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Pet Active One Pet Active One

Swanson Pet, Active One  is a highly specialized dietary supplement intended for animals. The complex of minerals, vitamins, enzymes and other nutrients has been prepared in the form of delicious chicken-flavored chewing pellets, which will be very appealing to any four-legged animal.

A powerful dose of antioxidants and anti-inflammatory substances
Free radicals are highly reactive molecules formed in the course of metabolic processes or produced by cells of the immune system. Their harmfulness lies in the fact that they are responsible for the initiation of the inflammatory process and further dysfunction of the organs of the beloved pet. In order to prevent such events, the manufacturer placed in the preparation a large dose of antioxidant substances, which include copper, ascorbic acid and synergistically acting vitamin E, as well as linoleic acid and omega-3 acids.

There is also a reason for the presence bromelain in the supplement. Isolated from pineapple, the substance shows a considerable anti-inflammatory and anti-swelling effect. It belongs to the group of proteolytic enzymes, which are responsible for the breakdown of proteins such as fibrin and kinins. Thus, it contributes to the better blood supply to tissues and neutralization of inflammation.

Support of the dog’s locomotor system
In a simplified way, it can be said that movement is the meaning of the life of the four-legged animals. It allows them to get to know the world around them. It is not difficult to guess that the most common problem of dogs are bone fractures. To prevent them, it is necessary to strengthen their structure, which can be ensured by a regular supply of calcium and vitamin D3.

It turns out that the latter is produced in both human and animal organisms. This happens with sufficiently long exposure to the sun rays. Nevertheless, this exposure is unfortunately very limited in case of animals, because their skin is sometimes covered with a thick coat of fur.

Vitamin D is needed for proper absorption of calcium provided with food and its incorporation into the bone tissue structure. As a result, bones become less susceptible to mechanical damage, resulting in a significant reduction in the occurrence of fractures.

Bearing in mind the functions of the joints, the manufacturer placed in the product the best available form of manganese. It was noticed that the compound increases the production of substances contained in the synovial fluid and thus protects the cartilage from degeneration and prevents pain sensations during movements.

The nervous system under control
The correct structure and function of the nervous system are essential for maintaining the homeostasis of a human as well as a four-legged friend. Neurons communicate with each other using electrical or chemical impulses. The latter include, e.g., neurotransmitters such as acetylcholine, formed in the presence of choline. It occurs particularly abundantly in regions responsible for the memory of an animal, whereas its supply protects against age-related degenerative processes. It can also participate in the process of renewal of nerve connections.

Cobalt and vitamin B12 promote differentiation and proper maturation of nervous system cells. Their action is supported by folic acid contained in the pills as well as by its derivative, p-aminobenzoic acid.

Electric impulses arise due to the movement of electric charges, i.e. electrolytes in cells or extracellular fluid. The presence of magnesium cations has an impact on the calcium current, responsible for the phenomenon of the so-called excitotoxicity. More generally, they can show protective properties, protecting against the death of nerve structures.

Due to the fact that neurons are one of the most fragile cells of the animal's system, it is imperative to ensure their proper structure. One of the most important parameters that determine resistance to external factors is the fluidity of the cell membrane. It can be ensured by the presence of unsaturated fatty acids, which include eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid. In addition, it was noted that their appropriate amount in the diet may reduce the occurrence of aggressive behavior among animals.

Healthy thyroid, heart and circulatory system
Hormones are substances that regulate the functioning of cells inaccessible to the control of the nervous system. A very important organ responsible for metabolic functions is apparently a seemingly small thyroid gland. In order to make it work properly and to facilitate the proper use of the substances secreted by it, it is necessary for the diet of our dog to include iodine and selenium. It is thanks to their availability that it is possible to avoid such symptoms as sudden weight gain, dejection of the dog, slower heartbeat and other cardiological problems.

It is also worth adding that the micronutrient that strongly affects the heart is potassium. Its deficiency in the daily diet of a pet can contribute to dangerous disturbances in the conduction of impulses in the myocardium, and thus the occurrence of arrhythmias.

Efficient metabolic changes
Every owner of a pet is happy to see their animal show willingness to play and undertake daily activities. The energy needed to maintain vitality is produced in every cell of the body in the form of ATP, as a result of transformation of high energy compounds that the animal consumes with food.

Intracellular conversions cannot take place without the use of vitaminsniacin and riboflavin, which mediate glucose oxidation, and in the final stage of breathing, they determine the generation of much more ATP.

During an intensive effort of a four-legged, similarily to humans, due to anaerobic processes in the muscles, lactic acid begins to accumulate, thus limiting their physical performance. Pantothenic acid and the synergistically acting thiamine facilitate a smooth transition towards aerobic energy conversions, allowing the removal of lactates.

Normal digestive functions of the pet
The growth and development of a pet are not possible without a proper supply of energy and building blocks obtained from food. Certain diseases affecting the digestive tract or major operations limit the nutritional capabilities, making the tract sterile. To increase the availability of macronutrients and assist the animal in achieving the correct weight along with the health condition, the supplement contains a complex of digestive enzymes, probiotic bacteria and prebiotics.

Protease, pepsin and bromelain facilitate the digestion of proteins, thus supporting, along with the popular addition of feed, betaine, muscle reconstruction, cell enzyme apparatus, as well as immune function. Lipase, in turn, breaks down fats into simpler compounds, which are energy substrates in the process for obtaining the afore-mentioned ATP, thus preventing fat overload.

Studies on the composition of the gastrointestinal microflora have been ongoing for a long time. Maintaining microbial balance allows protecting against systemic infections or simply to support the digestion. One of the symbiotes is Lactobacillus acidophilus bacteria. Regular preparations, unlike the offered supplement, are rarely ever additionally enriched with prebiotic substances, whose task is to provide nutrients for microorganisms.

Beautiful fur, skin and claws
The looks of a pet can tell a lot about how the owner cares about its health. It is worth remembering that skin and fur care is not only about thorough washing along with cosmetic procedures, but also about dietary support.

