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Metabolic Nutrition P.S.P is an advanced pre-workout supplement that increases the level of nitric oxide in the body, reduces fatigue and improves regeneration, thereby improving exercise capacity. Unlike other popular preparations, this supplement does not contain stimulants, so it can be used by people who restrain from stimulants or prefer working out in the evening.
Nitric oxide booster
Nitric oxide (NO) has a relaxant effect on the smooth muscles surrounding the blood vessels. As a result, it improves the transport of blood along with oxygen and nutrients. An increased oxygen supply effectively improves the body's efficiency and contributes to the effect of muscle pump and swelling, as well as it intensifies vascularization.
The preparation contains a set of substances that both, directly and indirectly, increase the level of NO in the body. They are as follow
Arginine – a basic amino acid necessary in the production of NO (an elevated level of arginine in the bloodstream activates the nitric oxide synthase enzyme). This amino acid participates in the urea cycle, in which the organism-toxic by-product of protein metabolism, ammonia, is transformed into a less harmful and easily excreted urea.
Citrulline -- an amino acid, the administration of which significantly increases the level of arginine in the body. Similarly to arginine, citrulline also contributes to the increase of the NO level in the body and it also participates in the urea cycle. In addition, citrulline in combination with malic acid contributes to the increase of energy at the cellular level, as this acid participates in the Krebs cycle.
Agmatine – an arginine metabolite that, similarly to arginine, contributes to the increase of NO production. Agmatine may additionally increase the level of luteinizing hormone (LH) responsible for the production of testosterone found in gonads, as well as increase the insulin sensitivity of skeletal muscles, promoting their regeneration and hypertrophy.
L-norvaline – a non-protein amino acid, an L-valine-derivate. L-norvaline is an inhibitor of arginase enzyme responsible for the distribution of arginine. Therefore, L-norvaline’s action consists in increasing the availability of arginine in the body.
BCAA in a unique form
The supplement consists of BCAA branched chain amino acids (L-leucine, L-isoleucine, and L-valine) in manufactured in Tri-Pep ™ technology, which uses a unique peptide-binding system. In comparison to free amino acids, this technology is characterized by higher stability and ensures almost immediate absorption. Such combination helps to increase glycogen levels and improves endurance while limiting the breakdown of muscle tissue.
Glycoload ™ - a combination of dextrins forming low-osmolar molecules facilitating resynthesis of muscle glycogen. It accelerates post-workout regeneration and increases the energy storage in the muscles, allowing for extending or intensifying the effort.
Beta-Alanine – a dipeptide that is a combination of L-alanine and L-histidine that is converted to carnosine in the body. Carnosine regulates the cellular pH level because it absorbs hydrogen ions produced as a by-product of muscle work, especially in conditions of low oxygen availability. Consequently, beta-alanine reduces the feeling of fatigue and the effect of "muscle burning".
Creatine – in the body it is transformed into phosphocreatine, which effectively increases the energy level. Phosphocreatine supplies the phosphate group for the reconstitution of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which is an energy carrier. ATP is used for many biochemical reactions, including the contraction of muscle fibers. Creatine is, therefore, a substance with an ergogenic effect, increasing the level of strength and muscular endurance.
Supporting the nervous system without stimulants
Regulation of the level of neurotransmitters responsible for motivation and concentration facilitates implementation of a training plan. In case of individuals who prefer to train in the evening or who are very sensitive to stimulants, it is important that the product sharpens their mind and improves efficiency, without causing excessive arousal, as this may bring an adverse effect.
N-Acetyl-L-Tyrosine – an amino acid which is a substrate for the production of dopamine – a neurotransmitter responsible for maintaining motivation and focus. The acetylated form of tyrosine crosses blood-brain barrier most efficiently from all of the forms available and ensures high effectiveness.
Choline bitartrate – choline is essential for the production of acetylcholine - an important neurotransmitter responsible for transmitting information in the nervous system and sending impulses necessary for contraction of the muscle fibers. In addition, the bitartrate form affects the metabolism of lipids in the liver, which may contribute to the improvement of body composition.
Theobromine (3,7-dimethyl-1H-purine-2,6-dione) – occurs naturally in cocoa beans and it is an inhibitor of the phosphodiesterase enzyme responsible for the degradation of acetylcholine. Theobromine dilates blood vessels and increases energy levels because it has the ability to attach to adenosine receptors, thereby blocking the attachment of adenosine. As a result, theobromine lowers a noticeable level of fatigue, however, similarly to caffeine, it does not have the effect of stimulation and an increase in the level of catecholamines.
