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Nox Pump Nox Pump

Dorian Yates Nox Pump is a supplement intended for pre-workout use, effectively increasing training capacity and providing a powerful training pump. The manufacturer has included the amount of twenty substances acting synergistically with each other, which ensures high efficiency.

Nox Pump was one of the first pre-workout stacks with high stimulant properties. However, it was not clear what substances are responsible for this effect. The current version of Nox Pump contains an advanced formula that increases efficiency, facilitates obtaining a training pump and reduces fatigue.

Sustained Power System is a formula that ensures high-quality vasodilatation and a training pump. The formula contains glycerol, creatine, beta-alanine, citrulline malate and spirulina. To a traditional stack of light-intensifying blood vessels, the manufacturer added two necessary elements to maintain the proper water and electrolyte management - calcium and sodium.

Glycerol and creatine are responsible for proper hydration of cells and increasing muscle volume. The positive effect of these substances on training efficiency has been proven many times. Creatine provides a phosphate group that facilitates the resynthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which is the basic energy carrier in the body. Beta-alanine in the body combines with the histidine amino acid, forming a carnosine. Carnosine reduces the level of hydrogen ions in the cell and allows for prolonged exercise, greater efficiency, strength and endurance. Citrulline is transformed in the body into arginine, which is a substrate for the synthesis of nitric oxide (NO), responsible for the extension of the lumen of blood vessels. Spirulina contains branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) that work protective (anti-catabolic) on muscle tissue during exercise. Sodium is an element necessary for proper nerve transmission, through which the information from the central nervous system reaches the skeletal muscles to perform contraction. Calcium is essential for proper muscle contractility.

Amino Drive is a combination of amino acids L-Taurine, L-Glycine, L-Arginine AKG and L-Tyrosine.

L-Taurine increases the amount of calcium in the cells and is responsible for the transport of creatine to muscle tissue. L-Glycine reduces the fatigue. Its deficiency can limit the production of heme, which is a component of hemoglobin, responsible for the transport of oxygen in the body. L-Arginine alpha-ketoglutarate increases the body's efficiency through NO synthesis and also participates in the energy production and amino acid metabolism. From L-Tyrosine, a neurotransmitter is synthesized - dopamine, responsible for the motivation and extension of exercise time, and also affects the coordination of muscles.

The Adrenal Boost formula is responsible for stimulating and reducing fatigue that occurs during exercise. It contains a substance with proven effect: caffeine, guarana, bitter orange extract, African kigelia extract, ginseng and theacrine.

Caffeine is the most popular stimulant in the world. Thanks to its similarity to the molecules of adenosine it has the ability to attach to its receptors. Adenosine is an inhibitory neurotransmitter, while caffeine, by blocking adenosine receptors, eliminates fatigue. Guarana also contains caffeine, but its release lasts much longer, which provides long-lasting stimulation and does not cause fast and noticeable decreases in energy. Theacrine is a substance similar to caffeine and is said to be its improved version, because it also provides an extended stimulation effect. In addition, theacrine also reacts with dopamine receptors, which further increases the level of concentration and motivation during training. Bitter orange extract is the source of synephrine - a substance that increases thermogenesis. It is used in weight-loss stacks because it promotes the release of fatty acids from adipocytes. The African kigelia extract has proven to stimulate the central nervous system and is a source of DMHA. This substance increases the production of dopamine and norepinephrine and reduces fatigue, which positively affects the increase of exercise intensity. Ginseng has a positive effect on the increase of blood flow, but above all affects the mood and well-being.

The Micro Load formula, containing vitamin B3 and B6 and bioperin, is responsible for proper absorption and metabolism of substances contained in the preparation.

Vitamin B3 is essential for the proper functioning of the brain and nervous system, participates in metabolism and energy production. Vitamin B6 is involved in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. It is necessary for the formation of hemoglobin and is responsible for the proper synthesis of neurotransmitters. Bioperine increases the secretion of digestive juices, ensuring adequate absorption of nutrients.

To sum up, Dorian Yates Nox Pump is a comprehensive supplement supporting training capacity. The unique formula ensures an adequate blood flow and hydration of tissues, providing the effect of vascularisation and muscle filling. The product allows you to overcome and delay the feeling of fatigue, giving you the chance to perform more intense or longer-lasting physical work.