The main protein that builds the hard appendages of the skin, and therefore the fur, claws and outer layers of the epidermis is keratin. It belongs to proteins with high sulfur content. It was noted that the shortage of zinc and methionine as a sulfur donor may result in brittleness of the claws, flaking of the epidermis or hair loss. In order to avoid this type of events and to intensify the action of the amino acid, the supplement has been enriched with biotin and vitamin A. Their tasks include control of differentiation and binding of keratinocytes.

In summary, Swanson Pet Active One is a complex of active ingredients obtained directly from flax, fruit and vegetables, necessary in the diet of every dog. The preparation will help to maintain overall health, as well as to replenish deficiencies and support digestive functions

 

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Since 2005
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Pet Active One Pet Active One 45 tab.
Swanson
£ 19.50

Pet Active One 45 tab.

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Strength:
Mass:
Endurance:
Health:

- Delivery even day after tomorrow

- Foreign shippment from £ 4.46 Every £ 65.72 reduces shipping costs by £ 2.19

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01709231594 (mon.-fri 900-1700)

Short term:

2019-09-30
Old price: £ 21.69
£ 19.50
1 szt.

- Delivery even day after tomorrow

- Foreign shippment from £ 4.46 Every £ 65.72 reduces shipping costs by £ 2.19

You have got questions about the product

sales@mz-store.co.uk

01709231594 (mon.-fri 900-1700)

Description
  • A set of vitamins and microelements created especially for animals
  • Facilitates the regeneration and reconstruction of osteoarticular elements
  • Protects against the development of cardiovascular diseases
  • Supports the functioning of the nervous system
  • Increases the efficiency of metabolic processes
  • Promotes hormonal balance
  • Limits the occurrence of inflammation
  • Improves the digestion of proteins and fats
  • Improves the appearance of the skin and coat

Swanson Pet, Active One  is a highly specialized dietary supplement intended for animals. The complex of minerals, vitamins, enzymes and other nutrients has been prepared in the form of delicious chicken-flavored chewing pellets, which will be very appealing to any four-legged animal.

A powerful dose of antioxidants and anti-inflammatory substances
Free radicals are highly reactive molecules formed in the course of metabolic processes or produced by cells of the immune system. Their harmfulness lies in the fact that they are responsible for the initiation of the inflammatory process and further dysfunction of the organs of the beloved pet. In order to prevent such events, the manufacturer placed in the preparation a large dose of antioxidant substances, which include copper, ascorbic acid and synergistically acting vitamin E, as well as linoleic acid and omega-3 acids.

There is also a reason for the presence bromelain in the supplement. Isolated from pineapple, the substance shows a considerable anti-inflammatory and anti-swelling effect. It belongs to the group of proteolytic enzymes, which are responsible for the breakdown of proteins such as fibrin and kinins. Thus, it contributes to the better blood supply to tissues and neutralization of inflammation.

Support of the dog’s locomotor system
In a simplified way, it can be said that movement is the meaning of the life of the four-legged animals. It allows them to get to know the world around them. It is not difficult to guess that the most common problem of dogs are bone fractures. To prevent them, it is necessary to strengthen their structure, which can be ensured by a regular supply of calcium and vitamin D3.

It turns out that the latter is produced in both human and animal organisms. This happens with sufficiently long exposure to the sun rays. Nevertheless, this exposure is unfortunately very limited in case of animals, because their skin is sometimes covered with a thick coat of fur.

Vitamin D is needed for proper absorption of calcium provided with food and its incorporation into the bone tissue structure. As a result, bones become less susceptible to mechanical damage, resulting in a significant reduction in the occurrence of fractures.

Bearing in mind the functions of the joints, the manufacturer placed in the product the best available form of manganese. It was noticed that the compound increases the production of substances contained in the synovial fluid and thus protects the cartilage from degeneration and prevents pain sensations during movements.

The nervous system under control
The correct structure and function of the nervous system are essential for maintaining the homeostasis of a human as well as a four-legged friend. Neurons communicate with each other using electrical or chemical impulses. The latter include, e.g., neurotransmitters such as acetylcholine, formed in the presence of choline. It occurs particularly abundantly in regions responsible for the memory of an animal, whereas its supply protects against age-related degenerative processes. It can also participate in the process of renewal of nerve connections.

Cobalt and vitamin B12 promote differentiation and proper maturation of nervous system cells. Their action is supported by folic acid contained in the pills as well as by its derivative, p-aminobenzoic acid.

Electric impulses arise due to the movement of electric charges, i.e. electrolytes in cells or extracellular fluid. The presence of magnesium cations has an impact on the calcium current, responsible for the phenomenon of the so-called excitotoxicity. More generally, they can show protective properties, protecting against the death of nerve structures.

Due to the fact that neurons are one of the most fragile cells of the animal's system, it is imperative to ensure their proper structure. One of the most important parameters that determine resistance to external factors is the fluidity of the cell membrane. It can be ensured by the presence of unsaturated fatty acids, which include eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid. In addition, it was noted that their appropriate amount in the diet may reduce the occurrence of aggressive behavior among animals.

Healthy thyroid, heart and circulatory system
Hormones are substances that regulate the functioning of cells inaccessible to the control of the nervous system. A very important organ responsible for metabolic functions is apparently a seemingly small thyroid gland. In order to make it work properly and to facilitate the proper use of the substances secreted by it, it is necessary for the diet of our dog to include iodine and selenium. It is thanks to their availability that it is possible to avoid such symptoms as sudden weight gain, dejection of the dog, slower heartbeat and other cardiological problems.

It is also worth adding that the micronutrient that strongly affects the heart is potassium. Its deficiency in the daily diet of a pet can contribute to dangerous disturbances in the conduction of impulses in the myocardium, and thus the occurrence of arrhythmias.