Higenamine (Norkoclaurin) – contributes to the increased release of acetylcholine from motoneurons, and thus can increase the amount of power and strength generated. It is also an antagonist of beta-adrenergic receptors, due to which it may affect the increase of noradrenaline level and the process of fatty acid release from adipocytes.
Addition of vitamins and minerals
The minerals contained in the preparation (calcium, magnesium, potassium) support the electrolyte balance. They regulate body’s pH and also affect the transmission of impulses in the nervous system. All the three components are necessary for proper muscle contractility, and their low level may weaken the contraction strength or lead to involuntary contractions. The minerals contained in the supplement are bonded with glycerol to ensure even greater effectiveness in the muscle tissue.
Vitamins from group B (B3, B6, B12) – support energy metabolism and participate in the synthesis of neurotransmitters and hematopoietic processes. They regulate blood glucose levels and may also contribute to the reduction of pain and a better mood. Vitamins in the form of gluconic acid ensure high absorbability and effectiveness of action.
In conclusion, Metabolic Nutrition P.S.P is a stimulant-free supplement increasing the level of energy and nitric oxide. Dilation of the blood vessels not only improves the supply of energy, but also the supply of nutrients to the cells. In addition, the supplement helps to maintain a high level of focus and motivation, leading to a greater involvement in a training session.
The product is intended for anyone who wants to improve blood flow, improve regeneration, reduce fatigue and get a stronger "pump" during a training, without excessive stimulation.
After long-term use (12-16 weeks), it is recommended to make a break for a week or two in order to enhance sensitivity to ingredients.
Do not combine the supplement with other boosters with similar effects up to 4 hours after consumption.
It is recommended to start supplementation from 1 measure, and depending on the individual needs and tolerance of the body, the portion may be then increased. It is not recommended to exceed 3 measures per day.
The largest supplier of health and nutritional supplements. They have gained a reputation for their commitment to providing top quality products and excellent customer service. The company was founded in South Florida more than 20 years ago, has always maintained the highest standards of ethics, health and business. Constantly strives to strengthen the industry by starting new divisions. Metabolic Nutrition passes subsidies for the treatment of children and supports many charities.
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|per 1 portion (8 g)||amount||%DV|
|Carbohydrate||1 g||< 1%|
|Calcium (as calcium gluconate)||100 mg||30%|
|Magnesium (as magnesium gluconate)||100 mg||75%|
|Potassium (as potassium gluconate)||100 mg||9%|
|Vitamin B3 (as Niacin)||10 mg||150%|
|Vitamin B6 (as pyridoxine HCL)||1 mg||150%|
|Vitamin B12 ( as cyanocobalamine)||175 mcg||8750%|
|PSP® Pre-Workout Proprietary Matrix:||*||*|
|Beta-Alanine, Glycerol (75%) Glycoload ™, Creatine Monohydrate, Tri-Pep ™ (Glycyl-Alany-L-Leucine, Glycyl-Alany L-Isoleucine ,Glycyl-Alany-L-Valine ), Agmatine Sulfate, L-citrulline malate, arginine silicate, L-Nowaline, N-acetyl-L-Tyrosine, Choline|
Natural and artificial flavor, Sucralose, Potassium Acesulfame, Citric Acid, FD&C dyes, Silica, Sodium Citrate.
Calories are the conventional name of the unit expressing the energy value of food, the demand and energy expenditure in human body, which in fact is 1 kilocalorie (1 kcal). 1 kilocalorie is the amount of thermal energy required to heat 1 g of water and 1 degree Celsius. The SI unit of thermal energy is 1 joule (1J), equal to approximately 4,185 kcal.
The energy value is determined by the chemical composition of the food product, by means of the so-called. physiological equivalents. Most often Atwater equivalent is used: ratio for protein 4 kcal / g, for carbohydrates 4kcal / g, and for fat - 9kcal / g.
The energy value carried out with the so-called. "Caloric bomb" is equivalent to the physical energy, amounting to 4.1 kcal per 1 g carbohydrate to 5.65 kcal per 1 g protein, 9.45 kcal per 1 g of fat.
Nutritional value, determines the suitability of a food product for realizing life functions of human, the higher it is - the higher bioavailability and lower quantity for consumption for obtaining the effects.
