bitter orange and black pepper (piperine) it increases thermogenesis.
Dosage: the lack of standards for daily consumption.
Guarana (Paulinia cupana) is a plant of the family Sapindaceae, of which seeds contain purine alkaloid (caffeine), acting as a stimulant on the body of the athlete. The caffeine content in the seeds of guarana is between 4 and 8%. Powdered seeds are the raw material for supplements. Thanks to the slow release of caffeine in the human digestive tract, stimulation takes longer and is less rapid than the consumption of strong coffee or infusions of caffeine. The extracts of Guarana supports the athlete’s body, they increase exercise and endurance capacity (especially aerobic). Guarana is also a component of fat burners. It is often combined with extracts of various plants (e.g. Green tea, cayenne pepper, herbal and synthetic substances). Besides infusions, guarana is in the form of a one-component water soluble powders, capsules, and bottled beverages and concentrates.
Dosage: In terms of 100-300 mg of caffeine per serving, depending on the needs.
The coffee bean extract, a source of polyphenols. Coffee seeds has chemical composition similar to green tea and grape seed. They neutralize free radicals and intensify burning processes and inhibit the formation of fat in the body, in addition to caffeine contains chlorogenic acid, an antioxidant that is slowing down the absorption of glucose from the gastrointestinal tract. It affects the fat reduction, intensifying the activity in combination with caffeine and EGCG. It is a component of many dietary supplements and slimming preparations improving health prevention.
Cirsium Oligophyllum - plant which extracts cause the intensification of the processes of lipolysis delaying the deposition of fat. It has antioxidant properties, it has in its composition active ingredients such as flavonoids (nepetins and hispidulins). It enhances the performance in combination for example with caffeine (synergism). At the moment, a rare ingredient of supplements available on the domestic market
Cocoa seeds come from the cocoa fruit (Theobroma cacao). It is widely used in the food industry – primarily for the production of cocoa powder and cocoa butter, which is used to produce e.g., chocolate. Raw, untreated, cocoa beans are a treasury of valuable nutrients, which is why they were included in the group of the so-called superfoods.
About 50% of the dry mass of cocoa seeds are fats – mainly saturated fatty acids (stearic and palmitic) as well as oleic acid and other acids from the EUFAs. 31% is carbohydrates, with up to 15% being non-digestible fiber.
Cocoa seeds also contain minerals (magnesium, iron, phosphorus, potassium, copper), amino acids (arginine, glutamine, leucine) and two alkaloids (theobromine, caffeine), showing a stimulating effect. In addition, they are extremely rich in polyphenols (catechins, anthocyanins, procyanidins) that have a beneficial effect on the human body. They are credited for the ability to regulate blood pressure, lower cholesterol and stabilize blood sugar.
Cocoa seed extracts are a popular ingredient in health-promoting preparations. They are also commonly used in slimming supplements, sometimes they are also added to pre-workout formulas and mild stimulants.
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