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Off The Chain Off The Chain

HI-TECH Pharmaceuticals Off The Chain Aminos is a combination of all essential and conditionally essential amino acids with psychoactive and fat-burning substances. By supporting the daylong regeneration of the body, it allows for rapid revitalization of the body burdened by training. By providing a set of key amino acids, it supports the protection of muscle tissue against degradation initiated by heavy physical effort. By inducing the lipolysis and burning of residual fat, it allows for emphasizing an attractive figure. By showing a psychostimulant effect, it prevents drowsiness, ensures the well-being and mobilizes the body to action during a period of intense training or reduction cycle.

AMINO BLEND:
L-glutamine – a neutral hydrophilic amino acid, otherwise known as 2,5-Diamino-5-oxopentanoic acid, abbreviated to Gln or Q symbols; a glutamic acid amine synthesized endogenously as a result of the incorporation of ammonium ion into glutamate via glutamate synthetase. It is most often associated with muscle tissue, where it occurs most abundantly. Being a compound rich in nitrogen, it enables the production of endogenous amino acids, proteins – including muscular proteins, urea, and nucleic acids. As a glucogenic amino acid used for glucose production, it enables the replenishment of energy substrates. By undergoing rapid conversion to glucose and by promoting efficient glycogen synthesis, it improves energy management. By enabling the formation of glutathione, it reduces the concentration of free radicals, reduces the level of oxidative stress and neutralizes selected toxins. Acting as an ammonia transporter, it participates in the synthesis of urea, a compound that ensures the safe disposal of harmful ammonia. By participating in liver detoxification via glutathione, it improves the condition of the organ. By enhancing fibroblast activity, it improves collagen synthesis, and thus ensures the good condition of structures they are part of and promotes rapid wound healing. As a metabolic fuel for immune cells and by preventing pathogen penetration as a result of reducing gut leakage, it improves the immune system. By providing energy to enterocytes, eliminating adverse intestinal permeability, supporting the formation of intestinal mucosa cells, and promoting the maintenance of the normal size of intestinal villi, it improves the functioning of the digestive system. The L-glutamine produced in the Ajinomoto production plant located in the United States provides a high standard of raw material based on the extensive experience of the staff, modern production technology and implementation of the latest quality standards.

L-leucine – an essential hydrophobic amino acid that is not synthesized in the human body. It is also known as (S)-2-amino-4-methylpentanoic acid and is abbreviated to Leu or L symbols; a compound with a characteristic branched aliphatic chain due to which it has been classified as a BCAA amino acid. Of all exogenous amino acids, this is L-leucine that the human body exhibits the greatest demand for. The properties it exerts are a consequence of its direct activity as well as the effects caused by the metabolites to which L-leucine is transformed to, i.e. β-hydroxy β-methyl butyric acid (HMB) and ketoleucine (KLC). By activating the mTOR subunit responsible for numerous growth processes – mTORC1, inhibiting 4E-BP1 and stimulating S6K1, it intensifies the rate of anabolic processes in the body, including muscle and bone tissue. It plays the role of the second-largest component building muscle tissue. By blocking the activity of α2 adrenergic receptors (α2ARs) via the mTOR pathway and enhancing glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) activity, it promotes the secretion of insulin, a hormone that promotes anabolic processes and improves the transport of energy and building substrates to synthesized structures. By increasing leptin concentration, stimulating glycogen synthase and glucose transporter 4 (GLUT 4) transfer, it improves glucose metastasis into the cell. By increasing glucose tolerance, intensifying fatty acids burning in muscles due to stimulation of SIRT1 and increasing the biogenesis of mitochondria, it supports the processes of obtaining energy and maintaining optimal levels of body fat. If needed, leucine, as a ketogenic amino acid, ensures energy substrate replenishment after its transformation to ketone bodies.

L-isoleucine – an essential hydrophobic compound belonging to amino acids, otherwise referred to as (2S,3S)-2-amino-3-methylpentanoic acid, abbreviated to Ile or I. Due to an aliphatic-side chain, it belongs to branched-chain amino acids. It is a significant component of protein and therefore it enables the formation of the above-mentioned macroparticles and structures it is a part of, including muscles. By activating phosphatidylinositol kinase (PI3K) and protein kinase C (PKC), it enhances glycogen synthase activity and GLUT 4 glucose transporter transfer, thanks to which it improves glucose utilization by liver and muscle cells and contributes to the maintenance of adequate blood sugar levels. By improving glucose tolerance, elevating leptin and adiponectin levels, increasing the efficiency of fatty acid transporters and affecting PPAR receptors, resulting in an increase of the amount of UCP2 and UCP3 decoupling proteins, it ensures high efficiency of energy formation processes and prevents excessive accumulation of energy substrates in adipose tissue. Being classified as both keto- and glucogenic amino acids, it can convert to ketone bodies and glucose. By intensifying the synthesis of β-defensins, it shows antibacterial properties, thus ensuring a good condition of the intestines.

L-valine – a hydrophobic amino acid otherwise referred to as (S)-2-amino-3-methylbutanoic acid, abbreviated to Val or V; an essential compound classified to three branched-chain amino acids whose common feature is the aliphatic-side chain structure. It is a substance necessary for the proper development and functioning of the nervous system. By reducing the level of pyruvate, it lowers the rate of fatty acid production from sugars, thereby reducing the amount of carbohydrates stored in adipose tissue. Acting as a glucogenic amino acid, it can provide glucose molecules for energy metabolism when needed. By enabling proper lymphocyte maturation and demonstrating some antiviral activity, it supports the functioning of the immune system.

Taurine – an endogenous non-protein sulfur amino acid, also known as 2-amino-ethane sulfonic acid, abbreviated to Tau; it is synthesized by the human body on several pathways, among which the most important is a series of L-cysteine ​​transformations occurring with the use of cysteine ​​dioxygenase, L-cysteine sulfinic acid decarboxylase, and hypotaurine dehydrogenase. By promoting the secretion of insulin and growth hormone as well as being the largest nitrogen carrier among non-proteogenic amino acids, it contributes to the building of protein structures, including muscles. By influencing the amount of calcium inflow inside myocytes, it contributes to the maintenance of the correct course of muscle contraction. By showing antioxidant properties, mainly due to the reduction of peroxide anion formation by balancing the electron transport chain in mitochondria, it reduces the level of intrabody stress. By acting as an antioxidant, it minimizes inflammation. By limiting the size of oxidative damage, especially to the cell membrane, thereby reducing the extent of conditions and leveling the concentration of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), it supports the preservation of existing body structures. By reducing the extent of oxidative stress, by improving the activity of enzymes responsible for glucose metabolism and by reducing cell resistance to insulin, it supports the carbohydrate-insulin metabolism. By reducing lipid oxidation rate, preventing the accumulation of advanced glycation products, it supports the functioning of the kidneys. By inhibiting the penetration of calcium through calcium channels dependent on the membrane potential L-, N- and P/Q and limiting the activity of calpains and cytochrome C, it protects the nervous system against adverse destruction. By reducing the rate of serotonin formation and exerting the influence on GABA receptors, it balances the feelings of arousal and drowsiness, helping to increase concentration.