Calcium (element chem. symbol Ca, atomic no. 20, the group of alkaline earth metals) is the basic building substance of bones and teeth, in which stored is 99% of the element, in the form of hydroxylapatite. When building bones and teeth, phosphorus is very important in the right proportion. It is a base-forming element and activator of many enzymes (ATPase) necessary to release the energy of ATP. It has a significant effect on blood clotting and regulates blood pressure and neuromuscular conductivity. Thanks to the reduced permeability of cell membranes, it soothes the symptoms of food allergies. Calcium is actively involved in the metabolism of iron interacts with vitamins A, C and D and phosphorus, magnesium. Natural source of calcium are animal products (dairy products, sardines, salmon, sprats eaten with bones) and plant products (nuts, soybeans, sunflower seeds). Absorption takes place in the small intestine (less in the colon), it has an effect on the level of lactose, insoluble fibre, organic acids, alkalinity (low pH). The best absorption have organic compounds (lactates, amino acid chelates etc.). Obstructing the absorption of calcium is caused by: phytic acid and oxalic acid as well as excess fat. Scientific studies have confirmed that the combination of calcium, magnesium, boron and vitamin D in dose 3 mg / 24h effectively prevent osteoporosis. Supplements on the market are both mono-preparation supplements (enriched with vitamin D3) and multi-component supplements, available at www.muscle-zone.pl.
Calcium deficiency disorders manifested in the construction of the bones (osteoporosis) and iron metabolism. The symptoms are: rickets, cramps and muscle tremor, osteoporosis.
Excess resulting from an overdose of calcium supplements containing vitamin D3 for children and adults overdose of calcium (hypercalcemia). Symptoms of hypercalcemia are: lack of appetite, vomiting and constipation.
The dosage administered in various publications are inconsistent: 800 - 1000 mg / 24 h (100 - 500 mg / 24h)
Magnesium (element from the group of alkaline earth metals, atomic no. 12, a chemical symbol - Mg), one of the most important health microelements, participates in the synthesis process of the disintegration of high energy compounds and processes of transformation of hydrocarbons and fats. It affects the dilation of blood vessels and lower blood pressure, prevents hypercoagulable state. Shortages affect cardiac arrhythmias, malignant muscle cramps, insomnia and anxiety. It is a component of many dietary supplements and found in foods such as whole grain bread, legumes, buckwheat, rice, fish, meat, as well as chocolate, cocoa and nuts.
Dosage of 100 - 500 mg / day
Potassium and sodium regulate the body's water resources, ensuring normal heart rhythm. Maintaining the proper level of potassium provides the proper oxidation of the brain, lowers blood pressure, increases the permeability of cell membranes (as an antagonist of calcium). It is a base-forming element. It is widely used in sports diet before and after training in the form of supplements, nutrients, vitamin-mineral preparations and minerals, concentrates and ready, isotonic and hypertonic beverages. Natural sources of acquisition of potassium are: vegetable products (bananas, citrus fruits, melons, mint leaves, green vegetables, potatoes) and animal products (sea fish, meat). Potassium is present in the form of organic compounds: citric acids, and fumarates gluconates and inorganic (chlorides, sulfates, oxides and carbonates).
Potassium deficiency (hypokalemia): excessive tiredness, headaches and irritability, problems with sleeping, muscle cramps, constipation. Potassium levels may drop sharply in the event of a reduction in blood sugar levels, prolonged starvation, severe diarrhea. They can occur when too much of strong coffee is consumed, with alcohol abuse and when eating too much sweets.
The excess of potassium (hyperkalemia) is often the cause of depression, hypotension, tingling in the extremities.
Vitamin B3 (vitamin PP, niacin, nicotinic acid, nicotinamide) is niacinamide niacin. It is used in interaction with vitamins B1, B2 and B6 in the synthesis of hormones during lactation. It provides proper functioning of the brain and nervous system. It is helpful in inflammatory conditions of the skin. Required for synthesis of sex hormone, estrogen, testosterone, cortisone, and insulin. It does not lose its properties in the manufacturing and storage. The source of acquiring vitamins PP are both products of animal origin (the lean meat, eggs, fish) and vegetable origin (dates, figs, hazelnuts, plums).
Dosage: 2-12 mg / day for children, 14 mg / day for women, 16 mg / day for men and 17-18 mg / day for pregnant or nursing women.
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine) is soluble in the liquid. It participates in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. By reducing the amount of fat in the blood do not enable deposition of the body. It helps the absorption of magnesium and vitamin B12 (cobalamin). It works on the muscle antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory pain in the joints. It acts anti. It provides efficient operation of the brain. It increases energy increasing vigor of a man. The demand for vitamin B6 increases during pregnancy and breast-feeding infants. The natural product is: yeast, eggs, wheat germ, meat (liver), wheat bran, nuts, peanuts peanuts, soybeans. There is a hypothesis that can be synthesized by intestinal bacteria.