 

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Nox Pump Nox Pump 450g
Dorian Yates
£ 26.28

Nox Pump 450g

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450g
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Description
  • Comprehensive pre-workout supplement that increases the body's efficiency
  • Contains substances that ensure a lightining effect of vascularisation
  • Reduces fatigue and increases the level of motivation in training
  • Dilates blood vessels and improves the blood flow
  • Stimulation without the effect of ‘comedown’
  • Supports energy production in the body
  • Ensures proper hydration of cells
  • Available in three fruit flavors
  • Improves concentration
  • Works anti-catabolic

Dorian Yates Nox Pump is a supplement intended for pre-workout use, effectively increasing training capacity and providing a powerful training pump. The manufacturer has included the amount of twenty substances acting synergistically with each other, which ensures high efficiency.

Nox Pump was one of the first pre-workout stacks with high stimulant properties. However, it was not clear what substances are responsible for this effect. The current version of Nox Pump contains an advanced formula that increases efficiency, facilitates obtaining a training pump and reduces fatigue.

Sustained Power System is a formula that ensures high-quality vasodilatation and a training pump. The formula contains glycerol, creatine, beta-alanine, citrulline malate and spirulina. To a traditional stack of light-intensifying blood vessels, the manufacturer added two necessary elements to maintain the proper water and electrolyte management - calcium and sodium.

Glycerol and creatine are responsible for proper hydration of cells and increasing muscle volume. The positive effect of these substances on training efficiency has been proven many times. Creatine provides a phosphate group that facilitates the resynthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which is the basic energy carrier in the body. Beta-alanine in the body combines with the histidine amino acid, forming a carnosine. Carnosine reduces the level of hydrogen ions in the cell and allows for prolonged exercise, greater efficiency, strength and endurance. Citrulline is transformed in the body into arginine, which is a substrate for the synthesis of nitric oxide (NO), responsible for the extension of the lumen of blood vessels. Spirulina contains branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) that work protective (anti-catabolic) on muscle tissue during exercise. Sodium is an element necessary for proper nerve transmission, through which the information from the central nervous system reaches the skeletal muscles to perform contraction. Calcium is essential for proper muscle contractility.

Amino Drive is a combination of amino acids L-Taurine, L-Glycine, L-Arginine AKG and L-Tyrosine.

L-Taurine increases the amount of calcium in the cells and is responsible for the transport of creatine to muscle tissue. L-Glycine reduces the fatigue. Its deficiency can limit the production of heme, which is a component of hemoglobin, responsible for the transport of oxygen in the body. L-Arginine alpha-ketoglutarate increases the body's efficiency through NO synthesis and also participates in the energy production and amino acid metabolism. From L-Tyrosine, a neurotransmitter is synthesized - dopamine, responsible for the motivation and extension of exercise time, and also affects the coordination of muscles.

The Adrenal Boost formula is responsible for stimulating and reducing fatigue that occurs during exercise. It contains a substance with proven effect: caffeine, guarana, bitter orange extract, African kigelia extract, ginseng and theacrine.

Caffeine is the most popular stimulant in the world. Thanks to its similarity to the molecules of adenosine it has the ability to attach to its receptors. Adenosine is an inhibitory neurotransmitter, while caffeine, by blocking adenosine receptors, eliminates fatigue. Guarana also contains caffeine, but its release lasts much longer, which provides long-lasting stimulation and does not cause fast and noticeable decreases in energy. Theacrine is a substance similar to caffeine and is said to be its improved version, because it also provides an extended stimulation effect. In addition, theacrine also reacts with dopamine receptors, which further increases the level of concentration and motivation during training. Bitter orange extract is the source of synephrine - a substance that increases thermogenesis. It is used in weight-loss stacks because it promotes the release of fatty acids from adipocytes. The African kigelia extract has proven to stimulate the central nervous system and is a source of DMHA. This substance increases the production of dopamine and norepinephrine and reduces fatigue, which positively affects the increase of exercise intensity. Ginseng has a positive effect on the increase of blood flow, but above all affects the mood and well-being.

The Micro Load formula, containing vitamin B3 and B6 and bioperin, is responsible for proper absorption and metabolism of substances contained in the preparation.

Vitamin B3 is essential for the proper functioning of the brain and nervous system, participates in metabolism and energy production. Vitamin B6 is involved in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. It is necessary for the formation of hemoglobin and is responsible for the proper synthesis of neurotransmitters. Bioperine increases the secretion of digestive juices, ensuring adequate absorption of nutrients.