L-citrulline – a non-protein amino acid that is also called 2-amino-5-ureidovaleric acid. It is synthesized endogenously in the human body from ornithine using ornithine carbamoyltransferase. As one of the key elements of the urea cycle, it ensures the safe utilization of toxic ammonia. Being a precursor to nitric oxide, it promotes vascular relaxation, which improves blood circulation, increases oxygenation and nutrition, and accelerates detoxification. By promoting reverse cholesterol transport, it ensures the good condition of the cardiovascular system. By enabling nitric oxide synthesis in the nervous system, it supports the functioning of the system. By improving the release of growth hormone and activating the mTOR pathway, it enhances anabolic processes occurring in the body. By increasing the rate of lipolysis and blocking the glyceroneogenesis process, it increases the pool of ready-to-use energy substrates.

L-tyrosine – a hydrophobic non-essential amino acid otherwise known as 2-amino-3- (4-hydroxyphenyl) propanoic acid, abbreviated to Tyr or Y, endogenously synthesized in the human body from L-phenylalanine in transformations catalyzed by phenylalanine hydroxylase. As a building component of protein structures, it enables the formation of the above-mentioned macroparticles. As a precursor to thyroid hormones, incl. triiodothyronine and thyroxine, it is responsible for the metabolic rate of numerous energy substrates and for optimizing the amount of their accumulated reserves in the form of fat or glycogen. Acting as a glucogenic and ketogenic amino acid, it is an alternative source of energy substrates after conversion to glucose and ketone bodies. As an initial compound used in the production of catecholamines, especially adrenaline, noradrenaline, and dopamine, it is involved in nerve conduction, and thus mood creation and stimulation of the body for action. By providing the ability to produce the right amount of adrenaline, it allows the body to survive in extremely stressful life-threatening conditions. By allowing the synthesis of catecholamines, it contributes to the correct functioning of the cardiovascular and digestive systems.

L-arginine – a conditionally essential amino acid otherwise known as 2-amino-5-guanidinovaleric acid, abbreviated to Arg or R. By enabling creatine production, it supports the storage and transfer of fast energy. As a glucogenic amino acid, it provides an additional source of energy substrates through transformation to glucose. By enhancing the secretion of growth hormone and by direct and indirect activation of the mTOR pathway, it intensifies the rate of anabolic processes occurring in the body. As a precursor to nitric oxide (NO), it works as a vasodilator on smooth muscles of blood vessels, expanding them, thereby improving blood flow, oxygenation, nutrition and detoxification of the body. By being the initial compound for NO, while limiting the adhesion, aggregation, and activation of platelets, it affects the functioning and maintaining a good condition of the cardiovascular system. By supporting the maturation and growth of nerve cells, it affects the development of the nervous system. Being a precursor to NO and by influencing the excitability of glutamic acid receptors and synapse function, it is involved in shaping the quality of nerve conduction. Being an important part of the ornithine cycle, it ensures effective removal of toxic ammonia from the body.

L-histidine – a hydrophilic, conditionally essential amino acid also referred to as 2-amino-3-(imidazole-4-yl) propanoic acid, abbreviated to HIS or H, a compound naturally synthesized in the human body. As a proteogenic amino acid that is part of protein structures, it creates favorable conditions for the construction of these macromolecules, especially enzymes and hemoglobin. As a component of hemoglobin, it is involved in the transport of oxygen and thus is responsible for the oxygenation of the entire system. As an initial compound for the production of histamine, it supports the relaxation of blood vessels, thus improving the blood flow in the circulatory system. By enabling myoglobin synthesis, it is involved in the storage of oxygen in striated muscles. Transforming into histamine, it affects muscle contractility. As part of the antioxidant peptides, carnosine and anserine, it reduces the level of oxidative stress, limits the extent of the inflammation and helps to maintain optimal pH, mainly in muscles. As a histamine precursor, it is involved in neurotransmission processes. By interfering with nerve conduction, it reduces the level of anxiety and reduces appetite. Being a compound classified as a glucogenic amino acid, it replenishes energy substrates by conversion to glucose.

L-lysine – an essential hydrophilic amino acid, otherwise known as 2,6-diaminohexanoic acid, abbreviated to Lys or K. As a proteogenic compound, it enables the formation of proteins. Belonging to the group of ketogenic compounds, it provides an alternative source of energy substrates in the form of ketone bodies. Acting as an L-carnitine precursor, it supports the transfer of long-chain fatty acids to mitochondria, where they are burned for energy purposes. By discharging excessive amounts of short-chain fatty acids via L-carnitine, it supports cell detoxification processes. By manifesting an immunomodulatory effect, it mobilizes the functioning of the immune system. By reducing the use of arginine that is conducive for the growth of viruses, it limits their development. By undergoing the transformation to hydroxylysine, it is part of collagen and elastin, thus participating in the formation of skin, joints, blood vessels, and bone structures. By increasing the bioavailability of calcium as a result of reducing its loss with urine and improving the crosslinking of a given mineral element in skeletal collagen structures, it improves the condition of the locomotor system. As a component of blood vessels, supporting the synthesis of nitric oxide and securing the lysine binding domain to lipoprotein (a), it is involved in the proper functioning of the circulatory system. Being a partial serotonin receptor antagonist, it eliminates excessive fear.

L-phenylalanine – a hydrophobic compound belonging to essential amino acids, also known as 2-amino-3-phenylpropanoic acid, abbreviated to Phe or F. Being a component of proteins, it enables the construction of numerous protein-based structures, including muscles. Occurring both as a glucogenic and ketogenic amino acid, it enables two-way replenishment of energy substrate reserves by conversion to glucose or ketone bodies. Being the initial compound for the synthesis of thyroid hormones, triiodothyronine and tetraiodothyronine, otherwise called thyroxine, it affects the level of energy substrate metabolism, including the efficiency of energy formation and the amount of energy reserves stored. As a precursor to many catecholamines, mainly epinephrine, norepinephrine and dopamine, it affects the quality of neurotransmission. Through its derivative, phenylethylamine, it affects the excitability of TAAR1 receptors by reducing the reuptake of noradrenaline, dopamine, and serotonin, thus promoting a feeling of joy and well-being.

