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Universal Shock Therapy is a composition of active ingredients, which first and foremost allow for gentle stimulation and preparation of the body for exercise, additionally supporting anabolic processes and muscle cell regeneration. The manufacturer offers a supplement in the form of a water-soluble powder for those who like to prepare tasty training drinks,
Effective dose of metabolic energy
There is no doubt that many people have experienced the feeling of lack of strength and energy during their training session. The problem may lie in abnormal regeneration, and if this cause is excluded, you should take into consideration the lack of energy components for the muscles. In order to eliminate this limiting factor, which is so easy to counteract, the manufacturer decided to include a mixture of several active substances in the supplement.
Glucose polymers, glucose and trehalose belong to the group of carbohydrates, whose direct transformations within the cells enable to obtain energy in the form of a triphosphate compound, which is called ATP. Together with calcium ions, this molecule participates in the process of muscle contraction. It is also involved in the biosynthesis of new fibres. To be sure of its production, the preparation contains two forms of the best-assimilable phosphates, including potassium and sodium phosphate. Thanks to such protection, there is no risk of power shortage to perform demanding strength exercises.
Efficient generation of metabolic energy is also not possible without vitamins and minerals with a regulatory effect. These include niacin, which is a component of NAD (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide) and magnesium cations (in the form of magnesium oxide), whose insufficient amount impairs carbohydrate metabolism.
Today, many people complain about constant fatigue that results from chronic stress and poor regeneration. In the long run, this can lead to gradual neglect of non-work activities in the form of training and other demanding hobbies. Of course, nothing can replace proper rest, but in the short term it is worth to use substances with mild stimulating effect.
These include methylxanthines, among which we distinguish caffeine and other compounds contained in the leaf of Yerba Mate, Guarana seeds or extract from Kola Nut. Their mechanism of action is based on penetrating the blood-brain barrier and directly affecting nerve cells. They block the binding of adenosine produced by ATP transformations to their own specific receptors. This results in a reduced feeling of fatigue and enhances motivation to act. It can be said that these compounds literally and metaphorically prevent the loss of energy.
Enhanced blood flow to muscles
Intensive physical exercise causes an increased blood flow to the muscles. However, it does not always result in the feeling desired by many athletes, the so-called ‘muscle pump’. Its occurrence depends on proper hydration, consumption of sufficient amount of carbohydrates, or performance of a specific number of series and repetitions of a given exercise. The most important factor, however, is the availability of a molecule that has a relaxing effect, which is nitric oxide.
Endothelial cells synthesize it, for example, from arginine (present in three forms, hydrochloride, alpha-ketoglutarate and ArginoCarn® complex), which may be synthesized from citrulline metabolism (used in the form of malate).
Definitely better hydration of muscles and neutralization of the acidic pH of muscle cells, is possible thanks to sodium bicarbonate. Beta-alanine also indirectly participates in the buffering of lactic acid, which is formed in intensively working muscles. The use of so many forms of active ingredients contributes to a much better supply oxygen and nutrients to muscle cells, and also alleviates muscle soreness the day after a very intensive workout.
Excessive concentration of free radicals may also disturb the regeneration. They are formed during significantly intensified metabolic transformations, which often occur in the cells of intensively working muscles. Their damaging effect leads to the development of inflammation, making it difficult to renew new muscle fibres. The fight against them is possible thanks to a powerful complex of antioxidant compounds, which are polyphenols from Green Tea extract, flavonoids, proanticyanides from Grape Pests extract, pycnogenol from pine bark extract and alpha-liponic acid.
Protection against catabolism
Apart from a proper stimulus in the form of hard training, taking care of a proper diet is an important element in the fight for your dream figure. It includes not only caloric surplus or deficit (which depends on the goal), but also the content of certain regulatory substances.
The most important process in muscles is the already mentioned protein biosynthesis. It depends on its effectiveness, it depends on the rate of cell volume growth. One of the factors limiting its development is the availability of exogenous amino acids. To solve this problem, the preparation contains three anti-catabolic amino acids from the BCAA group, L-Valine, L-leucine and L-isoleucine, supported by L-alanylo-L-glutamine - a dipeptide significantly improving the nitrogen balance of the system.
Apart from obvious participation in protein synthesis, L-leucineinitiates and intensifies this process. Synergism of its action is supported by creatine (in the form of a monohydrate and magnesium chelate MagnaPower®), transported to muscle cells together with L-taurine. The last substance is the so-called non-protein amino acid, which, together with glucuronolactone and L-cysteine (hydrochloride), plays a detoxifying role, purifying the body of harmful compounds. In turn, vitamin B6, as a component of enzymes involved in the metabolism of amino acids, facilitates the availability of desired ‘bricks’.