To sum up, Dorian Yates Nox Pump is a comprehensive supplement supporting training capacity. The unique formula ensures an adequate blood flow and hydration of tissues, providing the effect of vascularisation and muscle filling. The product allows you to overcome and delay the feeling of fatigue, giving you the chance to perform more intense or longer-lasting physical work.

 

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Composition

Composition

Container size: 450 gServing size: 15 gServings per container: 30
per portion (15 g)amount%DV
Energy 181 kJ/43 kcal*
Fat< 0.01 g*
- of which saturates 0.0 g
Carbohydrates3.9 g*
- of which sugar0.2 g*
- of which polyols1.9 g*
- of which starch1.8 g*
Fibre0.2 g*
Protein7.4 g*
Salt0.0 g*
SUSTAINED POWER SYSTEM7,145 mg*
Glycerol1,905 mg*
Creatine HCl1,575 mg*
Beta alanine1,515 mg*
Citrulline malate1,335 mg*
Spirulina515 mg*
Tri-Calcium Phosphate165 mg*
Sodium Bicarbonate135 mg*
AMINO DRIVE3,870 mg*
L-Taurine1,515 mg*
L-Glycine1,515 mg*
L-Arginine AKG765 mg*
L-Tyrosine75 mg*
ADRENAL BOOST735 mg*
Caffeine Anhydrous285 mg*
Guarana210 mg*
Bitter Orange PE105 mg*
Sausage Tree PE90 mg*
Ginsing PE30 mg*
Theacrine15 mg*
MICRO LOAD25 mg*
Vitamin B615 mg*
Bioperine5 mg*
Vitamin B35 mg*
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Energy value

Information

The energy value is determined by the chemical composition of the food product, by means of the so-called. physiological equivalents energy., determining the value of metabolic energy contained in 1 g of the component. Most commonly used is the equivalent of Atwater: protein 4 kcal/g for carbohydrates 4kcal/g, and for fat 9kcal/g.


 

Fat

Information

Fat is an essential nutrient plant and animal organisms. Because of the nutritional value and composition of fats are divided into: saturated (mono-saturated and multi-saturated fatty acids) and unsaturated fatty acids (including essential fatty acids - EFA). The group of lipids include lipids (triacylglycerols, waxes), complex fats (glycolipids, phospholipids), sterols and isoprenoids. Saturated fatty acids is a group of fatty acids having different carbon chain lengths, in which except for the carboxyl group, each of the carbon atoms is bound by a single bond. May adversely affect the lipid profile, so they can be used in limited quantities. Fats are a concentrated source of energy, with different flavours, facilitating the consumption and swallowing of food. They have building functions (part of cell membranes and co-create the white matter of the brain). EFAs are precursors of tissue hormones and biologically active compounds. The unsaturated fatty acids include fatty acids from the group Omega-3, Omega-6 and Omega-9 (the last digit indicates, on which, counting of the end of the chain, there is a double bond in the appropriate carbon chain. The essential fatty acids include: acids, medium-Omega-3 [n-3 ] included in EFAs [essential fatty acids], and long chain (eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] and docosahexaenoic acid [DHA]) Omega-6 and Omega-9. the number indicates that the last double bond in the carbon chain is on the third from the end carbon atom. The acids from the omega 3 group are essential components of cell membranes, they are precursors of eicosanoids and biological activators. They must be combined with ingestion in suitable proportions of Omega-6 acids.
Dosage: Depending on demand and applied diet. It is generally accepted that fats should constitute 20-30% of the energy (calorie) of meals daily.


 

Saturated fatty acids

Information

Saturated fatty acids are a group of fatty acid having different carbon chain lengths, in which except for the carboxyl group, each of the carbon atoms is linked by a single bond. Saturated fatty acids are commonly known as bad fat, which might adversely affect the cholesterol level, in particular by the action of acids: lauric, myristic, palmitic, and therefore their consumption should be reduced. Research carried out in this matter do not confirm entirely the prevailing beliefs.