Efficient metabolic changes
Every owner of a pet is happy to see their animal show willingness to play and undertake daily activities. The energy needed to maintain vitality is produced in every cell of the body in the form of ATP, as a result of transformation of high energy compounds that the animal consumes with food.

Intracellular conversions cannot take place without the use of vitaminsniacin and riboflavin, which mediate glucose oxidation, and in the final stage of breathing, they determine the generation of much more ATP.

During an intensive effort of a four-legged, similarily to humans, due to anaerobic processes in the muscles, lactic acid begins to accumulate, thus limiting their physical performance. Pantothenic acid and the synergistically acting thiamine facilitate a smooth transition towards aerobic energy conversions, allowing the removal of lactates.

Normal digestive functions of the pet
The growth and development of a pet are not possible without a proper supply of energy and building blocks obtained from food. Certain diseases affecting the digestive tract or major operations limit the nutritional capabilities, making the tract sterile. To increase the availability of macronutrients and assist the animal in achieving the correct weight along with the health condition, the supplement contains a complex of digestive enzymes, probiotic bacteria and prebiotics.

Protease, pepsin and bromelain facilitate the digestion of proteins, thus supporting, along with the popular addition of feed, betaine, muscle reconstruction, cell enzyme apparatus, as well as immune function. Lipase, in turn, breaks down fats into simpler compounds, which are energy substrates in the process for obtaining the afore-mentioned ATP, thus preventing fat overload.

Studies on the composition of the gastrointestinal microflora have been ongoing for a long time. Maintaining microbial balance allows protecting against systemic infections or simply to support the digestion. One of the symbiotes is Lactobacillus acidophilus bacteria. Regular preparations, unlike the offered supplement, are rarely ever additionally enriched with prebiotic substances, whose task is to provide nutrients for microorganisms.

Beautiful fur, skin and claws
The looks of a pet can tell a lot about how the owner cares about its health. It is worth remembering that skin and fur care is not only about thorough washing along with cosmetic procedures, but also about dietary support.

The main protein that builds the hard appendages of the skin, and therefore the fur, claws and outer layers of the epidermis is keratin. It belongs to proteins with high sulfur content. It was noted that the shortage of zinc and methionine as a sulfur donor may result in brittleness of the claws, flaking of the epidermis or hair loss. In order to avoid this type of events and to intensify the action of the amino acid, the supplement has been enriched with biotin and vitamin A. Their tasks include control of differentiation and binding of keratinocytes.

In summary, Swanson Pet Active One is a complex of active ingredients obtained directly from flax, fruit and vegetables, necessary in the diet of every dog. The preparation will help to maintain overall health, as well as to replenish deficiencies and support digestive functions

 

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Composition

Composition

Container size: 45 chewable tabletsServing size: 2 chewable tabletsServings per container: 22.5
per portion (2 tablets)amount%DV
Crude Protein (min) 21%**
Crude Fat (min) 13%**
Crude Fiber (max) 1%**
Moisture (max) 6%**
Methionine (dl-methionine)15 mg**
Linoleic Acid (min) 7 mg**
Calcium (as calcium sulfate, calcium phosphate, calcium pantothenate, calcium carbonate)(2.5%) 150 mg**
Potassium (as potassium citrate)(0.01%) 0.76 mg**
Magnesium (as magnesium oxide) (1.3%) 75 mg**
Copper (as copper gluconate) (0.02 ppm) 0.01 mg**
Manganese (as manganese gluconate)(5 ppm) 3 mg**
Zinc (as zinc proteinate) (5 ppm) 3 mg**
Iodine (calcium iodate) (0.2 ppm) 0.12 mg**
Selenium (as sodium selenite) (0.02 ppm) 0.01 mg**
Vitamin A (as retinyl acetate) 1,800 IU**
Vitamin D3 150 IU**
Vitamin E 15 IU**
Thiamin (Vitamin B1) (as thiamine mononitrate) 15 mg**
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) 7.5 mg**
Pantothenic Acid (as calcium pantothenate) 15 mg**
Niacinamide 15 mg**
Pyridoxine (Vitamin B6) (as pyridoxine hydrochloride) 7.5 mg**
Folic Acid 0.06 mg**
Vitamin B12 0.006 mg**
Choline (as chloride) 15 mg**
*Biotin 0.006 mg**
*Betaine Anhydrous 15 mg**
*Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C) (as l-ascorbyl-2-polyphosphate) 37.5 mg**
*Cobalt (as cobalt proteinate) 0.12 mg**
*P-aminobenzoic Acid 7.5 mg**
*Eicosapentaenoic Acid (EPA) (from fish oil) 33 mg**
*Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) (from fish oil) 22 mg**
*Bromelain (pineapple) (min) 2.7 GDU¹**
*Lipase (pork pancreas) (min) 14.2 USP Units²**
*Protease (pork pancreas) (min) 104 USP Units³**
*Pepsin (pork stomach) (min) 60 NF Units⁴**
* Not recognized as an essential nutrient by the AAFCO Dog Food Nutrient Profiles .
¹One GDU of bromelain releases approximately 8.4 mg amino acids (from gelatin)/20 min/mg of enzyme at 45˚C and pH =4.5.
²One USP unit of lipase activity releases one micro equivalent of fatty acid under standard conditions.
³One USP unit of protease is contained in the amount of protease that digests 1.0 mg of casein under standard conditions.
⁴One NF unit of pepsin digests 3000 times its weight of coagulated egg albumin under standard conditions. This product is a source of pepsin, bromelain, papain (hydrolizes proteins) and lipase (hydrolizes triglycerides).

Other ingrednients

Brewer’s dried yeast, natural chicken liver flavor, glycerin, organic flaxseed meal, rapeseed oil, soy lecithin, dried New Zealand green mussel, fructooligosaccharides,maltodextrin, sodium alginate, fish oil concentrate, organic dried spinach powder, organic dried carrot powder, organic dried apple powder, organic dried banana powder, natural mixed tocopherols (a preservative), dried lactobacillus acidophilus fermentation product, organic dried blueberry powder, safflower oil , propionic acid (a preservative),  inositol.