Choline present in the preparation (in the form of dihydrate) participates in direct biosynthesis of acetylcholine, one of the neurotransmitters. This compound acts as a mediator in neuromuscular connections, enabling effective muscle contraction.
Vitamin B12 supports nervous functions at a slightly different level. It turns out to be essential in the process of differentiation of nerve cells. Additionally, its deficiency results in the appearance of anaemia, which may lead to the appearance of symptoms of circulatory and respiratory failure, limiting the athlete's strength and body figure progression.
Also, the addition of L-carnitine (GlycoCarn® with an acetyl derivative) is not a coincidence. It is believed that it plays an auxiliary role in reducing fat tissue, so it is a great choice for those who are in the reduction phase, but also want to develop the so-called ‘lean’ muscle mass. This effect takes place by transporting fatty acids to the mitochondria, the intracellular organelles in which they are burned.
L-tyrosine is a specific amino acid because it can be both a part of muscle proteins and a precursor compound for the synthesis of thyroid hormones or adrenal glands. Without its presence it is impossible to maintain proper functions of the nervous and hormonal system.
To sum up, Universal Shock Therapy is a blend of active ingredients composed for those who want to prepare the whole body in the most professional way to fight their weaknesses in the training room. Active ingredients acting comprehensively, strongly support anabolism, protect against catabolism of muscle cells, and allow for moderate stimulation before the exercise.
Use only before training. People sensitive to stimulants may start from using half a recommended dose. It is worth increasing the intake of liquids during supplementation. Do not use in the evening hours, because of the possible effect of sleep quality deterioration.
Universal is a well known among bodybuilders manufacturer of nutritional supplements and diet supplements. The company offers a wide range of amino-acid supplements, vitamin and mineral supplements complexes, energy bars, protein supplements, gainers, recovery supplements and supplements supporting fat burning and muscle building.
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|per portion (20 g)||amount||%DV|
|Vitamin B6 (As Pyridoxine HCL)||10 mg||500%|
|Vitamin B12 (As Cyanocobalamin, Methylcobalamin)||10 mcg||167%|
|Calcium (As Carbonate)||25 mg||3%|
|Magnesium (As Magnesium Oxide)||25 mg||6%|
|sodium (As sodium Bicarbonate, Trisodium Phosphate)||120 mg||5%|
|Potassium (As Potassium Phosphate)||60 mg||2%|
|NO Super Pump Volumizing Complex:Creatine Monohydrate, Creatine MagnaPower®, Arginine HCL, Arginine AKG, ArginoCarn® (Acetyl-L-Carnitine Arginate Dichloride), Citrulline Malate, GlycoCarn® (Glycine Propionyl L-Carnitine HCL), Pine Bark Extract (Pycogenol), Glucuronolactone||5000 mg||*|
|Muscle Strength Blend:BCAA Complex (L-leucine, L-Valine, L-Isoleucine), L-Taurine, Beta-Alanine, L-Alanyl-L-Glutamine, Acetyl L-Carnitine||5500 mg||*|
|Enertropic & Antioxidant Complex:L-Tyrosine, Choline Bitartrate, Caffeine Anhydrous, Guarana Seed, Yerba Mate (Leaf), Kola Nut Powder (Seed), Green Tea Extract (Polyphenols, EGCG), Grapeseed Extract (OPC), L-Cysteine HCL, Na-R-Alpha Lipoic Acid (Na-R-ALA), NAD (Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide)||1200 mg||*|
|Electrolyte & Delivery Complex:Shock Therapy® Carb Blend (Glucose Polymers, D-Glucose, Trehalose), sodium Bicarbonate, Potassium Phosphate, Trisodium Phosphate, Calcium Carbonate, Magnesium Oxide||5265 mg||*|
Natural and artificial flavors, citric acid, malic acid, sucralose, acesulfame K, Red Allura AC.
Red Allura AC - may have a detrimental effect on activity and attention in children.
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine) is soluble in the liquid. It participates in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. By reducing the amount of fat in the blood do not enable deposition of the body. It helps the absorption of magnesium and vitamin B12 (cobalamin). It works on the muscle antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory pain in the joints. It acts anti. It provides efficient operation of the brain. It increases energy increasing vigor of a man. The demand for vitamin B6 increases during pregnancy and breast-feeding infants. The natural product is: yeast, eggs, wheat germ, meat (liver), wheat bran, nuts, peanuts peanuts, soybeans. There is a hypothesis that can be synthesized by intestinal bacteria.