L-threonine – a hydrophilic, essential amino acid, otherwise known as (2S,3R)-2-amino-3-hydroxybutanoic acid and referred to as Thr or T. As an amino acid found in proteins, it enables the formation of structures with the participation of above-mentioned macromolecules. Being a component of collagen, it allows the construction of collagen-based structures, i.e. the locomotor system and skin. Being among the group of glucogenic and ketogenic amino acids, if necessary, it supplements the reserve of fast energy substrates after conversion to glucose or ketone bodies. It is postulated that it is important for the development and functioning of the nervous system. Due to lipotropic properties, it prevents lipid storage in the liver, thus supporting the maintenance of its normal functionality. By taking part in mucin synthesis, it ensures the good condition of the gastric mucosa, and thus the proper condition of the entire digestive tract. By improving the condition of the gastrointestinal tract via mucin and enabling the formation of immunoglobulins, it ensures the effective functioning of the immune system.

L-methionine – an essential sulfur compound of a hydrophobic nature, otherwise known as 2-amino-4-(methylthio) butanoic acid, abbreviated to Met or M. As the first link initiating translation and being a building component of polypeptide chains, it enables the formation of protein particles and structures based on them, including muscle tissues, enzymes or hormones. It supports the synthesis of nucleic acids. By intensifying the formation of proteoglycan and reducing inflammation, it ensures good joint condition. It allows for effective testosterone action. As a glucogenic amino acid, it is an alternative source of glucose, the basic energy substrate in energy acquisition processes. By taking part in the reaction of creatine formation from glycocyamine, it enables the transfer and storage of fast energy. By supporting the formation of glutathione, it is involved in the reduction of oxidative stress and detoxification processes occurring in the body. By increasing the concentration of glutathione in the body, it helps to maintain the proper condition of the liver and lungs. By promoting the formation of acetylcholine receptors and increasing the availability of choline as a substrate of the said neurotransmitter, it improves nerve conduction, including the efficiency of the brain-muscle connection. By affecting the concentration of neurotransmitters, mainly serotonin, dopamine, and noradrenaline, it reduces stress and aggression, while introducing a good mood. By participating in the process of keratinization of nails and hair, it improves their appearance and strength.

ENERGY BLEND:
Caffeine – a plant alkaloid, otherwise known as 1,3,7-trimethylxanthine, or 1,3,7-Trimethyl-3,7-dihydro-1H-purine-2,6-dione, found in large amounts in Coffee beans, i.e. in fruits of the evergreen shrub belonging to the Rubiaceae family, grown in hot areas of Africa, Asia, and South America. By blocking the adenosine A1 and A2 receptors, thereby preventing adenosine from attaching to its assigned receptors, it supports the synthesis of numerous neurotransmitters, including acetylcholine, adrenaline, noradrenaline, and dopamine as well as neurotransmitters that intensify neuronal transmission, which increase concentration and stimulate the body to work. By minimizing phosphodiesterase (PDE) excitability and increasing the level of cyclic adenosine-3 ', 5′-monophosphate (cAMP), it supports the effectiveness of the nervous system. By blocking adenosine receptors, it reduces pain. By increasing the level of cAMP, it increases the degradation of adipose tissue, thereby promoting the release of energy substrates necessary for energy synthesis and eliminates the excessive, burdensome level of their accumulated reserves. By promoting the expression of uncoupling proteins (UCP), it allows the removal of excess energy generated in the form of heat. By supporting the formation of the required level of testosterone, it supports the occurrence of anabolic processes and allows the body to maintain normal functionality. By intensifying the release of calcium from the endoplasmic reticulum, it intensifies the strength of muscle contraction.

Methylhexanamine HCl – phenyl ethyl dimethylamine hydrochloride, or 1,3-dimethylamylamine, in short DMAA, a chemical compound identified with Geranium, plants belonging to the family Geraniaceae, overgrowing almost all continents on Earth, except Antarctica. By raising dopamine levels, it evokes a good, almost euphoric mood, creates a favorable attitude towards life and gives the willingness to act. By increasing muscle contractility, it affects the functioning of the musculoskeletal system. Being more lipophilic and showing greater stability against the MAO enzymes that degrade it than its structural PEA relative, it more easily crosses the blood-brain barrier and exerts a stronger effect on the nervous system.

Green tea extract – a polyphenol-rich essence obtained from non-processed, unfermented leaves of Camellia sinensis, a green shrub classified to the Theaceae family, growing in the warm climate of the Asian continent. By showing antioxidant activity, it reduces oxidative stress and inflammation. Due to the high content of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), blocking the excitability of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1), it limits cortisol synthesis, which reduces the feeling of stress, prevents excessive storage of energy substrates in the form of fat and limits degradation of connective tissue. By supporting insulin action and reducing excessive blood sugar, it improves the transport of energy substrates and building compounds to liver and muscle cells, while limiting their transfer to adipose tissue. By showing antioxidant properties and promoting neurogenesis due to the production of progenitor nerve cells, it is involved in maintaining a good state of the nervous system and improves memory processes. By acting antivirally and by increasing the level of regulatory T cells, it supports the immune system. The catechins contained in tea, as a set of substances from the given group, by inhibiting digestive lipases, reduce the breakdown and absorption of fat from the gastrointestinal tract, thus supporting the optimization of the lipid profile and weight control. By minimizing the effect of topoisomerase, telomerase, Bcl-2, tNOX, and COX2, it limits the development of improperly altered cells. Due to the contained theine and L-theanine, it promotes the production of specific neurotransmitters, mainly acetylcholine, dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin, through which it regulates the intensity of nerve conduction.

HI-TECH Pharmaceuticals Off The Chain Aminos is primarily a source of essential and conditionally essential amino acids that are the foundation for building, functioning, and regeneration of the body. By providing components that are part of protein structures increasing the secretion of anabolic hormones, or by independently activating anabolic pathways, it enables the formation and preservation of the body structures, including muscle tissue. The potential of these compounds also protects the muscle structures that are used during intense physical exertion. By replenishing energy substrate reserves, improving insulin performance, increasing glucose tolerance and taking part in the synthesis of compounds that store and transfer the resulting energy, it contributes to the undisturbed energy management function. By ensuring the normal functioning of numerous systems and organs, especially the circulatory or nervous systems, as well as the heart or liver, it is involved in the proper functioning of the entire system. Furthermore, by strengthening the antioxidant barrier, intensifying detoxification, limiting the penetration of pathogens, and showing immunomodulatory and antiviral effects, they support the immune system. The addition of psychostimulants and substances accelerating the loss of unnecessary fat strengthens the multidirectional potential of the product. During the day, it will accelerate metabolism, increase the use of amino acids supplied, and improve weight control. During periods of heavy reduction, it will reduce drowsiness, stimulate the body to action, and help to deal with hardships. During peri-training time, in turn, it will release additional energy and trigger the body to action. Therefore, HI-TECH Pharmaceuticals Off The Chain Aminos is an excellent agent conducive to shaping an attractive, lean body, while maintaining full physical and mental efficiency of the body.