 

 

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Protein

Information

Proteins (proteins, polypeptides) is a polymer, of which the basic units (monomers) are amino acids. Protein is composed of carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen and sulfur, and is an elementary nutrient necessary for the proper functioning of the body, an ingredient and a component of tissues, part of the hormones and enzymes and other bioactive substances. Protein determines the proper metabolism and energy processes, as well as all other life processes. The sources of natural proteins are foods of animal origin (including meat, fish, eggs, dairy products) and plant origin (legumes, soy). Deficiency of protein leads to protein malnutrition and a significant weakening of the body. It can lead to anaemia, reduced immunity, muscle relaxation, disorders of the digestive system. Also, overdose protein is undesirable because it can lead to acidification of the body, and interfere with the digestive system and an increase in the concentration of homocysteine ​​in the blood. It is a component of many supplements and nutrients necessary for the proper functioning of the body, both showing a low physical activity, or training the strength and endurance competitions.
Dosage: strength athletes: approx. 1.7 - 2.5 g / 1 kg of body weight; endurance athletes and strength -endurance athletes approx. 1.3 - 2 g / 1 kg of body weight, people with low activity approx. 0.8 - 1.1 g / 1 kg of body weight / 24h. In estimating the amount of protein, you should take into account the intake of other nutrients (carbohydrates and fats)


 

Fat

Information

Fat is an essential nutrient plant and animal organisms. Because of the nutritional value and composition of fats are divided into: saturated (mono-saturated and multi-saturated fatty acids) and unsaturated fatty acids (including essential fatty acids - EFA). The group of lipids include lipids (triacylglycerols, waxes), complex fats (glycolipids, phospholipids), sterols and isoprenoids. Saturated fatty acids is a group of fatty acids having different carbon chain lengths, in which except for the carboxyl group, each of the carbon atoms is bound by a single bond. May adversely affect the lipid profile, so they can be used in limited quantities. Fats are a concentrated source of energy, with different flavours, facilitating the consumption and swallowing of food. They have building functions (part of cell membranes and co-create the white matter of the brain). EFAs are precursors of tissue hormones and biologically active compounds. The unsaturated fatty acids include fatty acids from the group Omega-3, Omega-6 and Omega-9 (the last digit indicates, on which, counting of the end of the chain, there is a double bond in the appropriate carbon chain. The essential fatty acids include: acids, medium-Omega-3 [n-3 ] included in EFAs [essential fatty acids], and long chain (eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] and docosahexaenoic acid [DHA]) Omega-6 and Omega-9. the number indicates that the last double bond in the carbon chain is on the third from the end carbon atom. The acids from the omega 3 group are essential components of cell membranes, they are precursors of eicosanoids and biological activators. They must be combined with ingestion in suitable proportions of Omega-6 acids.
Dosage: Depending on demand and applied diet. It is generally accepted that fats should constitute 20-30% of the energy (calorie) of meals daily.


 

Methionine

Information

Exogenous methionine is an amino acid containing sulphur in its composition. It provides multi metabolism, with the indispensable help of vitamin B6. Participates in the synthesis of phospholipids (e.g. Lecithin), carnitine responsible for transport in the body of long-chain fatty acids, burned in the mitochondria cells (organelles in cells with a separate kernel), along with cystine forms cysteine. It is in the body antioxidant function. Natural source of acquisition of methionine are high-protein foods of animal origin (eggs, meat, fish), vegetable (sesame seeds, grain products). Available in all protein and carbohydrate protein and amino acid supplements such EAA and contain so-called all-day amino acids, supporting the liver preparations and cosmetics supporting the growth and condition of hair, skin and nails.


 

Linoleic acid

Information

Linoleic acid, the unsaturated Omega 6 fatty acid, is not intracorporeal synthesized, it is supplied in foods of plant origin (including sunflower seeds, sesame seeds, soybeans, hazelnuts, the seeds of grapes, etc.) and in foods of animal origin. It is involved in the biosynthesis of arachidonic acid needed for the production of prostaglandins. In a normal diet using the above food component it is sufficient and does not require support supplementation. Rarely used in dietary supplements, usually combined with EPA, DHA and ALA; It is a component of supplements containing essential fatty acids (EFAs), often in combination with vitamin E, which is protecting the fatty acids from oxidation. It is recommended to to take linoleic acid in proportion to the Omega 3 acids (in the range between of 1: 1 to 1: 5). As a component of cell membranes is responsible for the condition of the skin, hair loss, healing of cuts and small wounds. Studies confirm its effect on reducing the risk of heart disease. Preparations available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: the most important is to
keep the balance between Omega 3 and Omega 6 acids. When proportions are kept, the quantity is not significant.

Calcium

Information

Calcium (element chem. symbol Ca, atomic no. 20, the group of alkaline earth metals) is the basic building substance of bones and teeth, in which stored is 99% of the element, in the form of hydroxylapatite. When building bones and teeth, phosphorus is very important in the right proportion. It is a base-forming element and activator of many enzymes (ATPase) necessary to release the energy of ATP. It has a significant effect on blood clotting and regulates blood pressure and neuromuscular conductivity. Thanks to the reduced permeability of cell membranes, it soothes the symptoms of food allergies. Calcium is actively involved in the metabolism of iron interacts with vitamins A, C and D and phosphorus, magnesium. Natural source of calcium are animal products (dairy products, sardines, salmon, sprats eaten with bones) and plant products (nuts, soybeans, sunflower seeds). Absorption takes place in the small intestine (less in the colon), it has an effect on the level of lactose, insoluble fibre, organic acids, alkalinity (low pH). The best absorption have organic compounds (lactates, amino acid chelates etc.). Obstructing the absorption of calcium is caused by: phytic acid and oxalic acid as well as excess fat. Scientific studies have confirmed that the combination of calcium, magnesium, boron and vitamin D in dose 3 mg / 24h effectively prevent osteoporosis. Supplements on the market are both mono-preparation supplements (enriched with vitamin D3) and multi-component supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Calcium deficiency disorders manifested in the construction of the bones (osteoporosis) and iron metabolism. The symptoms are: rickets, cramps and muscle tremor, osteoporosis.
Excess result
ing from an overdose of calcium supplements containing vitamin D3 for children and adults overdose of calcium (hypercalcemia). Symptoms of hypercalcemia are: lack of appetite, vomiting and constipation.
The dosage administered in various publications
are inconsistent: 800 - 1000 mg / 24 h (100 - 500 mg / 24h)

Calcium carbonate

Information

Calcium carbonate – a salt of carbonic acid and calcium, used in dietary supplements as one of the calcium forms, because of its high bioavailability. It is an alkaline salt, which is why it is used for neutralisation of the environment in the stomach.