Deficiency of vitamin B6 causes abnormal metabolism of proteins, decrease in lymphocytes in the blood, causes a feeling of lethargy and fatigue intensifies.
Dosage: 1.5-2.5 mg daily (increased demand during pregnancy and lactation).
Beta-alanine (β-alanine) is a β-amino acid (the same group to which the I-alanine belongs, but with different chemistries). In combination with histidine, it forms β-alanyl-L-histidine (carnosine) - a antioxidant, chelating and buffering compound. Carnosine reduces the level of hydrogen ions in the cell and allows to extend the physical performance and endurance, it affects biological recovery after exercise. Beta-alanine is available in the form of single component and advanced amino-acid supplements, creatine stacks and nitrogen boosters.
Glycerol (glycerine, 1,2,3-propanetriol) simplest tricarboxylic alcohol, used in the manufacture of medicines (as a filler), cosmetics and food industry. Used in higher doses affect water and electrolyte balance of the body, increase exercise capacity and extend the duration of exercise in various sports. In the sports supplementation used for hydration of the muscle cells to increase the volume of muscle during exercise. Glycerol (sugar alcohol) increases the ability to hydrate the phosphorus muscle cells, allows better nutrition and increasing the volume. It also has an impact on water and electrolyte balance and energy production. By oral ingestion does not change the glycemic profile of blood. It comes in the form of solid and liquid (glycerine), as mono-preparation supplement or an ingredient of pre- and post-workout supplements (creatine stacks nitrogen boosters).
Dosage: 5-10 g per day dissolved in water, in the time before and after exercise. Beginning of application should be started on low doses and gradually reach the maximum, commonly used in sports supplementation dose.
Creatine monohydrate is a popular and cheapest form of creatine used in sports supplementation in Poland. This is a molecule, in which are bound: creatine molecule with a molecule of water. It has a high bioavailability and tissue velocity saturation. Supports the exercise capacity (strength and endurance), accelerates muscle growth and regeneration after training exercise. Transport of creatine into the muscle cells is supported by the insulin hormone. For better effect of saturation of the tissues, a diet increasing the content of insulin in the body is indicated (carbohydrate and high protein diet) and supporting nutrients and supplements (Dietary carbohydrate and carbohydrate-protein, insulin ALA, d-pinitol or taurine). Creatine monohydrate is present in the form of mono-preparation supplements (capsules, powders, tablets) and multicomponent supplements (i.e. as a component of creatine stacks).
Dosage: depending on the form of supplement, the type of exercise and weight, normally are used one of the following models of creatine supplementation:
- cyclic supplementation : 5-10g per day in 1-3 portions during the day, 3-5g per dose. The length of the cycle for 4-8 weeks.
- cyclic supplementation with saturated phase: the first 5-7 days after 20-30g daily in 4-6 doses of 4-6g per serving, then the maintenance phase 2-10g per day in divided doses. The length of the cycle 4-8 weeks
- constant supplementation: 0,03-0,05g per kg of body weight for an extended period of time.
Leucine is an essential amino acid, one of the three branched chain amino acids, ketogenic, its isomer is isoleucine. It affects the secretion of anabolic hormones (insulin, combined carbohydrates), acts on enzymes (mTOR) starting the process of muscle protein synthesis and controlling its course. Protein synthesis by leucine is affecting the development of bones, muscles and skin. It reduces the fat tissue. Without the availability of leucine, protein synthesis is impossible. It naturally occurs in animal products (such as eggs, meat, dairy and fish), plant origin, and as a post-training supplements, BCAA, EAA, no-boosters, creatine stacks, carbohydrate supplements. Ir is also in the form of mono-preparation supplements. It is one of the most important amino acids for the athlete's body, basically in every sports discipline.
Dosage: The demand is 5-10 g / 24h, dosage pre- and post-workout and in the morning after waking up.
Isoleucine is an essential branched amino acid (BCAA), leucine-isomer. It has anti-catabolic action ( protects muscle against decay), glucogenic (an alternative energy source when the level of glucose after exercise decreases, helps for the regulation of blood glucose levels, reduces the deficiency of fatty acids), anti-catabolic (muscle protects against decay), reduces stress. It participates in the synthesis of proteins (including the synthesis of hemoglobin). It is an essential part of the regeneration of damaged tissues of the body, and after intense training. It occurs in products containing animal protein (meat and dairy products, eggs, dairy products) and plant (almonds, walnuts) and dietary supplements.