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Off The Chain Off The Chain 300g
Hi-tech
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Off The Chain 300g

Servings: 300g

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Description
  • A complex of essential amino acids
  • Enriched with caffeine and DMAA
  • Green tea extract
  • Accelerates daylong regeneration
  • Optimizes the functioning of the system
  • Minimizes muscular damage
  • Improves muscle anabolism
  • Supports cardiovascular function
  • Mobilization of the immune function
  • Supports the good condition of the nervous system
  • Supports the loss of unnecessary fat
  • Mobilization of the body to action
  • Ensures well-being
  • Helps to build an athletic figure

HI-TECH Pharmaceuticals Off The Chain Aminos is a combination of all essential and conditionally essential amino acids with psychoactive and fat-burning substances. By supporting the daylong regeneration of the body, it allows for rapid revitalization of the body burdened by training. By providing a set of key amino acids, it supports the protection of muscle tissue against degradation initiated by heavy physical effort. By inducing the lipolysis and burning of residual fat, it allows for emphasizing an attractive figure. By showing a psychostimulant effect, it prevents drowsiness, ensures the well-being and mobilizes the body to action during a period of intense training or reduction cycle.

AMINO BLEND:
L-glutamine – a neutral hydrophilic amino acid, otherwise known as 2,5-Diamino-5-oxopentanoic acid, abbreviated to Gln or Q symbols; a glutamic acid amine synthesized endogenously as a result of the incorporation of ammonium ion into glutamate via glutamate synthetase. It is most often associated with muscle tissue, where it occurs most abundantly. Being a compound rich in nitrogen, it enables the production of endogenous amino acids, proteins – including muscular proteins, urea, and nucleic acids. As a glucogenic amino acid used for glucose production, it enables the replenishment of energy substrates. By undergoing rapid conversion to glucose and by promoting efficient glycogen synthesis, it improves energy management. By enabling the formation of glutathione, it reduces the concentration of free radicals, reduces the level of oxidative stress and neutralizes selected toxins. Acting as an ammonia transporter, it participates in the synthesis of urea, a compound that ensures the safe disposal of harmful ammonia. By participating in liver detoxification via glutathione, it improves the condition of the organ. By enhancing fibroblast activity, it improves collagen synthesis, and thus ensures the good condition of structures they are part of and promotes rapid wound healing. As a metabolic fuel for immune cells and by preventing pathogen penetration as a result of reducing gut leakage, it improves the immune system. By providing energy to enterocytes, eliminating adverse intestinal permeability, supporting the formation of intestinal mucosa cells, and promoting the maintenance of the normal size of intestinal villi, it improves the functioning of the digestive system. The L-glutamine produced in the Ajinomoto production plant located in the United States provides a high standard of raw material based on the extensive experience of the staff, modern production technology and implementation of the latest quality standards.

L-leucine – an essential hydrophobic amino acid that is not synthesized in the human body. It is also known as (S)-2-amino-4-methylpentanoic acid and is abbreviated to Leu or L symbols; a compound with a characteristic branched aliphatic chain due to which it has been classified as a BCAA amino acid. Of all exogenous amino acids, this is L-leucine that the human body exhibits the greatest demand for. The properties it exerts are a consequence of its direct activity as well as the effects caused by the metabolites to which L-leucine is transformed to, i.e. β-hydroxy β-methyl butyric acid (HMB) and ketoleucine (KLC). By activating the mTOR subunit responsible for numerous growth processes – mTORC1, inhibiting 4E-BP1 and stimulating S6K1, it intensifies the rate of anabolic processes in the body, including muscle and bone tissue. It plays the role of the second-largest component building muscle tissue. By blocking the activity of α2 adrenergic receptors (α2ARs) via the mTOR pathway and enhancing glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) activity, it promotes the secretion of insulin, a hormone that promotes anabolic processes and improves the transport of energy and building substrates to synthesized structures. By increasing leptin concentration, stimulating glycogen synthase and glucose transporter 4 (GLUT 4) transfer, it improves glucose metastasis into the cell. By increasing glucose tolerance, intensifying fatty acids burning in muscles due to stimulation of SIRT1 and increasing the biogenesis of mitochondria, it supports the processes of obtaining energy and maintaining optimal levels of body fat. If needed, leucine, as a ketogenic amino acid, ensures energy substrate replenishment after its transformation to ketone bodies.

L-isoleucine – an essential hydrophobic compound belonging to amino acids, otherwise referred to as (2S,3S)-2-amino-3-methylpentanoic acid, abbreviated to Ile or I. Due to an aliphatic-side chain, it belongs to branched-chain amino acids. It is a significant component of protein and therefore it enables the formation of the above-mentioned macroparticles and structures it is a part of, including muscles. By activating phosphatidylinositol kinase (PI3K) and protein kinase C (PKC), it enhances glycogen synthase activity and GLUT 4 glucose transporter transfer, thanks to which it improves glucose utilization by liver and muscle cells and contributes to the maintenance of adequate blood sugar levels. By improving glucose tolerance, elevating leptin and adiponectin levels, increasing the efficiency of fatty acid transporters and affecting PPAR receptors, resulting in an increase of the amount of UCP2 and UCP3 decoupling proteins, it ensures high efficiency of energy formation processes and prevents excessive accumulation of energy substrates in adipose tissue. Being classified as both keto- and glucogenic amino acids, it can convert to ketone bodies and glucose. By intensifying the synthesis of β-defensins, it shows antibacterial properties, thus ensuring a good condition of the intestines.

L-valine – a hydrophobic amino acid otherwise referred to as (S)-2-amino-3-methylbutanoic acid, abbreviated to Val or V; an essential compound classified to three branched-chain amino acids whose common feature is the aliphatic-side chain structure. It is a substance necessary for the proper development and functioning of the nervous system. By reducing the level of pyruvate, it lowers the rate of fatty acid production from sugars, thereby reducing the amount of carbohydrates stored in adipose tissue. Acting as a glucogenic amino acid, it can provide glucose molecules for energy metabolism when needed. By enabling proper lymphocyte maturation and demonstrating some antiviral activity, it supports the functioning of the immune system.