Calcium is a macroelement necessary for the proper functioning of the body system. It is a building material of teeth and bones as well as it determines their mechanical strength. The proper supply of calcium prevents osteoporosis in elderly people and allows for the proper development of skeletal system in children. It is an activator of many enzymes, is involved in the inflammatory processes and regulates secretion of particular hormones. It is also essential for muscle contraction and determines blood coagulation. Moreover, calcium ions allow for transmission of nerve impulses by synapses, so that they regulate the proper neural transmission.

The demand for calcium increases with training intensity, which is why it is recommended for athletes to increase calcium supply. Calcium deficiency can be caused by high-protein diet.

Potassium

Information

Potassium and sodium regulate the body's water resources, ensuring normal heart rhythm. Maintaining the proper level of potassium provides the proper oxidation of the brain, lowers blood pressure, increases the permeability of cell membranes (as an antagonist of calcium). It is a base-forming element. It is widely used in sports diet before and after training in the form of supplements, nutrients, vitamin-mineral preparations and minerals, concentrates and ready, isotonic and hypertonic beverages. Natural sources of acquisition of potassium are: vegetable products (bananas, citrus fruits, melons, mint leaves, green vegetables, potatoes) and animal products (sea fish, meat). Potassium is present in the form of organic compounds: citric acids, and fumarates gluconates and inorganic (chlorides, sulfates, oxides and carbonates).
Potassium deficiency (hypokalemia): excessive tiredness, headaches and irritability, problems with sleeping, muscle cramps, constipation. Potassium levels may drop sharply in the event of a reduction in blood sugar levels, prolonged starvation, severe diarrhea. They can occur when too much of strong coffee is consumed, with alcohol abuse and when eating too much sweets.
The excess of potassium (hyperkalemia) is often the cause of depression, hypotension, tingling in the extremities.


 

Potassium citrate

Information

Potassium citrate is an organic form of potassium, which is characterized by high level of absorption. This element is essential in the proper functioning of the organism. It regulates water balance, thanks to which it is possible to maintain homeostasis.

Potassium also helps to maintain proper blood pressure and is essential to maintain proper work of the heart. I takes part in the proper functioning of the nervous system - it takes part in nerve impulse conduction and supports the work of the brain by its oxygenation.

Introducing potassium to a diet is incredibly vital in case of sportsmen, as during long-lasting effort, it decreases the risk of the organism’s dehydration. It also ensures proper work of muscles. This element is also essential in the process of protein synthesis.

Magnesium

Information

Magnesium (element from the group of alkaline earth metals, atomic no. 12, a chemical symbol - Mg), one of the most important health microelements, participates in the synthesis process of the disintegration of high energy compounds and processes of transformation of hydrocarbons and fats. It affects the dilation of blood vessels and lower blood pressure, prevents hypercoagulable state. Shortages affect cardiac arrhythmias, malignant muscle cramps, insomnia and anxiety. It is a component of many dietary supplements and found in foods such as whole grain bread, legumes, buckwheat, rice, fish, meat, as well as chocolate, cocoa and nuts.
Dosage of 100 - 500 mg / day

Magnesium oxide

Information

Magnesium oxide – the most common form of this macroelement in supplementation that is essential to the human body. It belongs to a group of key intracellular cations and that is why its adequate levels are critical to maintaining the body’s homeostasis. An active lifestyle increases requirements for magnesium and that is why its supplementation is recommended strongly to athletes.

The most common symptoms associated with magnesium deficiencies are muscle cramps and eye twitches. This is connected with a significant impact of magnesium ions on the efficiency of the nervous system. Its adequate intake helps maintain neuromotor fitness. Deficiencies of this element are also said to aggravate symptoms of depression.

What is more, magnesium supplementation supports healthy cardiovascular function. It is suggested that its deficiencies promote the development of atherosclerotic lesions and hypertension. Too low dietary magnesium intake is associated with arrythmia and increased risk of heart attack.

Magnesium supplements are recommended to individuals doing hard mental work and learning. Its healthy levels enhance focus and may facilitate learning. It has a beneficial impact on sleep quality.

Copper

Information

Copper - trace mineral that facilitates the introduction of iron into hemoglobin, allowing the correct functioning of antioxidant processes. It is an important component of enzymes that affect the processes of aerobic metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism and in the formation of collagen. With proper diet, do not use supplements containing copper, as an overdose can cause insomnia, hair loss. It occurs in foods such as legumes, offal, plums, seafood. Copper compounds must be used in a responsible way, because many of them have toxic properties.
Dosing: A sufficient amount of copper provides proper diet.


 

Manganese

Information

Manganese, of which a natural source is chocolate, grain products with whole grain, nuts, legumes and dried cranberry, is a component of enzymes and their activator. It stimulates the properties and functionality of connective tissue and provides proper functioning of the brain. It affects the function of the pancreas, ensuring proper insulin metabolism and condition of the bone and joints. Magnesium deficiency contributes to serious disorders in synthesis of hyaluronic acid and chondroitin, reduction in insulin sensitivity of tissues, affects bone resorption. Manganese chelates are used in complexometry in chemical analysis and in medicine for the treatment of severe poisoning (antitoxin) by heavy metals, in sports supplementation, manganese impact on the functioning of the locomotor system is used. It is a component of the so-called regenerators of joints and a vitamin-mineralizing and mineralizing supplements.