 

Carbohydrates

Information

Carbohydrates are an essential nutrient. They are divided into: simple sugars (monosaccharides), disaccharides and polysaccharides. In terms of the human bioavailability of carbohydrates is divided into: digestabe, those which are digested in the gastrointestinal tract by transferring energy to the tissues or cells (such as starch, fructose) and indigestable, resistant to digestive enzymes (e.g. cellulose) . Affects blood glucose levels (glycemic index) and the metabolism of insulin (insulin index). The greatest demand for carbohydrates occurs before physical activity or in the middle of it, because they increase the exercise capacity, consumed after exercise provide regeneration. In the sports diet the absorption rate it is important of carbohydrates and reactions of the organism. Available in mono-preparation supplements and part of the energetic supplements, creatine stacks, nitrogen boosters.
Dosage: according to the statistics of the Institute of Food and Nutrition, carbohydrates should comprise about 50% of daily energy intake. In some diets, used
residual carbohydrate consumption, not exceeding 30g / 24h.


 

Sugar

Information

The sugars are the major digestible fuel in the body. We divide them into mono saccharides - glucose (dextrose), fructose (fruit sugar); di- (di-saccharides) - lactose, maltose, sucrose; complex sugars - starch. Most of them changes into glucose during the burning process. Sugars are sweet and increase the glycemic index (except fructose). The healthiest source of acquisition of simple sugars is a diet containing the so-called. products of the first milling and fresh fruit and vegetables in the raw form.

 

Consumed during a strength workout, they delay fatigue, affecting the proper hydration of the body and keeping parts of glycogen. After finished workout,they accelerate the regeneration of the body and complement energy expenditure. The excess sugars result in the accumulation of excess fat and increase of fatty tissue. A responsible use of sugars is recommended for diabetics, both for hyperglycaemia (glucose level above the normal), and hypoglycaemia (blood sugar levels below normal). Excess consumption of simple sugars can cause tooth decay.
Simple sugars are included in many dietary supplements, most commonly used in the carbohydrate and protein and carbohydrate supplements.
Dosage: for competitive sport athletes it is recommended to consume simple sugars only during workout and immediately after workout.


 

Starch

Information

Starch is a plant sugar store, composed of particles of glucose produced in the process of photosynthesis (α-D-glucoses linked by α-1,4-glucosidic bonds), and is equivalent to the animal glycogen; belonging to the groups of basic carbohydrates. It consists of amylose and amylopectin. It is insoluble in water, after soaking swells making better filling of the gastrointestinal tract and reduces hunger. During the heating the gelatinization starch takes place. Starches can be divided into: native (achieved e.g. potato, corn, wheat) and wax (e.g. In the waxy maize). Native starch used in the starch production (stiffening agent) and puddings and jellies. The waxy starch amylopectin prevails. Starch is an essential nutrient in the carbohydrate diet of different nutrients and supplements, available at the www.muscle-zone.pl

Dietary fibre

Information

Dietary fibre is a mixture of undigested substances and not absorbed by the human body. Due to the properties divided into: insoluble fibre (e.g. cellulose [polysaccharide] found in fruits and vegetables), partially soluble fibre (including hemicellulose occurring with cereal grains and soluble fibre (including pectin, gums, mucilages [polysaccharides]). Dietary fibre affects the digestive system and gastrointestinal system regulating its operation. By filling the stomach (satiety) reduces appetite, lowers triglycerides and cholesterol and consequently can support the weight loss process and maintain a slim body. It also affects blood glucose levels and cleansing the body of toxins. Available in powder formulations (capsules, and powders), mainly containing the soluble fraction (pectin, gums and mucilages) diet and meal replacements.
Dosage: 10-20 grams per day, before or during meals with some water.


 

Protein

Information

Proteins (proteins, polypeptides) is a polymer, of which the basic units (monomers) are amino acids. Protein is composed of carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen and sulfur, and is an elementary nutrient necessary for the proper functioning of the body, an ingredient and a component of tissues, part of the hormones and enzymes and other bioactive substances. Protein determines the proper metabolism and energy processes, as well as all other life processes. The sources of natural proteins are foods of animal origin (including meat, fish, eggs, dairy products) and plant origin (legumes, soy). Deficiency of protein leads to protein malnutrition and a significant weakening of the body. It can lead to anaemia, reduced immunity, muscle relaxation, disorders of the digestive system. Also, overdose protein is undesirable because it can lead to acidification of the body, and interfere with the digestive system and an increase in the concentration of homocysteine ​​in the blood. It is a component of many supplements and nutrients necessary for the proper functioning of the body, both showing a low physical activity, or training the strength and endurance competitions.
Dosage: strength athletes: approx. 1.7 - 2.5 g / 1 kg of body weight; endurance athletes and strength -endurance athletes approx. 1.3 - 2 g / 1 kg of body weight, people with low activity approx. 0.8 - 1.1 g / 1 kg of body weight / 24h. In estimating the amount of protein, you should take into account the intake of other nutrients (carbohydrates and fats)