Taurine – an endogenous non-protein sulfur amino acid, also known as 2-amino-ethane sulfonic acid, abbreviated to Tau; it is synthesized by the human body on several pathways, among which the most important is a series of L-cysteine ​​transformations occurring with the use of cysteine ​​dioxygenase, L-cysteine sulfinic acid decarboxylase, and hypotaurine dehydrogenase. By promoting the secretion of insulin and growth hormone as well as being the largest nitrogen carrier among non-proteogenic amino acids, it contributes to the building of protein structures, including muscles. By influencing the amount of calcium inflow inside myocytes, it contributes to the maintenance of the correct course of muscle contraction. By showing antioxidant properties, mainly due to the reduction of peroxide anion formation by balancing the electron transport chain in mitochondria, it reduces the level of intrabody stress. By acting as an antioxidant, it minimizes inflammation. By limiting the size of oxidative damage, especially to the cell membrane, thereby reducing the extent of conditions and leveling the concentration of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), it supports the preservation of existing body structures. By reducing the extent of oxidative stress, by improving the activity of enzymes responsible for glucose metabolism and by reducing cell resistance to insulin, it supports the carbohydrate-insulin metabolism. By reducing lipid oxidation rate, preventing the accumulation of advanced glycation products, it supports the functioning of the kidneys. By inhibiting the penetration of calcium through calcium channels dependent on the membrane potential L-, N- and P/Q and limiting the activity of calpains and cytochrome C, it protects the nervous system against adverse destruction. By reducing the rate of serotonin formation and exerting the influence on GABA receptors, it balances the feelings of arousal and drowsiness, helping to increase concentration.

L-citrulline – a non-protein amino acid that is also called 2-amino-5-ureidovaleric acid. It is synthesized endogenously in the human body from ornithine using ornithine carbamoyltransferase. As one of the key elements of the urea cycle, it ensures the safe utilization of toxic ammonia. Being a precursor to nitric oxide, it promotes vascular relaxation, which improves blood circulation, increases oxygenation and nutrition, and accelerates detoxification. By promoting reverse cholesterol transport, it ensures the good condition of the cardiovascular system. By enabling nitric oxide synthesis in the nervous system, it supports the functioning of the system. By improving the release of growth hormone and activating the mTOR pathway, it enhances anabolic processes occurring in the body. By increasing the rate of lipolysis and blocking the glyceroneogenesis process, it increases the pool of ready-to-use energy substrates.

L-tyrosine – a hydrophobic non-essential amino acid otherwise known as 2-amino-3- (4-hydroxyphenyl) propanoic acid, abbreviated to Tyr or Y, endogenously synthesized in the human body from L-phenylalanine in transformations catalyzed by phenylalanine hydroxylase. As a building component of protein structures, it enables the formation of the above-mentioned macroparticles. As a precursor to thyroid hormones, incl. triiodothyronine and thyroxine, it is responsible for the metabolic rate of numerous energy substrates and for optimizing the amount of their accumulated reserves in the form of fat or glycogen. Acting as a glucogenic and ketogenic amino acid, it is an alternative source of energy substrates after conversion to glucose and ketone bodies. As an initial compound used in the production of catecholamines, especially adrenaline, noradrenaline, and dopamine, it is involved in nerve conduction, and thus mood creation and stimulation of the body for action. By providing the ability to produce the right amount of adrenaline, it allows the body to survive in extremely stressful life-threatening conditions. By allowing the synthesis of catecholamines, it contributes to the correct functioning of the cardiovascular and digestive systems.

L-arginine – a conditionally essential amino acid otherwise known as 2-amino-5-guanidinovaleric acid, abbreviated to Arg or R. By enabling creatine production, it supports the storage and transfer of fast energy. As a glucogenic amino acid, it provides an additional source of energy substrates through transformation to glucose. By enhancing the secretion of growth hormone and by direct and indirect activation of the mTOR pathway, it intensifies the rate of anabolic processes occurring in the body. As a precursor to nitric oxide (NO), it works as a vasodilator on smooth muscles of blood vessels, expanding them, thereby improving blood flow, oxygenation, nutrition and detoxification of the body. By being the initial compound for NO, while limiting the adhesion, aggregation, and activation of platelets, it affects the functioning and maintaining a good condition of the cardiovascular system. By supporting the maturation and growth of nerve cells, it affects the development of the nervous system. Being a precursor to NO and by influencing the excitability of glutamic acid receptors and synapse function, it is involved in shaping the quality of nerve conduction. Being an important part of the ornithine cycle, it ensures effective removal of toxic ammonia from the body.

L-histidine – a hydrophilic, conditionally essential amino acid also referred to as 2-amino-3-(imidazole-4-yl) propanoic acid, abbreviated to HIS or H, a compound naturally synthesized in the human body. As a proteogenic amino acid that is part of protein structures, it creates favorable conditions for the construction of these macromolecules, especially enzymes and hemoglobin. As a component of hemoglobin, it is involved in the transport of oxygen and thus is responsible for the oxygenation of the entire system. As an initial compound for the production of histamine, it supports the relaxation of blood vessels, thus improving the blood flow in the circulatory system. By enabling myoglobin synthesis, it is involved in the storage of oxygen in striated muscles. Transforming into histamine, it affects muscle contractility. As part of the antioxidant peptides, carnosine and anserine, it reduces the level of oxidative stress, limits the extent of the inflammation and helps to maintain optimal pH, mainly in muscles. As a histamine precursor, it is involved in neurotransmission processes. By interfering with nerve conduction, it reduces the level of anxiety and reduces appetite. Being a compound classified as a glucogenic amino acid, it replenishes energy substrates by conversion to glucose.

L-lysine – an essential hydrophilic amino acid, otherwise known as 2,6-diaminohexanoic acid, abbreviated to Lys or K. As a proteogenic compound, it enables the formation of proteins. Belonging to the group of ketogenic compounds, it provides an alternative source of energy substrates in the form of ketone bodies. Acting as an L-carnitine precursor, it supports the transfer of long-chain fatty acids to mitochondria, where they are burned for energy purposes. By discharging excessive amounts of short-chain fatty acids via L-carnitine, it supports cell detoxification processes. By manifesting an immunomodulatory effect, it mobilizes the functioning of the immune system. By reducing the use of arginine that is conducive for the growth of viruses, it limits their development. By undergoing the transformation to hydroxylysine, it is part of collagen and elastin, thus participating in the formation of skin, joints, blood vessels, and bone structures. By increasing the bioavailability of calcium as a result of reducing its loss with urine and improving the crosslinking of a given mineral element in skeletal collagen structures, it improves the condition of the locomotor system. As a component of blood vessels, supporting the synthesis of nitric oxide and securing the lysine binding domain to lipoprotein (a), it is involved in the proper functioning of the circulatory system. Being a partial serotonin receptor antagonist, it eliminates excessive fear.