 

Zinc

Information


Zinc (chemical element from transition group 12) belongs to the trace elements, it helps maintain acid-base balance of the body, protein, energy, lipid and carbohydrate metabolism. It provides bone metabolism and transport of oxygen. It protects the body against free radicals. Necessary for the proper operation of the senses of taste and smell. Positive impact on the process of insulin metabolism in the pancreas. It supports visual adaptation to the dark, has a significant influence on brain function. It is helpful in the treatment of infertility and mental illness.
Zinc deficiency leads to decreased immunity, and growth retardation. Zinc deficiency can occur in case of excessive consumption of simple sugars. In the case of hormonal therapy of women with irregular menstruation, the therapy should be associated with increased consumption of zinc. It can be found in food like: beans, eggs, carrots, beef and pork meat, milk, nuts, citrus fruits, seafood, rice, cottage cheese, lettuce.
Dosage: Daily 12-15 mg zinc. Exceeding the daily dose of 20 mg cause symptoms of poisoning of the body.

 

Iodine

Information

Iodine - more than two-thirds of iodine is stored in the thyroid gland and it is a component produced by it hormones - thyroxine and triiodothyronine, which are essential in the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and minerals and regulating the processes of growth, causing it usefulness in sports supplementation. It is also the ingredient of weight loss products. Regulates and controls body temperature. Natural source of acquisition of iodine are: bladderwrack, seafood, sea fish and onion and vegetables growing in soil containing this element and most of all iodized salt ..
Deficiency of iodine in the body cause hypothyroidism, and consequently overweight, mental slowing (cretinism inclusive). It
is the cause of a goitre. Iodine deficiency can be caused by rhodanates and polyphenols (e.g. contained in cabbage and cauliflower), hemagglutinin found in legumes.
Excess iodine can result in inhibition of thyroid hormone synthesis (this
happens in a small percentage of cases).
Dosage: Treatment of iodine should be done under medical supervision. Daily demand for adults is 150 mcg. For pregnant women daily demand increases to 175 mcg.


 

Selenium

Information

Selenium (element, chemical symbol Se, atomic no. 34, from chalcogenide, it is present in several allotropic forms). It is supplied the body with food in the form of seleno-amino acids (selenomethionine - gathering supplies, and selenocysteine – a component of glutathione peroxidase, deiodinase and seleno-proteins). Regulates the functioning of the thyroid gland. It affects the growth and development, including sexual development (by increasing production and sperm motility). It affects the flexibility of the tissue, removes some of the toxins from the body and destroys cancer cells and reduces the severity of menopause in women. Natural products containing selenium are seafood (sea fish, oysters, bladderwrack) and vegetable products (broccoli, onions, wheat germ, bran, tomatoes) and animal products (poultry, eggs). It is also included in the composition of vitamin-mineral and mineral supplements. Selenium supplementation is recommended as a dietary supplement of active people having diet poor in this element, and as a factor increasing the body's immunity.
Selenium deficiency increases the risk of developing cancer and heart disease. Symptoms of selenium deficiency are: cardiomyopathy, growth stoppage,
disorders of detoxification processes which may lead to damage to the kidneys and liver.
An excess of selenium can lead to selenosis (the disease, the symptoms are: loss of hair, nail cracks, lesions).
daily
demand of selenium for pregnant women 65 mcg; nursing mothers 75 mcg; men 7 mcg.

Sodium

Information

Sodium is an important component of the intracellular fluids, and is a regulator of acid-base balance. Along with potassium affects the proper of growth and provides the proper functioning of muscles and nerves. The source of acquisition is table salt (NaCl) and bladderwrack, shellfish, bacon, beef, and of plant beets and carrots. People on salt-free diet should avoid, among others, spicy sauces and smoked meats and sausages.
Sodium deficiency is very rare, at heaving sweating after a long effort (e.g. in the marathon).
Excess sodium increases blood pressure (especially for the elderly), edema and increased thirst. Exceeding the daily dose of 14g a day can cause poisoning.


 

Vitamin A

Information

Vitamin A (retinol) is present in foods of animal origin (fish of the sea, fish, eels, liver, pork and beef, eggs, butter). In the plant products it is present as provitamin A (b-carotene), a powerful antioxidant. The food products containing pro-vitamin A are fruits in yellow and red, including apricots, tomatoes. Necessary in process of building and assimilation of proteins, affects the normal growth of bones and helps the treatment of eye diseases.Iinhibits the excessive action of the thyroid hormone - thyroxine, which simultaneously prevents the deposition of excess vitamin A. Necessary in the sports diet of in the form of food, such as dietary supplements and nutritional supplements.
Vitamin A deficiency causes growth inhibition, flaking and dryness of the skin, impaired night vision (i.e. Night blindness).
Excess of vitamin A leads to calcification of the bones and some soft tissues, and abnormalities in the functioning of glomerulonephritis
Dosage: Specified in IU and it is 5000 IU per day.


 

Vitamin D

Information

Vitamin D belongs to fat soluble vitamins, occurs in three forms: calciferol (vitamin D1) ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) and cholecalciferol (vitamin D3), it is formed under the action of sunlight for at least 15 minutes per day. In the absence of sunlight it should be administered in the diet in the form of fish oil (Vitamin A + D3) and fish oils. It is responsible for the absorption of calcium and phosphorus. It is the building substance of bone tissue particularly necessary during pregnancy, childhood, and for athletes. It is a component of dietary supplements and nutrients among competetive athletes. Deficiency of vitamin D causes children growth inhibition, and rickets.
For adults - deficiency causes osteomalacia.
Excess
of vitamin D causes headaches, alopecia, nausea, drowsiness, blurred vision, pain in the long bones, the deposition of calcium deposits.
Dosage: 400 IU units during the day.