 

Salt

Information

Salt (sodium chloride, or table salt), natural source of electrolytes (chlorine and potassium), regulating water and electrolyte and acid-base balance of the body, affecting the nervous system and blood pressure. Sodium is an essential element for the proper growth. The proper dose of salt prevents overheating of the body and solar stroke. It provides the proper functioning of muscles and nerves the body. Chlorine in combination with sodium, is involved in the digestive process and maintains acid-base balance in the body, as antitoxin removes toxic products of metabolism in the liver. Salt is a flavour component and preservative of many foods, nutritional supplements and mixtures of electrolytes, available at www.muscle-zone.pl

Dosage: no specific standards of consumption, used so as to provide sufficient amount of electrolytes to the body (sodium and chloride).

 

Glycerol

Information


Glycerol (glycerine, 1,2,3-propanetriol) simplest tricarboxylic alcohol, used in the manufacture of medicines (as a filler), cosmetics and food industry. Used in higher doses affect water and electrolyte balance of the body, increase exercise capacity and extend the duration of exercise in various sports. In the sports supplementation used for hydration of the muscle cells to increase the volume of muscle during exercise. Glycerol (sugar alcohol) increases the ability to hydrate the phosphorus muscle cells, allows better nutrition and increasing the volume. It also has an impact on water and electrolyte balance and energy production. By oral ingestion does not change the glycemic profile of blood. It comes in the form of solid and liquid (glycerine), as mono-preparation supplement or an ingredient of pre- and post-workout supplements (creatine stacks nitrogen boosters).
Dosage: 5-10 g per day dissolved in water, in the time before and after exercise. Beginning of application should be started on low doses and gradually reach the maximum, commonly used in sports supplementation dose.

Creatine

Information

Creatine (β-methylguanidoacetic acid) is an endogenous substance, synthesized from the acids present in liver and kidney (L-arginine, L-glycine and L-methionine) and consumption of meat. Its action ensures an adenosine triphosphate (ATP) level, which is an energy carrier, increases the hydration of cells and muscle glycogen stores. In the sports supplementation creatine is stored in the muscles, which improves energy management, exercise capacity and quick recovery and muscle growth. It has the ergogenic, anabolic and anti-catabolic potential.
Creatine is one of the high-performance
substances used in competitive sports, with a reputation confirmed by scientific research. In the form of mono-preparation supplements such as creatine ester, creatine malate, creatine monohydrate, and the multi-component supplements (both various forms of creatine, as well as other substances, precursors of nitric oxide, the BCAA type amino acids). Supplements containing creatine available for purchase at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: depending on the form of preparation, the type of exercise and weight, normally one of the following models
of creatine dosage is used:
- cyclic
supplementation: 5 - 10g per day in 1 - 3 portions a day, 2 - 5 g per dose. Cycle time approx. 4 - 12 weeks
- cyclic
supplementation with saturated phase: first 5 - 7 days 20 - 30g per day on Day 4 - 6 doses 4 - 6g per serving, then the maintenance phase 2 - 10g per day in divided doses. Cycle time approx. 4 - 8 weeks
- constant
supplementation: 0.03 - 0.05 g per kg body weight for an extended period of time.


 

Beta-alanine

Information

 

Beta-alanine (β-alanine) is a β-amino acid (the same group to which the I-alanine belongs, but with different chemistries). In combination with histidine, it forms β-alanyl-L-histidine (carnosine) - a antioxidant, chelating and buffering compound. Carnosine reduces the level of hydrogen ions in the cell and allows to extend the physical performance and endurance, it affects biological recovery after exercise. Beta-alanine is available in the form of single component and advanced amino-acid supplements, creatine stacks and nitrogen boosters.