L-phenylalanine – a hydrophobic compound belonging to essential amino acids, also known as 2-amino-3-phenylpropanoic acid, abbreviated to Phe or F. Being a component of proteins, it enables the construction of numerous protein-based structures, including muscles. Occurring both as a glucogenic and ketogenic amino acid, it enables two-way replenishment of energy substrate reserves by conversion to glucose or ketone bodies. Being the initial compound for the synthesis of thyroid hormones, triiodothyronine and tetraiodothyronine, otherwise called thyroxine, it affects the level of energy substrate metabolism, including the efficiency of energy formation and the amount of energy reserves stored. As a precursor to many catecholamines, mainly epinephrine, norepinephrine and dopamine, it affects the quality of neurotransmission. Through its derivative, phenylethylamine, it affects the excitability of TAAR1 receptors by reducing the reuptake of noradrenaline, dopamine, and serotonin, thus promoting a feeling of joy and well-being.

L-threonine – a hydrophilic, essential amino acid, otherwise known as (2S,3R)-2-amino-3-hydroxybutanoic acid and referred to as Thr or T. As an amino acid found in proteins, it enables the formation of structures with the participation of above-mentioned macromolecules. Being a component of collagen, it allows the construction of collagen-based structures, i.e. the locomotor system and skin. Being among the group of glucogenic and ketogenic amino acids, if necessary, it supplements the reserve of fast energy substrates after conversion to glucose or ketone bodies. It is postulated that it is important for the development and functioning of the nervous system. Due to lipotropic properties, it prevents lipid storage in the liver, thus supporting the maintenance of its normal functionality. By taking part in mucin synthesis, it ensures the good condition of the gastric mucosa, and thus the proper condition of the entire digestive tract. By improving the condition of the gastrointestinal tract via mucin and enabling the formation of immunoglobulins, it ensures the effective functioning of the immune system.

L-methionine – an essential sulfur compound of a hydrophobic nature, otherwise known as 2-amino-4-(methylthio) butanoic acid, abbreviated to Met or M. As the first link initiating translation and being a building component of polypeptide chains, it enables the formation of protein particles and structures based on them, including muscle tissues, enzymes or hormones. It supports the synthesis of nucleic acids. By intensifying the formation of proteoglycan and reducing inflammation, it ensures good joint condition. It allows for effective testosterone action. As a glucogenic amino acid, it is an alternative source of glucose, the basic energy substrate in energy acquisition processes. By taking part in the reaction of creatine formation from glycocyamine, it enables the transfer and storage of fast energy. By supporting the formation of glutathione, it is involved in the reduction of oxidative stress and detoxification processes occurring in the body. By increasing the concentration of glutathione in the body, it helps to maintain the proper condition of the liver and lungs. By promoting the formation of acetylcholine receptors and increasing the availability of choline as a substrate of the said neurotransmitter, it improves nerve conduction, including the efficiency of the brain-muscle connection. By affecting the concentration of neurotransmitters, mainly serotonin, dopamine, and noradrenaline, it reduces stress and aggression, while introducing a good mood. By participating in the process of keratinization of nails and hair, it improves their appearance and strength.

ENERGY BLEND:
Caffeine – a plant alkaloid, otherwise known as 1,3,7-trimethylxanthine, or 1,3,7-Trimethyl-3,7-dihydro-1H-purine-2,6-dione, found in large amounts in Coffee beans, i.e. in fruits of the evergreen shrub belonging to the Rubiaceae family, grown in hot areas of Africa, Asia, and South America. By blocking the adenosine A1 and A2 receptors, thereby preventing adenosine from attaching to its assigned receptors, it supports the synthesis of numerous neurotransmitters, including acetylcholine, adrenaline, noradrenaline, and dopamine as well as neurotransmitters that intensify neuronal transmission, which increase concentration and stimulate the body to work. By minimizing phosphodiesterase (PDE) excitability and increasing the level of cyclic adenosine-3 ', 5′-monophosphate (cAMP), it supports the effectiveness of the nervous system. By blocking adenosine receptors, it reduces pain. By increasing the level of cAMP, it increases the degradation of adipose tissue, thereby promoting the release of energy substrates necessary for energy synthesis and eliminates the excessive, burdensome level of their accumulated reserves. By promoting the expression of uncoupling proteins (UCP), it allows the removal of excess energy generated in the form of heat. By supporting the formation of the required level of testosterone, it supports the occurrence of anabolic processes and allows the body to maintain normal functionality. By intensifying the release of calcium from the endoplasmic reticulum, it intensifies the strength of muscle contraction.

Methylhexanamine HCl – phenyl ethyl dimethylamine hydrochloride, or 1,3-dimethylamylamine, in short DMAA, a chemical compound identified with Geranium, plants belonging to the family Geraniaceae, overgrowing almost all continents on Earth, except Antarctica. By raising dopamine levels, it evokes a good, almost euphoric mood, creates a favorable attitude towards life and gives the willingness to act. By increasing muscle contractility, it affects the functioning of the musculoskeletal system. Being more lipophilic and showing greater stability against the MAO enzymes that degrade it than its structural PEA relative, it more easily crosses the blood-brain barrier and exerts a stronger effect on the nervous system.

Green tea extract – a polyphenol-rich essence obtained from non-processed, unfermented leaves of Camellia sinensis, a green shrub classified to the Theaceae family, growing in the warm climate of the Asian continent. By showing antioxidant activity, it reduces oxidative stress and inflammation. Due to the high content of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), blocking the excitability of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1), it limits cortisol synthesis, which reduces the feeling of stress, prevents excessive storage of energy substrates in the form of fat and limits degradation of connective tissue. By supporting insulin action and reducing excessive blood sugar, it improves the transport of energy substrates and building compounds to liver and muscle cells, while limiting their transfer to adipose tissue. By showing antioxidant properties and promoting neurogenesis due to the production of progenitor nerve cells, it is involved in maintaining a good state of the nervous system and improves memory processes. By acting antivirally and by increasing the level of regulatory T cells, it supports the immune system. The catechins contained in tea, as a set of substances from the given group, by inhibiting digestive lipases, reduce the breakdown and absorption of fat from the gastrointestinal tract, thus supporting the optimization of the lipid profile and weight control. By minimizing the effect of topoisomerase, telomerase, Bcl-2, tNOX, and COX2, it limits the development of improperly altered cells. Due to the contained theine and L-theanine, it promotes the production of specific neurotransmitters, mainly acetylcholine, dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin, through which it regulates the intensity of nerve conduction.