 

Vitamin E

Information

Vitamin E (tocopherol) is a fat soluble. Due to its antioxidant action, it is a protection of other vitamins (e.g. Vitamins A). Protects the body against free radicals, strengthens the walls of blood vessels and its capacity, causing their dilation and dissolution of blood clots. With the reduction of coagulation, it is used as an antiatherogenic medicine, it allows for the proper course of pregnancy. In cooperation with selenium it slows the ageing process of cells, strengthening connective tissue. In the food it is present in whole-grain bread, sprout and grains, vegetable oils (soybean, sunflower), soya beans and sunflower seeds, vegetable fat and hen egg yolks. Also it is used in sports medicine in the form of nutrients and supplements.
Vitamin E deficiency reduces building of red blood cells, results in changes in muscle and disorders of pregnancies.
Dosage: for children, 0.5 mg / 1 kg of weight; for adults 10-30 mg per day.


 

Vitamin B6

Information

Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine) is soluble in the liquid. It participates in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. By reducing the amount of fat in the blood do not enable deposition of the body. It helps the absorption of magnesium and vitamin B12 (cobalamin). It works on the muscle antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory pain in the joints. It acts anti. It provides efficient operation of the brain. It increases energy increasing vigor of a man. The demand for vitamin B6 increases during pregnancy and breast-feeding infants. The natural product is: yeast, eggs, wheat germ, meat (liver), wheat bran, nuts, peanuts peanuts, soybeans. There is a hypothesis that can be synthesized by intestinal bacteria.
Deficiency of vitamin B6 causes abnormal metabolism of proteins, decrease in lymphocytes in the blood, causes a feeling of lethargy and fatigue intensifies.
Dosage: 1.5-2.5 mg daily (increased demand during pregnancy and lactation).


 

Pyridoxine hydrochloride

Information

What is pyridoxine hydrochloride?

Pyridoxine hydrochloride is a basic, the most commonly used form of vitamin B6 in supplements and fortified foods. It is a vitamin soluble in water. It converts to the active form of the vitamin - pyridoxal phosphate.

Vitamin B6 is a cofactor in many enzymatic reactions. It takes part in the production of many neurotransmitters, such as GABA, serotonin and catecholamines and it takes part in the metabolism of amino acids, carbohydrates and lipids. It is an important factor for the process of the creation of red cells and hemoglobin and its deficit may be one of the factors causing anemia. This vitamin contributes to maintaining proper energy metabolism and is important for maintaining well-being and good psychological condition. Its presence supports the breakdown of pro-inflammatory homocysteine to cysteine and further metabolites, thanks to which it may decrease the risk of atherosclerosis and cardiological incidents.

Pyridoxine hydrochloride may be found in many vitamin B complexes and vitamin-mineral preparations available in the offer of muscle-zone.pl.

Folic acid

Information

Folic acid - also known as vitamin B9, is a synthetic form of naturally occurring folates. It needs to be transformed to folates in order to be biologically active also in the human organism. Therefore, its supplementation is recommended to people who do not have problems with methylation processes.

The majority of people associate folic acid with the period of pregnancy. It is definitely a justified association. Proper supply of vitamin B9 conditions correct development of the fetus and prevents disorders of neural tube defects in a baby.

Supplementation with folic acid also demonstrates positive influence on the functions of the nervous system of adults. Some sources say that it is conducive to maintaining beneficial emotional states. Moreover, folic acid takes part in the process of erythropoiesis, thanks to which it enables efficient production of red cells.

Supplementation with folic acid should be also considered by men who deal with low sperm quality. It was proven that complementing the level of vitamin B9 is conducive to increasing reproductive abilities of men.

Choline

Information


Choline belongs to the soluble in liquids group of B vitamins. It is an organic nitrogen base containing lecithin, and acetylcholine. Together with inositol is involved in the metabolism of fats and cholesterol metabolism, preventing its accumulation on the walls of arteries and deposits in the gallbladder. With the penetration of the brain, contained lecithin improves its action and improves memory. Used in the treatment of age-related diseases (Alzheimer's). It occurs in plant foods: yeast, wheat germ, lecithin, green leafy vegetables and egg yolks.

 

Chloride

Information

Chlorine (chemical element from the group of halogens) - in the natural form of gas it is poisonous and water-soluble (until recently used as a disinfectant in the water supply system, now replaced by fluorination). It is chemically active element. It is used in the form of sodium chloride (NaCl) and potassium (KCl). It participates in the process of digestion and maintains acid-base balance in the body, removes toxic products of metabolism in the liver (antitoxin). Natural source of chlorine for the body is salt and bladderwrack.
Chlorine deficiency can occur due to excessive sweating, vomiting, causing digestive tract problems. It also causes loss of hair and teeth.
Excess chlorine, for example. Drink excessive amounts of chlorinated water, destroys bacterial flora and vitamin E.
Dosage: Daily dose should not exceed 15 grams.


 

Biotin

Information

Biotin (vitamin H, co-enzyme R) is in a group of B vitamins, due to the presence of sulphur compounds it is involved in the synthesis of ascorbic acid (vitamin C). Also synthesized in the intestines. It enhances the production of hormones and regulates cholesterol levels. It reduces muscle pain. It prevents hair loss and graying of hair. It soothes the skin inflammations. No toxic effects. Often combined with other B group vitamins and vitamin A. The natural sources of biotin are: whole grain bread, yeast, eggs (yolk), milk, brown rice and cheese.


Daily demand: 100-300 mg per day


 

Betaine

Information

Betaine (N, N, N-trimethylglycine, the TMG) ​​is methyl glycine derivative participating in the conversion of homocysteine ​​to methionine. It is present in food of plant origin and produced by the body in the liver or kidneys. The medicine uses it in the treatment of gastrointestinal and digestive disorders and hyperhomocysteinemia. In the supplements that increase the level of homocysteine ​​used together with glycocyamine, indirectly influences the endogenous synthesis of creatine. There is no mono-preparation supplement containing betaine. Available in creatine stacks and the detoxicating supplements.