 

Citrulline malate

Information

Citrulline Malate is formed by combining molecules of the citrulline amino acid and molecules of malic acid in one molecule, which has the chemical stability and is well soluble in liquids. Ionized malic acid has the ergogenic potential, providing a complementation to the citrulline potential of with new properties. It improves the exercise capacity and reduces the feeling of fatigue, and its supplementation is beneficial at any level of fitness. It affects the acid-base balance. It should be used by people who practice sports: strength, endurance and mixed strength-endurance. To achieve the best results, a dose of Citrulline Malate 6 g / 24h is recommended.
It is available as single-ingredient supplements and multi-component supplements (creatine stacks, no-boosters, amino acid supplements). It is used in the periodic, cyclic and constant supplementation.
Dosage: 3-8 g daily (in divided doses). The optimal dose to achieve beneficial results, proven experimentally, is 6 g / 24h.

 


 

Spirulina

Information

Spirulina is a dietary supplement containing two species of algae (cyanobacteria): Arthrospira platensis and Arthrospira maxima occurring in the area of lakes in tropical climates, containing BCAA [3 essential amino acids having a branched chain aliphatic side (isoleucine, leucine, and valine) and a similar course of metabolic processes in muscle tissue. In its natural form found in high-protein animal foods (i.e. beef, milk proteins). BCAA have the anti-catabolic potential and anabolic. Support energy carriers in the energy crisis and affect the functioning of the nervous system (eliminate stress, reduce fatigue), and hormone activity and kinases responsible for the metabolism of proteins. In the sports supplementation it is used as support elements functional capacity (strength and endurance) and post-workout recovery; also anti-catabolic and anabolic catalyst of change. Taking BCAA after exercise almost immediately restores the levels of these amino acids in the blood (excluding liver) and supplies the muscle tissue. Leucine results in the activation of mTOR (starting anabolism of muscle proteins) and has a reinforcing effect of insulin which acts on the PI3-kinase and protein kinase B). Branched chain amino acids BCAA, readily used by strength athletes, strength-endurance and endurance], organic acids (GLA, ALA, Linoleic acid, and others) and vitamins B and C, D, E. Spirulina improves the functioning of the nervous system (improves the ability of concentration and memory), reduces total cholesterol and triglyceride levels, belongs to the group of antioxidants. In the supplementation often used by the elderly, available as a nutritional and functional supplements and due to the thermogenic effect by people on weight-loss diet, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.

Calcium

Information

Calcium (element chem. symbol Ca, atomic no. 20, the group of alkaline earth metals) is the basic building substance of bones and teeth, in which stored is 99% of the element, in the form of hydroxylapatite. When building bones and teeth, phosphorus is very important in the right proportion. It is a base-forming element and activator of many enzymes (ATPase) necessary to release the energy of ATP. It has a significant effect on blood clotting and regulates blood pressure and neuromuscular conductivity. Thanks to the reduced permeability of cell membranes, it soothes the symptoms of food allergies. Calcium is actively involved in the metabolism of iron interacts with vitamins A, C and D and phosphorus, magnesium. Natural source of calcium are animal products (dairy products, sardines, salmon, sprats eaten with bones) and plant products (nuts, soybeans, sunflower seeds). Absorption takes place in the small intestine (less in the colon), it has an effect on the level of lactose, insoluble fibre, organic acids, alkalinity (low pH). The best absorption have organic compounds (lactates, amino acid chelates etc.). Obstructing the absorption of calcium is caused by: phytic acid and oxalic acid as well as excess fat. Scientific studies have confirmed that the combination of calcium, magnesium, boron and vitamin D in dose 3 mg / 24h effectively prevent osteoporosis. Supplements on the market are both mono-preparation supplements (enriched with vitamin D3) and multi-component supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Calcium deficiency disorders manifested in the construction of the bones (osteoporosis) and iron metabolism. The symptoms are: rickets, cramps and muscle tremor, osteoporosis.
Excess result
ing from an overdose of calcium supplements containing vitamin D3 for children and adults overdose of calcium (hypercalcemia). Symptoms of hypercalcemia are: lack of appetite, vomiting and constipation.
The dosage administered in various publications
are inconsistent: 800 - 1000 mg / 24 h (100 - 500 mg / 24h)

Sodium

Information

Sodium is an important component of the intracellular fluids, and is a regulator of acid-base balance. Along with potassium affects the proper of growth and provides the proper functioning of muscles and nerves. The source of acquisition is table salt (NaCl) and bladderwrack, shellfish, bacon, beef, and of plant beets and carrots. People on salt-free diet should avoid, among others, spicy sauces and smoked meats and sausages.
Sodium deficiency is very rare, at heaving sweating after a long effort (e.g. in the marathon).
Excess sodium increases blood pressure (especially for the elderly), edema and increased thirst. Exceeding the daily dose of 14g a day can cause poisoning.