Deficiency of vitamin B6 causes abnormal metabolism of proteins, decrease in lymphocytes in the blood, causes a feeling of lethargy and fatigue intensifies.
Dosage: 1.5-2.5 mg daily (increased demand during pregnancy and lactation).
What is cyanocobalamin?
Cyanocobalamin is a basic, the most commonly met form of vitamin B12 in vitamin B complexes and multivitamins available on the market.
Vitamin B12 is the most known for its influence on neurology. It takes part in building and regenerating myelin sheaths of neurons, thanks to which it contributes to the protection of the nervous system against damages. Because of the ability to increase the level of S-Adenosyl methionine, vitamin B12 may contribute to more efficient synthesis of many neurotransmitters, thanks to which it positively influences well-being and psychical condition.
This vitamin is also engaged in the process of blood production and its deficiencies contribute to the creation of megaloblastic anemia. Its deficits may also concern vegetarians and vegans, elderly people, people with absorption disorders and those using drugs neutralizing gastric acid.
Cyanocobalamin is included in the composition of many complex vitamin supplements that may be found in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.
What is methylcobalamin?
Methylcobalamin is a biologically active form of vitamin B12. It is one of the two forms of this vitamin that may be used as cofactors in various reactions. It differs from popular cyanocobalamin in the presence of methyl group instead of cyanide, thanks to which it releases the organism from the need of neutralizing this harmful factor.
The methyl group from methylcobalamin may be transferred to homocysteine, thanks to which it comes back in the form of methionine in order to be further converted to SAMe, which is the main donor of methyl groups in our organism. These methyl groups may be then used in the processes of creatine production, in neurotransmitter metabolism and as DNA methylation, thanks to which we achieve proper energy level, better well-being and generally better condition of the organism. B12 is a coenzyme for three enzymes: isomerase, methyltransferase and dehalogenase.
Apart from the influence on the nervous system, the supply of vitamin B12 is also very important for the proper synthesis of red cells as well as hemoglobin and anemia prevention.
Methylcobalamin in mono-supplements and complex vitamin preparations may be found in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.
Calcium (element chem. symbol Ca, atomic no. 20, the group of alkaline earth metals) is the basic building substance of bones and teeth, in which stored is 99% of the element, in the form of hydroxylapatite. When building bones and teeth, phosphorus is very important in the right proportion. It is a base-forming element and activator of many enzymes (ATPase) necessary to release the energy of ATP. It has a significant effect on blood clotting and regulates blood pressure and neuromuscular conductivity. Thanks to the reduced permeability of cell membranes, it soothes the symptoms of food allergies. Calcium is actively involved in the metabolism of iron interacts with vitamins A, C and D and phosphorus, magnesium. Natural source of calcium are animal products (dairy products, sardines, salmon, sprats eaten with bones) and plant products (nuts, soybeans, sunflower seeds). Absorption takes place in the small intestine (less in the colon), it has an effect on the level of lactose, insoluble fibre, organic acids, alkalinity (low pH). The best absorption have organic compounds (lactates, amino acid chelates etc.). Obstructing the absorption of calcium is caused by: phytic acid and oxalic acid as well as excess fat. Scientific studies have confirmed that the combination of calcium, magnesium, boron and vitamin D in dose 3 mg / 24h effectively prevent osteoporosis. Supplements on the market are both mono-preparation supplements (enriched with vitamin D3) and multi-component supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Calcium deficiency disorders manifested in the construction of the bones (osteoporosis) and iron metabolism. The symptoms are: rickets, cramps and muscle tremor, osteoporosis.
Excess resulting from an overdose of calcium supplements containing vitamin D3 for children and adults overdose of calcium (hypercalcemia). Symptoms of hypercalcemia are: lack of appetite, vomiting and constipation.
The dosage administered in various publications are inconsistent: 800 - 1000 mg / 24 h (100 - 500 mg / 24h)
Magnesium (element from the group of alkaline earth metals, atomic no. 12, a chemical symbol - Mg), one of the most important health microelements, participates in the synthesis process of the disintegration of high energy compounds and processes of transformation of hydrocarbons and fats. It affects the dilation of blood vessels and lower blood pressure, prevents hypercoagulable state. Shortages affect cardiac arrhythmias, malignant muscle cramps, insomnia and anxiety. It is a component of many dietary supplements and found in foods such as whole grain bread, legumes, buckwheat, rice, fish, meat, as well as chocolate, cocoa and nuts.
Dosage of 100 - 500 mg / day
Magnesium oxide – the most common form of this macroelement in supplementation that is essential to the human body. It belongs to a group of key intracellular cations and that is why its adequate levels are critical to maintaining the body’s homeostasis. An active lifestyle increases requirements for magnesium and that is why its supplementation is recommended strongly to athletes.