Isoleucine is applied with other branched chain amino acids: leucine, valine, and in the supplement complex type of BCAA, in the proportions: leucine: isoleucine: valine = 2: 1: 1. The supplements used in competitive sports requiring increased strength, the bigger share of isoleucine is used.
Dosage: No standard daily use. Frequently applied directly after the workout during the decrease of the glucose level of or at fatty acid deficiency.
Valine – is a branched essential amino acid, indispensible for the functioning of the nervous system (receiving of sensory information), involved in muscle protein synthesis and energy generation. Administration of additional doses of valine before exercise (or immediately after) has anti-catabolic effect, protecting the proteins and allowing them to rebuild. It is slightly stimulatory (delays symptoms of fatigue during workout), affecting the level and relations of neurotransmitters. It helps to protect the liver. It stimulates an increase in strength and muscle mass, participates in the reduction of body fat. BCAA, EAA, and other mixtures of amino acid supplementation, protein and protein supplements and carbohydrate-stacks, brings positive results in strength and endurance sports.
Valine deficiency can occur in case of increased energy needs of the body, as the result of stress and too much stress load.
Agmatine sulfate is a compound of agmatine, and hence the substance resulting from the processing of arginine.
It meets the body's range of functions, including increases levels of nitric oxide responsible for vasodilation and thus improves blood circulation. It stimulates the release of growth hormone and testosterone. It increases the amount of nutrients delivered to the muscles, and normalizes blood glucose levels, thereby mimicking the operation characteristic of insulin; improves the functioning of the central nervous system; fights free radicals; reduces depot body fat, and also affects the metabolism of calcium, thus providing a better functioning of the heart, brain and muscles.
Dosage: 500-1500 mg, the best half an hour before training.
Citrulline Malate is formed by combining molecules of the citrulline amino acid and molecules of malic acid in one molecule, which has the chemical stability and is well soluble in liquids. Ionized malic acid has the ergogenic potential, providing a complementation to the citrulline potential of with new properties. It improves the exercise capacity and reduces the feeling of fatigue, and its supplementation is beneficial at any level of fitness. It affects the acid-base balance. It should be used by people who practice sports: strength, endurance and mixed strength-endurance. To achieve the best results, a dose of Citrulline Malate 6 g / 24h is recommended.
It is available as single-ingredient supplements and multi-component supplements (creatine stacks, no-boosters, amino acid supplements). It is used in the periodic, cyclic and constant supplementation.
Dosage: 3-8 g daily (in divided doses). The optimal dose to achieve beneficial results, proven experimentally, is 6 g / 24h.
Arginine is an exogenous amino acid, it is a component of dietary proteins, not always synthesized in the human body in necessary quantity, so it is necessary to deliver it in the form of synthetics. It takes part in the biosynthesis agmatine, creatine and nitrogen oxides. The use of supplements containing arginine before workout increases the exercise capacity (strength, endurance). Used after considerable effort intensifies the transfer of energy and building compounds and intensifies the process of recovery. Used at bedtime in combination with lysine and ornithine enhances the synthesis of growth hormone. takes part in the intrasystemic synthesis of creatine. Arginine (as a precursor of ornithine) is involved in the urea cycle, increases the flow of blood in the circulatory system, increases sexual potency (in a short time after application). It affects the body's immunity preventing infections, and lowers blood pressure. In supplements – usually as alpha-ketoglutarate.
N-acetyl-L-tyrosine - acetylated form of tyrosine (an endogenous amino acid) improves the solubility and bioavailability of active ingredients. It can be used in lower doses than those taken as free tyrosine. It has a higher availability to the nerve tissue, reduces the feeling of fatigue, improves the exercise capacity psycho (psychostimulant), and, it is a additive to thermogenic effect preparations. It is used in medicine (increases levels of neurotransmitters including dopamine and norepinephrine) and sports dietary supplementation, in pre- and post-workout supplements, as well as fat burners, no-boosters and pre-workout creatine stacks and supplements and energizing beverages.
Dosage: In divided doses ranging from 100-300 mg per day.
Choline belongs to the soluble in liquids group of B vitamins. It is an organic nitrogen base containing lecithin, and acetylcholine. Together with inositol is involved in the metabolism of fats and cholesterol metabolism, preventing its accumulation on the walls of arteries and deposits in the gallbladder. With the penetration of the brain, contained lecithin improves its action and improves memory. Used in the treatment of age-related diseases (Alzheimer's). It occurs in plant foods: yeast, wheat germ, lecithin, green leafy vegetables and egg yolks.
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