 

Ascorbic acid

Information

Ascorbic acid – vitamin C. Its biologically active form is the L-isomer, which negatively rotates the polarised light, so that it is a dextroisomer (laevorotatory vitamin C does not exist). It is a strong antioxidant; it reduces the amounts of free radicals, which reduces oxidative stress, a factor leading to cell apoptosis, which is why it is indicated to be a cause for premature ageing.

It supports the immune system functions and increases body system immunity. It is an essential element of the collagen synthesis path, which is why it positively affects the condition of connective tissue. Hence, it promotes also wound healing and increases the durability of capillary vessel. It is involved in transformations of tyrosine and carnitine as well as of some nutrients, so that it affects metabolism. It can also have an impact on the nervous system functions, as it reduces mental fatigue.

Higher supply of vitamin C is especially recommended in the periods of more intensive body system burden, after infections and in order to accelerate regeneration. The indications for increased supply of the vitamin are also hard physical work or intensive trainings.

Vitamin C

Information


Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) it is a vitamin soluble in body fluids, can be taken from foods (fruits and vegetables), or as drug derived synthetically. The largest of its resources can be found in broccoli, Brussels sprout, kale, black currant fruit and hawthorn, citrus fruits, tomatoes, Savoy cabbage, potatoes. In fact, intake of vitamin C of the food products does not limit the absorbed quantity. Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is a potent antioxidant, it is an antitoxic, increasing the immune system due to the elimination of risk of bacterial contamination. Vitamin C prevents rupture of blood vessels, affects the blood cholesterol level. It substantially increases the absorption of iron. Inhibits the growth of cancer cells. Lowers stress levels.
Vitamin C deficiency causes abnormal development of connective tissue, cracking capillaries, abnormal calcification of bone tissue, impaired
absorption of iron, scorbutus. With the lack of vitamin C, all kinds of injuries do not heal up properly. Vitamin C deficiency can be caused by smoking; each cigarette is destroying up to 100 mg of vitamin C.
Dosage: The demand is 60-80 mg daily. It does not limit the ability to consume higher doses. Some side effects may occur only with longer
taking of synthetic vitamin C.

Cobalt

Information

Cobalt (element., Symbol Co, atomic no. 27, of the triad ferrous). Its effect on the human body is not fully recognized. It is a component of vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin), which regulates the formation of erythrocytes (red blood cells). Since it is not stored in the body, it must be supplied in the diet. The source of its acquisition of plant products are: onions, beans, cabbage, buckwheat and products of animal origin: clams, oysters, lard and liver. In the sports supplementation is obtained from compounds containing vitamin B12 and its coenzyme (Dibencozide), contributing to improvement of exercise capacity, it can affect the growth processes of muscle tissue.
A deficiency is
manifested with anaemia, muscle weaknesses and constipation. Lack of sufficient amounts of chromium is a threat to people not eating meat (vegetarians and vegans).
Dosage: the lack of defined standards of daily demand

Fish Oil

Information

Fish oil is a source of long chain saturated fatty acids of the Omega-3 (EPA - eicosapentaenoic acid; DHA - docosahexaenoic acid), which are part of cell membranes and the precursor of eicosanoids, and an activator. When consuming acids Omega 3, it must be balanced with the Omega 6 (using in the range of from 1: 6 to 1: 1). Fats contained in fish oil help to reduce body fat, affect the oxygenation of the body, and the operation of systems: circulatory, respiratory, nervous system and the musculoskeletal system. Available in the form of mono-preparation supplement or as an ingredient of supplements in the category of "health and beauty".

 


 

Bromelain

Information


Bromelain - an enzyme from the group of proteases. The source is the pineapple (pineapple Fructus Sativa) and pineapple leaves, containing bromelain in a form of a mixture of enzymes similar to pepsin and papain responsible for the hydrolysis of peptide bonds of protein. Bromelain in the first place, in the sports supplementation, increases the digestibility of proteins, especially in the case of high-protein diets and has anti-inflammatory and anti-edema. This prevents overloading on the digestive system and diarrhoea.
It is a component of supplements for athletes and supplements supporting musculoskeletal system.

 

Pepsin

Information

Pepsin - the proteolytic enzyme of gastric juice, which is produced of the pepsinogen, secreted gastric mucosa. This reaction occurs only in an acidic environment. Pepsin is responsible for the initial stage of digestion of proteins, and thus breaking them into smaller molecules - polypeptides and oligopeptides, which are degraded into separate amino acids during the further digestive process. Insufficient amount of enzyme leads to disruption of protein digestion process. Supplementation with pepsin not only leads to a proper amount of this component, but also is directly stimulating the endogenous conversion of pepsinogen to pepsin and therefore operates two separate pathways.

Casein

Information

Casein is the protein contained in milk, has several fractions: alpha-, beta-, gamma- and kappa-casein. It has a high nutritional value because of the participation of essential amino acids and BCAAs, retained in the body by a longer digestion. Confirmed, by the scientific research, their strong anti-catabolic potential. The most common form of casein preparations are micellar casein and casein with calcium hydroxide. A weak point is that it is less soluble than whey protein. Should be used during long breaks between meals by both athletes and physically active people. Available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Dosage: 30 - 90 mg / 24 hours, depending on individual needs, the consumption recommend especially before a long rest (e.g. night).

Papain

Information

Papain – a digestive enzyme is obtained from the papaya fruit, causing an initial distribution of animal protein in the hydrolysis, increases the digestibility of amino acids, facilitates digestive processes, the impact on the gastric mucosa reduces the risk of peptic ulcer disease, according to in not fully unacknowledged studies it increases immunity. In the sports supplementation it is used in the composition of protein supplements, vitamin supplements and enzyme complexes available at www.muscle-zone.pl
Dosage: from a few dozen to several hundred mg / 24h

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