The most common symptoms associated with magnesium deficiencies are muscle cramps and eye twitches. This is connected with a significant impact of magnesium ions on the efficiency of the nervous system. Its adequate intake helps maintain neuromotor fitness. Deficiencies of this element are also said to aggravate symptoms of depression.
What is more, magnesium supplementation supports healthy cardiovascular function. It is suggested that its deficiencies promote the development of atherosclerotic lesions and hypertension. Too low dietary magnesium intake is associated with arrythmia and increased risk of heart attack.
Magnesium supplements are recommended to individuals doing hard mental work and learning. Its healthy levels enhance focus and may facilitate learning. It has a beneficial impact on sleep quality.
Sodium is an important component of the intracellular fluids, and is a regulator of acid-base balance. Along with potassium affects the proper of growth and provides the proper functioning of muscles and nerves. The source of acquisition is table salt (NaCl) and bladderwrack, shellfish, bacon, beef, and of plant beets and carrots. People on salt-free diet should avoid, among others, spicy sauces and smoked meats and sausages.
Sodium deficiency is very rare, at heaving sweating after a long effort (e.g. in the marathon).
Excess sodium increases blood pressure (especially for the elderly), edema and increased thirst. Exceeding the daily dose of 14g a day can cause poisoning.
Potassium and sodium regulate the body's water resources, ensuring normal heart rhythm. Maintaining the proper level of potassium provides the proper oxidation of the brain, lowers blood pressure, increases the permeability of cell membranes (as an antagonist of calcium). It is a base-forming element. It is widely used in sports diet before and after training in the form of supplements, nutrients, vitamin-mineral preparations and minerals, concentrates and ready, isotonic and hypertonic beverages. Natural sources of acquisition of potassium are: vegetable products (bananas, citrus fruits, melons, mint leaves, green vegetables, potatoes) and animal products (sea fish, meat). Potassium is present in the form of organic compounds: citric acids, and fumarates gluconates and inorganic (chlorides, sulfates, oxides and carbonates).
Potassium deficiency (hypokalemia): excessive tiredness, headaches and irritability, problems with sleeping, muscle cramps, constipation. Potassium levels may drop sharply in the event of a reduction in blood sugar levels, prolonged starvation, severe diarrhea. They can occur when too much of strong coffee is consumed, with alcohol abuse and when eating too much sweets.
The excess of potassium (hyperkalemia) is often the cause of depression, hypotension, tingling in the extremities.
Creatine monohydrate is a popular and cheapest form of creatine used in sports supplementation in Poland. This is a molecule, in which are bound: creatine molecule with a molecule of water. It has a high bioavailability and tissue velocity saturation. Supports the exercise capacity (strength and endurance), accelerates muscle growth and regeneration after training exercise. Transport of creatine into the muscle cells is supported by the insulin hormone. For better effect of saturation of the tissues, a diet increasing the content of insulin in the body is indicated (carbohydrate and high protein diet) and supporting nutrients and supplements (Dietary carbohydrate and carbohydrate-protein, insulin ALA, d-pinitol or taurine). Creatine monohydrate is present in the form of mono-preparation supplements (capsules, powders, tablets) and multicomponent supplements (i.e. as a component of creatine stacks).
Dosage: depending on the form of supplement, the type of exercise and weight, normally are used one of the following models of creatine supplementation:
- cyclic supplementation : 5-10g per day in 1-3 portions during the day, 3-5g per dose. The length of the cycle for 4-8 weeks.
- cyclic supplementation with saturated phase: the first 5-7 days after 20-30g daily in 4-6 doses of 4-6g per serving, then the maintenance phase 2-10g per day in divided doses. The length of the cycle 4-8 weeks
- constant supplementation: 0,03-0,05g per kg of body weight for an extended period of time.
Creatine (β-methylguanidoacetic acid) is an endogenous substance, synthesized from the acids present in liver and kidney (L-arginine, L-glycine and L-methionine) and consumption of meat. Its action ensures an adenosine triphosphate (ATP) level, which is an energy carrier, increases the hydration of cells and muscle glycogen stores. In the sports supplementation creatine is stored in the muscles, which improves energy management, exercise capacity and quick recovery and muscle growth. It has the ergogenic, anabolic and anti-catabolic potential.