 

Taurine

Information

Taurine – non-protein amino acid containing sulphur, which is synthesized in the body from methionine and cysteine, present in sufficient amount in human or animal body (in the brain, heart and skeletal), although in some cases must be supplemented. Significantly affects the calcium content in the cells and stabilizes the water and electrolyte balance and maintains acid-base balance. Takes part in the synthesis of bile acids. In the body acts as a neurotransmitter and neuromodulator. It is an insulin-mimetic improving insulin metabolism, responsible for transport of nutrients (such as amino acids, glucose, creatine) to the cells and muscle tissue. These properties determine that it is a valued mono-preparation supplement and valuable addition to creatine and amino acid supplements, recommended for psycho-pchysically active people and athletes and other competitive sportsmen in pre- and post-workout periods.
Dosage: 3 grams per day.


 

Glycine

Information

Glycine is belongs to 22 essential amino acids (synthesized within the body) constructing proteins, and non-protein component of enzymes i.e. heme. It is a inhibiting neurotransmitter allowing for improvement in sleep comfort even at a dose of 3 g at bedtime. Glycine (as arginine) is a precursor of creatine. It is essential for the synthesis of a strong antioxidant - removing free radicals out of the body - glutathione. It is cholagogic and cholepoiteic. By interfering with the synthesis of growth hormone, accelerates the biological recovery of an organism. Naturally present in foods of plant and animal origin. In the sports supplementation is a component creatine stacks, amino acid supplements, protein supplements based on natural ingredients and carbohydrate and protein.


 

Arginine

Information


Arginine is an exogenous amino acid, it is a component of dietary proteins, not always synthesized in the human body in necessary quantity, so it is necessary to deliver it in the form of synthetics. It takes part in the biosynthesis agmatine, creatine and nitrogen oxides. The use of supplements containing arginine before workout increases the exercise capacity (strength, endurance). Used after considerable effort intensifies the transfer of energy and building compounds and intensifies the process of recovery. Used at bedtime in combination with lysine and ornithine enhances the synthesis of growth hormone. takes part in the intrasystemic synthesis of creatine. Arginine (as a precursor of ornithine) is involved in the urea cycle, increases the flow of blood in the circulatory system, increases sexual potency (in a short time after application). It affects the body's immunity preventing infections, and lowers blood pressure. In supplements – usually as alpha-ketoglutarate.

 

Alpha-ketoglutarate

Information

Alpha-ketoglutarate (ionized Alpha-ketoglutarate acid, ketone derivative of glutaric acid). Involved in the metabolism of amino acids, oxidation, and transport of the nitrogen in the body. It accelerates the synthesis of components of food (anti-catabolism). In sports supplementation it is used in combination with arginine, glutamine and BCAA. As it is of excreting a toxic ammonia from the body - it is antitoxin. It is a part of sports pre- and post-training supplements, and anti-catabolic supplements and amino acid complexes.


 

Tyrosine

Information

Tyrosine - endogenous amino acid (synthesized within the body), one of the 22 protein amino acids building. It occurs naturally in animal food products (eggs, dairy, meat). If the deficiency, it can be synthesized by hydroxylation of phenylalanine, capable of being converted to tyrosine in the liver. It is a precursor of neurotransmitters: dopamine (the group of catecholamines, participating in the processes occurring in the nervous system, causing muscle coordination and participates in the synthesis of many hormones) and noradrenaline (counteracting stress, stimulating the heart and circulatory system, and increasing glycogenolysis and lipolysis participating in the processes of energy transformations). Tyrosine is a precursor of thyroid hormones responsible for the rate of change in metabolic processes and pigment (melanin). In the supplementation, preparations containing tyrosine are used in programs reducing body fat (weight loss), improve mood and are stimulants.
Dosage: Customarily 500-2000 mg per day.