HI-TECH Pharmaceuticals Off The Chain Aminos is primarily a source of essential and conditionally essential amino acids that are the foundation for building, functioning, and regeneration of the body. By providing components that are part of protein structures increasing the secretion of anabolic hormones, or by independently activating anabolic pathways, it enables the formation and preservation of the body structures, including muscle tissue. The potential of these compounds also protects the muscle structures that are used during intense physical exertion. By replenishing energy substrate reserves, improving insulin performance, increasing glucose tolerance and taking part in the synthesis of compounds that store and transfer the resulting energy, it contributes to the undisturbed energy management function. By ensuring the normal functioning of numerous systems and organs, especially the circulatory or nervous systems, as well as the heart or liver, it is involved in the proper functioning of the entire system. Furthermore, by strengthening the antioxidant barrier, intensifying detoxification, limiting the penetration of pathogens, and showing immunomodulatory and antiviral effects, they support the immune system. The addition of psychostimulants and substances accelerating the loss of unnecessary fat strengthens the multidirectional potential of the product. During the day, it will accelerate metabolism, increase the use of amino acids supplied, and improve weight control. During periods of heavy reduction, it will reduce drowsiness, stimulate the body to action, and help to deal with hardships. During peri-training time, in turn, it will release additional energy and trigger the body to action. Therefore, HI-TECH Pharmaceuticals Off The Chain Aminos is an excellent agent conducive to shaping an attractive, lean body, while maintaining full physical and mental efficiency of the body.

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Composition

Container size: 300 gServing size: 10 g (one scoop)Servings per container: 30
per portion (10 g)amount%DV
Amino Blend:Ajinomoto L-Glutamine, Micronized L-leucine, Micronized L-Isoleucine, Micronized L-Valnie, Micronized L-Taurine, Micronized L-Citrulline, L-Tyrosine, Micronized L-Arginine, Micronized L-Histidine, Micronized L-Lysine, Micronized L-Phenylalanine, Micronized L-Threonine, Micronized L-Methionine5000 mg-
Energy Blend:Caffeine, Methylhexanamine HCL, Green Tea Extract (Camellia sinensis) (leaf)160 mg-

Other ingrednients

Natural and Artificial Flavor, Citric Acid, Malic Acid, Calcium Silicate, Silicon Dioxide, Sucralose, Acelsulfame-K, FD&C Blue #1, FD&C Red #40

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L-glutamine

Information

L-glutamine - amino acid building endogenous proteins, glutamic acid amide. In the human body it is responsible for the synthesis of proteins, acid-base balance and removing ammonia outside of the organism. With the shortage of energy taken from the muscle tissue, glutamine with alanine participate in the process of gluconeogenesis, and participate in the production of glucose substrate. L-glutamine has a direct impact on the proper functioning of the digestive system and immunity of the organism. Participates in the synthesis of one of the most powerful antioxidant - glutathione. It has anti-catabolic potential. It is found naturally in foods of animal and vegetable origin and high protein supplements. Used as mono-preparation or multi-component amino-acid supplements and supplements enhancing biological recovery after exercises, often in combination with BCAA.
Dosage: 5-20 g per day (portioned during the day, and after training and waking up). The minimum dose used in supplementation is 2-15g per 1 serving.


 

Leucine

Information

Leucine is an essential amino acid, one of the three branched chain amino acids, ketogenic, its isomer is isoleucine. It affects the secretion of anabolic hormones (insulin, combined carbohydrates), acts on enzymes (mTOR) starting the process of muscle protein synthesis and controlling its course. Protein synthesis by leucine is affecting the development of bones, muscles and skin. It reduces the fat tissue. Without the availability of leucine, protein synthesis is impossible. It naturally occurs in animal products (such as eggs, meat, dairy and fish), plant origin, and as a post-training supplements, BCAA, EAA, no-boosters, creatine stacks, carbohydrate supplements. Ir is also in the form of mono-preparation supplements. It is one of the most important amino acids for the athlete's body, basically in every sports discipline.
Dosage: The demand is 5-10 g / 24h, dosage pre- and post-workout and in the morning after waking up.


 

Taurine

Information

Taurine – non-protein amino acid containing sulphur, which is synthesized in the body from methionine and cysteine, present in sufficient amount in human or animal body (in the brain, heart and skeletal), although in some cases must be supplemented. Significantly affects the calcium content in the cells and stabilizes the water and electrolyte balance and maintains acid-base balance. Takes part in the synthesis of bile acids. In the body acts as a neurotransmitter and neuromodulator. It is an insulin-mimetic improving insulin metabolism, responsible for transport of nutrients (such as amino acids, glucose, creatine) to the cells and muscle tissue. These properties determine that it is a valued mono-preparation supplement and valuable addition to creatine and amino acid supplements, recommended for psycho-pchysically active people and athletes and other competitive sportsmen in pre- and post-workout periods.
Dosage: 3 grams per day.


 

L-Citrulline

Information

What is L-Citrulline?

L-Citrulline is an α-amino acid, ornithine derivative. It was isolated for the first time from watermelon and this is how it gained its name, as citrullus in Latin means watermelon. Citrulline takes part in oxygen processes of energy production during effort, thanks to which it is especially attractive for sportsmen of endurance disciplines. It also takes part in urea cycle, also known as the Ornithine cycle, thanks to which it helps to get rid of excessive amounts of ammonia from the organism.

It converts to l-arginine in kidneys and scientific studies suggest that is increases its level even more effectively than in case of sole arginine. Moreover, the increase of arginine level resulting from citrulline supply is longer and more stable. Thanks to this, it contributes to the increase of nitric oxide and widening of blood vessel lumen. This property makes citrulline useful in preventing cardiological incidents. The positive influence on the circulatory system is also used in case of erection disorders, as increased nitric oxide may initiate more effective blood flow to sex organs.

L-Citrulline is contained in the composition of many pre-workout supplements and NO-boosters directed at the improvement of sports abilities of the organism, which may be found in the offer of muscle-zone.pl

Tyrosine

Information

Tyrosine - endogenous amino acid (synthesized within the body), one of the 22 protein amino acids building. It occurs naturally in animal food products (eggs, dairy, meat). If the deficiency, it can be synthesized by hydroxylation of phenylalanine, capable of being converted to tyrosine in the liver. It is a precursor of neurotransmitters: dopamine (the group of catecholamines, participating in the processes occurring in the nervous system, causing muscle coordination and participates in the synthesis of many hormones) and noradrenaline (counteracting stress, stimulating the heart and circulatory system, and increasing glycogenolysis and lipolysis participating in the processes of energy transformations). Tyrosine is a precursor of thyroid hormones responsible for the rate of change in metabolic processes and pigment (melanin). In the supplementation, preparations containing tyrosine are used in programs reducing body fat (weight loss), improve mood and are stimulants.
Dosage: Customarily 500-2000 mg per day.


 

Arginine

Information


Arginine is an exogenous amino acid, it is a component of dietary proteins, not always synthesized in the human body in necessary quantity, so it is necessary to deliver it in the form of synthetics. It takes part in the biosynthesis agmatine, creatine and nitrogen oxides. The use of supplements containing arginine before workout increases the exercise capacity (strength, endurance). Used after considerable effort intensifies the transfer of energy and building compounds and intensifies the process of recovery. Used at bedtime in combination with lysine and ornithine enhances the synthesis of growth hormone. takes part in the intrasystemic synthesis of creatine. Arginine (as a precursor of ornithine) is involved in the urea cycle, increases the flow of blood in the circulatory system, increases sexual potency (in a short time after application). It affects the body's immunity preventing infections, and lowers blood pressure. In supplements – usually as alpha-ketoglutarate.