Creatine is one of the high-performance substances used in competitive sports, with a reputation confirmed by scientific research. In the form of mono-preparation supplements such as creatine ester, creatine malate, creatine monohydrate, and the multi-component supplements (both various forms of creatine, as well as other substances, precursors of nitric oxide, the BCAA type amino acids). Supplements containing creatine available for purchase at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: depending on the form of preparation, the type of exercise and weight, normally one of the following models of creatine dosage is used:
- cyclic supplementation: 5 - 10g per day in 1 - 3 portions a day, 2 - 5 g per dose. Cycle time approx. 4 - 12 weeks
- cyclic supplementation with saturated phase: first 5 - 7 days 20 - 30g per day on Day 4 - 6 doses 4 - 6g per serving, then the maintenance phase 2 - 10g per day in divided doses. Cycle time approx. 4 - 8 weeks
- constant supplementation: 0.03 - 0.05 g per kg body weight for an extended period of time.
Arginine is an exogenous amino acid, it is a component of dietary proteins, not always synthesized in the human body in necessary quantity, so it is necessary to deliver it in the form of synthetics. It takes part in the biosynthesis agmatine, creatine and nitrogen oxides. The use of supplements containing arginine before workout increases the exercise capacity (strength, endurance). Used after considerable effort intensifies the transfer of energy and building compounds and intensifies the process of recovery. Used at bedtime in combination with lysine and ornithine enhances the synthesis of growth hormone. takes part in the intrasystemic synthesis of creatine. Arginine (as a precursor of ornithine) is involved in the urea cycle, increases the flow of blood in the circulatory system, increases sexual potency (in a short time after application). It affects the body's immunity preventing infections, and lowers blood pressure. In supplements – usually as alpha-ketoglutarate.
L-carnitine is a vitamin-like substance, synthesized in the body from amino acids (lysine and methionine) and available in foods of animal origin. It is a component of muscle (including cardiac muscle) and nerve tissue. Involved in the metabolism of fats affecting the transport of long-chain fatty acids into the mitochondria of the cell, facilitating their burning and energy production. It is a potent antioxidant, contributing to the improvement of the aerobic condition and accelerating the recovery after intense exercise. Recommended for use for representatives of endurance sports. In the sports supplementation there are available mono-preparation of carnitine (in liquid form, acetylated [ALC], esterified [see. Propionyl-L-carnitine]) and multicomponent (e.g. in a complex with organic acids - see. L-carnitine tartrate) energetic, weight loss and improving the exercise capacity supplements, to be purchased at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: 1 - 3 g per day in 1 - 3 doses, preferably about 45 - 60 minutes prior to exercise.
Chlorine (chemical element from the group of halogens) - in the natural form of gas it is poisonous and water-soluble (until recently used as a disinfectant in the water supply system, now replaced by fluorination). It is chemically active element. It is used in the form of sodium chloride (NaCl) and potassium (KCl). It participates in the process of digestion and maintains acid-base balance in the body, removes toxic products of metabolism in the liver (antitoxin). Natural source of chlorine for the body is salt and bladderwrack.
Chlorine deficiency can occur due to excessive sweating, vomiting, causing digestive tract problems. It also causes loss of hair and teeth.
Excess chlorine, for example. Drink excessive amounts of chlorinated water, destroys bacterial flora and vitamin E.
Dosage: Daily dose should not exceed 15 grams.
Citrulline Malate is formed by combining molecules of the citrulline amino acid and molecules of malic acid in one molecule, which has the chemical stability and is well soluble in liquids. Ionized malic acid has the ergogenic potential, providing a complementation to the citrulline potential of with new properties. It improves the exercise capacity and reduces the feeling of fatigue, and its supplementation is beneficial at any level of fitness. It affects the acid-base balance. It should be used by people who practice sports: strength, endurance and mixed strength-endurance. To achieve the best results, a dose of Citrulline Malate 6 g / 24h is recommended.
It is available as single-ingredient supplements and multi-component supplements (creatine stacks, no-boosters, amino acid supplements). It is used in the periodic, cyclic and constant supplementation.
Dosage: 3-8 g daily (in divided doses). The optimal dose to achieve beneficial results, proven experimentally, is 6 g / 24h.
Glycocarn (GPLC) - glycine propionyl-L-carnitine is one of the more advanced call ester of L-carnitine and the essential amino acid glycine. Propionyl-L-carnitine (PLCAR) with high bioavailability, is involved in the metabolism of fat, and the influence on the composition and silhouette of body by reducing body fat. Improves the functioning of the cardiovascular system and the heart. Supports the exercise capacity. Glycine is selected from 22 endogenous amino acids that are building proteins, as well as no-protein component of enzymes (haem), is a neurotransmitter inhibiting antioxidant, cholagogic. Set of these components improves the GPLC bioavailability and improves its chemical properties, in particular effecting the reduction of body fat and improving the blood supply and nutrition of muscle and improves the aerobic capacity of organism. In the sports supplementation - used in programs to increase muscle mass and strength and improve body composition and body aesthetics, by athletes of strength and endurance sports, in the form of no-boosters, creatine stacks and pre- and post-workout supplements.