 

Caffeine

Information

Caffeine (1,3,7-trimethylxanthine, 1-methylotheobromine) is a purine alkaloid occurring in the natural state in plants (Coffea arabica, Camelia sinensis, Paulinia cupana, Ilex paraguariensis), which acts as a natural pesticide, acting toxic to insects. Peculiar smell and taste also deters herbivores. Caffeine in the body inhibits the adenosine receptors in the brain, fighting fatigue and allowing for action activation. It has a beneficial effect on the metabolism of oxygen, which increases the exercise capacity (strength and endurance) and rapid post-workout recovery. In the sports supplementation, caffeine is used as a stimulant nervous system. It has the thermogenic potential and in combination with other substances (e.g. Polyphenols, both occurring in coffee beans, such as cocoa beans, tea leaves and mate) can effectively participate in the reduction of body fat. It is included in many dietary stimulants (creatine stacks, no-boosters, beverages). It is a component of fat burners. It is also in the form of mono-preparation supplements.
Dosage: 100-600 mg per day. Due to the long release of activity should not be used in the evening, before
sleep.


 

Guarana (Paulinia cupana)

Information

Guarana (Paulinia cupana) is a plant of the family Sapindaceae, of which seeds contain purine alkaloid (caffeine), acting as a stimulant on the body of the athlete. The caffeine content in the seeds of guarana is between 4 and 8%. Powdered seeds are the raw material for supplements. Thanks to the slow release of caffeine in the human digestive tract, stimulation takes longer and is less rapid than the consumption of strong coffee or infusions of caffeine. The extracts of Guarana supports the athlete’s body, they increase exercise and endurance capacity (especially aerobic). Guarana is also a component of fat burners. It is often combined with extracts of various plants (e.g. Green tea, cayenne pepper, herbal and synthetic substances). Besides infusions, guarana is in the form of a one-component water soluble powders, capsules, and bottled beverages and concentrates.
Dosage: In terms of 100-300 mg of caffeine per serving, depending on the needs.


 

Citrus aurantium extract

Information

Citrus aurantium extract (Bitter orange extract) is widely used in weight reduction process, among athletes, active individuals and people with so called sedentary life-style. It is a source of synephrine and octopamine, which in combination with caffeine and polyphenols contained in green tea affect lipolysis, releasing fatty acids from adipocytes, causing increased energy expenditure, burning them in the sources of cells vital energy (mitochondria). It became popular after the banning ephedine (dangerous for the body) by WADA .
The extract of bitter orange is part of the weight loss
supplements (I.e. thermogenics), pre-workout creatine stacks and nitrogen boosters.
Dosage: No specific standards of daily consumption. At high hypertension and
with medicines containing a statin, extract of bitter orange should not be used.


 

Vitamin B6

Information

Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine) is soluble in the liquid. It participates in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. By reducing the amount of fat in the blood do not enable deposition of the body. It helps the absorption of magnesium and vitamin B12 (cobalamin). It works on the muscle antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory pain in the joints. It acts anti. It provides efficient operation of the brain. It increases energy increasing vigor of a man. The demand for vitamin B6 increases during pregnancy and breast-feeding infants. The natural product is: yeast, eggs, wheat germ, meat (liver), wheat bran, nuts, peanuts peanuts, soybeans. There is a hypothesis that can be synthesized by intestinal bacteria.
Deficiency of vitamin B6 causes abnormal metabolism of proteins, decrease in lymphocytes in the blood, causes a feeling of lethargy and fatigue intensifies.
Dosage: 1.5-2.5 mg daily (increased demand during pregnancy and lactation).


 

Bioperine

Information

Bioperine - a black pepper extract, which is a source of plant alkaloid – piperine, enhancing secretion of digestive juices, affecting the increase of the availability of food (and other chemicals) and regulating the digestive tract. Through the access to food and chemicals, it indirectly influences the development of muscle tissue and increases the exercise capacity (psychophysical). There has been a positive effect on the immune system and the intensification of the lipolysis processes observed. Available in the form of mono-preparations and as a component of supplements and nutrients.
Dosage: 5-10 mg per day.


 

Vitamin B3

Information

Vitamin B3 (vitamin PP, niacin, nicotinic acid, nicotinamide) is niacinamide niacin. It is used in interaction with vitamins B1, B2 and B6 in the synthesis of hormones during lactation. It provides proper functioning of the brain and nervous system. It is helpful in inflammatory conditions of the skin. Required for synthesis of sex hormone, estrogen, testosterone, cortisone, and insulin. It does not lose its properties in the manufacturing and storage. The source of acquiring vitamins PP are both products of animal origin (the lean meat, eggs, fish) and vegetable origin (dates, figs, hazelnuts, plums).
Dosage: 2-12 mg / day for children, 14 mg / day for women, 16 mg / day for men and 17-18 mg / day for pregnant or nursing women.


 

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