 

Histidine

Information

Histidine is one of the 22 amino acids being part of protein - depending on the source of information it is referred to as "relatively exogenous" or "exogenous". The required dosage of this amino acid is very small, and at the same time it should be added that the intestinal microflora can also play a role in meeting the demand for it.

Histidine is a precursor of carnosine, and therefore dipeptide having antioxidant and buffering qualities. Increasing the dose of carnosine in muscles is an effective way to increase strength and endurance, as well as to accelerate recovery after exercise, thus improving the indicators that are extremely important especially in the case of people being engaged in regular physical activity , including professional athletes.

The number of products containing histidine and available on the market is quite limited. This amino acid is mainly added to some of the supplements used before and/or after exercise, as well as to some of the amino acid supplements. It should be noted, however, that it also occurs naturally in foods rich in protein, and thus primarily in meat, eggs and dairy products, as well as in protein supplements.

Histidine is an amino acid which can be converted in the body into glucose. It also takes part in the synthesis of proteins, including hemoglobin.

Dosage: There are no precise data, but as it has already been hinted above - the required dosage of this amino acid is very small.

Lysine

Information

Lysine belongs to the group of 9 essential amino acids delivered into the body from outside (with food or as a supplement) .It is a building substance of protein (the muscle protein). It is available in food of animal origin (meat, dairy products) and vegetable (legumes). It plays an important role in many physiological processes (absorption of calcium, production of enzymes, hormones and antibodies), and arginine is a component of supplements that increase the synthesis of growth hormone (HGH stimulators). In the form of hydroxylysine (a component of collagen) recommended for the treatment of sports injuries, and prevention. In the case of stress and excessive physical and psychological overloads, it is recommended due to the function of lowering cortisol levels. Also it applies in medicine, in the treatment of anxiety and herpes. The share of lysine intake of daily doses of amino acids should not exceed 5.1%. Available for purchase at www.muscle-zone.pl.
In the processes of digestion of protein matter, as a result of decarboxylation of lysine, may be converted into cadaverine (biogenic amine) having a strong toxicity.
Dosage: the lack of a well-defined standard daily intake of lysine. The supplementation dosages regularly used: with arginine 500 mg - 2g (before bedtime) pre- and post-workout optionally with other amino acids.

Alanine

Information


Alanine is an endogenous amino acid (i.e. having the ability to synthesize the human body other amino acids and pyruvate), building up protein. It has a key role in the transport of nitrogen between the muscles and the liver (i.e. Cahill cycle). It allows to transform glucose in non-sugar compounds. During prolonged exercise it enhances metabolism. It occurs in products of animal origin (meat, dairy, eggs) and vegetable origins (legumes, peas). It is used in the form of amino acid supplements in pre- and post-workout preparations. It complements the BCAA. Increased use of supplements with alanine is required in athletic training when high strength and endurance is required (e.g. weights lifting athletes marathon runners etc.).

 

Threonine

Information

Threonine - essential amino acid, or synthesized from food or (and) in the form of supplements. It takes part in the production of new muscle proteins. It is essential for the proper formation of the immune system is maintained in good condition the skin, bones. It affects the normal development of the enamel of teeth and the digestive system by acting positively on the liver and gastric mucosa. It is essential to the proper functioning of the nervous system. On the Polish there are no threonine mono-preparations. Available in the form of blends of amino acids (e.g.the type of EAA) and natural protein supplements.
Deficiency of threonine can cause neurological disorders and increased depression.
Dosage: the lack of standards of daily demand threonine. Doses customarily used in the supplementation.

Methionine

Information

Exogenous methionine is an amino acid containing sulphur in its composition. It provides multi metabolism, with the indispensable help of vitamin B6. Participates in the synthesis of phospholipids (e.g. Lecithin), carnitine responsible for transport in the body of long-chain fatty acids, burned in the mitochondria cells (organelles in cells with a separate kernel), along with cystine forms cysteine. It is in the body antioxidant function. Natural source of acquisition of methionine are high-protein foods of animal origin (eggs, meat, fish), vegetable (sesame seeds, grain products). Available in all protein and carbohydrate protein and amino acid supplements such EAA and contain so-called all-day amino acids, supporting the liver preparations and cosmetics supporting the growth and condition of hair, skin and nails.


 

Energy Blend

Information

Energy Blend is a complex of active active ingredients, stimulates the central nervous system, affecting the increase of the human psychophysical activity. The components of the complex are: adaptogens (Astragalus and Chinese ginseng proper), guarana and powder of peanut cola (standardized for caffeine content), green tea (source of polyphenols and L-theanine), Cayenne pepper, ginger roots and licorice and spirulina, which in addition to the stimulating effect on thermogenesis and fat reduction. Energy Blend co-creates the formula of MultiVitamin AM + PM FORMULA supplement (vitaminizing, mineralizing, of herbal origin) by Fitness Authority.


 

Caffeine

Information

Caffeine (1,3,7-trimethylxanthine, 1-methylotheobromine) is a purine alkaloid occurring in the natural state in plants (Coffea arabica, Camelia sinensis, Paulinia cupana, Ilex paraguariensis), which acts as a natural pesticide, acting toxic to insects. Peculiar smell and taste also deters herbivores. Caffeine in the body inhibits the adenosine receptors in the brain, fighting fatigue and allowing for action activation. It has a beneficial effect on the metabolism of oxygen, which increases the exercise capacity (strength and endurance) and rapid post-workout recovery. In the sports supplementation, caffeine is used as a stimulant nervous system. It has the thermogenic potential and in combination with other substances (e.g. Polyphenols, both occurring in coffee beans, such as cocoa beans, tea leaves and mate) can effectively participate in the reduction of body fat. It is included in many dietary stimulants (creatine stacks, no-boosters, beverages). It is a component of fat burners. It is also in the form of mono-preparation supplements.
Dosage: 100-600 mg per day. Due to the long release of activity should not be used in the evening, before
sleep.


 

Green tea extract

Information

Green tea extract is a concentrate that contains biologically active compounds: polyphenols (e.g. catechin, in the form of EGCG - epigallocatechin gallate), having antioxidant properties and a small thermogenic potential, modifies the action of testosterone metabolites, DTH. Green tea extract is an ingredient of many sports supplements containing fat burners, having pro-health and vitaminizing effect; also for those with low physical activity as an antioxidant and slimming supplement. Available either as mono-preparations, ready drinks, and above all as an extract.
Dosage: 200-500 mg per day (depending of the content of other active bio-components).


 

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