Dosage: 1-4 g per day (usual dose in sports supplementation).
Glycine is belongs to 22 essential amino acids (synthesized within the body) constructing proteins, and non-protein component of enzymes i.e. heme. It is a inhibiting neurotransmitter allowing for improvement in sleep comfort even at a dose of 3 g at bedtime. Glycine (as arginine) is a precursor of creatine. It is essential for the synthesis of a strong antioxidant - removing free radicals out of the body - glutathione. It is cholagogic and cholepoiteic. By interfering with the synthesis of growth hormone, accelerates the biological recovery of an organism. Naturally present in foods of plant and animal origin. In the sports supplementation is a component creatine stacks, amino acid supplements, protein supplements based on natural ingredients and carbohydrate and protein.
Propionyl-l-carnitine (PLCAR), esterified form of carnitine, with anti-oxidant and neuroprotective potential, involved in processes related to energy conversion of fats, characterized by higher bioavailability and chemical stabilization than carnitine in free form. It affects the functioning of the circulatory and cardiac muscle. Increases concentration of carnitine in muscles without influencing insulin levels. Especially used while reducing body fat. Supports the exercise capacity and regeneration (strength, endurance, psychomotor capacity) contributing to the improvement of the body condition and body aesthetics. In the sports supplementation it is available as mono-preparation supplements (powder) and a multi-component preparations, used in strength and endurance sports and in the reduction of fat, a wide range of the supplements at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: customarily in the supplementation - 0.5 - 2g.24h
Glucuronolactone (D-glucuronolactone-3, 6-lactone; DGL) - a metabolite of glucose occuring in foods, with the thermogenic and detoxification potential, protecting the liver, affecting the proper functioning of the locomotor system. With the datoxification potential neutralizes toxins and helps to remove waste products of the body. Supports the exercise capacity. In the sports supplementation it is an ingredient of energy drinks, a component of pre- and post-workout preparations and creatine stacks. Information about the negative health effects of the use of glucuronolactone, in the light of the security certificate issued by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), seem to be greatly exaggerated. Preparations and energy drinks.
Dosage: Usually in sports supplementation of 1-3 g per day.
Taurine – non-protein amino acid containing sulphur, which is synthesized in the body from methionine and cysteine, present in sufficient amount in human or animal body (in the brain, heart and skeletal), although in some cases must be supplemented. Significantly affects the calcium content in the cells and stabilizes the water and electrolyte balance and maintains acid-base balance. Takes part in the synthesis of bile acids. In the body acts as a neurotransmitter and neuromodulator. It is an insulin-mimetic improving insulin metabolism, responsible for transport of nutrients (such as amino acids, glucose, creatine) to the cells and muscle tissue. These properties determine that it is a valued mono-preparation supplement and valuable addition to creatine and amino acid supplements, recommended for psycho-pchysically active people and athletes and other competitive sportsmen in pre- and post-workout periods.
Dosage: 3 grams per day.
Beta-alanine (β-alanine) is a β-amino acid (the same group to which the I-alanine belongs, but with different chemistries). In combination with histidine, it forms β-alanyl-L-histidine (carnosine) - a antioxidant, chelating and buffering compound. Carnosine reduces the level of hydrogen ions in the cell and allows to extend the physical performance and endurance, it affects biological recovery after exercise. Beta-alanine is available in the form of single component and advanced amino-acid supplements, creatine stacks and nitrogen boosters.
L-alanyl-L-glutamine (synonym: Sustamine dipeptide) is a combination of a single molecule of the esterified amino acids alanine and glutamine. The compound used in medical diseases causing the loss of nitrogen at the time of surgery of injuries and burns. The advantage of the compound is high bioavailability and stability in aqueous solutions and the ability to use lower doses. In the sports supplementation, its anti-catabolic effect is used. It facilitates regeneration of the body (including the regeneration at night), recommended for psychophysical active people, during exhausting training sessions (or examination), having problems with fast regeneration (or concentration). The product is available in the form of mono-preparation and advanced amino acid and glutamine supplements.
Dosage: There are no standards of daily consumption. Customarily in supplementation 2 - 5 g / 4 times a daye (after waking up in the morning, before and after exercise, before bedtime)
Antioxidant Complex is a complex of plant origin components and synthetics. Selection components provides a reduction of the effects of the hypoxic brain stress (enhancing neutralization of free radicals). Plant origin ingredients include grape seed extract, delivering proanthocyanidins and green tea, rich in natural polyphenols. Synthetic ingredients are: alpha-lipoic acid and cysteine. Strong antioxidants improve metabolism, accelerates the biological regeneration and increase the body's immunity. It is a trade mark complex, it means that only components of the complex are known, and the percentage composition is a reserved by the manufacturer information, patented.
Antioxidant Complex co-creates the formula of Napalm – the pre-workout supplement of Fitness Authority.
Tyrosine - endogenous amino acid (synthesized within the body), one of the 22 protein amino acids building. It occurs naturally in animal food products (eggs, dairy, meat). If the deficiency, it can be synthesized by hydroxylation of phenylalanine, capable of being converted to tyrosine in the liver. It is a precursor of neurotransmitters: dopamine (the group of catecholamines, participating in the processes occurring in the nervous system, causing muscle coordination and participates in the synthesis of many hormones) and noradrenaline (counteracting stress, stimulating the heart and circulatory system, and increasing glycogenolysis and lipolysis participating in the processes of energy transformations). Tyrosine is a precursor of thyroid hormones responsible for the rate of change in metabolic processes and pigment (melanin). In the supplementation, preparations containing tyrosine are used in programs reducing body fat (weight loss), improve mood and are stimulants.
Dosage: Customarily 500-2000 mg per day.
Choline bitartrate a combination of one molecule of tartaric acid and choline, and in this embodiment is a precursor of acetylcholine (neurotransmitter). The human body is able to intracellular synthesis of choline, using the amino acid and vitamin B12. Because of the possibility of shortages of the above mentioned substances, it is necessary to supplement them with supplementation. Choline is a component of lecithin, which is the building substance of cells conditioning the proper functioning of the nervous system, and sphingomyelin, acting as an insulator of nerve tissue. Bitartrate affects the course of fat metabolism. In the sports supplementation of choline, bitartrate is used in the stimulating supplements,, affecting concentration and programs of weight control (fat reduction).
Dosage: 1-3 grams per day.
Caffeine (1,3,7-trimethylxanthine, 1-methylotheobromine) is a purine alkaloid occurring in the natural state in plants (Coffea arabica, Camelia sinensis, Paulinia cupana, Ilex paraguariensis), which acts as a natural pesticide, acting toxic to insects. Peculiar smell and taste also deters herbivores. Caffeine in the body inhibits the adenosine receptors in the brain, fighting fatigue and allowing for action activation. It has a beneficial effect on the metabolism of oxygen, which increases the exercise capacity (strength and endurance) and rapid post-workout recovery. In the sports supplementation, caffeine is used as a stimulant nervous system. It has the thermogenic potential and in combination with other substances (e.g. Polyphenols, both occurring in coffee beans, such as cocoa beans, tea leaves and mate) can effectively participate in the reduction of body fat. It is included in many dietary stimulants (creatine stacks, no-boosters, beverages). It is a component of fat burners. It is also in the form of mono-preparation supplements.
Dosage: 100-600 mg per day. Due to the long release of activity should not be used in the evening, before sleep.
Yerba Mate extract - from the leaves of yerba mate (ilex paraguariensis), a drink popular in South American countries. The extract contains caffeine (as metaine) and is a powerful antioxidant. Teas and extracts of Yerba Mate leaves are slimming by causing a feeling of satiety and fat absorption, increase immunity of DNA through the binding of free radicals, reduce LDL cholesterol levels.
In the sports supplementation, the ursolic acid contained in the yerba mate, may be important, as it is an aromatase inhibitor, capable of lowering estrogen levels of men, thereby affecting the aesthetics of the figure. Yerba mate extract is a component of fat burners. In combination with green tea, bitter orange and black pepper (piperine) it increases thermogenesis.
Dosage: the lack of standards for daily consumption.
Cola nut powder, the fruit of the evergreen tree found in equatorial Africa, is a source of biologically active components, such as betaine, tannins, glycosides, caffeine, phlobaphens, theobromine. It stimulates the central nervous system, removing the symptoms of fatigue, and at the same time motivates the increased effort. It is a diuretic which allows for the removal of excess fluid out of the body. Caffeine affects thermogenic changes in body. Cola nut powder enhances fat loss, increases exercise capacity (strength, endurance) and speeds up the metabolism. Powder from kola nut is a component of dietary supplements stimulating and slimming (thermogenic, pre-workout boosters) available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: the lack of clear standards of daily consumption.
Green tea extract is a concentrate that contains biologically active compounds: polyphenols (e.g. catechin, in the form of EGCG - epigallocatechin gallate), having antioxidant properties and a small thermogenic potential, modifies the action of testosterone metabolites, DTH. Green tea extract is an ingredient of many sports supplements containing fat burners, having pro-health and vitaminizing effect; also for those with low physical activity as an antioxidant and slimming supplement. Available either as mono-preparations, ready drinks, and above all as an extract.
Dosage: 200-500 mg per day (depending of the content of other active bio-components).
EGCG (epigallocatechin gallate) - a compound occurring naturally in the leaves of green tea and sage nutmeg. Powerful antioxidant resulting in removing free radicals out of your body. It has the thermogenic potential (enhanced when combined with other substances including caffeine, capsaicin, etc.), allowing a faster fat reduction. Affects preventively in the side effects of the glandular hypertrophy (prostate) and male pattern baldness. Recommended for those who are active physically and professionally, for the maintenance of body composition and body aesthetics. It is a component of fat burners, allowing for faster slimming.
Dosage: 50-500 mg per day.
Cysteine belongs to the group of essential amino acids, synthesized by the body, involved in detoxification of the body. The combination of L-cysteine with glutamine and glycine is involved in the synthesis of glutathione (a powerful antioxidant) and the proteins, enzymes and co-enzymes. Present in the protein product, in smaller amounts in corn and peanuts. The source of the acquisition are also concentrates and whey protein isolates, and preparations containing mixtures of amino acids. Not in the form mono-preparations. It is a component of detoxification, supporting the work of the liver supplements and in supplements improving the cosmetics of the body, usually in the form of L-cystine (two connected cysteine particles) or in the form of NAC.
Dosage: the usual supplementation: 50-500 mg per day.
R-ALA (R-alpha-lipoic acid) active form, having improved properties, and the potential of bioactive lipoic acid (ALA). Its bioactive potential is used in medicine in the diabetic neuropathy and cardiovascular prevention (slows down the formation of atherosclerotic lesions). In the sports supplementation, the properties of the insulin metabolism stimulation are used (sensitivity to insulin and glucose levels in the blood) and antioxidant potential of R-ALA and the assimilation of nutrients, improvement of creatine transport, storage of glycogen and amino acids in muscle tissue. Acid R-ALA is available in the form of mono-preparation supplements and advanced amino acid products, creatine, no-boosters and vitaminizing supplements, for purchase at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: There are no standards of daily consumption
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) is a nucleotide (phosphate esters) occurring in ionic form (or reduced). A suitable dose may affect the metabolism of arginine, facilitating the conversion of nitric oxide. It is a component creatine stacks and nitrogen boosters.
Glucose (dextrose) - saccharide (dextrose) belonging to carbohydrates, which is a basic component of complex sugars. Glucose is used in the body as an energy source, in particular for the brain and red blood cells. It is used directly or stored as glycogen in the liver and muscles. It participates in the synthesis of alanine, converted accumulates in the fatty tissue. For this reason it is not recommended in programs of weight reduction and improved body composition. In chemically pure form is used as a sweetener. Due to tts energy capacity, it used in beverages used in sports as well as in nutritional amino acid and carbohydrate-protein supplements, in the form of dextrose is the basis of so-called. "creatine transporters."
Dosage: according to individual needs, usually pre- and post-workout, before and after exercises.
Trehalose, a carbohydrate of disaccharide group, in the natural from present in bacteria of some species of fungi and invertebrates that protect cells against climate change (drying, cold and overheating). It is a good source of energy used, both during exercise and at rest. It is characterized by lower availability of the digestive enzymes and the stability of blood sugar levels. In dietetics and sports supplementation trehalose is used as an ingredient in supplements and pre- and post-workout preparations, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Dosage: according to individual needs
Calcium carbonate – a salt of carbonic acid and calcium, used in dietary supplements as one of the calcium forms, because of its high bioavailability. It is an alkaline salt, which is why it is used for neutralisation of the environment in the stomach.
Calcium is a macroelement necessary for the proper functioning of the body system. It is a building material of teeth and bones as well as it determines their mechanical strength. The proper supply of calcium prevents osteoporosis in elderly people and allows for the proper development of skeletal system in children. It is an activator of many enzymes, is involved in the inflammatory processes and regulates secretion of particular hormones. It is also essential for muscle contraction and determines blood coagulation. Moreover, calcium ions allow for transmission of nerve impulses by synapses, so that they regulate the proper neural transmission.
The demand for calcium increases with training intensity, which is why it is recommended for athletes to increase calcium supply. Calcium deficiency can be caused by high-protein diet.